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im " Missionaries to the ever-loved people of

and the eternal hardly entered his mind. the employés more readily, he was engaged It was as his friends fell away from him, one as chaplain, and commenced his duties in by one, and as other trials came upon him, 1856. The arrangement worked fairly, that he began to take thought on the state although Mr. Moore never felt that it came of his soul. It was only when he gave up up to his desires. It was one of a series of travelling that he began to attend church, measures set on foot by him for the good of joining the ministry of the Rev. Daniel the people, at a time when employers had Moore, whose preaching pricked his con- more encouragement, and the workpeople science, but at first that was all. The sudden were more willing to avail themselves of death of his brother-in-law, the Rev. Mr. such arrangements than they have been Ray, made a deep impression, but still there since. The present writer remembers having was no change from death to life. In 1850 visited Messrs. Copestake, Moore, Crampton he had a distressing nervous ailment, and & Co.'s warehouse in 1864, soon after they when residing at St. Bees gave up all hope had inaugurated a new hall, and being struck of ever being well again. He did recover, with the warm interest shown by Mr. Moore however, but only to see his partner, Mr. in the spiritual welfare of the employés.* Groucock, struck down, and to part from him in 1853. Mr. Groucock appears to have Cumberland were next appointed. He been thoroughly changed, and his conver- sought to appoint a Scripture reader in every sation and that also of Mr. Hitchcock, of market town of the country. God raised up St. Paul's Churchyard, were useful to Mr. qualified men in a wonderful way to help Moore, who was now deeply in earnest. him. To his surprise he met with a great But he had a long period of unsatisfied long- deal of opposition from the clergy. Many ing. While deeply occupied with the great useful journals, such as the British Workevangelical truths, he suffered much from man, or the Band of Hope, were scattered not having been instructed in the Bible in over the county. But it is easier to say his youth, and consequently from unreason where his Christian philanthropy began able expectations doomed to disappointment. than where it stopped. He was particularly He prayed long that he might experience a interested in all works of the nature of home striking sudden change. He seemed to missions; church and chapel building, colporenvy the experience of those whose transition tage, the circulation of Christian books, the from darkness to light was as sudden as that Bishop of London's church extension scheme, of the blind men in the Gospels. It was not and all such operations, had his cordial aid. God's purpose that he should experience Charitable works were prosecuted with unsuch a change, and he thought his prayer was abated vigour, and he was especially eager in vain. At last he came to see that it was to help deserving charities that had fallen his privilege to take the comfort of the pro- low from want of funds. His own benemises of the gospel, even though he should factions were large, but he never gave money not know the rapture of assurance. He without assuring himself that there was a received with confidence the truth, “He fair probability of its being usefully employed. that heareth my word and believeth on Him For the last three years of his life, his givings that sent me hath everlasting life, and shall amounted to £16,000 a year. Trips abroad not come into condemnation, but is passed brought up new objects of interest, which from death to life.” Under the shade of this were promptly met. A visit to Paris led to promise he went on his way with a measure his offering to supply a Bible for every bedof happiness, pursuing his works of philan- room in the chief hotels, an offer which was thropy in a new and higher spirit, the spiritual accepted by ten, but declined by three. In welfare of men being now very specially in his spirit, Mr. Moore was catholic. Connected view. But we do not find, as we should have ex- as he had always been with the Church of ceedingly desired to find that he turned his re- England, he worked chiefly on her lines, but ligious convictions towards purifying the ways he seemed to be equally at home among of trade, or modifying the spirit of competition. Christian Nonconformists. In his theology One plan on which his heart was much set he was very decided, and very much opposed was to establish family worship in the morn- to any compromise of evangelical doctrine. ing of each day for the people in his employ- Yet even in his case we may see how ment. There were many difficulties, but he personal intimacy and personal respect topersevered. A young man, formerly in the wards a man of another way of thinking disestablishment, had studied and taken orders,

