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The influence of the Ultramontane party-adherents serious kind than had previously taken place, and, of the Papacy who disbelieve in nothing so much as besides the Galekas, some of the other tribes, supin free speech, and who maintain the worst and most posed to be friendly, have shown a disposition to intolerant traditions of the Church with respect to support Kreli, the native leader of the hostile movethe best method of repressing heresy-seems to ment. Lord Carnarvon was recently waited upon by prevail increasingly in the councils of the State. a deputation of London merchants connected with the Attention has been called again and again in this South African trade, and he informed them that country to the persistent efforts made by the Spanish troops were about to be sent out immediately from opponents of Protestantism, during the past few England to strengthen the forces at the Cape. His years, to restrict the opportunities afforded to lordship also stated that he thought there would be Protestants to practise public religious observances greater difficulty in our newly acquired Transvaal and to obey the dictates of conscience with respect to territory than with the Galekas, as a Zulu army, the propagation of their religious convictions. In described as “armed and organized on the European 1876 the order of the Spanish Government prohibit- model,” and numbering 40,000 men, is threatening ing the exhibition of signboards and other public an attack. intimations of Protestant efforts to sell copies of Our conflict too with a mountain tribe in India, Scripture, and of arrangements for holding Protestant on the Afghan frontier, does not seem yet to be meetings for worship, called forth remonstrances from at an end. With reference to our Indian frontier, our English Foreign Secretary through the resident Lord Lawrence has warned the English public that British Ambassador, which were replied to by the there are signs of the adoption of an aggressive policy assurance that “ Bible-selling would not be in any on the part of the present Indian administration way impeded so long as it was carried on in shops or which may be a source of embarrassment ultimately. stalls, or in such a manner as not to obstruct the These collisions with uncivilised tribes are, it appears, thoroughfare, or contravene the police regulations an inevitable part of the experience of a widely exthen in force, or that might be adopted by the com- tended empire, but on every account they are to be petent authorities.” This order, thus interpreted, regretted, and Lord Lawrence, who, of course, speaks although leading to some trouble and inconvenience, with an authority on such a subject to which very few did not absolutely prevent Bible colportage. Now, can pretend, is strongly of opinion that the military however, it appears that a new order has been issued movements sanctioned by our authorities in India are by the Spanish Government to the effect that all sales indicative of a disposition to undertake responsibilities of Bibles are prohibited except in specially licensed and to extend our borders in a way which, before we shops, and that persons are not allowed to give away are aware, may plunge us into conflicts more costly copies of the Scriptures or to enter into any house or even than the last Afghan war, which in money alone workshop for the purpose of speaking of doctrines cost more than thirteen millions sterling. other than the Romish. This is obviously intended to put a stop as far as possible to all aggressive

SAD NEWS FROM CHINA. Christian work in the country.

Spain is thus

We have referred more than once to the dreadful disposed more and more to take her stand upon the and long.continued famine which prevails still in the old policy of restriction and suppression in her north-east of China. Horrors there seem to have dealings with Protestantism. It is a weak and been realised in their awful intensity, such as those cowardly as well as a cruel policy, and must ulti- / which the British Government in India and the mately fail. The course of human events shows with British people generally have been striving so hard, ever-increasing clearness that both in civil and and thank God! to a considerable extent successfully, religious affairs a system which is based on mistrust to keep at bay. Last year, as the Friend of China of the people who are to be directed, and which is reminds us, their fearful effects were spreading dischiefly maintained by repressive threats and penalties, may among the hapless victims. The Chinese must break down. So it must be in Spain. But the Government did little for the help of the afflicted process of emancipation is slow; and now the day of districts, but missionaries, both Protestant and liberty seems far off indeed. Meantime, darkness Roman Catholic, distributed aid which was supplied covers the land, which contains in itself and its chiefly by the European and American communities people so many possibilities of greatness, and the of the “open ports." greatest patience and wisdom are needed by those It would seem that now the state of things is even who desire to spread the light of the Gospel there. worse than that described a year ago. The Chinese

Government has been roused at length to action, and BRITISH FRONTIER TROUBLES.

£130,000 has been devoted to the relief of the It was hoped a month or two ago that our difficul sufferers. The missionaries of Peking are about to ties with hostile tribes in South Africa were over appeal to England and America for help. We read come, and that a sufficient impression had been too that the Chinese themselves at certain places are produced by the vigorous and active measures taken making an effort on behalf of their afflicted countryunder the direction of Sir Bartle Frere, to remove men : any cause of further uneasiness. But it was not so. “ The Chinese community in Hongkong are raising In Kaffirland fighting has been resumed of a more a subscription for the relief of the sufferers in Shansi.

