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not believe that any man of God in his , a docrine that never was embraced by the right mind, will dare to dispute the truth- majority composing the church at Oldham fulness of the argument-of which the street. But on the contrary, we do believe above quotation is but a very small sample. that God does chastise and correct his It is not for us to say whether the strong people for their profit, and that in love ; allusions which Mr. Kershaw has made to for, if we be without chastisement whereof parties and circumstances connected with all are partakers, then, are ye bastards the opening of Oldham Street Chapel, were and not sons? Heb. xii. 8. called for or not. Many good Christians think “Thirdly. "The people of Ged not being that that part of thediscourse had better been the subjects of doubts and fears,' a sentiomitted; but here we shall be silent. At the ment that never was believed by the maclose of the sermon, Mr. Kershaw said jority of the church at Oldham-street. But
“It would rejoice my heart to see other contrarywise, we believe these things comBaptist churches planted in this large and pose the combined army that continue to populous town, with spiritual pastors placed harras and perplex the children of God, over them, preaching the gospel of Christ in these constitute the thorns in the flesh, and love. These pastors walking together in the canaanites that will dwell in the land the unity of the Spirit and the bond of — for the flesh lusteth against the spirit, peace, like your old minister and the late and the spirit against the flesh, and these William Nunn, though of different denomi- are contrary the one to the other, so that nations; so that when I come to Manches- ye cannot do the things that ye would.' ter I could preach in all their pulpits. But Gal. v. 17. before this can be, we must have things Fourthly. As regards ‘sin in thought upon a proper and scriptural basis. I speak being equal to sin in act’is a doctrine we from no bad feeling against individuals, but never heard of until brought as a public from a regard to the truth and word of God." charge against us. As a church we de
nounce such a sentiment as unpracticable This is good : and there is nothing would and contrary to the tenor of divine truth, please us better than to find that John' For we must all appear before the judgKershaw and John Corbitt were “walking ment seat of Christ, that every one may together in the unity of the Spirit;" and receive the things done in his body acpreaching in one another's pulpits. Why cording to that he hath done, whether it be should it not be so? John Corbitt is truly good or bad. 2 Cor. v. 10. an anointed servant of our Lord Jesus Fifthly;. Any person objecting to subChrist: a man that is enabled by the grace scribe to this declaration of faith herein of God, to preach and live, to love and prac- contained cannot continue a member of this tise the glorious gospel of the ever-blessed church-and any member or members adGod: and he is evidently a man that the vocating doctrines contrary to this declaLord will make great use of in gathering ration of faith, on conviction thereof shall in and building up the chosen vessels of forfeit their membership." mercy. His conversion to God-his call to the ministry-his usefulness-his faithful- be no longer charged with holding doc
Let the Church at Oldham Street, then, ness-his consistency and fervency in the trines contray to the Scriptures of truth; faith, all these things are known and mani- but rather let the ministers of Christ unite fest unto thousands. As to the gross errors in encouraging and strengthening the against which Mr. Kershaw has so power: hands of our brethren there, rejoicing in fully entered his protest, why it is evident the fact that another effectual'door is opened that neither Mr. Čorbitt, nor the church at in Manchester, and another standardOldham Street, would countenance them for a moment. The pastor and the Church bearer raised up for the proclamation of the at Oldham Street are as much opposed to gospel of peace. Having occupied so much anything in doctrineor in practice that is not room, we must close, by giving the followconsistent with the word of God, as, is the ing extracts from a letter written by Mr.
John Corbitt. church at St. George's Road. We have had indubitable proof of this. Beside which, MY DEAR BROTHER IN THE LORD:- May we have now before us " A Declaration of grace mercy and truth be with you and all Faith in Doctrine, Experience, and Practice, that love our Lord Jesus Christ. of the Church of Christ, meeting for Divine I promised you in my last that I would Worship at Bethesda Chapel, Oldham Street, furnish you with the particulars respectManchester.” After enumerating the several ing the charges brought against the church articles of their faith, they add the following: and minister of Oldham Street, Manchester,
“Furthermore, as we stand charged with of holding certain unscriptural doctrines, holding False Doctrines, we think it in- which, as a body, are altogether unfounded cumbent on us to state our faith. First, in truth. The true state of the case is as it regards ' backsliding,' we do believe this: that the child of God does fall into sin, yet At the commencement of the cause at by grace is preserved, and kept persevering Oldham Street, some two or three who held unto the end; for if any man sin we have these doctrines in their private judgment, an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ came over from George's Road to Oldham the righteous. 1 John ii. 1.
