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their native land, very irritating to hear. The best and holiest Name. Think, that Name love of family ties—you call a man unnatural so foully misused as to be the proverbial who has not got it-yet I have known it lead word for dishonesty over broad Christenboth men and women to the most absurd dom ! vapouring about the qualities and doings of You might be sure that it is only the their relations. All these loves are most wrong love of money that St. Paul conright; but they may lead wrong. Just so is demned, when you just think what is meant it with the love of money. That may be by the phrase. It is not the love of the allowed to grow to a wrong bigness; to push mere thing money. We are not thinking of in a wrong direction. It must be kept in stories of insane misers who gloated over its right place, and made to drive the right the actual gold : who, even on a dying bed, way—to honest industry and self-denial, not would dabble with their icy fingers in a basin to roguery nor violence. Everything on of guineas. These things are abnormal, earth may be abused. Even God's law, the monstrous ; we leave them out of our calcuApostle said, was good if a man use it law- lation. What we mean is the desire to getfully. You might so misuse it that it should the instinct of acquisition. Now that is a become root of all evil—of pride, self- natural desire; God put it in us. The first righteousness, deception as to one's real thing in human nature is I am: the second is spiritual state: Why, God's law, misused, was I have. And nothing can be surer than this, root of all that made the Pharisee in the that any natural desire is meant by God to parable a warning to all ages. Anything, be regulated, not to be extirpated. The abused, put out of its place, exaggerated, desire to get is the thing St. Paul meant. may be root of much evil. Your daily walk is And it arises in us of necessity, through the healthful exercise: it does good to both body working of our soul's mechanism, at the and soul. Overdo it, and it is bad for you. sight of what seems desirable. It may be, Your necessary food—you cannot do without it often has been, a root of all evil. It may be, it-one of the few petitions in the prayer it often has been, a root of all good. God Christ taught us asks for our daily bread; never intended it to be cast out; God did but in excess, the appetite runs into de intend it to be ruled : Nothing in us needs grading gluttony and drunkenness. Then, that more. If you see a thing you wish for, what better than to bear testimony to God's the first rough impulse might be to put forth truth, to stand by right against wrong? And the hand and take it; the second would be yet a little ago, a most eminent Scotchman, by honest work to earn the price of it, and the Duke of Argyll, told us that there is thus to get it. The instinct of getting, in nothing so ridiculous as a Scotchman lifting fact, may prompt to get by unworthy means, up a testimony. For, now-a-days, that com- force or fraud; or by worthy means, industry monly eventuates in a man's making a fool and self-denial. It has, in fact, prompted of himself in some wretched little way, a great many human beings to the wrong specially in matters ecclesiastical. In old way. All cheating, all roguery, all robbery days it sometimes eventuated in much worse have come of it. And, on the other -in brutal and bloody murder. The atro- hand, all civilisation, all economy, all cious fanatics and ruffians that murdered prudence, all national prosperity, almost all the poor old archbishop whose statue kneels good and faithful work have come of it. It over there,* thought they were lifting up a has tilled our soil : it has mended our climate, testimony for the truth of God : God pity and may well mend it further : it has them! There is a fearful instance of the brought us from being foul, cruel, and shortbest of all loves proving literally root of all lived savages, into being, to say the least, evil. What better than love to Christ, abso- far better than that. For the love of money, lute devotion to the personal Saviour Jesus ? rightly understood and rightly ruled, is the Yet an organization of men, specially de- due and grateful valuing of all the gifts of a claring themselves actuated by love to Jesus, kind Providence. There is not a taking His blessed name and specially bear- touching story than that of the shifts and ing it before all the world, have gained a bad sufferings poor human beings have gone eminence for a dishonesty and cruelty never through to earn a little money ; not a thing surpassed on this earth. You cannot say that shows poor human nature in a more worse of any policy or any conduct than that creditable light. Read the life of good it is Jesuitical. Most awsul perversion of the Robert Chambers, and you will feel that. · Archbishop Sharpe: murdered at Magus Moor, May 3, worked to earn the little sum that would sup