* See “Heads and Hands in the World of Labour," and, as it was thought that he would attract

pp. 172, 173

pose to charitable views. Mr. Moore and kind that he set in motion, he left the evil Mr. Charles Dickens had been long asso- much as he found it. ciated in sundry charitable enterprises, and Time utterly fails us to speak of all the especially in the Commercial Travellers' philanthropical schemes of that active life. Schools. On one occasion, when presiding In 1859 he was treasurer to the Cumberland at what is called a “charitable dinner” on Benevolent Society, treasurer to the Combehalf of the schools, Mr. Dickens spoke of mercial Travellers' Schools, trustee to the Mr. Moore—“A name which is a synonym Warehousemen and Clerks' Schools, trustee for integrity, enterprise, public spirit and to the Cordwainers' and Bread Street Ward benevolence. He is one of the most zealous Schools, trustee to Nicholson's Charity, officers whom I have ever seen in my life. Governor and Almoner of Christ's Hospital, He appears to me to have been doing trustee to the Penny Bank in Milton Street, nothing during the past week but rushing chairman and trustee of the Young Men's into and out of railway carriages, and making Christian Association in Marlborough Street, eloquent speeches at all sorts of public meet- chairman of the General Committee of the ings in favour of this charity. Last evening Royal Free Hospital, trustee of the Metrohe was at Manchester, and this evening he politan Commercial Travellers' and Warecomes here, sacrificing his time and conve. housemen's Association, member of the nience, and exhausting in the meantime the Board of Management of the Royal Hospital contents of two vast leaden inkstands, and no for Incurables, trustee of St. Matthew's end of pens, with the energy of fifty banker's Church, St. George's-in-the-East, and also clerks rolled into one.” Some time after, trustee or chairman of institutions in CumMr. Moore visited Mr. Dickens at Gadshill, berland whose name was legion. No more and enjoyed himself there for several days. can we enter on a very interesting chapter Of that visit he gives this record: “I was of his life-his work in Paris during the sucdelighted to find that Charles Dickens was cessive famines caused by the siege of the sound upon the gospel. I found him a Prussians and the reign of the Communists. true Christian without great profession. It is impossible to calculate the number of have a great liking for him.”

lives he was the means of saving, or to In the application of Christianity to the estimate the value of the sympathy which he social welfare of the people he was deeply so worthily represented and expressed, and interested. He took part in the Industrial which had so great an effect in drawing toDwellings movement, originated by Alder- gether the hearts of two great nations that man Waterlow. The condition of labourers' were not always so friendly. cottages in the country occupied much of We have said that Mr. Moore never overhis thoughts. The illegitimacy so prevalent came a certain worldly ambition. One of in his native county was a subject of eager the great objects of that ambition was to and painful interest. Going once to Carlisle acquire the property of Whitehall, an ancient to see the hiring fair, he was shocked “to estate and tower in Cumberland, and the see men and women brought like sheep to chief place in his native parish. It was in market, and engaged without knowledge, or the end of 1858, as his wife was dying, that references, or character."

the opportunity to purchase it at length Mr. Moore could not interest himself in came. At great cost of labour, skill, and the social welfare of the people without money, he restored the ancient castle, and being horrified at the doings of drink. In improved to the utmost the whole estate. his own county he did all he could to reduce This work lasted for years. At length, in the number of licences. One day he says in 1861, the castle was completed, and then his diary, “Attended a funeral. The man there was no end of entertainments and en: drowned himself; a sad affair. He is the joyments. Select circles of friends, as well third given to drinking who has died within as more miscellaneous parties and great three weeks.” Another day he says, “At gatherings, amounting sometimes to thouWigton on the bench. Had nine cases of sands, enjoyed the hospitalities of his mansion. 'drunk and disorderly.' Very sad. While acting in Cumberland the country Went to a school. The Rev. Mr. gentleman, he had sometimes very distinwas half drunk. He insulted me, and hurt guished company in his warehouse in town. my feelings very much.” Mr. Moore seems When some civic occasion drew to the to have thought that the cure of drunkenness neighbourhood men like Lord John Russell must come from general influences, moral, or the Duke of Cambridge, he would ask social, and religious; and yet, for all of this them to lunch at the warehouse, and no little

