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and its trials, in his way, as was she herself in to feel myself the mistress and hostess. I hers, and that he and she are rather partners could not help crying a little when I reflected in fall and loss, than victimiser and victim. how the days of our old home life were

“She never speaks to me directly of the numbered, but she said only, ‘Lois, dost thou Prides, except in the most ordinary way, but grudge that thou hast given a son to thy I gather these thoughts of hers from what she widowed mother?' says of other things.

“So, Hans, you may at once announce “Miss Pride comes to see Lydia very often. our betrothal. Lydia has never been at the Pride's house “How pleasant it is that Paul and Else again. I suppose some people would think need not be unsettled in their old age. I Miss Pride would show her love for her cannot bear the saying that 'service is no brother by ignoring Lydia's existence and his inheritance.' It ought to be such. And sin. But I think her way is right. She said what can I do about Lydia ? It will be hard to me one day, 'I shall never give up my to leave her—and need I do so, unless it is brother, and therefore I owe a duty to all for the best for her ? Lydia does not mind whom he wrongs. Mercy to him must be what work she does now. She and I could founded on justice to them.'

keep your house without any more help. “ And now, dear Hans, let me speak about Could that be wrong? If not, I know my ourselves. I am ready for you when you brave Hans will never say, 'It is not proper.' want me. I shall be very glad to come to “And now, with my mother's blessing, I you. Why should I not say so? Ought I am, in life and death, not to feel so ? The chestful of linen is not

“ Your own quite finished yet-well, its finishing will give

“Lois." me employment when you have to leave me alone in your strange city. I think it is a “P.S.-A man has come into the shop, cruel and foolish custom which leaves a bride saying that old Mr. Pride has just fallen nothing to do after she is married.

down the flight of stone steps at the railway “My mother says she will not return with station, and has been picked up for dead.' I us to your home, but will follow us very soon, cannot write one word more, and I must post -in a few weeks, just long enough for me this before I can ascertain the truth, or I to learn to walk alone in my new place, and shall miss to-night's mail.”



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Merchant and Philanthropist.

BY THE REV. W. G, BLAIKIE, D.D., LL.D. MR. R. SMILES has taken in hand a very Out-of-door amusements were practised with

different subject from his “Scottish great ardour, particularly the rough sport of Naturalist.”* And we venture to say that so wrestling, in which young Moore excelled. far as natural character goes, the naturalist His tendency to money-making appeared so is a more attractive man than the philanthro- early as the age of nine or ten, when he pist. Thomas Edward and George Moore struggled to earn at harvest as much as a both started in life from the humblest ranks. man. He is said to have been a general In Thomas Edward we find a man, some- favourite, with the faults incident to an what peculiar in temper perhaps, but tho- energetic character unsoftened by a mother's roughly devoted to pursuits which brought tenderness. His mother had died early. to him personally little but toil and danger, Certainly there was little of tenderness in the poverty and struggle. In George Moore boy of eleven who walked thirty-four miles we have a man singularly strong in worldly to see a man hanged. instincts, who spent the earliest and most Determined to leave home and push his active part of his life in one ignoble pur- way in the world, George Moore was apsuit—the pursuit of wealth. In middle prenticed to a draper at Wigton, in Cumberlife, George Moore is brought, as we believe, land. It was a miserable arrangement, and under the true and powerful influence of the wonder is he was not ruined. He had to Divine grace. He is taught one great lesson, get his meals in a public-house, and it was to use his wealth for Christian and benevolent part of his duty in the shop to give whisky ends, and he does an immense amount of to all the good customers. His master was good. But as we look along his life to its a drunkard, and the senior apprentice a bully very close, it is seen to want nobility. The and a coward. Then he got into the habit weak desire to raise his social position never of gambling, all the more dangerous because ceases to exert its influence on Mr. Moore. he had luck at cards. He got so fond of In business, in marriage, in philanthropy, in this that he would often spend nearly the social intercourse, everywhere we see the whole night at the public-house gambling. enfeebling touch of this poor passion. We The cure of this pernicious and ensnaring conclude the volume thinking of Mr. Moore habit came in a very singular way. In lockrather as the righteous man for whom one ing up his master's premises he had been would scarcely die, than the good man for accustomed to leave a window on the ground whom some would even dare to die. But all floor unfastened, and to let himself in by that the same, the life is charged with some useful in the middle of the night. One Christmas lessons, and it will be profitable to survey it time, his master finding this out, and hearing from the beginning to the end.