Read the story of how Dr. Robert Lee 1679

more

port him through his first session at our of the humbler facts of human nature. I University; you will not read it without a know congregations—the very best congretouched heart. Ay, and the poor lonely gations-ministered to by the very best widow scraping together the shillings to pay parish priests, both in Scotland and England her rent; the dying genius propped up with —where a regular part of the congregational pillows to write wit to get bread for his organization is the Parochial Savings Bank; children: if there be a thing that Christ and where the working man is exhorted, not would look upon with tender sympathy you as of worldly prudence but of Christian duty, have it there. And it is not Christianity, it to practise economy, to save something is asceticism, it is monkery, it is sour puri. weekly however little, to lay by in days of tanism, to say that all God's worldly gifts are health and strength and regular employment, nothing worth: to slink about creation against times of sickness and times when afraid to look or feel cheerful. And money work may fail. Would any one but a fool means all God's worldly gifts. It means fling in the face of that congregation and its home, and books, and art, and knowledge, clergyman this text, which says that “the and comfort: It means travel ; it means the love of money is the root of all evil"? Ay, healthful alterative of the sight of foreign brethren, not that kind of it! I know, and lands; it means snowy Alps and mediæval some of you know, what an assurance we cities, with all the varied good they do you; have of steadiness, and industry, and sobriety, it means needful rest, when you must rest or and all decent respectability, when the workbreak down, when continued overwork would ing man begins to lay by a little, and to feel speedily bring to the grave; and besides the sedate pleasure which God has attached giving these worldly advantages, it gives you to watching the growth of his little store. a better chance, as commonly understood, Whenever I know that a fisherman, or a for the other world. It gets you better young journeyman, or a maidservant, has a preaching to listen to; it gets you a solemn little money in the bank, I feel safe with and beautiful church instead of a shabby them. By God's grace, they are in the way barn ; it gets you a great genius now and to lead honest and sober lives, and to gain then, instead of some lifeless repeater of general esteem, I have not the smallest stale sentences, to care for your soul; it gets fear of their turning miserly. I know how you better religious books, better commen- that little hoard has been drawn upon, to taries, bringing out God's mind in His word help a sick parent or sister : I have known better. There is no harm in saying that deeds of a grand liberality beside which the these things are good, and you value them. gift of the Baird half-million was very small. The man is a fanatic or a hypocrite who Just as I wrote that last sentence there was laid says he does not value them. They are not on my table the report of the St. Andrews God's best gifts, but they are God's good Savings Bank. I thank God when I read gifts. And we receive them thankfully. We there that eleven hundred and fifteen separate ask His blessing on them. We pray they persons in this little city have each their may be sanctified to our soul's good. deposit. It is a good account of my parish;

It is pleasant to know that these plain not the best account, but a good account. truths, which have never failed of even more A man or woman may be better than prudent than due recognition outside the Church, are and saving : but that is a capital beginning now being frankly recognised within it. All of God's fear and service; and I do not look truth is God's truth : the truths of political for anything very good where these are not. economy just as really as those of revealed Two hundred and ten domestic servants; religion. There is not one kind of truth two hundred and seventy-one lads and girls which a Christian is to receive heartily and under age; a hundred and twenty farm willingly, and as from God; and another servants; eighty-three artisans; sixty-six kind of truth which he is obliged indeed to widows and single women: Thank God! receive, but grudgingly, unwillingly, and as Who is clean and sober and punctual at though not coming from God. Now, though work; whose tidy house is a pleasure to go the truth which saves and feeds the soul is into; whose careful wife tells me with a the best, all truth coming from God is good. bright face what a good husband she has; I see, joyfully, that in churches where the whose children are rosy and well fed and blessed Gospel of Christ is preached most well clad and never absent from schoolfaithfully and spiritually, with the deepest who, but the working-man who has got money discernment of its eternal verities and its in the bank? unearthly power, there is frank recognition Now, all this that I have said you all know to be true. In business matters, in this did such a thing for his disgraceful peerage, for world's affairs generally, sensible folk go his base bishopric, for his foul pension; not upon these principles. But have not some meaning that peerage or bishopric or penof you, if the truth were spoken out, an un-sion was disgraceful in itself, but that it comfortable feeling in your minds, that became disgraceful when used as a bribe, or though all this be common sense it is not the as the price of disgraceful doings. One teaching of the New Testament as to money morning Lord Macaulay had a visit from a and the desire of it? I feel quite sure that great publisher, who gave him a cheque for some of you are uneasily recalling a phrase twenty thousand pounds in part payment for which occurs in the New Testament no two volumes of his great History : I have held fewer than five times—four times in St. Paul, the cheque in my hand. That money was once in St. Peter-a harsh-sounding phrase, not filthy lucre ; it was the honestly earned which some think casts a shadow upon all wages of honourable work.

