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of Portugal, has burst, it is said, the last Lord Chancellor, the Duke of Wellington, fetter which bound this country to the Lord Melville, Lord Sidmouth, Earl schemes of the Holy Alliance.
Bathurst, the Earl of Westmoreland,
and Mr. Peel. Their secession was folDOMESTIC.
lowed by that of various other official The recess of parliament for the Easter persons, not members of the cabinet. vacation, has suspended the progress of The most prominent cause which has the various measures under its consider- led to this crisis is doubtless the question ation; but, amidst the dearth of parlia- of Catholic emancipation; though it is mentary intelligence, there has been one also well known that there were consisubject of the most momentous public derable differences of opinion in the interest, and which has engrossed the cabinet on various other questions both attention of the nation, to the exclusion of foreign and domestic policy; and of almost every other topic. We need upon retrospection it appears a more renot say that we allude to the extra- markable fact that persons so widely ordinary change in the administration of disagreeing in their opinions should so the country. Scarcely three months have long have publicly coalesced, than that elapsed since the executive government they should at length have separated. of this country, as embodied in the The members of the new cabinet have various members who composed it, ap- not yet been officially announced, and peared fixed and immoveable beyond, are understood not to be definitely setperhaps, all precedent; most of its lead- tled. The first appointment that was ing measures were hailed by parliament filled up was the chief command of the and the country with acclamation; and navy, which is to be given to the Duke scarcely the shadow of a regularly con- of Clarence under the long disused title stituted opposition could be said to of Lord High Admiral. The vacant exist. But the providential visitation posts will probably be filled by the time which fell upon its leading member, the of the meeting of parliament; when we universally respected Earl of Liverpool, may expect an exposition of the sentihas detached the key stone of the arch, ments and plans of the new adminisand the whole fabric has suddenly and tration; though, upon the whole, we unexpectedly fallen to the ground. At neither hope nor fear, with perhaps one the meeting of Parliament, in May, we or two exceptions, any great deviation may expect that some official light will from the course of policy which has of be thrown upon the origin and effects of late so wisely characterised our public this remarkable disruption; and we measures In the mean time, we can therefore postpone offering any remarks only express our earnest wishes and which we might be inclined to make prayers, in the impressive language of upon it, till we have more authoritative the Liturgy," that it may please the data for speculation than the public Author of all mercies to save and defend rumours and ex-parte statements, which the king, that under him we may be are at present afloat on the subject. All godly and quietly governed; and to grant that is at present officially known is, that , unto his whole council, and to all that the king having seen fit to appoint Mr. are put in authority under him, that they Canning prime minister, with all the may truly and indifferently minister jususual powers and privileges attached to tice to the punishment of wickedness that undefined office, most of the other and vice, and to the maintenance of leading members of the cabinet resigned true religion and virtue.” their respective posts; including the
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
T. S.; X. Y. Z.; M. A.; PHEDRESH; W. B.; D. M, P.; I. E. J. ; N.; H. J. S.
poses. His former suggestion was not overlooked; but to compile a select periodical list of the charities which appear to us most in need of assistance, where so many
are urging their claims, would be not only invidious but impracticable. No Obituary of the clergyman mentioned by Didymus has been sent to us. We think it unnecessary to continue the discussion respecting the deaf and dumb, az
both sides of the argument are now fairly before our readers. Our notes upon
Dr. C. E. H. Orden's paper would be nearly as long as the paper itself. The British and Foreign Bible Society has received the second half of the Bank note,
No. $126 for 1001.
For the Christian Observer.
failed in his attempt to transfuse REPLIES TO B. W. ON CERTAIN DOC- the author's meaning into this lan
TRINES IN M. MALAN'S CON: guage. For these, of course, M. VENTICLE OF ROLLE.