of his gambling habits, had the window Moore was the younger son of a Cumber- fastened in his absence; and Moore, in land “statesman ” or yeoman, whose fore- order to get to his bed, had to clamber over fathers had led a wild and stirring life, the roofs of the adjacent houses, and hanging fostering a brave, fearless, independent over the parapet, let his feet drop on the sill spirit, with a desire to acquire as much as of his window, and thus get an entrance. possible of their neighbours' property at the Soon after he got into bed his master came smallest cost to themselves. In fact these to look after him, and Moore, feigning to be freebooters went on the principle of acquir- asleep, heard him vow that as soon as he ing property in the cheapest market and awoke he should be turned adrift. Next selling it in the dearest, and we rather think day he lay in bed, never mored, and nobody that young Moore inherited something of came to him. Hearing the waits sing some their spirit-his practice, however, being Christmas carols, he felt a new spirit come qualified by punctual payment for all that over him. He was overwhelmed with remorse he acquired. His education was of the and penitence. He thought of his father, poorest sort. His teacher was a drunkard, and feared he might bring his grey hairs down whose chief assistants in knocking learning with sorrow to the grave. He resolved to into the boys were a cane and a thick ruler. leave off gambling, and by God's help he was

enabled to carry out the resolution. His • "George Moore, Merchant and Philanthropist.” By master was induced to give him another trial. Samuel Smiles, LL.D. 1878.


He was now steady as a rock, and attended perience of his deficiencies, and found esan evening school to improve his education. pecial cause to cultivate such qualities as He became very valuable in connection with quickness, promptitude, and accuracy. When the business, for the master was becoming a country boy has the right stuff in him, more and more unsteady, and George had though he may at first be far surpassed by the really to steer the ship He was a great town boy, he gradually gains on the other, and favourite in the town. He showed his ultimately is considerably ahead. It was so interest and sympathy by often running from with Moore. Though his hours of work were house to house asking after the welfare of heavy, he felt that his education had been ailing inmates, playing games, amusing the woefully deficient, and, joining a night school, young, and assisting the old.

he would pore over books till midnight, His apprenticeship coming to an end, striving to make up his lee way. In business George determined to go to London to push he began to show smartness and extraorhis fortune His purpose was very unwel dinary willingness. The head of the firm, come to his father, and especially to his who at first had said that he had known sister Mary, who was next younger than he, many a Cumberland blockhead, but that and as often happens in the case of sisters Moore was the greatest of them all, began nearest of age, specially attached to him. now to perceive his value. He was made But George had made up his mind, and so town traveller of the firm. After eighteen firm was his will even in boyhood, that once months he was found to be too good for that he did this, he never changed. He had no department, and appointed to a more imone to take him by the hand, and he had portant post—the Manchester and Liverpool little in his rugged Cumberland speech and circuit. This may be said to have been the manners to recommend him ; but he had beginning of his remarkable success. He courage and perseverance, and no little faith turned out to be one of the most extraordiin himself.

nary travellers that a mercantile house ever When he went through the drapers' shops had. His activity was enormous. He would and asked a place behind the counter, his do in one day the work of three. His speech, manners, and appearance were so

was very winning; he found out rough that people laughed at him, and asked the right side of his clients, and conquered him if it was not a porter's place he wished almost at sight. In Ireland, where his master for. His first fortnight in London was a had lost all his business, he fought hard and fortnight of bitter martyrdom, and it was brought it back. He had forethought, careonly after he had knocked in vain at every fulness, method, and perseverance. To these door that Mr. Ray, a Cumberland man, more qualities he owed his success. His salary out of pity for the lad than for business was but £150 per annum, and higher offers reasons, offered him a berth at thirty pounds came to him. He refused to change except a year. The most memorable thing that for a partnership. The partnership came, happened to him during the year he was in and in 1830, at the age of twenty-four, he this place, was one day when a bright little became a member of the firm of Groucock, girl came tripping into the warehouse, Copestake, and Moore, of Bow Churchyard, accompanied by her mother. It was his London. master's daughter. On seeing her, George Compared by some of his fellows to a exclaimed, “ If ever I marry, that girl shall lion, and by others to an eagle, he worked be my wife !” It seemed sheer madness. now with the energy of a steam-engine. He But somehow the idea had penetrated at continued to conduct the department of once to the core of his heart. It became a traveller, in which his success had been so tremendous power in his after-life. The in- great. For years the business just doubled cident is romantic, but not pleasing. How yearly. He used to say that for twelve years much more should we have thought of him had he worked some sixteen hours a day, and his marriage sprung from a genuine attach- with hardly a holiday. It was not till 1841, ment, instead of a mere business speculation ! the year after his marriage, that he began to After a year, having had enough of retail take things more quietly.