Although the Chinese in Hongkong have been heavily ample and influence, is the account of the spread of drained of late in the matter of subscriptions for drunken habits among the people :various places, such as Chihli, Shantung, and Canton, the present appeal has been liberally responded to,

“The vice of intemperance is spreading among the and certainly a good beginning has been made. Mr. Bengalis in an alarming manner. Formerly a more Chun Pat Nam, the Chinese Consul-General elect public use of liquor was confined to the lower strata at San Francisco, heads the list with $1,000, while of Hindu society, but now the habit is making its two anonymous subscribers follows with $1,000 inroads among the higher classes also, drink and each, and the several Chinese banks another $1,000. Western civilisation' being regarded by many of Mr. Tong King Sing, the Chief Manager of them as fast and inseparable friends. Last year, the C.M.S.N. Company, has the matter in hand, and people's eyes were opened to the enormity of the evil the accounts he sends out of the sufferings of the by the Súlav Samachar, a vernacular paper, which people in Shansi are indeed appalling. The people published the names of over a hundred educated ihere are said to be living on the corpses of their natives who had ruined themselves but recently by fellow-beings who die of starvation! and the strong excessive indulgence in European liquors. Many of are killing the weak for the sake of obtaining their flesh these men had titles to their names, and all occupied for food! No words can give a sadder tale, and we respectable positions in native society. This melanare glad the Chinese here are doing their best to choly circumstance becoming known, one of the raise subscriptions. The Governor of Fokien, Ting native papers naturally remarked that “if this be one Futai, corroborates this account, and sends a letter to

of the fruits of English education, the sooner we have countrymen of his—advising them to be as liberal as done with it the better.' Corroborative evidence of they can in this movement. The matter of raising the spread of drunkenness among the Bengalis may subscriptions is now in the hands of the Committee be gathered from the Calcutta census and the Excise of the Chinese Hospital here.”

Administration Reports of 1876. According to the

former, there are in the city 362 licensed dealers of Modern means of communication seem to bring all / intoxicating liquors, and 163 sellers of ganja and the sorrows of the world to our door, and the woe of opium. But their number is constantly increasing. which we thus get glimpses bafiles us by its appalling Only a few weeks ago the revenue authorities gave magnitude.

permission to open new grog-shops in the town, and we are grieved to have to add that one of them was

set up in a well-known native quarter, in disregard to III.-MISSION JOTTINGS.

the feelings and wishes of the Hindus of the neigh

bourhood, who had to memorialize the LieutenantA GREAT CITY IN INDIA.

Governor to be delivered of the plague.” We gather from the Christian Intelligencer the

Over against this we may set some hopeful statefollowing facts, some of them painfully interesting, ments as to the present attitude of some members of concerning the “non-Christian native society of Cal. the Brahmo Somaj towards Christianity. Although it cutta.” The total population of the town at the is remarked that the progressive section of this time of the last census was given as 429,525; but, we

movement, that, namely, led by Keshub Chunder are informed, “this figure represents the population Sen, are distinctly receding from the reception of the

of one half of Calcutta only, as it excludes the swarming Gospel,” we are told of individual instances of “ many i population of the suburbs, and the enormous crowds of educated men of logical minds,” connected with

those who flock into the city for daily employment from Brahmaism, “who, being dissatisfied with the inconthe towns and villages along the river and the lines of sistencies of the Somaj, are feeling after something railways.” Of the population given in the census, it more solid and soul-satisfying.” These men will be is reported that 278,224 are Hindus, divided into an compelled by their intellectual and spiritual nature to immense number of castes, 123,556 are Mohamme- go farther than they yet intend. They are aware of dans, and 33,885 are Christians. The number of their sinfulness, and long for peace with God. “They native Christians in the town is 2,636. This was in seek a means for which Brahmaism has left no room. 18;6; in 1872 the number was 2,466; in 1865 it was

Their conversion to Christianity depends upon how 1,441. There are only 952 Jews, and 5 Jews by we help them out of their transition state, and is, we birth have returned themselves as Methodists