Malan is not answerable; and it is
not fair to criticise the doctrines of THE replies which we have re- any one, as expressed in a trans
ceived to B. W's paper are so lation, when a moderate degree of numerous, and of such a length, acquaintance with the original lanthat we must content ourselves
would have shewn the miswith laying before our readers two takes into which the translator has of them, which comprise nearly the fallen; nor is it right to ground obsubstance of the whole. We ear- jections upon expressions which nestly recommend our correspon- any one, who knows even a little of dents not to forget, in such discus. the author's sentiments, must persions, the duties of candour, the ceive to be at variance with the courtesies of Christian controversy, whole tenor of his opinions. and the grace of humility, which Another thing too I may be perzealous disputants are sometimes mitted to observe: The objector comapt to violate. We uniformly re
mences with an eulogium on “ that ject all papers which are grossly bright and shining light the venerable offensive in these respects ; but Reformer of Geneva, John Calvin;" even in others, which are, upon the
yet I believe that he would not whole, temperate, we occasionally find it easy to point out any one find an unkind or supercilious re- of those positions laid down in the mark, which we feel it necessary to Conventicle, which he afterwards rescind.
attacks as being unscriptural, which
is not to be found expresssed, and Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. maintained as true, in the writings
Before I proceed to make some of that eminent divine. observations on what B. W. has 1. The frontispiece of M. Malan's alleged, in your Number for Febru- Tract is made the subject of the ary, in opposition to some state- first objection. But, in stating this ments in M. Malan's Conyenticle .objection, it appears to me that of Rolle, I would remark one sin- undue regard is paid to the diffegular circumstance ; namely, that rences existing among the various although he was furnished with a sects of professing Christians, as copy of the Conventicle by a lady sects. And the concluding sentence, who had received it in Geneva, which runs thus : “ M. Malan perall his quotations are made from haps meant only to say, what is the English translation; and, unfor- perfectly just, that there are true tunately for his argument, the very disciples of Christ to be found expressions which he has selected among all the denominations of as being objectionable are among Christians he has specified ; and the grossest of many instances in that these constitute the real spiriwhich the translator has completely tual temple, as distinguished from CHRIST, OBSERV. No. 305.
those which are built on the sandy qu'il a voulu promettre?" (p. 18; or foundation of human merit," appears trans. p. 33.) Moreover, in the to indicate, that the objector was conversation with the children (p. aware, upon re-consideration, of the 58; or trans. p. 101), the following misconception on which his objec- passage occurs: “Croyez vous Dieu? tion is founded. No one who reads Croyez vous ce qu'il dit dans ce the Conventicle with any degree of passage, que Christ est mort pour attention, can doubt that M. Malan vous; c'est à dire, qu'il a été puni de meant the spiritual, not the formal, Dieu a votre place ?-(Les Enf.) church, or that his object was to Oui, monsieur; nous croyons bien point out that, as in the days of the cela.-(Min.) Eh bien, cheres enApostles there were Jews, Chris- fans, si vous le croyez dans votre tians, and heathens, all of whom cæur, vous avez la foi.” With were citizens of Rome; so in the regard to the objection, that the present time those who really be- necessity and duty of repentance longed to the various denominations are not sufficiently urged; and that specified, and are not merely nominal love to God and Christian obeprofessors, are all citizens of the dience are not enough stated as commonwealth of Christ. In this practical duties, I may remark that, view the frontispiece is correct; all in my opinion, it would have been these denominations of Christians beside M. Malan's purpose to have (in as far as those who form part of done so. His object is to exhibit them are not mere sectarians, or faith in Christ, the Saviour of sinhypocritical pretenders to Chris- ners (consisting not in any undetianity) are built on the rock Christ. fined series of voluntary acts, nor They agree in receiving one Lord, in any mystical influence on the though they differ in modes of wor- mind, but in the simple belief that ship, rites, or ordinances. There is Christ has died in the sinner's room, one faith common to them all,—the and thereby atoned for his offences,) belief that Christ has died for sin- as the only foundation on which a ners, for such as they know them- real repentance and a willing obeselves to be. And they all profess dience can be built; and had he one baptism into Christ for the re- enlarged on these as duties, the mission of sins, however they may performance of which, independent vary, in regard to the external rite, of this principle, could be accepby which they conceive it proper table to God, (if indeed it be posto evidence their profession. sible,) he would have been, just in