Street; but they did not then, nor for a Secondly. The doctrine of' non-chas- long time after, advocate them in so pubtisement for sin in the children of God’is 'lic a manner as in the latter part of Mr.
Bidder's ministry since that time; the knowledge of these things coming to my
Recognition of Mr. Moyll, ears, I ventured to preach a sermon
Including upon it before I received a call to the pas- HIS CONVERSION-CALL TO THE MINISTRY toral office. This sermon will be found AND A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE PLANTpublished in the Gospel Ambassador for ING AND PROGRESS April last, which is sufficient to prove that
CHURCH AT PECKHAM. the minister did not believe in those sentiments, neither did the majority of the church, or they could never have chosen The church's best interests lay near me as their minister.
hearts; and for the information of such as But it is still urged that there are some take pleasure in her peace and prosperity, amongst them who do hold and advo- especially our country readers, we desire cate those doctrines. I know there was;
from time to time (according to the best of and what church is there that hath not our given ability), to lay before them what some two or three that differ in some point is going on in our gospel Zion. from the general body? I never knew one.
Tuesday, May 9th was the day appointed But shall I stab, and hold up to ridicule, the for the public recognition of Mr. G. Moyll, minister that the Lord has most signally as pastor of the Baptist church, meeting at blessed, and a church whose members are Rye Lane, Peckham. The day was exceedwalking in the fear of the Lord, and in all ingly fine, and the chapel was well filled on sweetness of spirit, the Lord adding daily each occasion. to their numbers ? And what authority
In the morning, Mr. W. Felton, of Deptha a church over such individuals for ford, delivered a very able address on the their private opinion, even though the nature of a gospel church: after which Mr. minister and people may be injured in J. A. Jones rose to ask the usual questions. their peace by their contentions, while
their He began by asking the church for a statemoral conduct is becoming the gospel ? We ment of the leadings of divine providence however, as a church, had no means of in bringing Mr. Moyll amongst them : to dealing with them, but that of kindness, deacons, replied, by reading the following
which Mr. Henry Congreve, one of the entreaty, and persuasion.
The minister, deacon, and church have interesting statement of the origin, rise, tried every means in their power to settle and progress of the
cause at Rye Lane, wbich this matter amicably and scripturally, we here give in full. and in honour to our Lord and master; and CHRISTIAN FRIENDS :-The wonderful the only means we could effectually adopt leadings of God, in his providence, in the was the bringing forward a declaration of exercise of his rightful sway over his our faith and church covenant, a copy of church, in her militant state, are often which I have herein sent for your review manifest in raising up an interest by the and approval; this matter was determined intervention of the most humble, and in on at a special church meeting held on the themselves insufficient means, which have 23rd of April, 1848; and it was carried led to important terminations. without a dissenting voice. This declara- We have, as a church, peculiarly expetion of faith and order was then printed, rienced the truth of this, as the sequel will and brought before the church for their illustrate. Many attempts have been made signature on Friday night, April 5, and by different individuals, at various times, signed by all present, except two, who to establish a Baptist cause at Peckham, wished to have a little more time to con- but none of them succeeded, until God, in sider the matter. The church then thought his all-wise providence, removed Mr. proper to allow the whole church that Spencer to this vicinity for the benefit of pleased to come together on Lord's-day his health. He was an active, intelligent, May 7, as usual to the ordinance, and that and wealthy deacon of the church of the the matter should lay open for the signa- late Mr. Upton, of Church Street, Blackture of the remaining members until the friars; and a valuable spiritually minded regular church meeting on Friday the 2nd brother in the faith, orthodox in sentiof June; after which time no person will ment, and upright in his principles, walk, be considered a member of this body that and conversation. Shortly after he had does not subscribe to these articles. By entered on his new abode, feeling the loss this means we have, (and we hope in the of the means he had been wont to enjoy, fear of the Lord, and in love to his truth, he took the first step towards the estabfurnished ourselves from his word with a lishment of our present interest, by openfence by which this little spot will hither-ing his house for prayer. This was very to be enclosed from the world. We acceptable to many friends; and a goodly must expect to meet with censure from number of persons were from time to time those who want a name in a christian collected together. These meetings were church, but love to indulge in licentious- rendered very profitable; and the worship ness; but we, as a church, walking in the was conducted with so much spirit, ferfear of the Lord, wish to withdraw our- vency, and affection, that it was evident selves from all such. The Lord bless and that the great Head of the church, accordprosper you is the sincere prayer of your ing to his gracious promise, made one affectionate brother in the bowels of Christ, amongst that little company, who found it JOHN CORBITT.
good to be waiting at the posts of his doors. to direct them in the choice of an underGreat spirituality of mind, joy, and peace shepherd to go in and out before them. prevailed, with an increase of love and Various servants of the Lord, we have unity.