, and 3 think, only a question of time.” Several instances as Mohammedans. The Brahmo Somaj, that form

are given of men of this stamp who are disciples, “but of enlightened theism about which we have heard so

secretly, for fear of" the social penalties which would much in late years, and which sent to England some

follow an open profession. One of these cases we time since a distinguished representative in the person

may cite :of Keshud Chunder Sen, numbers in Calcutta, it “C-is another example to the point. He died appears, only 479. The following is the list of places unbaptized not very long ago at the neighbouring of worship under their respective heads :-Hindu town of Naihatti. He, too, was a Christian in heart idolatrous temples, 199; Mohammedan mosques


for many years. By his firm faith in Christ he was

the means, under God, of making another native imambaris, 117; Christian churches and chapels, 31; brother decide for Christ, who for a long time was Jewish synagogues, 2; Brahmo Somaj meeting halting between two opinions, but now is actively places, 2; Chinese temples, 3; Parsis, “ temple engaged in sowing the seed of the Word among his of the sacred fire," 1.

countrymen. The circumstances of C.'s death are With reference to the moral condition of the city, ebbing away, his friends prepared to perform on him

most affecting. When it was found that life was we find many sad records. Especially lamentable, the rite of antarjali, desiring him to expire, as all because of its apparent connection with English ex- orthodox Hindus would wish to do, on the banks of


the sacred river. But C. refused to comply with their obey God. For some forty-five years I have been request, and asked a book to be brought which he preaching to men to believe in God, and serve Him kept concealed in his room. On its being produced

at any cost-even if need be at the cost of their and examined, it turned out to be a Bible, from whose yellow and wrinkled pages it was evident that it had lives; to be governed by principle, end not by been diligently used by its owner ; then, taking the expediency. I am not prepared now, on my own sacred volume, he placed it on his forehead, and, lisp. part, practically to belie my preaching." Even ing once more the Name above all names he died."

those of his brother clergy who, holding his theoThis touching incident is typical of a class of cases logical views, yet saw no reason whatever for resignwhich are to be found in connection with all missionary ing their livings, could not but admire these brave, work, and to which we have frequently called atten- true words, expressive of a loyalty to duty at once so tion, because of their profound and pathetic appeal tender and so stern. And they bespeak the man, and to Christian sympathy. Amidst the special interces- explain his power. For some months Mr. Molyneux, sions which we at home offer on behalf of missionary after his secession, conducted a service on Sunday work, ought we not to give an important place to mornings at St. James's Hall. But his strength petitions for those who, according to the beautiful began to decline, and conscious of the infirmities of New Testament expression, are “not far from the advancing age, and of the physical exhaustion arising Kingdom of God”?

from a long, laborious, and trying career, he retired

into private life. For some three years past he has IV.-OUR MEMORIAL RECORD. suffered much, and has felt compelled to live in a

more genial climate than that of England. His name

is one which deserves to be cherished in loving reThis eminent and useful clergyman died at Cannes, mer Wrance and honour. on the 27th of December, in the seventy-third year of his age. For about forty-five years he exercised his

THE REV. J. B. MOZLEY, D.D. ministry in the English Established Church, his first

Dr. Mozley, Regius Professor of Divinity at Oxford, Hiving being at Woolwich, whence, in 1850, he re

Canon of Christ Church, and vicar of Old Shoreham, moved to the Lock Chapel, Paddington ; finally, in Sussex, died at his vicarage on the 4th of January, 1860, he was appointed vicar of St. Paul's, Onslow

at sixty-three years of age. He has lately been spoken Square, South Kensington. In each of these import- of as “ one of the most remarkable thinkers and ant positions he attracted large congregations by his writers of our time,” and those who are acquainted singularly intense earnestness, and his clear, straight with his contributions to theological literature will forward, and eloquent appeals to the consciences of be fully prepared to admit his claim to this distincmen. At Kensington, where we remember hearing tion. He was a severe student for more than forty ħim preach, the number of professional men and years, and his persistent energy and self-discipline medical and other students among his hearers was enabled him to overcome a natural unreadiness both remarkable, and the mingled fervour and plain. of tongue and pen which in his earlier days seemed spokenness of his warnings, expostulations, and as if it would form an insurmountable difficulty in entreaties, kept up from Sunday to Sunday with his path. He was in fact one of the most laborious astonishing vigour, produced striking spiritual results. and resolute of men, and these qualities enabled him There was an urgency in his tone which often seemed

