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Account of an Elastic Trochar, construeled on a netu Principle of Tapping the Hydrocele. By John Andree.

8vo. IS. L. Davis. This instrument consists of two parts, viz. the stilet, or perforator, and the canula. The whole of the filet, excepting its point, is contained within the canula, which is a flat tube, but fomewhat convex on each surface, and has two sharp edges. The canula is formed of two pieces of well-tempered elastic steel, accurately fitted together at their edges. When the instrument has been paffed into the body, on withdrawing the stilet with the smallest degree of force, the canula opens juft wide enough to allow of its exit, and closes immediately after, by its own elasticity. Previous to the account of this trochar, Mr. Andree fliews the inconvenience of that which has hitherto been used; clearly evincing the 'fuperiority of the new trochar from two considerations. One is, that it gives much less pain in the operation; and the other, that it may be used with perfect safety in an early stage of droptical fwellings. This inftrument appears to be a great improvement on the former trochar;

nd will, we doubt not, be generally adopted in practice. An Address to the Nobility and Gentry of both Sexes, on the great

and good Effects of the Universal Medicine of the ancient Magi; being the grand and inviolable Secret of Masonry. By S. Frecman, M. D. 8vo. 6d.

The title of this pamphlet is, we prefume, sufficient to give our readers a juft idea of its futility. It is a rhapsody of jargon, calculated to impose upon the ignorant under the semblance of abstruse knowlege; equally destitute of science and of truth, and mysterious only by its own absurdity. Obfervations on the Difeases which appeared in the Army on St. Lue

cia, in 1778, and 1779. Small 8vo. 25. jewed. Dilly, Mr. Rollo, the author of this treatise, beside a general account of St. Lucia, gives a description of the several places in that ifland which were occasionally occupied by the army during the fickly seasons in 1778 and 1779.. The diseases then mostly prevalent were intermittents, remitting fevers, and the dysentery ; which Mr. Rollo iniputės principally to the putrid air of the marshes. Respecting the treatment of the tertian, the author informs us, that having cleared the first passages, they always gave

combination of tartar emetic and opium in folution, after the cold flage began to disappear. In the remittent, the most effectual means for procuring a distinct remiffion, was found to be naufeating doses of tartar emetic ; giving, at the time of the usual exacerbation of the fever, an opiate by itself, or combined with an antimonial, according to the state of the itomach, in the same manner as after the cold stage of an intermittent.

In the dy. fentery, after discharging the vitiated contents of the stomach and

bowels,

bowels, the best remedy was found to be opium, affided by diet, air, and cleanliness. The treatise contains many observations which may be highly useful to practitioners in the West Indies ; and the author has added a short and judicious address to military gentlemen, on the means of preserving health in those cli

mates,

MISCELLANEOU S. The Ancient and Modern History of Gibraltar, and the Sieges and Attacks it bath sustained, &c. By J. S. Dodd. Svo.

35. Murray.

This production commences with a short description, and historical account, of Gibraltar ; extracted, it is probable, from a large work on the same subject, published a few years since, by an officer of the army. So far the author might entertain some hope of gratifying curiosity : but more than the half of the volume consists of a minute, uninteresting journal of the siege of Gibraltar by the Spaniards, in 1727. What purpose such a narrative can answer, we are quite at a loss to deterinine. A Month's Tour in North Wales, Dublin, and its Environs.

Small 8vo. 25. Kearsly, The author of this little Tour seems well qualified for making the most of his subject. Though the scenes be not very interesting, they are so delineated as to afford gratification to the reader. The description is richly interspersed with incidents, and not unfrequently with remarks on manners and customs; all which are blended in an agreeable and lively manner. A Genealogical History of the present Royal Families of Europe :

Illustrated with Tables of Descent. By Mark Noble, F. A. S. Small 8vo. 35. fewed. Baldwin.

This small volume, the author informs us, was compiled for his own private use ; but thinking that it might be serviceable to others, he at length committed it to the press. The volume begins with the history of the Imperial family, from Frederick the third, arch-duke of Austria, elected emperor in 1440, to the present time. Next follow the families of Ruffia, Turkey, Great Britain, France, Spain, Portugal, Denmark, Sweden, poland, Prussia, Naples, Sicily, and Sardinia. To these is added the fuccession of the Stadtholders ; and of the Popes, from 1417 to the present time, with their family-names and characters. The different articles are introduced with a general account of the government, and the religion of cach country; and the descent of all the sovereign families is illustrated by particular tables. The whole forms a useful compendium of genealogical history, from the foundation of the various families, whose defcendants are potentates in Europe.

The

The Phænix, an Elay. By John Goodridge. 8vo. 356 Wells

and Grosvenor. The author of this work is captain John Goodridge, late come mander of one of his majesty's packet boats, stationed at Falmouth. The captain, if he is yet alive, is seventy-one, and this is probably the child of his old age.