observed, were engaged in preaching the Mr. Spencer and the friends perceiving word to the church and congregation; the blessing of the Lord resting on this amongst whom may be noticed Mr. Blyth, humble endeavour, and being much en- Mr. Barnard, Mr. Eason, and Mr. Powell couraged thereby, were constrained to ad- on the Lord's-days; with Mr. Keeble, of vance another step in the sacred cause, Blandford Street, Mr. Upton of Blackwhich was to obtain the permission of the friars, and Mr. Chin, of Lyon Street, WalCommittee of the Lancasterian School to worth, &c., on the week-days; and a great grant them the privilege of preaching the amount of good appears to have been done gospel in the school room on the Sabbath-through their instrumentality; but the days, and on the week-day evenings, to ministry of Mr. Powell appeared pre-emiwhich they readily consented; and 'ac- nently acceptable, both to the members of cordingly, this new arrangement was pub- this little church, and the congregation ; lished abroad at their following prayer- being attended with an evident unction meeting, when a spirit of prayer for a from above. The church, therefore, lookblessing to attend them to their newly ap- ing at the pleasing aspect of success which pointed sanctuary mightily prevailed. Vā- attended his ministrations to the church rious ministers supplied the pulpit by ro- and people, entertained a serious resolve tation, amongst whom may be mentioned to give him a call for three months on the late Mr. Chin, Upton, Powell, sen., and probation, which, after seeking the Lord's others. The prayers of the people were guidance, they did. The invitation was evidently answered; as many attended the accepted: and at its termination was again gates of Zion, and the Lord gave testimony renewed, and again accepted ; and on the to the word preached, to the comfort and completion of his probationary services, the edification of many. Several were con- church again convened themselves together vinced of sin, and brought into a saving for prayer, and on the 25th of February, acquaintance with their lost estate, and 1819, unanimously agreed to give him a embraced the Rock for want of a shelter. call to the pastorate, to which he consented, These pleasing indications of the Lord's and he was solemnly ordained to the pasmanifestive presence and approbation glad- toral office at Hanover Chapel, l’eckham, dened the hearts of those who felt an in- on the 3rd of May, that year. terest in the cause. The minds of the Previously, however, to this period, Mr. friends were much engaged in prayer to Spencer entered into his rest; but the cause the Great Head of the church to direct found an active help-meet in his widow, by their future proceedings. Seeing that a great whose liberality the church was materially spirit of union pervaded the spiritual part benefitted. Several attempts to obtain a of the assembly, they expressed a desire to suitable spot of land for the erection of a promote it still further, by the formation meeting-house capable of containing the of a closer affinity with each other; and increased and increasing congregation had after special prayer for guidance, several been made for many months prior to the of the brethren and sisters were formed call of Mr. Powell to the pastoral office, but into a Particular Baptist Church on the in vain, until at length an opportunity 15th of December, 1818; and on the 27th of offered, and was embraced; and the necesthe following month the ordinance of Be- sary agreement for a lease was executed on liever's Baptism was administered by Mr. the 22nd of February, 1819. The building Chin to six persons, who were subsequently was then commenced under the superinadded to the church.
tendance of the late Mr. Chin,pastor of the Previous to this period, the church in Baptist church, Lyon-street, Walworth, Mitchell Street, St. Lukes, under the pastoral and finished under his directions; and care of Mr. Thomas Powelí, (father of our late completed at the cost of £1,357 6s. 7d., of pastor,) having perceived that his son, (then which sum £530 had been raised by suban active deacon of that church,) possessed scriptions, leaving a balance of £79419s. 2d., ministerial gifts, he was desired to exer- which was paid for in the following way: cise them before the church ; which he did, namely, £530 by loan, at 4 per cent. from on the 16th of February, 1816, with so much Mrs. Spencer, of Peckham, widow of the late general satisfaction, that he was set apart | Mr. Spencer : Mrs. Coade, of Camberwell, by them for the ministry whenever an occa- £100;
ourlate pastor, Mr.Powell, £14419s 2d. sion should call him into the sacred service. and a donation of £20 from Mr. Kentish, The friends at Peckham on hearing of this late deacon of the church. The chapel was circumstance, sent him an invitation to then invested in trust for the use of Strict preach to them, to which he consented; Communion Baptists, of orthodox sentiand his labours on that occasion, and from ments; and on the 1st of September in that time to time, as they were renewed, were year was opened for public worship, when greatly blessed to many, and gave satis- collections were made towards the payment faction to all; and like some of the disci- of the debt, amounting to £68 1s. 2d., which ples of old, they continued with one accord, was considered very liberal. in prayer and supplication, that the Lord Redoubled exertions were now made by would be pleased, in his own time and way, I the friends to liquidate the debt, by their contributions, and by weekly and monthly continued to serve us in word and doctrine, subscriptions, encompassing a space of not in the exercise of the same liberality, less than seven years, during which time throughout the numerous changes, evoluour late Pastor, Mr. Powell, not only gene- tions and viscissitudes of the church from rously contributed from his own purse, but the period of his ordination in May, 1819, also gave the surplus income of every up to his decease in January, 1846, upwards quarter during that period, as soon as it of twenty-six years, in the most faithful was handed over to him, to promote that manner, with varied success.
