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Father honour:' so that it does not follow, be. cause Jehovah is only to be ferved, that no service is to be paid to Jesus Chrift.-Mr. Lindsey remarks, that the apostles never teach, that prayer was to be offered to Christ. This writer replies, that the apostles have given us an example of calling upon Christ in their own conduct, and have spoken of it in such a manner, as sufficiently to discover, that they looked upon it as a thing fit and laudable in their converts. He produces a variety of texts in proof of this assertion, and concludes, that it becomes us to acquiesce in, and behave suitably to such direction, as is offered by God concerning our duty, though it may not be so full and copious, as we might have expected, or delivered in fo express and formal a manner, as we might have looked for.'

This writer appears to be a man of learning, actuated by a fincere defire, that the point in controversy may be fully and fairly discussed.

An Examination of Thelyphthora, on the Subje&t of Marriage. By

John Palmer. 8vo. Is. 6d. Johnson. The author of Thelyphthora has laid it down as a principle, in his system of polygainy, that the personal union of the man and woman is the only inarriage ordinance appointed by God. This notion the writer of the present treatise endeavours to refute, by Thewing, that the first pair were united in a folemn manner by The Creator, who brought the woman to the man, presented her to him, and gave them a blessing, before any personal union commenced ; that our Saviour plainly alludes to a marriage ce. remony among the antediluvians, when he says, “they married wives, and were given in marriage;' that a marriage-ceremony was required in the patriarchal times, as appears from the case of Shechem, who entreated his father to procure hiin Dinah to be his wife, after her violation : that, under the Mosaic dispensation, the same form was continued ; and that, according to Mr. M.'s own acknowlegement, betrothed persons were confidered as husband and wife before any other connection took place.

This writer takes 'notice of some absurd consequences attending the Madanean fyftem ; such as these: that, upon the principles therein advanced, there can be no such crime as fornication; that an unbetrothed maiden cannot be debauched ; that a perional connection with her is an act of marriage ; that a rape

is a religious rite ; and that a man may seduce as many women, provided they are disengaged, as he chooses, &c.

If this publication meets with a favourable reception, the au, thor designs to pursue the subject.

MIS.

MISCELLANEOUS. The Adventures of a Hackney Coach, vol. II. Svo. 25. 62.

"Jewed. Kearsly. This is as execrable a hack as any private gentleman would wish to be drove in; being nothing but a heap of uninteresting ill-written adventures, in a pompous and turgid style. The author aukwardly affects the pathetic and sentimental manner of the celebrated Tristram Shandy, and endeavours to imitate what is inimitable. Otho and Rusha: a Dramatic Tale. By a Lady. Small 8vo. 35.

Bew. The author's design in this Tale is to inculcate such truths as are of eternal and ellential importance to human life: 1. that its whole economy is superintended and regulated by a wife and be neficent Providence, which renders its most gloomy vicissitudes and adverse occurrences, ultimately productive of the higheit feficity, not only to communities, but even to individuals; 2. that every external advantage, which man can either acquire or pof-, fefs, is laborious in its attainment, faithless in its pretences, and unsatisfactory in its enjoyment; 3. that piety and virtue, improved and cultivated, constitute the supreme happiness of an intelligent creature.

This Tale is written in a style, which resembles blank verse.
The leffons of morality, which it suggests, are edifying and im-
portant. --We shall place it on the same shelf with the Death of
Abel'
The Unfortunate Caledonian in England ; or, Genuine Memoirs of

an impressed young Gentlenian, in the rear 1779. 8vo.
Jewed. Wade.
Whether these Memoirs of an Impressed yonng.

Gentleman be genuine or fictitious, they certainly afford entertainment. The incidents are interelting ; the characters well delineated; and fe. veral places accurately defcribed. The narrative is also frequently enlivened with agreeable pieces of poetry. Froin the ingenuity which the author discovers, we regret the disaster he has experienced ; and are glad to find, that, after a variety of fora tune, he has at last attained the accomplishment of his wishes. An Introduction to English Grammar; to which is annexed a Trea

tise on Rhetorick. By Joshua Story. Tho Second Edition with Additions. Į 2mo.

Is. 6d. Evans. We have given a favourable account of this Grammar in our Review for January 1779. The present edition is improved in several places, and enlarged by a Treatise on Rhetoric, collected from the most eminent authors on that subject.

Cona

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Coniderations on the Propriety and Expediency of the Clergy acting

in the Commision of the Peace. Svo. 6d. Johnson. The author of these Confiderations acknowleges himself to be both a clergyman and a magistrate; and he endeavours to procure the same distinction for his reverend brethren, whom he represents as particularly qualified, on various accounts, for acting in the commission of the peace. We know not what pecu: liar circumstances may concur to render this gentleman highly useful in his double capacity ; but should be of opinion, that the clerical duties alone are, in general, fufficient to employ the ato tention of a faithful and diligent paltor. To invest the clergy, therefore, with a judicial office, would seem to be a measure incompatible with the right discharge of their original function ; and we may add, that the union of civil and eccesiastical authority is far from being an alliance favourable to the ineek and bumble spirit which is the essential ornament of a Christian teacher. A Letter to the Jury who convicted Mr. Shelly, the Silversmith.

