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amination, as the etymology and derivation sufficiently indicate, and consequently must be misunderstood (as it frequently is) when applied to general and received opinions, which are usually founded on mature judgment and deliberate attention.
The author of this epistle has, amongst many others, adopted this misconception of the term, as our readers will be convinced of, when we inform them that the prejudices which this gentleman means to guard his friend against, are nothing less than the immortality of the soul, and the certainty of a future state ; prejudices which our author, in the metre of Sternhold and Hopkins, endeavours mott warmly, though not very poetically, to extirpate. That his arguments are neither very new nor very cogent,
froin the following lines.
66 T'anatomise the soul is vain;
Vain too all human art,
Or throbbing with the heart.
Nor part of body grew,
Affect the other too ?”
Sensation, passion, breath-
It with us links to death.'
Matter remains the fame :
It differs but in name.
The same prolific fire,
Or warms Achilles' ire.' Such religion and such philosophy naturally take shelter in the Epicurean fyftem.
Dona præfentis cape lætus horæ.
Let us cat and drink, for to-morrow we die. A resolution to which his political Pylades, to whoin it is addressed, will probably have no objection. We are not therefore furprised that the poem should thus conclude.
The present's thine- fate rules the rest
No future terrors fear ;
We cannot but be of opinion that the measure made use of in this little piece is ill adapted to a subject fo ferious and importa ant, and the poetry too indifferent to do any mischief; from such antagonists, therefore, religion has little to fear; Christianity may Tay in the words of Terence :
Utinam fic sient, male qui mihi volunt !
Poems by Ab. Portal. Svo 55. fewed. Kearfly. The poetical character of this writer is sufficiently known to the generality of our readers by his former publications, Olindo and Sophronia, a tragedy; War, an ode; Innocence, a poetical essay; and four Nuptial Elegies. These, and about twenty other, pieces on various subjects, compose the present collection. Among those that might be mentioned with applause, is an elegy, entitled Cynthia, the production of an ingenious lady, whose name, we are told, is' Mrs. H-It- n. The author has dedi. cated his Poems to R. B. Sheridan, esq. in some complimentary verses, which have a considerable share of the poetic fpirit. An Enquiry into the Authenticity of the Poems afiribed to Ollian,
By W. Shaw. 8vo. Is. 6d. Murray. Soon after those poems were first published, doubts of their authenticity were entertained by several perfons, particularly by Dr. Johnson; who, in his Tour into the Hebrides, has endeavoured to support his opinion with a variety of arguments. Since that time, the authenticity of those poems has been no less zealously afferted by Mr. Smith and Mr. M. Nicol; the latter of whoin éven affrined, that the original, written in the Galic language and character, might be seen by any person who should apply to John Nackenzie, esq. of the Temple, Secretary to the Highland Society. The author of this Enquiry labours to cons firm the opinion entertained by Dr. Johnson; in support of which he specifies a number of circumitances, relative to the internal and external evidence of the authenticity of the poems. He informs us, that in spring 1778, he set out for the Highlands and Hebrides, to collect yocables for a Galic Dictionary ; resolved also to make enquiry, in this excursion, concerning the Poems of Offian : that, after the most industrious search, he could not obtain from the inhabitants any oral specimen of Ossian's Poems ; nor had he greater success in all his enquiries after manuscripts : that fuch as he had heard of the former, or seen of the latter, were only the compositions of the fifteenth century. He adds, that, on his return to London, he waited on Mr. Mackenzie in the Temple; when looking over the volumes in manuscript, which, he fays, are written in the Irish dialect and character, on the subject of Irish and Highland genealogy, he could find in them no compositions of Ollan.
Such is the evidence produced by this writer again the authenticity of Olian's Poems. His arguments are drawn up with a considerable degree of plausibility : but, in respect to faĉts, he has given us no other testimony than his own unsupported affertion. This circumstance merits the greater regard, as one anccdote which he mentions relative to Dr. Ferguton, has been po. sitively contradicted by that gentleman, in the public papers.
N O V E L. S. The History of the Hon. Mrs. Rosemont, and Sir Henry Cardi.
gan. 2 vols. Small 8vo. 55. fewed. Hookham. Though this novel be founded on some improbable circumstances, and the narrative be, in several places, deftitute of natural connection, it discovers many traces of a lively fancy; the characters are not only well supported, but happily contrasted with each other ; and the whole, it we except fome grammatical inaccuracies, is written in an easy and agreeable manner. Masquerades; or What you will. 4 vols. Small 8vo. 125. Bew.
This novel, the production of the author of Eliza Warwick, may juftly lay claim to entertainment, which is, however fometimes precluded by an unpleasing prolixity. But its principal blemishes are a levity of sentiment that occasionally breaks forth in oppofition to moral restraint. Distressed Virtue, or the Hiflory of Miss Harriet Nelson.
Virtue in distress in an interesting object; but its effects are totally frustrated by the incapacity of this writer.
DI V Ι Ν Ι Τ Υ.
Sermons preached before the University of Cambridge. By Peter
Stephen Goddard, D.D. 8vo. 45. boards. Rivington.