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pride did he feel in having such guests to streets of Carlisle, he was knocked over by entertain there.

a runaway horse, and his injuries were so Mr. Moore married a second time in 1851, serious that in four-and-twenty hours he was his bride being Miss Agnes Breeks, of War- dead. cop, in Westmoreland. In this marriage, as The blow was as severe as it was sudden. in the former, it was not without difficulty It was indeed the fall of a prince and a great that he achieved his object. Her connec- man in Cumberland. Journals delineated tions, he said, were very pleasant,“ but they with mingled pride and sadness the remarkwere awful Tories.” He had determined to able life so suddenly ended. Friends poured succeed, and as usual he carried his point. in their tributes and their sympathy. Pulpits

In his country life, he entered with much gladly seized the opportunity to dwell on the relish on some sports, which to some seemed remarkable fruit of Christian faith which that a little alien from his religious profession. life so crowded with benevolence afforded. Like Nimrod, he was a mighty hunter. He A great thrill of sorrow and bereavement loved the sport; it was a great benefit to his pervaded the community. The death of health, and he fancied that his presence in such a man was as impressive as his life and the hunting party had a good moral effect. character were rare. Once he suffered for two years from a dis- The monument in Carlisle Cathedral calls located shoulder got in the hunting field. himAll the skill of the faculty failed to detect what was wrong; it was a poor bone-setter that found out and reduced the dislocation.

CHARACTER, Years passed on, and Mr. Moore grew more

A YEOMAN'S SON, and more in the love and respect of his

HE WAS NOT BORN TO WEALTH, neighbours, and of a great multitude besides, BUT BY ABILITY AND INDUSTRY HE GAINED IT, and in the usefulness of his His death was the result of an accident.

LORD JESUS CHRIST, One day in November, 1876, in one of the FOR THE FURTHERANCE OF ALL GOD'S WORKS.





“ Thy gentleness hath made me great.”—Psalm xviii. 35.

" Thy loving correction shall make me great."-SEPTUAGINT Version. THR CHROUGHOUT this psalm David, in phetical meaning of the psalm ; but, con

most beautiful language, describes his fining myself to this one verse, I shall regard experience of the goodness of God. He it under the two aspects presented by the acknowledges the Divine mercy in his de- two versions—the one which you find in the liverance from his enemies. The psalm is Bible, the other which is given in the English a grateful retrospect of the manifold and Prayer - book, and which is the Septuagint marvellous grace of Jehovah. He composed translation. The first, “ Thy gentleness hath the psalm for the use of the Lord's house, so made me great;" the second, " Thy loving consecrating his genius as a poet to the correction shall make me great.” Author of every good and perfect gift. It is And, first, " Thy gentleness hath made me a grand song of praise, and you will find great." nothing in ancient or modern poetry to equal “Gentleness is a beautiful attribute of it in sublimity and sweetness.

God. It is so human. It was a very marked But whilst David here sings of God's quality of the Incarnate Saviour. In Him mercy to himself, there can be no doubt was the prophecy entirely fulfilled : “A that this magnificent psalm has a reference bruised reed shall He not break, and smok to the Messiah. Indeed, Christ is the main ing ilax shall He not quench. He will and chiet subject of the song. It has its send forth judgment unto victory.” And deepest and most significant fulfilment in St. Paul, when appealing to the Corinthian Him. The sorrows, the cries, the descent Church, has these words. “Now I, Paul, of the eternal Son, His humiliation and His myself beseech you, by the meekness and triumphs, are here set to music worthy of the gentleness of Christ.” This is the God, the golden harps above.

Christ, that the Scriptures represent to us. I shall not, however, enter into the pro- They set Him before us in His winning, attractive aspect, that our hearts may be our hopes, we must ascribe all to the grace subdued and melted down into returning and long-suffering of God, and say to Him, love. For it is not terror, but love, which “Thy gentleness hath made me great.” is the mighty power of God.

