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GENERAL ORDERS,

WAR DEPARTMENT,

ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE,
No. 134.

Washington, September 2, 1898. The following is published to the Army for the information and guidance of all concerned:

1. Furloughs granted to enlisted men under the provisions of General Orders, No. 130, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, August 29, 1898, will not be given on the usual blank forms for furloughs, but will be given orally by commanding officers. If given in the regular form, however, before the receipt of this order, the fact will be noted on the musterout roll, and paymasters will require their surrender before making final payment, and will enter the fact of payment upon them and file them with the pay roll on which payment is made.

2. It having been reported to the War Department that many convalescent soldiers who have received furloughs and started for their homes have been taken ill on the way, to avoid further occurrences of this kind it is suggested in the strongest possible terms that all soldiers traveling homeward on furloughs will exercise their best judgment in caring for themselves, especially those who have been ill in hospitals with fevers. Their appetites are very keen, and unless they deny themselves everything execept the necessary food of the simplest character are in great danger of a relapse. This instruction is sent out hoping that may catch the eye of those men en route and also for the instruction of surgeons at hospitals. It is ordered that no man shall receive a furlough whom the surgon in charge believes to be unable to travel alone, and that no furloughed soldier shall leave hospital without receiving full instructions as to his diet while en route to his home from his surgeon.

BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR:

H. C. CORBIN,

Adjutant General.

GENERAL ORDERS,

WAR DEPARTMENT,

ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE,
No. 135.

Washington, September 3, 1898. I. The commanding officers of military departments, army corps, and detached commands will, as soon as practicable, forward to the Adjutant General of the Army the names of such officers of the Army, regular and volunteer, as may be considered entitled to the brevet commissions “for distinguished conduct and public service in the presence of the enemy,” under section 1209, Revised Statutes. These lists will be forwarded through the military channel, and will show in each case the name, rank, regiment, or corps of the officer, and the date and place of the action in which he is reported as having distinguished himself, and also a description of the specific act of gallantry.

II. The following rules will govern the award of medals of honor under the resolution of Congress approved July 12, 1862, and under the act approved March 3, 1863, for such officers and enlisted men of the Army, regular and volunteer, as may “have most distinguished themselves in action.”

(a) Medals of honor will not be awarded to officers or enlisted men except for distinguished bravery or conspicuous gallantry, which shall have been manifested in action by conduct that distinguishes a soldier above his comrades, and that involves risk of life, or the performance of more than ordinarily hazardous duty. Recommendations for the award will be governed by this interpretation of extraordinary merit.

(b) Recommendations should be made only by the officer in command at the time of the “action,” or by an officer having personal cognizance of the specific act for which the medal is granted. The recommendation must be accompanied by a detailed recital of the circumstances, and by certificates of officers, or affidavits of enlisted men, who were eye-witnesses of the act. The testimony must, when practicable, embrace that of at least two eye-witnesses, and must describe specifically the act or acts by which the person in whose behalf the recommendation is made “most distinguished ” himself, and the facts in the case must be further attested by the official reports of the action, record of events, muster rolls and returns, and descriptive lists. BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR:

H. C. CORBIN,

Adjutant General.

GENERAL ORDERS,

WAR DEPARTMENT,

ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE,
No. 136.

Washington, September 3, 1898. The following is published to the Army for the information and guidance of all concerned:

The provisions of General Orders, No. 116, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, August 10, 1898, are hereby extended to include all field and post hospitals.

In this connection it is to be understood that General Orders, No. 116, does not do away with the hospital fund, but applies to patients who, in the opinion of the surgeon, are too sick to use the ration. For patients that can use the ration and for the Hospital Corps savings can be made as heretofore. Nor does the order take away the privilege of using funds and supplies furnished by aid societies, the using of which is left to the discretion of the surgeon, as is also the question whether or not there should be separate tables, kitchens, etc., having in mind the fact that the subsistence fund is to be used for those patients who need special articles of diet. General Orders, No. 116, is further intended to place in the hands of the surgeon a fund from which necessary articles of diet for patients too sick to use the ration can be purchased, without waiting for the formation of a hospital fund, and at the

ime to prevent a large hospital fund accruing from those too sick to use the ration.