In an academical pulpit, it is expected that a preacher sould rather display his ingenuity than his picty. When we there, fore see a volume of lermons, lately prcached before one of our universities, we are led to expect, not a collection of rnerely practical discourses, arguments in support of self-evident propolitions, and instructions adapted to the capacities of old women; but fome learned and judicious illustrations of scripture, fome important do&trines of Christianity rationally explained and defended, tome new enquiries, fome curious disquisitions, or, if the subjects should be trite and exhausted, fome specimens of genuine oratory
Dr. Goddard has given us fourteen fermons on the following subjects : A true and zealous Christian the greatest and beit of Characters; Eternal Life clearly and fully revealed by the Gospel
only; only; Ridicule the Test of Truth; the Freedom of Man's Will consistent with the Grace of God; our Lord's Treatment of the Woman of Canaan explained and justified ; Needlefs Curiofity; a Day of Grace and a Day of Wrath ; Sins of Infirmity and Sins of Presumption ; Covetousness Idolatry; Criminal Compliances with prevailing Customs; Hezekiah's Behaviour on receiving the Message from God by Isaiah; Duty of Prayer; Duty of the Preacher and his Hearers; Adoratio Dei, Concio ad Clerum.
In these discourses the learned and speculative reader will find but a moderate entertainment. The author's manner of writing is plain, simple, and unaffected. But the generality of his obferv. ations are trite and obvious; and his style not always correct. The following are some of those verbal inaccuracies, which we have observed in this volume : • The belt rules, though never (everj so well applied,' p. 242.— Our hearts desire is that our people might [may] be saved,' p. 243.—- What is spoke [fpoken] to them,' p. 236.- The advantages he lays under' (lies under] p. 248.
It may be said, that these are small and inconsiderable defects ; but we see no reason, why ungrammatical expressions should be less exceptionable in the English language than in Latin or Greek, Tb Neceflity of Religion to National Prosperity. A Sermon preached at the Aflīzes, bolden'at Hertford, on Monday, 30th of July,
By the Rev. Ludlow Holt, LL.D. 4to. Rivington.
The author of this discourse, with great propriety and energy, represents the necessity of religion to national prosperity. A nemu Transation with a Paraphrase of some Parts of Ecclefiaftes.
8vo. Id. Lowndes. Whether this is only a specimen, or all the translator means to publish, we are not informed. The translation differs very con, liderably from the common version ; but the author enters into no critical enquiries. His performance appears to disadvantage in its present form, which is, with respect to paper and type, no better than the History of Robin Hood, or Tom Thumb.
Hymns in Profe for Children. 12mo. 15. Johnson. Two small volumes were published in 1778; the first intitled, I essons for Children from two to three years old; the second, Lessons for Children of three years old. In 1779, two other volumes were published on the same plan; viz. Lessons for Chil, dren of three years old, part II. Lessons for Children from three to four years old *.
• Two similar productions were published ahout the beginning of the present year, by other hands. See Crit. Rev. Jan, 1781.
This volume is a continuation of the former, and is intended to give the young reader a proper idea of the Creator and his works. It is the production of Mrs. Barbauld, and is written with that delicacy of style and sentiment which appears in all the compofitions of that ingenious lady.
CONTROVERSIAL. The General Doctrine of Toleration applied to the particular Cafe of Free Communion. By Robert Robinion.
Buckland. The purport of this tra&t is to shew, that it is juft and right, and agreeable to the revealed will of Christ, that baptist churches fhould admit into their fellowship such persons as defire admission on profession of faith and repentance; though they refuse to be baptized by immersion, because they sincerely believe they have been rightly baptized by sprinkling in their infancy.
We should consider this writer as a rational advocate for religious toleration, did not bis invectives against infant baptism, by iprinkling, induce us to believe, that he is tinctured with # little of the old leaven; and not entirely free from a superstitious attachment to the mere forms and ceremonies of religion. Remarks on Mr. Lindsey's Dissertation upon praying to Christ.
Also a Second Letter to the rey, Mr. Jebb, (now Dr. Jebb.) 8vo. 25.
Crowder. In the Differtation, which has given occasion to these Remarks, Mr. Lindsey endeavours to shew the unlawfulness of all religious addresses to Jesus Christ. He therefore asserts, that Christ never taught men to worship or pray to himself. The author of this tract allows the truth of this assertion; but contends, that our Saviour has declared, there would be honour due to him by his Father's grant, in such language, as may comprehend fupplication to him, as well as any other instance of respect.'--Mr. Lind“Tey maintains, that the religious worship of Christ, in the offering up of prayer to him, is not deducible from his character, office, or any
divine power ascribed to him. This writer, on the other hand, alleges, that it is deducible from what the scripture says of his exaltation as a prince and a faviour, to give repentance and remiffion of fins, of his being the head over all things to the church, of his having the keys of hades, &c.—Mr. Lindsey oba serves, that Christ has entirely precluded the offering of religious worship to himself, or any other person whatever, by always praying to his heavenly Father, and uniformly directing others to pray to him alone. Our author insists, that it is false reafoning to say, because Christ gave his disciples a model for their supplications to the Father, that he himself is never to be invoked; that he has given his approbation to this divine precept, Thou Thalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only halt thou serve;' and yet he lays to his disciples, Joh. xii, 26," If any man ferve