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general tendency of the lyrics is to the elevation and purification of the spirit. They bring us into fellowship with nature, and lead us through nature, up to nature's great source.
3.-Herodotus, from the text of Schweighauser: with English Notes. Edited by C. S. Wheeler, A. M., Tutor in Greek, in Harvard University, 2 Vols. Boston: James Munroe, & Co. 1842. pp. 859.
The publishers of these volumes of the father of history deserve great credit for the beauty of execution which appears in them; and the labors of the editor will call forth that tribute of praise which is his due, for the care manifested in presenting to scholars so beautiful and correct an edition of the great work of Herodotus. Great pains have evidently been taken in the correction of the sheets, in which the editor was aided by Mr. Sophocles, whose Grammar is so constantly referred to in the notes.
The map at the commencement of the first volume, is from Bæhr's edition, and the Life of Herodotus from K. O. Müller's History of Greek Literature.
The notes we think highly valuable, and generally just such as are needed in a text book for Colleges; yet from some experience had in teaching the Greek and other languages, we are inclined to think the way made too easy in some instances: e. g. in the first note, after so critical an analysis of the first line as is there given, we should have preferred to leave the translation to the pupil rather than to give it. So in 3, 1, 13, οἱ - - δι ̓ ἁρπαγῆς γενέσθαι to obtain by violence, seems to us a translation of the words which any student of Herodotus would almost necessarily make. 4. 1. 27. siμñ] unless. What tyro would not know that? 6. 1. 17. Eğiɛ] Translate here, empties. This needs not to be told. There are many notes similar to these, which we think ought to be omitted, because the pupil should be left to exercise his own judgment in translation, and should also be obliged to refer frequently to his grammar and lexicon, rather than be relieved from the labor by a very convenient note. It strikes us also that, in 1. 1. 8. it is not correct to say, as the editor does, i] denotes coming by land All that i denotes there is to: and the coming by land,' should have been given as expletius, and embraced in the marks which follow on Voltaire's mistake, or else have me under ἀπικομένους. OJean Paul says:
So much toil and trouble are never sav
ed as when the pupil relies on the book as a vicarius or adjunct of the teacher."
4.-Thoughts on Moral and Spiritual Culture, by R. C. Waterston. Boston: Crocker & Ruggles, and Hilliard, Gray & Co. 1842. pp. 317.
Here is a book of truly beautiful and at the same time useful thoughts, on interesting subjects-such as ChildhoodGrowth of Mind-Religious Education-Moral and Spiritual Culture in Day Schools-Home-Love of Nature-Death of Children, etc. Our notice is necessarily brief, but we can assure the reader that Mr. Waterston's pages will afford him pleasure and profit in the perusal. In the book, such truths as the following abound: "In the great work of educating mind, let us remember that nothing is worthy that name, which does not begin and end with God."
5.-An Essay on Transcendentalism. Boston: Crocker & Ruggles. 1842. pp. 104.
This is a little book, and a curious book, and, we think, a useless and hurtful book. If the principles and the religion taught here are the consequents of transcendentalism in philosophy, then wo to the man who is a transcendentalist! The author of this book is out upon the vasty deep, in a stormy night, without star or compass, and, unless Heaven avert, must be wrecked on the breakers of pantheism. This transcendentalism we have feared; for some, under its influence, seem to be swinging loose from the only safe anchor of the soul, both sure and steadfast! It is a queer thing at bestsea-serpent like, here, there, everywhere, nowhere. One moment you see his head-or you think you do-then his tail, then his full length figure-and it is monstrous-then you are sure you have him, but he is off in the deep green seas, far away out of sight. The writer of this small volume, however, believes he has at length secured him, and is showing him off as a rare thing. Some of the features of the thing he has, which he calls Transcendentalism, are these: "It has noth. ing to do with the trinity or unity, the humanity or divinity of the Saviour." "The most religious man may be entirely ignorant of these and many other such things." "The great mass of men are governed by the instinctive sense and love of God." "It adopts no rules of faith or practice." It has not been shown that the power of working miracles is not the
result of human perfection." "All of the Bible cannot be the word of God. If presented as such, it must be rejected." Tantum sufficit.
6.-Life of Jean Paul Frederic Richter. Compiled from various sources. Together with his Autobiography. Translated from the German. 2 vols. Boston: Charles C. Little and James Brown. 1842. pp. 721.
The life of Jean Paul is here presented to the public in a style praiseworthy to the publishers, and the translation, we think, commendable, yet not as well expressed as it might have been in some instances. For example: "Once he read it whilst his father was giving a week-day's sermon, lying upon his breast in an empty loft." This makes the father to be lying on his breast in an empty loft, while delivering his sermon-rather a singular position, and an audience of emptiness!