The great wealth-the phrase filthy lucre: and perhaps man did well to be proud of it. It was as some of you have some vague idea that that creditable as it was substantial. But if he word, and the passages in which it stands, had got the same sum for betraying his convey that money is, if not a bad thing out country to a foreign foe, or for doing any and-out, at least a low and unworthy thing for dishonest thing, then it would have been a high-toned Christian to care for or work for. filthy lucre. It depends entirely on what it My friends, there is not a thing I am more is given for, whether money shall be filthy anxious for than that you should all under. lucre or honourable wages. And filthy lucre, stand that Christianity is the strongest common in God's word, never means the mere gain, sense as well as the sublimest and most the mere money. It always means the money heroic spiritual morality. There is not time discreditably got, for disgraceful services. now to take up these five passages one by The payınent of a vile man for doing a vile one and show you what they mean; but let thing is filthy lucre. The mercenary doing, me tell you that I have carefully examined for the mere pay, of what ought to be done them all in the original language; and I from a higher motive, makes the pay filthy speak in the hearing of scholars who know lucre. That is the meaning of the phrase. that I am right when I ask you to remember And I trust I have made it plain. this: that filthy lucre, in the Bible, never means Now to conclude. The desire to get and money. In common parlance, we know, it to have, the instinct of acquisition, is in is often used to mean that. But in the Bible it human nature. It cannot be got rid of, and always means money put out of its right place; it ought not. It may lead us wrong: it may specially, money used as a bribe. Take one lead us right. It may be admitted in due typical passage in the Epistle to Titus (i. 11), measure: it may be allowed to grow to sinful where certain vain and dishonest talkers are extreme. It may gratify itself by just means; described as “subverting whole houses; or by unjust. It may be the root of all evil: teaching things which they ought not, for it may be the root of very much good. filthy lucre's sake"-literally, "for base gain's sake.” That is, these bad men did a dis- Try then, by honest means, to get on in honest thing for a disgraceful bribe. The life; but remember that the best of all getting thing they got, money, house, land, worldly is to grow in grace-to grow kinder, purer, position, no matter what, was disgraceful and better. Try for worldly wealth, there is because it was a bribe. It might be a thing no harm in that; but God give us all the quite good and right in itself, but it becomes true riches-a soul pardoned and sanctified. disgraceful, or as St. Paul says, filthy, when We trust, humbly trust, that God will not try thus given, thus received, as the discreditable our weak faith too far; and yet, in sober pay of discreditable services. Why, a peerage, earnest, true as the hardest truth in politi? a bishopric, a professorship-all in themselves science, that poor man is richest of mi honourable and good things—have been used race, who is a rich towards God;" and 11 in vile political or social jobbery, as bribes would be well worth while, on the calmest for discreditable doings; for doing some calculation, like St. Paul, “to suffer the loss wicked king's dirty work, or some unscru- of all things,” that we might“win Christ.” pulous prime minister's. History swarms Yet may the kind Saviour, who knows with such cases, under the rule of Tudor, and what poor weak creatures we are, be pleased Stuart, and Guelph ; of Wolsey, and Walpole, to grant us, along with His eternal rest in and others who need not be named ; and the better world, a life of moc'est comfort in such instances we might say, such a man and cheerfulness in this world, meanwhile.

HOMEWARD.

“There remaineth a rest."

I.

THE day dies slowly in the western sky;

The sunset splendour fades, and wan and cold The far peaks wait the sunrise ; cheerily

The goat-herd calls his wanderers to the fold. My weary soul, that fain would cease to roam, Take comfort ; evening bringeth all things home.

II.

Homeward the swift-winged seagull takes her flight;

The ebbing tide breaks softer on the sand;
The red-sailed boats draw shore-ward for the night,

The shadows deepen over sea and land.
Be still, my soul, thine hour shall also come;
Behold, one evening, God shall lead thee home.

H. M.

FIRST EVENING.