He was object. But, amongst the most prominent greatly, and very generally beloved by the of the church's benefactors must, in justice members of the church, amongst whom he to him, be mentioned that of Mr. Kentish, was a bright example, and much esteemed its late highly respected deacon, who la- by all who knew him. Amidst the vasboured incessantly in the cause, and by a cillation of many, and the laxity of others, şuccession of astonishing efforts succeeded of whom might have been hoped better in collecting donations for the payment of things, he was preserved a firm and unthe debt, to the amount of about £500, for flinching advocate for the discriminating which, on his removal to a distant locality, truths of the ever-blessed gospel in their and the consequent resignation of his simplicity and purity, in all its parts and official trust, a vote of thanks was given branches; and an unyielding maintainer him, and duly recorded in the annals of of the privileges of the Lord's House, in the church.
its ordinances, according to the primitive About the month of June, 1831, an oppor- example and practices of the apostles. In tunity occurred in the somewhat sudden his manner he was kind, affable, and condeath of Mr. Choumert, the ground land- descending; and his example was a perlord, to purchase the land on which the petual rebuke to those less exemplary in chapel stands, and the piece of land which their walk and conversation than that obadjoins it, by public auction, for £415, and served by him, and recommended or inthe arrangements were completed on the sisted on by the inspired writers. He was 23rd of that month. £150 of the purchase- never known to depart from his attachment money was advanced by a member of the for, and advocacy of truth, or to waiver in church at 4 per cent. (which was soon re- his opinions with regard to the proper paid); and a loan of £200 was obtained by administration of our Lord's appointed Mr. Powell from Mrs. Colton, who subse- ordinances; being not a Baptist only, but, quently resigned her claim of the principal, in every sense of the word, a strict Baptist; to serve the cause, only retaining for her and although in the fulfilment of his own use during her life time, her title to the arduous duties, with zeal and affection, he interest, a liability of the church which did not repose on a bed of roses, but unhas long since expired by her decease. The derstood well the import of his Master's land was also invested in the same trusts words, 'In the world ye shall have tribulaas those to whom the building had been tion,' he nevertheless enjoyed his appointed assigned. At length, by the beginning of measure of peace. Several precious souls the year 1839, the total amount of debt in- were born again under his ministry, and curred, which had been gradually reducing, numbers were instructed, edified, and combecame nearly extinct; and the remaining forted thereby. His enjoyments of his balance having been published at a tea Master's presence in the pulpit were fremeeting held for receiving the quarter's quent, and often so abundant as to retard his contribution for the payment of the debt, utterance; and it is believed that he would to be about £14, a check for that amount have almost given a kingdom to have been was generously presented to the treasurer, enabled to set forth in suitable language the by the late Mr. Hollawell, of South Grove, beauties of truth, and the loveliness of Peckham, leaving the church in undis- Jesus, which constituted the basis of his turbed possession of a handsome, commo- ministrations, as they were then presented dious, unencumbered, and well-secured to his mind, and revealed to his view. At FREEHOLD, for which had been paid up-length his tottering taberacle received a wards of £1,800, a matter which demands shock from the grim tyrant from which he our grateful praise.
