« PreviousContinue »
form them, that the unfortunate monarch's watch is now in, the possession of James Worsley, esq. of Stenbury; the king: having, on his journey to Hurst Castle, whither he was semoved by the parliament, given it to Mr. Edward Worsley, 29 a token of his remembrance.
The fifth chapter contains an account of the boroughs of Newport, Newtown, and Yarmouth. The first charter of ima munities granted to the borough of Newport, was from Richard de Redvers, earl of Devon, the son of earl Richard, Its exact date is not known; but the historian observes, that it must have been in the time of Henry the Second, as the earl died in the thirtieth year of that reign. This charter, we are informed, like most of that early period, is very concise, expressing no more than a grant of liberties in general terms. A second charter, which is in the usual style, was granted 10 this town by Isabella de Fortibus, countess of Devon. The latter of those afterwards received several royal confirmations. A charter of incorporation was granted to this borough by James the First, and another by Charles the Se. cond. Newport stands nearly in the centre of the island, of which it is the capital; and is a well-built, neat town, lately paved in the modern manner, with footways on each side. Here is a considerable manufactory of starch, the duty of which annually amounts to at least one thousand pounds. Of this town, as well as of the boroughs of Newtown and Yarinouth, we are presented with a particular account, which fcerns to be drawn up with great correctness and precision.
The sixth chapter treats of the religious houses, their foundations, and endowments; and the seventh, of the parishchurches and chapels; their founders and endowments ; ben, fides the most confiderable manors and feats, with their an. cient lords and preient proprietors,
This part of the work, distinguished also by gcat minuteness, and lively defcription, contains many particulars of historical and genealogical information, which have been collected from a variety of fources relative to British antiquities.---Whether this wreer recites an anecdote, or delineates the beauties of a country leat, his narrative is generally clear, caly, and expreffive ; conveying an accurate idea of the object, without either the dignit which aries from uninteresting defcriphion, or from oitentatiou, an plincation.
The various parts of the bool: an illuıtrated with a great Ņumber of copper-plates, particularly of ancient seals, and of gentleman's feats, exclusive of an accurate map of the island, prelixed to the volume. But in a work conducted with so much perfpicuity, and enriched with such naterials
of antiquarian research, those embellishments, however beau, tifal, are but secondary objects of regard.
The work is furnished with a valuable Appendix, containing no less than ninety different articles, relative either to the history or antiquities of the island. The first article, in this miscellaneous collection, is a list of the landholders in the lile of Wight, with the valuation of the lands; extracted from Domesday Book. The following note, at the beginning of this article, is highly worthy of attention.
Most of the writers on antiquity, as well as the lawyers, having been mistaken in the hide, which they all conclude to be a measure of land; it may be necessary to examine more particularly what is meant by a hide of land. If lord Coke and others, who think it was the fine with a caricate, had considered duly how the hides and carucates appear in Domesday book, they ne, ver could have been betrayed into that error: it being obvious that hides and carucates are there distinguished from each other, The order of that book is, 1. To note the poffeffor. 2. The name of the lands. 3. The rate or value of the lands in hides. 4. The quantity in carucates, or plough lands, virgates, or yard lands, bovates, &c. After these particulars, we see the houses, servants, cortagers, woods, &c. The nunber of carucates. almast always exceeds that of the hides ; in one place inore carucates make the hide than another, which difference arifes either from the quality of the land, or perhaps sometimes from the favour of the commiilioners in making the rates. We find allo, that several manors are rated lower, or at a less number of hides, in this tax book, than they had been rated in the time of Edward the Confeffor: and fome are said not to be rated, be cause they were in the king's hands. For instance, the manor of Boucomb, one of the moit considerable mapors in the island, which had paid for four hides in the Confefforis time, is here not kated at all; and yet it is said to contain fifteen carucates of Jand. From hence the hide plainly appears to be the discretiona! sate, or valuation fixed to a certain the Danegeld, which tax was also termed hidage; and the carucate, to be the content of the land in acres.
From a subsequent passage in this article, relative to Watchingwood, fir Richard Worsley remarks the mistake of fome historians, who affirm that Woodstock Park, made by king Henry I. was the first park in England.
We shall conclude our account of this work with observ. ing, that it discovers an extent of researche, not only feldom to be met with in the most copious productions of this kind, but fuch as is both suitable and sufficient for elucidating the hikory of an island, that has hitherto been fo imperfectly 7
treated 'treated by any topographical writer. Several fubjects, relative to history and antiquity, are ascertained with great judgment, as well as accurate information; and the whole is founded upon authorities of the most satisfactory nature.
Loose Hints upon Education, chiefly concerning the Culture of the
Heart. 8vo. 55. boards. Murray.
author of the Elements of Criticism, and Sketches of the History of Man, works of acknowledged merit, we fat down to the perusal of it with much prepoffeffion in its favour, and entertained the most fanguine hopes of being both amused and instructed. Sorry we are to say, that we were grievously disappointed, as it appeared, on an impartial examination, that the work contained nothing new, folid, entertain ing, or satisfactory; the whole being only a collection of vague, and desultory hints, common-place reflections, trifling advice, and old itories, heaped together without order or precision, in a coarse and flovenly style. Never, indeed, do we remember to have seen a subject fo ferious and important as the education of children, treated in a manner fo careless and uninteresting.