To sum up, the allowance of subsistence funds is intended to furnish the surgeon with the necessary funds for the purchase of such articles of the diet as in his discretion he may find necessary. It is not intended for those well enough to use the ration, nor is it intended to furnish the Hospital Corps with delicacies and special articles of the ration which could not be purchased from their own savings.

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BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR.

H. C. CORBIN,

Adjutant General.

GENERAL ORDERS,

WAR DEPARTMENT,

ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE,
No. 137.

Washington September 5, 1898. The follo'ving temporary transfer of troops is ordered:

CAVALRY. The 3d Cavalry, from Montauk Point, New York, to the Department of the East, to be stationed at Fort Ethan Allen, Vermont.

INFANTRY. The 3d Infantry, from Montauk Point, New York, to the Department of Dakota, to be stationed at Fort Snelling, Minnesota.

The 4th Infantry, from Montauk Point, New York, to the Department of the Lakes, to be stationed at Fort Sheridan, Illinois.

The 9th Infantry, from Montauk Point, New York, to the Department of the East, to be stationed at Madison Barracks, New York.

The 13th Infantry, from Montauk Point, New York, to the Department of the East: Headquarters and Companies A, C, G, and H to be stationed at Fort Porter, New York; Companies B, D, and F to be stationed at Fort Columbus, New York, and Companies E, I, K, L, and I to be stationed at Fort Niagara, New York.

The 17th Infantry, from Montauk Point, New York, to the Department of the Lakes, to be stationed at Columbus Barracks, Ohio.

The 20th Infantry, from Montauk Point, New York, to the Department of the Missouri, to be stationed at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.

The 21st Infantry, from Montauk Point, New York, to the Department of the East, to be stationed at Plattsburg BarTacks, New York.

Commanding generals of departments and camps will, by concerted action, arrange for and give such additional directions as may be necessary, and order further details with due regard to economy and the welfare of officers and men.

The transportation required by this order will be furnished by the Quartermaster's Department, and the Subsistence Department will take timely measures to provide the necessary travel rations and coffee money.

Commanding officers of regiments affected by this order will telegraph the date of departure to the commanding general of the department to which they are assigned, and will also telegraph to this office the hour of their departure and arrival.

BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR:

H. C. CORBIN,

Adjutant General.

GENERAL ORDERS,

WAR DEPARTMENT,
ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE,

Washington, September 6, 1898.

No. 138.

The following letter of the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, Treasury Department, August 29, 1898, is published for the information and guidance of all concerned:

TREASURY DEPARTMENT,
OFFICE OF THE COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE,

Washington, D. C., August 29, 1898. To the Honorable The SECRETARY OF WAR.

Sır: Under date of the 25th instant, you referred to the Secretary of the Treasury a communication received by you from the Paymaster General U. S. Army, who inclosed a copy of a pay account of an officer of the Army assigned or transferred by the officer by endorsement thereon. The Paymaster General desires a ruling on the question as to whether the assignment or transfer requires a stamp.

The assignment reads as follows: “Pay to the order of the National La Fayette Bank, Cincinnati, Ohio," signed by the officer.

This is an order for the payment of money and requires, if the money is due and payable on demand, a two-cent stamp. If, however, the officer has anticipated his pay and the amount is not due him at the date of assignment, the endorsement is an order for the payment of money otherwise than at sight or on demand and requires a stamp at the rate of two cents for each one hundred dollars or fractional part thereof.

There is on the copy of the accounts enclosed another endorsement which reads “Pay to the Continental National Bank of Chicago, or order," signed by the National La Fayette Bank, Cincinnati, Ohio, by its cashier. This is also an order for the payment of money and requires additional stamps. Respectfully yours,

N. B. SCOTT,

Commissioner.

BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR:

H. C. CORBIN,

Adjutant General.

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