Like too many business, Moore passed into the service of a other commercial travellers, he worked on wholesale house, Fisher, Stroud, and Robin Sundays as well as on week-days, making up Here he passed through a new ex- accounts and looking over stock. As a rule,

he was up two nights in the week. A few • Strange to say, in later life that master came to London hours' sleep on a sofa satisfied him. The destitute, and his old apprentice made a provision for him

thought of resting to take a few hours' piea


for life.

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drunkard. My temptations were very great. I fine of £415 135. 4d. to decline the honour. All customers that came to see my stock of For a similar reason, he declined every progoods were invited to drink, no matter at posal to offer himself for a place in Parliawhat hour. . . . During my travelling days, ment. Without difficulty he might have been I had no time to think. At night I tumbled returned for many places, and for places of into bed without asking God's blessing, and such mark as the county of Cumberland, the I was generally so tired that I fell asleep in City of London, and the county of Middlea few minutes."

sex, and the men who urged him to stand Yet even during this utterly worldly period were sometimes the highest in rank and of his life, Moore did not live for himself influence; but he uniformly declined, saying alone. The kind heart that used to carry that he had not education enough to fit him heavy parcels at night for his brother William, for the office; that if he went into Parliament who was not strong enough for his berth as it must be to work and not look on; and porter, was touched with many a fellow- that the work of Parliament was so heavy creature's struggles, and eagerly sought to that he should have to give up all the other lighten them. He did a great deal for labours, for which he felt that he was much Cumberland, especially for its Benevolent better fitted. The modesty and conscienSociety, to which, when he went to London, tiousness that led him to this conclusion give he subscribed his first guinea. He laboured us a more favourable view of his character very earnestly and very successfully to raise than we get from the general course of his life. the standard of education throughout the Moore was now one of the merchantcounty. He instituted a very useful scheme princes of the metropolis, and he must have of Perambulating Libraries in Cumberland, a princely house. He seems to have gone the idea of which he had got from the similar into this project with some misgivings, and scheme of Samuel Brown, of Haddington. the undertaking appears to have been more The Commercial Travellers' School was, his wife's than his own.

The mansion was to a large extent, his own creation. He situated in Kensington Palace Gardens, and took extraordinary pains to promote the Mr. Moore took possession of it in 1854. success of a Prison Reformatory, designed to It was a splendid house, full of the choicest look after prisoners when discharged, but objects of art — everything of the highest found it very hard work to get the institution quality. “It was long before I felt at home to work properly, and it was only after many in it,” says Mr. Moore, “nor did it add at all years' most sturdy application of his motto to our happiness." It naturally led him to “ Persevere,” that he at length allowed it to see more company, and to develop social be closed, saying that it was the only work qualities of which he possessed a considerhe had ever begun and given up. He was able share. His wife, for whose sake he had deeply interested in a Hospital for Incurables. built and furnished the house, did not live A special hobby was to pay the marriage long to enjoy it. Splendour and wealth fees of poor couples who were living un- could not arrest the cold hand when it was married, in order that they might be in a laid upon her, and on the 4th December, more hallowed relation. One wonders that 1858, Mr. Moore was left in a state of lonehe did not fulminate against the customs liness, which the largeness and splendour of which place money barriers in the way of the his dwelling seemed to make more difficult marriage of the poor. The demoralization of to bear. women through the ravages of sensual vice, It was about this time that the intense the degradation of those who should have worldliness of Mr. Moore's life began to be been guardians of purity into the promoters broken in upon by the claims of religion. and partners of abominable wickedness, dis- His biographer tells us that he left among tressed him greatly, and a refuge for fallen his papers many passages relating to his reliwomen was another of his schemes. It was gious life. In the course of the volume we one of his ways of working for such objects have a number of extracts from these, but to beg from others as well as give liberally the development of this, by far the most imhimself. As the cares of business came to portant aspect of his life, is not presented take up less of his time, the labours of with the sympathetic interest that we should philanthropy came in their place. It was a have desired. His carelessness during the saying of his, “ For work go to the busy man, early part of his life has already been not to the idle.” So full was he of philan- adverted to. In the first and uninterrupted thropic work, that when nominated to the flow of worldly prosperity, everything went isigh office of Sheriff of London he paid the so well with him that thoughts of the unseen

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