But the volumes will doubtless be sought after by the reading community, containing as they do the Autobiography and Life of one of the most celebrated men of his age. Few there must be, who have not heard of Jean Paul, and who have not read occasionally extracts from his beautiful writings, which have excited a desire to become better acquainted with him. His name is among the household words of Germany: and well may it be, for few have exercised more influence over the German mind. He was a poet, but not a rhymer. His sentiments are uniformly clothed in the prosaic dress, but often breathe the very essence of poetry.
7.—Hints on the Interpretation of Prophecy. By M. Stuart, Professor in Andover Theological Seminary. Andover: Allen, Morrill & Wardwell. 1842. pp. 146.
Few men in this country are as well qualified to write "Hints on the Interpretation of Prophecy," as the author of the present volume. The science of hermeneutics lies at the basis of all sound exposition of the sacred Scriptures, and to that Professor Stuart has devoted a long life, furnished with the means of access to the best sources of knowledge. All men are liable to err, but certainly he, who is most familiar with the languages in which books are written, the laws of those languages, and the usus loquendi of the people who use them, is, cæteris paribus, best qualified to unfold the meaning of those books.
Yet some deem themselves fully competent to pronounce, with positiveness, on the signification of a text, or the intent of a prophecy, although they know but little of the laws of their own language, and nothing at all of those of the languages in which the Scriptures were penned. Piety is an excellent and a necessary qualification of an interpreter of God's word, but it is far from being the only one. Indeed a man may be a very pious, godly man, and yet be a very poor expositor of the sacred canon. But we intend no dissertation on this subject.
Professor Stuart's Hints are well worthy the careful consideration of philologists, and of all who profess to understand and interpret the Prophecies. For our own part, we are disposed to entertain the same views of the double sense with the author; and as to his rule for the interpretation of time, days, months, years, etc., we find more to favor it, than we had supposed we should. Yet, it has occurred to us, that God having once announced to a prophet, and he to the people, that a day stands for a year, it would be natural for the same people afterwards to recur to this announcement and put the same interpretation on expressions of time, in other prophecies. And, in this view it may be said that such would be the natural understanding, unless there were an intimation of the contrary, or the context imperatively demanded the ordinary acceptation of the terms. The subject calls for investigation.
8.-Dissertations on the Prophecies relative to the Second Coming of Jesus Christ. By George Duffield, Pastor of the First Presbyterian Church of Detroit. New York: Dayton & Newman. 1842. pp. 434.
This volume is no crude affair, nor the result of hasty thought, but is the expression of a mind used to close thinking, and thorough investigation. Mr. Duffield has made the prophecies a subject of study for many years, and has long entertained the opinion that Christ's second advent will be personal and pre-millenial. His subsequent and latest researches have confirmed him in this opinion: and deeming it of much importance, he has here given to the world the reasons which operate in producing this conviction in his mind. Those reasons need to be well weighed, and coming from such a source, they will doubtless secure the attention they merit. The topics are- Duty of Studying the Prophecies -System of Interpretation-Outline of the Spiritual and Literal Systems of Interpreting the Prophecies-Traditionary
History-Principles applied and Second Coming of Christ shown to be Pre-millenial-Nature of the Day of JudgmentSeason and Signs of Christ's Coming-Skeptic's Objection.Under these topics there is no small amount of learning ex. hibited. We should be pleased to see the work reviewed.
9.-The Claims of "Episcopal Bishops," examined in a
Series of Letters, addressed to the Rev. S. A. McCoskry, D. D., Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church of Michigan. By George Duffield, Pastor of the First Presbyterian Church of Detroit. Second Edition. New York: Dayton & Newman. 1842. pp. 316.
This volume, by the same author as the above, will unquestionably be read with interest. It is composed of sixteen Letters, addressed to Bishop McCoskry, in reply to a sermon preached by the Bishop, in which he undertakes to prove Episcopal Bishops the successors of the Apostles, with the exclusion of other Protestant ministers. Mr. Duffield was requested by a number of his people to notice the Sermon, as it seemed to require it. He consented, and has briefly and effectually gone over the ground of controversy between Episcopalians and other Protestant Churches. We cannot here enter into the details of the argument, but think our Episcopal friends will find it a hard bone to gnaw, and fear that, in the attempt, they will wear off some of their ivory teeth. From present indications, it will be necessary for us to be prepared to meet the assumptions of those, who claim for themselves all Apostolic gifts, and acknowledge no covenanted blessings without the pale of their own church. This book offers to those, who are disposed to look at the subject, a convenient panoply, in which they will be able to ward of all the darts of their opponents. We ought to say, that the Bishop's sermon is bound up with the Letters, so that both may be seen side by side.
10.-Life and History of Ebenezer Porter Mason; interspersed with Hints to Parents and Intructors on the Training and Education of a Child of Genius. By Denison Olmsted, Professor of Natural Philosophy and Astronomy in Yale College. New York: Dayton & Newinan. 1842. pp. 252.
We are in this volume reminded, that the light dews of morning, which repose so gracefully on the petals of flowers