Some of the notions, which he endeavours to maintain, are these : that the six days of the creation were equal to fix years ; that the earth did not move round its own axis till the Fall ; that its diurnal motion took place on Adam's tranfgression, and was occasioned by the collision or near approach of a comet, which gave a terrible fhock to the earth ; that the fame comet, which returns after a period of about 575 years, likewise occasioned the deluge; that its last appearance was in 1680; that at its next return it will occasion the conflagration and the millenium ; and, lastly, that this comet is the phænix of the ancients.

The circumstances, which chiefly induce him to believe, that this comet is the phonix, are these : Its periods are upon an average about 575 years : this certainly agrees

with the return of the phenix, which is said to be about 600 years ; secondly, the comet's flight and quick paffage through the heavens ; thirdly, its tail, both which are common to birds in general ; lastly, the comet's going down to the sun, where, by the violence of the fun's heat, it is terribly burnt, and when it returns, in flying off again it is then called the young phoenix.'

. As to the time, he says, when the conflagration is to take place, I have not in the least hinted either the day or the month, in which it may happen, nor have I attempted to confine the time to a single year; but (unless it should please God to alter the course of the comet) I am confid, nt, it will happen some time in the year 2255 or 6.'

The captain's calculation is particular enough in all reason : prophets should not be pressed too closely ; and no body will deire him to limit either the day or the month, as he has determined the year

with so much confidence. The reader is not to imagine that this is a fugitive piece, like many of our modern productions. The author makes no doubt, but that it will • exist till the next return of the phenix,' and if hereafter any patriotic bookseller, or generous philanthropist, fhould think proper to give the world a new impression of thirty thousand copies, he will do an essential service to mankind : for, as the author fays, the more general it may be at that time, of che more benefit it will prove to the then inhabitants of the arth.'

Τ Η Ε

CRITICAL REVIEW.

For the Month of August, 1781.

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Préfaces biographical and critical to the Works of the English Poets.

By Samuel Johnson, LL.D. Vol. V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, and X. Small 8vo. Printed for the principal Booksellers. [Concluded.) VHESE volumes are a continuation, of a moft learned

and ingenious work, of which we gave an account in a former volume *, and complete the elegant edition of English poets published by the Booksellers of London.

The character both of the author and his performance are already too well known and established in the republic of letters, to make any farther recommendation necessary; it may be sufficient, therefore, to observe, that in these Lives of the Poets we meet with the same critical penetration and sagacity, the same accurate - knowlege of mer and manners, judicious reflections, nervous style, and manly sentiments, that distinguished the former volumes.This part of the work is, at the same time, more interesting, as it contains the lives, and displays the characters, of persons liv. ing nearly in our own times; and whom some of us were, perhaps, personally acquainted with, Pope, Swift, Gay, Thomfon, Young, Collins, Gray, Dyer, Akenfide, &c.-Amongst these, the life of the celebrated Dr. Young is not write ten by Dr. Johnson, but by a gentleman, who, the Dr. informs us, had better information concerning it than he

. See Crit. Rev, vol. xlvii. p. 354, 450,

G YOL. LII. Aug. 1781.

could

could obtain.-We could have wished, however, that Mr. Herbert Croft, of Lincoln's-Inn, who writes this life for his friend Dr. Johnson, had himself received more information, with regard both to the public and private character of Drt Young, than we here meet with.

• Of the domestic manners and petty habits (says Mr. Croft) of the author of the Night Thoughts, 1 hoped to have giveni you an account from the best authority ; -- but who shall dare to say, To-morrow I will be wise or virtuous, or to-morrow I will do a particular thing? Upon enquiring for his housekeeper, I learned that the was buried two days before I reached the town of her abode.'

Mr. Croft, we observe, has taken no small pains to vindicate the character of Dr. Young's son, (a worthy man, and, we believe, now living) from the misrepresentations of the Biographia Britannica, which, he tells us,

• Not satisfied with pointing out the son of Young, in that fon's life-time, as his father's Lorenzo, travels out of its way into the history of the fon, and tells of his having been forbid den his college at Oxford for misbehaviour, and of his long labouring under the displeasure of his father. How such anecdotes, were they true, tend to illustrate the Life of Young, it is not easy to discover. If the son of the author of the Night Thoughts was indeed forbidden his college for a time at one of our universities, the author of Paradise Lost was disgracefully ejected from the other, with the additional indignity of public corporal correction. From juvenile follies who is free? Were nature to indulge the son of Young with a second youth, and to leave him at the same time the experience of that which is past, he would probably pass it differently (who would not?); he would certainly be the occasion of less uneafiness to his faó ther ;-but, from the fame experience, he would as certainly be treated in a different manner by his father. Young was a poet; poets (with reverence be it spoken) do not make the best parents. Fancy and imagination feldom deign to stoop from their heights ; always stoop unwillingly to the low level of common duties. Aloof from vulgar life, they pursue their rapid fight beyond the ken of mortals, and descend not to earth but when obliged by necessity. The prose of ordinary occurrences is beneath the dignity of poetry. Yet the son of Young would almost sooner, I know, pass for a Lorenzo, than fee himself vindicated, at the expence of his father's memory, from follies which, if it was blameable in a boy to have committed them, it is surely praife worthy in a man to lament, and certainly not only unnecessary but cruel in a biographer to record.'

This

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