The gospel

Brethren, when speaking of the “gentle. has in it elements of terror, and there is that ness" of God, we are not to consider that it in its revelation of God, as one “who taketh is in any sense weakness. The “gentleness vengeance, and who will not at all acquit the of God does not spring from any easy goodguilty," which may well awe and subdue— nature, or from an indiference to justice and which is fitted to strike fear into the stoutest right, or from a disregard to what is evil. heart, and to bend the most stubborn knee God's gentlenessis another form oj His in a cry for mercy, and to send sinners to the strength. It speaks of His power; it declares Throne of Grace with the prayer, “Lord, save that “ He is slow to anger," not because He us; we perish.” But no man yet was ever winks at sin, or connives at it, or is too indriven to heaven; he must be drawn to it. dolent to punish sin, but because He is “not And so God would draw us; and, therefore, willing that any should perish, but that all is He “long-suffering to us-ward, not willing should come to repentance.” He is, in the that any should perish, but that all should words of the Psalmist, “strong and patient," come to repentance.” He stands before us in patient because He is strong, because " all an attitude of supplication; and he beseeches power belongeth unto Him.” He has the us with an earnestness and an urgency that future as well as the present to work in, and are fitted to overcome, to be reconciled to therefore there is no need that He should be turn, and turn, and not die. And, brethren, in a hurry. Now it is this very attribute of if we have yielded to His importunity, has “long-suffering" that men abuse.

“ Because it not been His “gentleness” that has tri- sentence against an evil work is not executed umphed over our indifference and sin ? Has speedily, therefore the hearts of the sons of He not disarmed and conquered us by the men are fully set in them to do evil.” “Tush!" majesty of patience and forbearance? Was they say, "God will not regard, the Most it not by the power of love that we were High will not consider.” But let us not so softened and subdued? We were lost, and deceive ourselves. According to the old He came forth to seek and to save us. “He proverb, “Vengeance has leaden feet, but drew us with the cords of a man, and the iron hands: " “ leaden feet," because its bands of love ” to Himself. His love went be approaches are often slow; “iron hands," fore ours. We kindled the fire of our hearts because when it does come, it strikes with a at His.

“We love Him because He first crushing might. Listen to the words of God loved us." His grace was waiting for us Himself: “Unto the wicked God saith, What even when we were wandering far from home, hast thou to do to declare my statutes, or forgetful of His goodness, careless of His that thou shouldest take my covenant in thy mercy, living after the sight of our eyes and mouth, seeing thou hatesť instruction and the desire of our hearts. Like the father in castest my words behind thee? When thou the parable of the Prodigal Son, He was look- sawest a thief, thou consentedst with him, ing out for some sign of our return—listen- and hast been partaker with adulterers. Thou ing for our footfall, ready when we should givest thy mouth to evil, and thy tongue appear to welcome us with joy, and fold us frameth deceit. Thou sittest and speakest again to His heart. Ah, how shall I most against thy brother; thou slanderest thine clearly unfold to you His grace? Shall I own mother's son. These things hast thou say that when we were dead He came to our done, and I kept silence and thou thoughtest bier, and by His touch brought us back again that I was altogether such an one as thyself ; to life? Shall I remind you that when we but I will reprove thee, and set them in order were so weak that “our foot had well-nigh before thine eyes, Now consider this, ye slipped," He inspired us with strength? that forget God, lest I tear you in pieces, and Shall I tell you how, when we were tempted, there be none to deliver.” He made a way of escape? Or how, when God is not indifferent to sin. He abhors we were vanquished, He lifted us up and that which is evil, and He will “not at all poured in oil and wine into our wounds, and acquit the guilty." If you are despising the healed us? If we are in any sense "great” goodness, and forbearance, and long-suffering

-"great" in having a place amongst the of God, arguing from past impunity to future, redeemed; "great” in having any position blessing yourself in your heart, and saying, in the Church of Christ ; if we are great “I shall have peace, though I walk in the

our joys, "great” in our peace, "great" in imagination of mine heart, to add drunken