to prevail where the majority would have given up irresistible; it was as if he would not let the people in despair. As a Bampton Lecturer in 1865, On go until they had accepted the message which he Miracles), as a University Preacher, and as a Probrought, and acknowledged the Christ whom he fessor discussing such subjects as the Moral Difficulproclaimed. In 1872, however, at a time when his ties of the Old Testament, he secured the attention influence and usefulness seemed to be at their fullest of an influential section of the public, and became height, he felt it his duty to resign his ministry in the “a teacher of teachers.” Dr. Mozley was a High Established Church, in consequence of the legal Churchman, although not in the ritualistic sense. As decision in favour of ritualistic doctrine, known as a theologian he may perhaps best be described as an "the Bennett Judgment.” Mr. Molyneux felt that Eclectic; he attempted to combine traditions concernas an Evangelical clergyman he had no right to ing Christian baptism which were based upon the remain in a Church which endorsed teachings which, sacerdotal theory with Calvinistic teachings upon the as he believed, were so contrary to the truth.' His leading points of theological inquiry. Much valuable secession not only cost him severe pain, but was felt energy and learning were thus, in our opinion, thrown as a sad blow by his attached congregation, and was

away, so far as the immediate object to which they urgently deprecated by many of his brother clergy.

were directed was concerned, but the mental discipline But it appeared to him that though to remain would and development of character to which these exercises be right to those who felt not as he felt in the matter, contributed, enabled Dr. Mozley to render a real to him it was impossible; and in his farewell state service to theological thought and literature, which ment he nobly said: • Things remaining in the will yet long be valued by students and teachers, and Church as they now are, God, as I believe, bids through them will be of benefit to a larger circle. He, me secede, and the consequence I leave with too, fulfilled his task as the servant of Him who gave Him, I must obey God. Yes, at any cost, I must

"to every man his work.”


borrowing. Every day the fatted calf was CHAPTER XXVI.—JUSTIN'S STRAIT.

killed, the best robe worn. She invited her THE "HE long summer days passed heavily to friends and neighbours, from far and near, to

all at Herford Court. The conflict in come and rejoice with her over her long-lost Justin's mind did not come to a speedy con- son; and a succession of somewhat dreary clusion, for he was taking time to observe his festivities took place at Herford Court, enbrother narrowly. There was no evidence joyed by no one except Jenny Cunliffe. of any change having transformed Richard's Jenny's mother kept her well supplied with character. He was simply the sort of man pretty, fresh muslin dresses, and an almost his boyhood had foretold. If he became unrestricted supply of ribbons and gloves. master of Herford Court he would be the least | The cost was not very great, and Mrs. Cunestimable Herford that had ever owned it. liffe felt that Jenny was having her chance In ten years' time, Justin felt sure, the estate now. Justin was bound at least to provide would pass into the hands of strangers, and handsomely for his brother, who had come Richard be begging for his bread. Was it home at last safe and sound, though a beggar. not his duty to hold fast the property ? Why should not Jenny share Richard Her

The idea that his elder brother had robbed ford's fortunes ? him by foul play of his inheritance had not Leah Dart had felt it to be a great blow been dismissed from Richard's mind, though when Richard told her that her cherished he had thrown away as worthless the poor secret had proved utterly worthless. She evidence of such a crime. He had never scarcely believed it, especially as Richard practised seif-control, and now, though it was harped upon the notion that there had been to his interest to make himself agreeable to foul play somehow. He took his obligations Justin, he could not refrain from an occasional to her very coolly, and did not make her outburst of angry insolence, alternating with heart beat fast with gladness by kissing her an almost servile deference to him. He again. In fact, he was really irritated against made free with the horses and boats belong- her for kindling hopes that had been so ing to the house ; and he lounged about Her- rudely extinguished by his uncle. He almost ford, talking with the fishermen on the beach, felt a grudge against her because the papers with hints and innuendoes of Justin's unlaw- had not turned out of more value. When ful usurpation of his birthright. There was she asked him again for the little silk bag she a certain sense of justice in the hearts of the had carried in her bosom for ten years, he men which recognised the claims of the only told her how he had tossed it away, utterly son to his father's property, and which was indifferent to the chagrin she felt. Leah shed kindled into stronger life by Richard's some bitter tears over the loss ; she would presence. Each one felt that his small pos- have given her year's wages for that little bag. sessions—his boat, his cattle, his household "Justin,” said his mother one morning, in furniture—which he had inherited from his a cold and distant manner, “my brother forefathers, he held in a sort of trust for the Watson writes me he is coming over to-day. children that were coming after him. His It is high time to see what is to be done for sons were the grandsons of the father who Dick. It's very hard for him, poor boy! had left him his goods; and there was a cruelly hard to see you here in his place. natural law which required of him that after You should recollect you were not born a he had served his own life with them, they Herford. Of course, if ny poor dead husshould pass into the possession of those in band had taken my advice, I should have whose veins the same blood ran. Yet all shown him how very unjust it was to cut off the while they knew that Justin's ownership of his own son, and quite against my wishes. Herford Court was the most beneficial circum- Right is right. But Mr. Herford always kept stance to every one connected with the estate. me in the dark, and my poor boy suffers for

Mrs. Herford, with all the force of a weak- it.” minded woman, took the side of her younger I have not yet finally decided what I son. She behaved as if she could not make shall do,” answered Justin, “it is a more diffi

. enough of him, and she supplied him with as cult question than you suppose. You would much money as he chose to demand from have me deliver up everything into Richard's her, under the transparent subterfuge of hands ?"