In our author's second section on the management of children in the firit itage of life, we meet with the following deep and most sagacious reflection.
• Some children are by nature rash and impetuous: a much greater number are shy and timid. The disposition of a child appears early ; and both extremes ought to be cora rected whenever an opportunity occurs. Fear is a passion implanted in our nature to warn us of danger, in order to guard against it. When moderate so as to raise our activity only, without overwhelming us, it is a moft falutary paflion: but when it swells to excess, which it is apt to do in a timid dilo pofition, far from contributing to safety, it itupifies the man, and renders him incapable of action.'
Surely there wants no ghoft, nor lord Kaims, to tell us this ; to dwell upon such trite and obvious truths, with an air of consequence and importance, is truly ridiculous : nothing can be more puerile than the following passage.
• Will I be thought to refine too much when I maintain, that à habit of cheerfulness acquired during infancy, will contribute to make a face beautiful? A favage mind produces favage countenance. Hence it is that a national face improves gra. dually, with the manners of the people. Listen to this ye mothers, with respect especially to your female children : you will find that cheerfulness is a greater beautifier than the finest pearl powder.'
and these in conjunction produce a harsh and rugged
If any of our readers are fond of pretty little stories, to repeat to their children, we recommend to them the following.
• A boy about the age of ten, says to his father, “ Papà, give me some money. There is a shilling, will that do ? No.” " There's a guinea. Thank you papa." The gentleman discovered, that it was given to a woman who had been delivered of twins, and was obliged to hire a nurse for one of them. A boy of five years, observing that a gentleman playing at cards did not pay what he loft, and concluding that he had no money, begged fome from his father to give to the gentleman. A boy between seven and eights of a noble family, itrayed accidentally into a hut where he saw a poor woman with a fick child on her knee.
Struck with compaslion, he initantly gave her all the money he had ; carried to her from the herb market, turnips and potatoes, with bread and scraps from his father's kitchen. The parents en chanted with their fon, took the poor family off his hand. Two or three years after, he saved the whole of his weekly allowance, till it amounted to eleven or twelve shillings, and purchased a Latin dictionary, which he sent to a comrade of his at the grammar school. Many other acts of goodness are recorded of this boy in the family. Can there be conceived a misfortune that will sink deeper into t're heart of affectionate parents, than the death of such a child ? It wrings my heart to tliink of it.
· Oitendent terris hunc tantum fata, neque ultra.
Tu Marcellus eris.' Here, gentle reader, you see a proof of the author's great learning ? Was ever this celebrated paffage in Virgil so happily quoted, and so well applied - Immediately after this, we are presented with a new method of paying the poor's rates. .There is no branch, fays he, of education more neglected than the training of young persons to be charitable. And yet were this virtue instilled into children, susceptible of deep impressions, a legal provision for the poor would be rendered unnecessary: it would relieve England from the poor srates, a grievous burden that undermines both industry and .morals.'
This convenient mode of paying the poor's rates, will, we Hope, meet with encouragement from the prime minister we know not whether, if properly attended to and improved upon, it might not, in time, discharge the national debt.
To those who are fond of good instruction and genteel com: pliment, we recommend the following lines..
• Exercise is not more falutary to the body than to the mind' (this observation is fhrewd, no doubt, and perfe&tly new) what then? Why, then- When your little boy wants to have any thing done, let him first try what he can do himself. A favage having none to apply to for advice or direction, is reduced to judge for himself at every turn : he makes not a single ftep without thinking before hand what is to follow; by which means, a young favage is commonly endued with more penetration, than an Oxford or Cambridge scholar.'
Nothing can be more obliging than the high opinion which our author, in his last sentence, seems to entertain of the two universities.
In page 97 this discerning writer informs us, that
? If it were the fashion among people of rank to dress their children plain, it would have a wonderful good effect, not only on themselves, but on their inferiors, Young people would learn to despise fine cloaths, and to value themselves on good behaviour : neatness and elegance would be the fole aim in dress.'
This is most indisputably true ; but how shall we ever perfuade them to it? not, we fear, by the following rule :
* As soon, says our author, as children are susceptible of verbal instruction, let them know that the chief use of cloaths is to keep them warm ; and that to be distinguished by their finery, will make them either be envied or ridiculed.'
And does lord Kaims really think that children in the third ftage (for this is amongit his instructions for them) will be so foolish as to believe us when we tell them that the only use of cloaths is to keep them warm?
Of such remarks, and of such instructions, confifts the whole of this performance, which, instead of that good sense and penetration, that critical fagacity and elegant tafte, which distinguished our author's former works, presents us with nothing but a melancholy instance of intellectual decay, and the vapid dregs of exhausted genius.