never recovered. After a few days' confineThe present recognition being the first ment by illness from his pulpit exercises, in which has been celebrated in our present which his soul delighted, his Master called house of prayer, we have thought it best, for him. The cold and icy hand of death, under the circumstances, thus to record a with whom he had had frequent and fa. simple history of the rise and progress of miliar converse, disrobed him of mortality, the church and its temporalities, and to and his happy spirit, (which a few days render a public summary statement of our previous to his departure, had been filled stewardship of those resources, which by with extreme joy in the contemplation of donations and subscriptions were from the eternal felicities which were awaiting time to time committed to our charge for him,) took its rapturous flight into the its erection. If we have trespassed on bosom of his beloved Lord and Master. your patience by our prolixity, we doubt We were now left as sheep baving no not that our motives will be understood, shepherd. We sought council and direcand admitted as a sufficient apology. tion from on high at our various meetings
Our late venerable pastor, Mr. Powell, for prayer and supplication, relative to the
ministers who should succeed our late pas-from a church whose members he dearly tor in his pulpit labours ; and we resolved, loved, many of whom were the fruits of his in the strength of the Lord not to invité ministry, and where he had laboured for a any who did not preach substantially the period embracing upwards of sixteen years. same discriminating truths we had been Regarding our own character as accustomed to hear, and determined to re-church with scrupulous care, and imject those from the service, who, though pressed deeply with the injustice we should they might hold the truths clearly in point render to a sister church by endeavouring of doctrine, whose lives denied their in- to withdraw from them by ANY INFLUfluence. The officers of the church, to ENCE, open or sinister, we were on our guard whom this onerous and responsible duty PARTICULARLY on this point, and refrained was assigned, have for themselves and the from any movement in the way of invitachurch gratefully to acknowledge the di- tion to him, until the cloud before our eyes vine goodness in directing them generally had disappeared; and a negative had been to acceptable supplies—to men of sterling given by him to the memorial referred to. truth and character.
At length we received full intelligence We continued throughout our bereaved that our course was open; and after meetand widowed estate, steadfastly watching ing for prayer, and the consideration of the for our Lord's gracious hand in the cloud important subject on the7th of August last, which was then passing over us, in prayer-we forwarded an unanimous invitation to ful hope that he would in the issue render our dear pastor to supply the pulpit for our course plain and easy: We had, how- three months on probation, with a view to ever, fully resolved on following the advice the pastorate, which by his expressed deof a beloved brother and aged minister, sire was contracted to one month at first, now present, an experienced tactician in to ascertain what demonstrative proofs of church discipline, not to lay hands sud- success to his ministry our Lord would be denly, on any man, fully determining, as pleased to grant. The word was manifestly light should be communicated to our un- blest in a special way and manner during derstandings, not to run before, but to this first month's probation, and there was follow the cloud. We could not see our way an increased attendance of hearers. The clear to invite any of the brethren who had invitation was therefore unhesitatingly repassed before us, to fill the pastoral office, newed and accepted for the remaining two until the Lord, in bis providence, directed months; and increased success attended our dearly beloved, and respected brother the word spoken by him to the assembly, Moyll to us. He had preached for us, on and the truths were delivered by his serseveral occasions on the Lord's Days, and vant with a fervour, affection, and energy, for a succession of Wednesday evenings, which at once evinced that a divine unction during a period of many months. The word pervaded his spirit. The continued proofs was much blessed to us, as a church, and to of success being numerous, the church again the people, and was rendered generally very assembled on the 23rd of December last, to profitable throughout the whole period of decide by ballot the question of his final call his probation. During his sojournment to the pastorate over us, (which had preamongst us, we were informed that there viously met with the approval and sanction of were some indications of his ultimate re- the late highly esteemed and venerable Mr. moval from the church in Artillery Street; John Stevens, his and our mutual friend, and and after having ascertained the correct- other Baptist Ministers of sound faith and ness of the report, we begged him to give practice, with whom we had held commuus early information of that event, should nications on the subject) when he was una, it be his resolve; at the same time giving nimously chosen to fill that solemn trust, and him a distinct and unqualified assurance the invitation was accordingly given. After that we did not, by any means, desire to de- a few days'deliberation, our pastor favoured prive that church of his valuable services us with a reply to our resolution, couched contrary to his and their wishes to retain in the most faithful and affectionate terms, them. We received a letter from him pourtraying the great anxiety he felt on the dated the 19th of July last, expressive of subject to follow the directions of the Lord, his determination to resign the pastorate without leaning to his own understanding. of that church, and that he should give After taking a rather enlarged and comthem three months' notice to that effect, prehensive view of the field of his anticipaat their next meeting. This resolution was ted labours; first of the discouraging aspect, made known by him to the church, accord- and then the encouragements he had to go ingly on that occasion, and met with con- forward in the cause, he briefly summed siderable opposition from several of the up his remarks, and minutely weighed the members, and was followed by an affec-whole in contrast with each other, and contionate memorial, signed by about sixty cluded by stating his own mind to be imof their number, entreating him to revoke pressed with the expediency of another inhis determination; but as the causes which vitation for three months being substituted gave rise to this notice of withdrawment for the final call. This impression, which were not, and could not be removed by had been deduced from the circumstances, them, he remained steadfast in his reso- he however thought best ONLY to submit to lution, while he expressed himself to have the church for THEIR GUIDANCE, as merely felt most acutely the necessity for removal expressive of his own wishes, but at the