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“I hardly say that,” replied the mother sidering the least thing that had a bearing on musingly. “ Richard is rather a spendthrift. the momentous question on hand. He dared Still, I cannot help feeling he is the rightful not say to himself, he was absolutely in

He goes ordering about more like capable of saying it," I will hold what I have, the owner than you do. He thrashed one of in spite of conscience, of uprightness, of the lads this morning right soundly; and that responsibility to a higher rule than the mere you would never do. Anybody could see legal processes of a court of law.” Yet it with half an eye which is the born master.” was difficult to make sure of that higher rule,

The born tyrant," interposed Justin, with whilst there were so many conflicting claims mingled indignation and sadness.

to adjust. As yet he resembled the man “Just like his poor father,” continued Mrs. partially restored to sight, who saw men as Herford. “Oh! there's no question as to trees walking. His thoughts, and plans, and which is the true Herford of Herford. No; desires were all vague, dim, and wandering. poor, poor Dick! he is not in his right place. He could not open his eyes and see the path He was so very young when he ran away. of righteousness stretching before him in a He tells me he was actually on his way home, clear light. His mother's words took the was close at hand, when he heard his father same obscure form, and began to haunt his was dead, and how he had left you everything, troubled brain. and he went off again, broken-hearted. If It was a relief to hold a conversation on he had been a fortnight earlier he would have the subject with his uncle, though he could found his father alive, and it would all have do nothing towards really helping him to a been altered. It was one of his shipwrecks decision, whilst the fundamental fact was conthat hindered him from being home in time. cealed from him. Mr. Watson lost no time He has been in a great number of ship- in beating about the bush. Both of them wrecks.”

were his nephews, and if he liked Richard Then

you wish to see Richard master best, he admired Justin most. Justin was a here?” said Justin.

rising man, coming into importance in the Well, I only wish what is right,” she county, and incomparably the best master answered; “I cannot believe it is right for there had ever been at Herford. Richard my poor boy to be a beggar in his own was not fit in his uncle's eyes to be trusted father's house. You would not like Pansy to with either money or influence; yet there was be turned out in that way for a woman that just reason why he should be handsomely was not a bit related to you. Blood is blood, provided for by Justin. and blood is thicker than water. Right is -“I hope you are ready to do something right, and wrong can never be right.” handsome for the poor fellow," he said to

After having delivered herself thus oracu- Justin. larly, Mrs. Herford leaned back in her chair, “What should you call handsome ?” he and adjusted her lace lappets with an air of asked. infinite self-complacency. As usual, when Mr. Watson paused. He had sounded he was in perplexity, Justin was marching up Mrs. Herford as to her intentions, and found and down the room; but though she hated to her obstinately resolved to hold fast her own see it, she dared not give way to her petu- money. She had been saving the greater lance. She was always a little awed by her portion of her income since her husband's elder son ; but Dick never gave her the same death, and had invested it at a high perinsufferable feeling of being looked through, centage in Justin's improvements. The and silently condemned. She felt sure that £300 per annum bequeathed by Mr. HerJustin had found her out, and knew her ford's later will had

grown into £500. But thoroughly, though his manner towards her she was quite determined not to lose any of it. was unvaryingly kind and considerate. Dick Mr. Watson had boldly promised to secure would think more of her opinion than he £300 a year for Richard; but if his mother did.

would not do anything, it must all come out But Justin was not disregarding his mother's of Justin's pocket-at the very time, too, opinion now. On the contrary, he was pon- when Pansy was likely to be a much greater dering over every word she had uttered. expense to her father. He did not know of Especially he dwelt upon his brother's state- Sir Robert Fortescue's letter, or he would ment that he was on his way home when his have felt the difficulty still greater. aged father died. As a man watching the “We must take into consideration the outbreak of a threatening tempest takes heed poor fellow's extraordinary position," he how a straw is blown, he was carefully con- said ; "all the country is talking about it.

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