,

SUNDAY EVENINGS WITH THE CHILDREN. *

this village, in among the long grass and

tall reeds, there was a spring. The spring Opening Hymn: "There's a Frien 1 for Little Children.” Lesson: Daniel vi, 1–23. Concluding hymn: "All Praise ran its little stream into a small pool which to Thee, my God, this Night."

was always full of water, and from this pool VOUR adversary, the devil, as a roaring the people of the village had to fetch their lion, ,

Now all round the pool the beautimay devour.” These are words taken from ful, long, wavy grass and the tall, feathery a letter which Peter, one of Christ's very first reeds grew more tall and beautiful than anyfollowers, wrote to the early Christian Church. where else about the village. In the day

You have all seen a picture of a lion; time, the villagers, men and women and perhaps you have seen, too, a living lion in little children, took their strange looking the cage of a menagerie or at the Zoological vessels to this beautiful pool to fill them, and Gardens. The lion is powerful and fierce. at night wild deer and antelopes, old and Nobody would like to be shut up in the cage young, came down to it to drink and to cool with such a savage creature.

themselves after the scorching hot African day. In Babylon, a long while ago, they kept Now it happened one day that one of lions in a den; perhaps a place like the pit the men of the village put off fetching his at the London Zoological Gardens, where water till rather late in the evening. It was the bears are that climb up the pole, when, about sunset when he set out, and it would by means of a stick, you hold a bun, at the therefore soon be dark; for in Africa the top of it. And they used in Babylon to put darkness comes all at once. There is not people into this den for the lions to eat up. much of what we call “ twilight.” The sun People who had vexed the king they put to goes down, then suddenly it is night. death in that way.

But

you have just heard When this man had reached the pool, he how, when they put good Daniel into it, the thought he heard in the long reeds and grass lions would not eat him ; indeed they would quite near him a slight rustling sound. not touch him. God shut their mouths and What could it be? It was not wind; for there saved poor Daniel, and he was taken out was no wind. He thought it was made by again not a bit harmed, and the king and all a deer, or perhaps an antelope, perhaps the people were amazed and knew that only by a bird ; so he went on, down to the Daniel must be one of God's friends. water-edge, and began to fill his bottle or

But if we want to see what the lion is, we jug. Then, hearing a low growl, he quickly must not look at him in a cage in London turned to look at the place it came from and nor in a den at Babylon. We must see him saw the fierce eyes of a lion flashing througlı in the wilds of Asia and in Africa. Asia the reeds. In the next instant, with a dreadand Africa are the lands of the lion. It is ful roar, the lion sprang into the air and was there that “he walketh about seeking whom leaping on to the man. The man was terrorhe may devour,” and if men were not brave struck and fell to the ground. Nothing could enough to drive him away or to kill him, he have been more fortunate for him; for, through would devour all the sheep and cows, and his fall, the lion shot right over him and perhaps the people too. And Peter says plunged into the pool, where it floundered for there is an enemy of man which is like the awhile before it could get to land again. lion. I will tell you a story about an Inspired by a sudden hope, the man sprang African lion, and the way in which it sought to his feet, thinking nothing of his water-jug, to kill a man, and we shall see what was you may be sure, and made for—he thought in Peter's mind when he said this.

not where—as fast as his feet could carry him. There was a village in Africa surrounded Fortunately, he ran in the direction of the by beautiful long, waving grass and tall, nearest tree. He saw it, and with nimble feathery reeds. About half a mile from hands and feet climbed, almost leaped up, into

It may be desirable to give a brief explanation of the reason and aim of this new feature of the magazine.

Looking back through many years, few things seem to the Editor to have so told on his spiritual life as dis mother's Sunday evening simple, natural, and loving talks about God, and Christ, and heaven. Whilst he was still very young the dear voice was hushed in death. What were the words that won his boyish interest he cannot tell; not one of them does bis memory retain. Even the features of the kind face are all too dim. But one thing is clear and certain : that mother taught him God. The only friend his mother had of whom he has any clear and fond recollection is God. In the hope that he may somewhat help to make in many homes the Children's Sunday Evenings as holy and blessed as, long ago, they were made in his, he sets apart for the coming year this portion of his magazine.

A little service is arranged for each evening. The hymns (which may be either sung, or, if that is not possible, recited together line by line) are selected from hymns common to all the principal children's hymn-books in use in the various Evangelical churches in the country. Let the spirit of the whole service be unconventional and free, and encourage questions.

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