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licencers thought. And though I knew
that England then was groaning loudest
under the Prelaticall yoak, neverthelesse
I took it as a pledge of future happines,
that other Nations were so perswaded of,
her liberty. Yet was it beyond my
hope that those Worthies were then
breathing in her air, who should be her
leaders to such a deliverance, as fhall
never be forgott'n by any revolution of
time that this world hath to finish. When
that was once begun, it was as little in
my fear, that what words of complaint
I heard among learned men of other
parts utter'd against the Inquisition, the
same I shou'd hear by as lerned men at .
home utterd in time of Parlament against
an order of licencing; and that so genc-
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rally, that when I had disclos'd myself a companion of their discontent, I might say, if without envy, that he whom an honest quastorship had indear'd to the Sicilians, was not more by them importun'd against Verres, then the favourable opinion which I had among many who honour ye, and are known and respected by ye, loaded me with entreaties and perfwasions, that I would not despair to lay together that which just reason should bring into my mind, toward the removal of an undeserved thraldom

upon learning. That this is not therefore the disburdning of a particular fancie, but the common grievance of all those who had prepar'd their minds and studies above the vulgar pitch to advance truth in others, and from others to entertain it, thus much may satisfie. And in their name I shall for neither friend nor foe conceal what the generall murmur is ; that if it come to inquisitioning again, and licencing, and that we are so timorous of our selvs, and so suspicious of all men, as to fear each book, and the shaking of every leaf, before we know what the contents are, if some who but of late were little better then filenc't from preaching, shall come now to filence us from reading, except what they please, it cannot be guest what is intended by som but a second tyranny over learning : and will soon put it out of controversie that Bishops and Presbyters are the same to us both name and thing. That those evills, of Prelaty, which before from five: or sis and twenty Sees were distributivly charg'd upon the whole people, will now light wholly upon learning, is not obscure to us : whenas now the Pastor of a. small unlearned Parish, on the sudden shall be exalted Arch-bishop over a large dioces of books, and yet not remove, but keep his other cure too, a mysticall pluralist. He who but of late cry'd, down the sole ordination of every novice Batchelor of Art, and denyềd sole jurisdiction over the fimplest Parishioner, shall now at home in his privat chair assume both these over worthiest and excellentest books and ableft authors that write them. This is not, Yee Covnants and Protestations that we have made,

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this is not to put down Prelaty, this is but to chop an Epifcopacy, this is but to translate the Palace Metropolitan from one kind of dominion into another, this is but an old canonicall slight of como muting our penance. To startle thus bes; times at a meer unlicenc't pamphlet will after a while be afraid of every conventicle, and a while after will make a conventicle of every Christian meeting. But I am certain that a State govern’d by the rules of justice and fortitude, or a Church built and founded upon the rock of faith and true knowledge, cannot be so pufillanimous. While things are yet not constituted in Religion, that frees dom of writing should be restrain’d by a discipline imitated from the Prelats, and



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