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" A humming bee, a little tinkling rill,
And cloudless sky." The Solitary relates his history: and while describing the dreariness of his state of mind during a voyage across the Atlantic, breaks out into an apostrophe, which is full of the bitter wisdom of melancholy experience:
“ Ye Powers
Will conscience prey." To promote the cheerfulness of those who consider pure poetry as a most risible absurdity, a most wild and unintelligible sort of raving, we extract the following passage:
“ Here you stand :
The vespers, Nature fails not to provide
Faint, and still fainter.” The company of the ramblers is increased by a rural vicar; who points out the graves in a mountain church-yard, and gives the stories and the characters of those who are buried beneath its turf. The description which we shall select seems new to poetry; and leaves in our opinion no room for doubt whether Mr. Wordsworth be, or be not, a poet:
“ Almost at the root
Were all things silent, wheresoe'er he moved." The description of the joys of blooming youth and sportive innocence, and the sad reverse of blighted youth and poisoned innocence in a beautiful cottage girl, is so enchantingly poetical and tender, that we cannot part with Mr. Wordsworth without again holding him forth to the taste of his countrymen in the following specimen :
An infant there doth rest;
“ Ah! what a warning for a thoughtless man,
Was hapless Ellen.--No one touch'd the ground
“ She loved,—and fondly deem'd herself beloved.
Such fate was hers.” We end with the opinion with which we set out: this poem " will never do” for persons without poetical enthusiasm, nor for Persons without devotional warmth. The great, vulgar, and the small;" will not understand it; and by consequence it will not please them. But the writer may watch with calmness and confidence the fluctuations of taste; and despise, without any emotion of anger, the sarcasms of petulant conceit, sitting in judgment on superior intellect. If the present age be not fitted to receive his poem with reverence and gratitude, that age assurs edly will come.
ART. IV., The Physiognomical System of Drs. Gall and Spurzheim
founded on an anatomical and physiological Examination of the Nervous System in general, and of the Brain in particular; und
indicating the Dispositions and Manifestations of the Mind, ? By J. G. Spurzheim, M. D. Being at the same time a Book * of' Reference for Dr. Spurzheim's Demonstrative Lectures,
Illustrated with nineteen copper-plates. 8vo. DR. Gall is a native of Suabia, and commenced his literary studies at the University of Strasburgh, where, on the completion of his academical pursuits, he took the degree of a Doctor in Medicine. At an early period of life hé broached the bold and novel tenet, that the form of the skull is, in every instance, characteristic of the propensities and permanent affections of the mind; thát all the varieties of the latter are accompanied by correspondent varieties in the former, and consequently that physiognomy is capable of being reduced to a demonstrative science; in short that he who is well versed in the lines and angles, the depressions -and prominentes, of an individual human cra= nium, may thence unerringly deduce the qualities, faculties, and propensities of him to whom such cranium belonged; or
The audacity of this tenet, supported, as it has been, froma the first, with great zeal and enthusiasm on the part of its propounder, and a plausible appeal to a variety of incontrovertible principles both of anatomy and physiology, soon excited universal curiosity, and obtained for it a high degree of popularity. As early as the summer of 1805, Dr. Gall appears to have made a very general impression in his favour over all the northern states of Germany, and was hailed at almost every university. Dr. Spurzheim, the author of the work before us, was an early convert to the new hypothesis, and the list, if we mistake not, was soon swelled with the names of Dr. Bojames, Professor Böttiger of Dresden, and Dr. Hufeland of Berlin, all of whom have been writers in support of Dr. Gall's speculations. But the day of triumph was short; the eagerness of curiosity soon ran itself out of breath; the general judgment paused only to recant; the caprice of fashion shifted its current, and the founder of the new doctrine, after having been idolized at colleges and at courts, at Jena, Torgau, Berlin, Dresden, and Co penhagen, and been expressly commanded to lecture before the royal family of Prussia ; after having had all the jails and all the hospitals of the different towns he passed through thrown open to afford him subjects for the display of his art, and the guilt or innocence of prisoners sometimes summarily settled by the testimony of the skull alone; after having been panegyrized by Wieland and Kotzebue, in eulogies that would have caused a disturbance.of the brain of any ordinary philosopher, he had the mortification to find himself excluded from Vienna, and the character of his philosophy giving way to the imputation of dungerous beterodoxies, especially that of materialism. His sudden exaltation declined beneath attacks, some serious, and others satirical, by' which it was perpetually assailed: among which we may particularly mention the Bemerkungen of Bartell, the Anti-Galt, which, if we mistake not, found its way into the Berlin journal
, denominated Der Freymütige, or, “ l'he Plain Dealer," at one time peculiarly favourable to the Gallian doctrine; and especially two anonymous publications under the titles of Darstellung und Beleuchtung des Gallichen System, “ Exposition and Illustration of the Gallian System;" and Reisen einer Schidellehrers, “ Travels of a Craniologist.” Walter successfully opposed him in the Prussian capital, Scherman at Heidelburg; at Mauburg, and various other places, he found his popularity woefully on the decline in 1805; and in the ensuing year was incapable of mustering a sufficient number of pupils for a single course of lectures at Munster, Cologne, or Frankfort.
It was, probably, this circumstance that induced Dr. Spurzheim, who had hitherto been associated with Dr. Gall in the
VOL. VI. NO. XI.