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ness to thirst,” you are only “heaping up rience hope.” When God sends us sorrow, wrath against the day of wrath.” The judg- it is because He has a controversy with us. We ments of God may be slow in coming ; but may have set up some idol in our heart; we they come at last, and are oftentimes only may have grown cold and lukewarm ; we may the more terrible for their delay.

have gone back to the world, and have “left

our first love," or in some way have grieved
“ Though the mills of God grind slowly,
Yet they grind exceeding small;

His Holy Spirit. And so He sends us some
Though with patience He stands waiting,
With exactness grinds He all."

trial—a personal or a domestic trouble, or a

spiritual sorrow; or He slays our joys and I pray you to take the forbearance of God hopes, or He brings us down to the sickas He intends it. He by it would lead thee bed, to the very borders of the shadow of to repentance.” He does not drive, or drag, death. But all in “ loving correction.” For or compel thee to the forsaking of indiffer- “whom the Lord loveth He chasteneth, and ence and sin-for, alas ! you may resist it scourgeth every son whom He receiveth." if ye will—but "He leadeth thee to repent. In what beautiful and tender words the ance," draws thee to Him “with the cords Apostle sets before us the merciful design of of a man, and the bands of love,” if ye will! God in affliction ! “ If ye endure chastening, only follow and be His for evermore. God dealeth with you as with sons : for what

“And I beseech you by the meekness and son is He whom the Father chasteneth not? gentleness of Christ” not to abuse God's But if ye be without chastisement, whereof patience and loving-kindness, but to turn unto all are partakers, then are ye bastards and the Lord thy God, and, throwing down your not sons. Furthermore, we have had fathers arms, and yielding yourselves vanquished, of our flesh which corrected us, and we gave to suffer yourselves to be led, like Saul who them reverence ; shall we not much rather became Paul, a trophy and captive of the be in subjection to the Father of spirits, and Divine power and love through the world. live? For they verily for a few days chasOh, “kiss the Son, lest He be angry, and ye tened us after their own pleasure, but He for perish from the way when His wrath is our profit, that we might be partakers of His kindled, yea, but a little." Consent to be holiness." blessed by Him; to be pardoned, to be And the “correction” is not only "loving” healed; consent to be one of those who shall in its ends, but also very lovingly administered. say to Him through the ages of an eternity If He strikes with one hand, He always susspent in the light of His face, " Thy gentle- tains with the other; if He brings tears into ness hath made me great."

the eyes with the rod, He also wipes them Let us now look at the other rendering of away with His hand; if He wounds, He pours the text: " Thy loving correction shall make balm into the wound, “comforting them that me great." Loving correction”—the cor- are cast down,” and teaching His people that rection of love. We are reminded of the trials are the badge of sonship. And how prayer of Jeremiah: “O Lord, correct me, many of the Lord's people have had this to but with judgment; not in Thine anger, lest set against their sorest trials, that they never Thou bring me to nothing."

felt the consolations of God's love to be so That is a statement full of comfort which great, never realised that God was so near, we find in the Book of Lamentations: “He never knew His dealings to be so kindly, as doth not afflict willingly, nor grieve the chil- when they were cast into darkness and the dren of men.” Do we not read in these deeps.” They can never forget how fully words the assurance that God has no plea- He fulfilled those gracious promises, “When sure in the sorrows of His people—no more thou passest through the waters, I will be than a tender parent has in the tears of his with thee, and through the rivers, they shall children? Why then does He visit them with not overflow thee: thou shalt walk through trials at all? Why does He take the rod the fire, and not be burned, neither shall the into His hand, and smite them till they flame kindle upon thee. Fear not, for I wince beneath the blow? Why does He am with thee, the Holy One of Israel, thy cast them into the furnace and try them, Saviour.". And do not His supernatural even as gold is tried ? For the very same supports bear evidence to the faithfulness reason that the refiner of metals casts his and goodness of God, and form a recomgold into the furnace—that it may be purified pense for the heaviest suffering ? What from the dross. St. Paul tells us the mean- comfort under trial like feeling that “if our ing of our trials. “ Tribulation worketh afflictions have abounded, the consolations patience, and patience experience, and expe- of God have much more abounded”? And


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