2. The second ground of com- so far as he did so, annulling the plaint which B. W. alleges, namely, covenant of grace, to re-establish the want of a definition of faith, that of works. The concluding does not appear to me to be well part of this objection refers to the founded; for in fact it is the scope use of the word salvation in the of a great part of M. Malan's book first of M. Malan's propositions. to explain its nature, its object, and (p. 31. trans.) The phrase which M. its effects. The following passage Malan employs, “Point d'euvres is selected from many of a similar pour le salut," appears to me to be import, as conveying a precise and perfectly correct; though I do not clear idea of its nature, though per- say that it would have been incorhaps not in the exact form of a lo- rect, but it would certainly have gical definition: “ L'Eternel n'est il been inadequate, had he used the pas vérité ? Ce qu'il m'a promis, à word justification in this place, as moi qui ne suis que poudre, ne B. W. thinks he should have done. tiendra-t-il pas ? Y auroit-il en His meaning, as I conceive it, is, that l'Eternel autre chose que de la fide- although, as is proved at large afterlité ? Et n'est il pas puissant, oui, wards, the salvation which is in tout puissant, pour accomplir ce Christ Jesus for the believing sinner, is a producing cause of the obedience to his commands, and abundant fruit of good works in poignant sorrow for having at any him; these good works can in no time offended him ; but unless the sense be held to be the producing child be actuated by this belief it cause of the salvation: nor are they cannot love, but will rather dread performed by him with any view to him, it will obey him from fear only, purchase salvation, but as the ne- and will without remorse disobey cessary effects of the life-giving him, whenever it thinks it can escape principle of faith which animates punishment for doing so. Now it him, and which alone can enable appears to me, that M. Malan meant him to perform them. He does to exhibit faith as producing effects them, in short, not because it is his similar to these: Obedience to the duty to do them, or because he commands of God is, no doubt, a thinks of deserving any reward for duty; but duty is a hard word to doing them, but because he could the man whose love has not been as easily live without performing kindled; and this can be effected the actions of life as he could be only by receiving simply and withlieve that God has given him eter- out question, as a child does the nal life, without wishing and en- kindness of its parent, the free gift deavouring to avoid those things of salvation which God has given us which are opposed to its nature, in Christ. or without loving and obeying the B. W.'s expressions, “Faith begracious Bestower of it. And the lieves the promise, obeys the prestatements referred to by the ob- cept, and derives comfort and edifijector, such as, “we labour to be cation from both,” are clearly incoraccepted,” &c. admit of a consis. rect, and imply some confusion in tent explanation only on this ground, the objector's mind, as to what faith (for in any other view they would is. They seem to indicate (what, seem to imply that man is in some from other passages also in his degree independent of God, which critique, is apparently the case), that is at variance with the whole tenor he supposes it to be something difof Scripture,) and the text which is ferent from the simple belief of quoted in part, “ work out your what God has said ; and he may own salvation,” can only be under- have been prevented from perceiving stood by taking in the whole of the that M. Malan uses it in this simple sentence, “ for it is God that and Scriptural sense, by the incorworketh in you both to will and to rect phrase employed by the transdo of his good pleasure;" or perhapslator, “ Believe in God as Abraham rather, “ for it is God that, of his believed" (p. 34). The original exgood pleasure, worketh in you both pression, “Croyez Dieu comme to will and to do.”