By Robert Holloway. 8vo. Brewinan, Prefixed to this letter is a dedication to the lord

mayor,

in which it must be acknowleged that the author, who, it seems, is an attorney, is far from rendering his meaning perfectly intelligible. The purpose of the letter is to evince, that Mr. Shelly experienced rigorous treatment in being convicted of the criminal charge for which he was indicted. The Southampton Guide : Or, an Account of the present State of

that Town. Its Trade, Public Buildings, Charitable Foundations, Churches, Fairs, Markets, Play-houses, Assembly Rooms, Baths, &c. together with a Description of the Isle of Wight, Netley Abbey, Lymington, Lyndhurit

, Redbridge, New Forest, Romsey, Broadlands, Bellevue, Bevis Mount, St. Dennis, Tichfield, &c. Interspersed with many curious and useful Particulars. A new Edition, 12mo. Law.

The editor of this little Directory has improved the present edition, so as to render it a proper pocket-companion for the visitants of Southampton. The Question-book : Or, a Practical Introduction to 'Arithmetic.

Containing a great Variety of Examples in all the Fundamental Rules. By Thomas Molineux.

Is, 6d, Bathurst. To this short introduction to arithmetic the author has added a Key, containing the answers to the Questions. The anfwers to the questions will certainly lessen the labour of the teacher ; As the author tells us he hath experienced in his own school.

IS.

I 2mo.

Τ Η Ε

CRITICAL REVIEW.

For the Month of September, 1781.

THE

Memoirs of Thomas Hollis, Esq. F. R and A. S. S. 2 vols.

4t0. 41. 45. in boards, Cadell.
HERE is no fpecies of literature more useful than bio-

graphy. The memoirs of those persons, who have diftinguished themselves by their learning, their ingenuity, their patriotic virtues, or their“ military exploits, are calcu-, lated to gratify a laudable curiosity, and excite a noble emu-lation. Yet it is not neceffary, that the biographer should confine his enquiries to the lives of those, who have been the objects of public admiration and applause. True greatness, like true happiness, does not consist in outward pomp

and oftentation, but is seated in the mind; and is frequently found in retirement and obfcurity. The life of Aristides or Atticus may afford more useful instruction, than that of Alexander -or Julius Cæsar : the private virtues of the former may serve as examples to thousands ; while the heroism of the latter can only be imitated by princes or warriors.

The Memoirs now before us present to our view one of the most respectable and exemplary characters, which the present age has produced. This character, we confess, is attended with some remarkable fingularities; but, at the same time, it is diftinguished by many extracrdinary virtues, by an ingenuous fimplicity, an inviolable integrity, and an unlimited benevolence.

Thomas Hollis, efq, of Corscombe in the county of Dorfet, was born in London, April 14, 1720. VOL. LII. Sept. 1781.

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Thomas, his great-grandfather, was of Rotheram in the county of York, a whitesmith by trade, and the founder of the hospital at Sheffield, for the maintenance of fixteen poor cutlers' widows. He was of the Baptist persuafion.

In the time of the Civil Wars he left Yorkshire, and settled, with his family, in London ; and, in 1679, took a lease for ninety-nine years of Pinner's-Hall, formerly the place of meeting of the principal independents, Oliver Cromwell, and others. This gentleman died in 1718, at the age of eightyfour, and left three fons, Thomas, Nathaniel, and John; and one daughter, Mary.

Thomas, his eldest son, an eminent merchant in London, augmented the Sheffield charity, and the trust for Pinner'sHall; but more particularly distinguished himself by his benefactions to New England, especially to Harvard College, in Cambridge, where he founded a profefforfhip for the mathematics and natural philofophy, and ten scholarships for ftudents in those and other sciences; which, with other endowments, amounted to nearly 5oool.

His brothers, Nathaniel and John, were joint contributors in many of his gifts. The latter, in particular, was a confiderable benefactor to the Sheffield trust, and to the Baptist and Independent Societies.

Nathaniel had one fon, Thomas, who died in 1735, three years before his father, leaving only one son, Thomas, the subject of these Memoirs, who inherited the fortune of his father, and of his great uncle Thomas, the latter dying in 1730, without issue.

His mother was the daughter of Mr. Scott of Woolverhampton, in whose family he was placed, till he was four or five years of age. From Woolverhampton he was brought to London, and not long afterwards fent to the great free-school of Newport, in Shropshire, where he staid till he was eight or nine years old. From hence he was removed to St. Albans, and put under the care of Mr. Wood. In his thirteenth, or fourteenth

year

he sent to Amsterdam, to learn the Dutch and French languages, writing, arithmetic, and accounts. After a stay of about fifteen months he returned to London to his father, with whom he remained till his death, in 1735. After this he paffed some years in the house of his coufin, Timothy Hollis, ciq.

It was now determined by his friends, that he should have a liberal education, suitable to the ample fortune he was to inherit; he was therefore placed under the tuition of the learned Dr. John Ward, Professor of Rhetoric in Gresham College, where he studied the languages, particularly Latin, and went

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