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ro the Doctor's satisfaction for a short time; but, haying obtained some reputation by the criticisins he had written in the Monthly Review, Mr. Griffith, the principal proprietor, engaged him in the compilation of it; and, resolving to pursue the profession of writing, he returned to London, as the mart where abilities of every kind were fure of meeting distinction and reward. Here he determined to adopt a plan of the strictest economy, and, at the close of the year 1759, took lodgings in Green-Arbour-court in the Old Bailey, where he wrote several ingenious pieces. The late Mr. Newbery, who, at that time gave great encouragement to men of literary abilities, became a kind of pation to our young author, and introduced him as one of the writers in the Publis Ledger, in which his Citizen of be World originally appeared, under the title of Chinese Letters.' *

FORTUNE now seemed to take some notice of a man The had long neglected. The fimplicity of his character, the integrity of his heart, and the merit of his productie ons, made his company very acceptable to a number of respectable persons; and, about the n.iddle of the year

During this time, (according to another account) he wrote for the British Magazine ; of which Dr. Smollit was then Edi. tor, most of those Elays and Tales, which he afterwards collected and published in a separate volume. He also wrote oce casionally, for the Critical Review; and it was the merit which he discovered in criticising a despicable tranllation of Ovid's Fafti by a pedantic school-malter, and his Enquiry into the present state of learning in Europe, which fiift introduced him to the acquaintance of Dr. Smollet, who recommended him to reveral literati, and to most of the booksellers by whom he was afterwards patronized.

1762, he emerged from his mean apartments near the Old Bailey to the politer air of the Temple, where he took handsome chambers, and lived in a genteel style. The publication of his Traveller, his Vicar of Wakefield, and his llisory of England, was followed by the performance of his comedy of the Good-natured Man at Covent Garden theatre, and placed him in the first rank of the poets of the present age.

Our Doctor, as he was now universally called, had a constant levee of his distrest countrymen, whose wants, as far as he was able, he always relieved ; and he has been often known to leave himself even without a guinea, in order to supply the necessities of others.

ANOTHER feature in his character we cannot help laying before the reader. Previous to the publication of his Deserted Village, the bookseller had given him a note for one hundred guineas for the copy, which the Doctor mentioned, a few hours after, to one of his friends, who observed it was a very great sum for so short a perforn

In truth,' replied Goldsınith, I think so too, • it is much more than the honeft man can afford, or the

piece is worth ; I have not been easy since I received 'it; I will therefore go back and return bim his note:' which he actually did, and left it entirely to the bookfeller to pay him according to the profits produced by the sale of the poem, which iurned out very considerable.

During the last rehearsal of his comedy, intitled, She Stoops to Conquer, which Mr. Coleman thought would not fucceed, on the Doctor's objecting to the repetition of one of Tony Lumpkin's speeches, being apprehensive it might injure the play, the Manager, with great keeness:


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replied, “ Piha, my dear Doctor, do not be fearful of Squibs, when we have been fitting almost these two hours upon a barrel of gunpowder.' The piece, however, contrary to Mr. Coleman's expectation, was received with uncommon applause by the audience; and Goldsmith's pride was so huịt by the severity of the above observation, that it entirely put an end to his friendship for the gentleman who made it. Notwith STANDING the great

success of his pieces, by some of which, it is asserted, upon good authority, he cleared 1800l. in one year, his circumstances were by no means in a prosperous situation! partly owing to the liberality of his disposition, and partly to an unfortunate kabit he had contracted of gaming, with thearts of which he was very little acquainted, and consequently became the prey of those who were unprincipled enough to take advantage of his ignorance.

Just before his death he had formed a design for executing an universal dictionary of arts and sciences, the prospectus of which he actually printed and distributed among his acquaintance. In this work several of his literary friends (particularly Sir Joshua Reynolds, Dr. Johnfon, Mr. Beauclerc, and Mr. Garrick) had promised to affitt, and to furnish him with articles upon different subjects. He had entertained the most fanguine expectations from the success of it. The undertaking, however, did not meet with that encouragement from the booksellers which he had imagined it would undoubtedly receive ; and he used to lament this circumstance almost to the last bour of his existence.

Year of his

He had been for some years afflicted, at different times, with a violent strangury, which contributed not a little to imbitter the latter part of his life ; and which, united with the vexations he suffered upon

other occasions, brought on a kind of habitual despondency. In this unhappy condition he was attacked by a nervous fever, which being improperly treated, terminated in his diffon lution on the 4th day of April, 1774, in the forty-fifth


His friends, who were very numerous and respectable, had determined to bury him in Westminfter-abbey, where a tablet was to have been erected to his memory. His pall was to have been supported by Lord Shelburne, Lord Louth, Sir Joshua Reynolds, the Hon. Mr. Beauclerc, Mr. Edmund Burke, and Mr. Garrick; but from fome unaccountable circumstances this design was dropped, and his remains were privately deposited in the Temple burial-ground. *

As to his character, it is strongly illustrated by Mr. Pope's line,

• In wit a man, fimplicity a child.' The learned leisure he loved to enjoy was too often interrupted by distresses which arofe from the openness of his temper, and which sometimes threw him into loud fits of pafion; but this impetuosity was corrected upon a moment's reflection, and his servants have been known, upon these occafions, purposely to throw themselves in his way, that they might profit by it immediately after;

* A subscription, however, has since been raised by his friends, to defray the exp:nce of a marble monument which is DOW executed by Mr. Nollikens, an eminent Statuary in

for he who had the good fortune to be reproved was certain of being rewarded for it. His disappointments at other times, made him peevish and fullen, and he has often left a party of convivial friends abruptly in the evening, in order to go hone, and brood over his niisfor: tunes.

The universal esteem in which his poems are held, and the repeated pleasure they give in the perusal, are striking proofs of their merit. He was a studious and correct observer of nature, happy in the selection of his images, in the choice of his subjects, and in the harmony of his versification; and, though his embarrassed fituation prevented him from putting the last hand to many of his productions, his Hermit, his Traveller, and his

London, and is shortly to be placed in Wellminster-abbey, with the following inscription, written by Doctor Samuel Johnson :











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