Abraham le crut,” is precisely pa3. I am unable to discover any. rallel in meaning, to the words of St. thing fallacious in the exhibition of Paul, in Gal. iii. 6, “ Abraham befaith given by M. Malan, in pp. lieved God," and ought to have been 18, 19 (translation, p. 33). If a child translated"Believe God as Abraham believes, (but observe, it is not believed him." He who believes mere acquiescence, if the question God has faith: it is he only who will, were put, but the real principle of or indeed can, obey the commands of belief in the mind of the child, that God; and he will be comforted and is intended), that its parent loves it, edified, by resting in firm reliance is anxious for its welfare and com- on the sure word of Him who cannot fort, and wishes it to do nothing lie, and by trusting in the strength but what is for its own advantage, of the Spirit which enables him, this belief will produce in its mind because it inclines him, to obey. affection towards the parent, willing But his obedience, his comfort, and
his edification, are no parts of his is itself the gift of God; no less so belief, nor are the affections of than repentance, which is one of the which it is susceptible.
effects of this belief; and it is in 4. If it be, as B. W. states, "erro- vain to speak to men of repentance neous and dangerous to believe and as a duty, (that is a thing which apply the promises of the Gospel, they will do unwillingly, and thereas if they were spoken of God abso- fore unprofitably,) unless the prinlutely, personally, and individually to ciple from which alone it can spring, ourselves,” it appears to me that no and which cannot fail to produce it, one needs trouble himself any more be first implanted in their minds. about what these promises are. It The distinction which it is attempt. signifies not to me, that I read, thated to establish between belief and “ Christ Jesus came into the world trust, seems to me to be altogether to save sinners," if, while I feel and destitute of foundation; for who can acknowledge that I am a sinner, I believe a promise, without trusting am forbidden to suppose, that I in- in its accomplishment? The condividually have any interest in the cluding sentence, in which the as. offered salvation. That “ Christ is surance of any individual, that the the propitiation for the sins of the promises of the Gospel refer to him, whole world,” gives me no comfort, is made to depend on his consciousnor any hope, if I am cautioned ness of believing the Scriptures to against the error and danger of in- be the word of God, &c. appears to cluding myself as a part of it. If be founded on a misdirection of the God's message of mercy to sinners, attention to the fruits of faith, inbe not expressly to each individual stead of its object, which is the sinner who will listen to it, it is use- atonement of Christ Jesus, and not less to all; for, as long as the sinner any frame or feeling of the mind ; views the threatenings and the pro- for although the fruits of faith are nises of God as relating to some essential as evidences to others, and indefinite class of beings, and so to ourselves also, yet they are not apportioned among them, in some the ground of our hope, nor the seal mysterious way, as that some shall, of our acceptance. without knowing how or why, en- 5. M. Malan appears to me to dure all the former, while others, in make no improper use of the term equal ignorance, may enjoy all the " salvation,” in the passages which latter, they never can be brought furnish the matter of B. W.'s objechome to his own mind. In order tion. The first passage quoted by that he may be warned by the one, hiin is however incorrectly given. and encouraged by the other, he It is a question coupled with an must be enabled by the Holy Spirit argument, neither of which are exto individualize them, to apply them pressed by the manner in which it so to himself, that he may see them is quoted. The original is as follows, ready to fall on his own head, and to “ Qui de vous la saisit, et dit «Je be given into his own hand. It is suis donc sauvé, car Dieu qui le dit no doubt true that the promises of est verité?'" (p. 20; or translation, the Gospel have a general applica- p. 35). The fourth quotation is also tion too; and for this simple reason, unfairly given; the whole passage that whatever is true of each in- standing in connexion thus: “Sais dividual of a class, is true respect- tu, ma chere Petite, que tu as un ing the whole; and therefore what is Sauveur ?--(La Cadette:) Oh, oui, addressed by God to each indivi- monsieur, je sais bien cela.—(Le dual sinner, must be addressed to Min.) Et le crois tu?- (La Cadette:) all sinners, consequently to all men, Mais je pense bien que oui.-(Le and to each individual among'them. Min.) Tu crois donc que tu es The power to believe these promises sauvé ?” (p. 56 ; translation, p. 98.)