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ly according to the model of Trent and Sevil, which I know ye abhorre to doe. Yet though ye should condiscend to this, which God forbid, the order still would be but fruitlefle and defective to that end whereto ye meant it. If to prevent fects and schisms, who is so unread or so uncatechis'd in story, that hath not heard of many fects refusing books as a hindrance, and preserving their doctrine unmixt for many ages, only by unwritten traditions. The Christian faith, for: that was once a schisın, is not unknown to have spread all over Afa, ere any Gofpel or Epistle was seen in writing. If the amendment of manners be aym'd at, look into Italy and Spain, whether those places be one scruple 'the better, the


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honester, the wiser, the chaster, fince all, the inquifitionall rigor that hath bin executed upon

books. Another reason, whereby to make it plain that this order will misse the end it seeks, consider by the quality which ought to be in every licencer. It cannot be deny'd but that he who is made judge to fit

to fit upon the birth, or death of books whether they may be wafted into this world, or not, had need to be a man above the common measure, both ftudious, learned, and judicious; there may be else no mean mistakes in the censure of what is passable or not; which is also no mean injury. If he be of such worth as behoovs him, there cannot be a more tedious and unpleasing Journey


work, a greater losse of time levied upon his head, then to be made the perpetuall reader of unchosen books and pamphlets, oftimes huge volumes. There is no book that is acceptable unlesse at certain seasons ; but to be enjoyn'd the reading of that at all times, and in a hand scars legible, whereof three pages would not down at any time in the fairest Print, is an imposition which I cannot beleeve how he that values time, and his own studies, or is but of a fenfible noftrill should be able to endure. In this one thing I crave leave of the present licencers to be pardon’d for so thinking : who doubtleffe took this office up, looking on it through their obedience to the Parlament, whose command perhaps


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made all things seem easie and unlaborious to them ; but that this short triall hath wearied them out already, their own expressions and excuses to them who make so many journeys to follicit their licence, are testimony anough. Seeing therefore those who now pofseffe the imployment, by all evident figns wish themselves well ridd of it, and that no man of worth, none that is not a plain unthrift of his own hours is ever likely to succeed them, except he mean to put himself to the salary of a Presse-corrector, we may eafily foresee what kind of licencers we are to expect hereafter, either ignorant, imperious, and remiffe, or bafely pecuniary. This is what I had to shew wherein this order cannot conduce


to that end, whereof it bears the intention,

· I lastly proceed from the no good it can do, to the manifesť hurt it causes, in being first the greatest discouragement and affront, that can be offered to learning and to learned men. It was the complaint and lamentation of Prelats, upon every least breath of a motion to remove pluralities, and distribute more equally Church revenu's, that then all learning would be for ever dafht and discourag'd. But as for that opinion, I never found cause to think that the tenth part of learning stood or fell with the Clergy: nor could I ever but hold it for a sordid and unworthy speech of any Churchman who had a competency left



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