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COMMITTEE OF MANAGEMENT ALEXANDER J. ELLIS, ESQ.

H. T. PARKER, ESQ. DANBY P. FRY, ESQ.

EDWARD B. PEACOCK, ESQ. FREDERICK J. FURNIVALL, ESQ. REV. GEORGE G. PERRY. H. HUCKS GIBBS, ESQ.

REV. WALTER W. SKEAT. FITZEDWARD HALL, ESQ.

HENRY B. WHEATLEY, ESQ. REV. J. RAWSON LUMBY.

THOMAS WRIGHT, ESQ. RICHARD MORRIS, ESQ.

(With power to add Workers to their number.)

HONORARY SECRETARY :
HENRY B. WHEATLEY, ESQ., 53, BERNERS STREET, LONDON, W.

BANKERS:
THE UNION BANK OF LONDON, REGENT STREET BRANCH,

14, ARGYLL PLACE, W.

The Publications for the first three years, 1864, 1865, and 1866, are out of print, but a separate subscription has been opened for their immediate reprint, and the Texts for 1864 and 1865 are now at press. Subscribers who desire all or either of these years should send their names at once to the Hon. Secretary, as many hundred additional names are required before the Texts for 1866 can be sent to press.

The Publications for 1864 are : 1. EARLY ENGLISH ALLITERATIVE POEMS, ab. 1360 A.D. ed. R. Morris. 2. ARTHUR, ab. 1440, ed. P.J. Furnivall. 3. LAUDER ON THE DEWTIE OF KYNGIS, &c.. 1550, ed. F. Hall. 4. SIR GAWAYNE AND THE GREEN KNIGHT, ab. 1320-30, ed. R. Morris.

The Publications for 1865 are: 5. HUME'S ORTHOGRAPHIE AND CONGRUITIE OF TIE BRITAN TONGUE, ab. 1617. ed. H. B.

Wheatlev. 4. LANCELOT OF THE LAIK, ab. 1500. ed. Rev. W. W. Skeat. :7. GENESIS AND EXODUS, ab. 1250, ed. R. Morris. 8. MORTE ARTHURE, ah. 1440, Rev. G G. Perry. 9. THYNNE ON CHAUCER'S WORKS ab. 1598, ed. Dr. Kingsley. 10. MERLIN, ah. 1450, Part I., ed. H. B. Wheatley. 11. LYNDESA Y'S MONARCH E. &c., 1552, Part I., ed. F. Hall. 12. WRIGHT'S CHASTE WIFE, ab. 1462, ed. F.J. Furnivall.

The Publications for 1866 are :13. SEINTE MARHERETE, 1200-1330, ed. Rev 0. Cockayne. 14. KYNG HORN, FLORIS AND BLANCH FLOUR, &c., ed. Rev. J. R. Lumby, 15. POLITICAL, RELIGIOUS, AND LOVE POEMS, ed Þ.J. Furnivall. 16. THE BOOK OF QUINTE ESSENCE, ab. 1460-70, ed. F.J. Furnivall. 17. PARELLEL EXTRACTS FROM 29 MSS. OF PIERS PLOWMAN, ed. Rev. W. W. Skeat. 18. HALI MEIDENHAD, ab. 1200, ed, Rev. 0. Cockayne. 19. LYNDESAY’S MON ARCHE, &c., Part 11., ed. F. Hall. 20. HAMPOLE'S ENGLISH PROSE TREATÍSES, ed. Rev. G. G. Perry. 21. MERLIN. Part IJ., ed. H. B. Wheatley. 22. PARTENAY OR LUSIGNEN. ed. Rev. W. W. Skeat. 23. DAN MICHEL'S AYENBITE OF IN WYT, 1310, ed. R. Morris.

The Publications for 1867 are : 24. HYMNS TO THE VIRGIN AND CHRIST; THE PARLIAMENT OF DEVILS, &c., ab. 1430, ed.

F.J. Furnivall. 38. (Out of print.) 25, THE STACIONS OF ROME, THE PILGRIM'S SEA-VOYAGE, WITH CLENE MAYDENHOD,

ed. F.J. Furnivall, 1s. 26. RELIGIOUS PIECES IN PROSE AND VERSE, from R. Thornton's MS. (ab. 1410), ed. Rev. G. G.

Perry. 2s. 27. LEVINS'S MANIPULUS VOCABULORUM, 1570 ed. H. B. Wheatley. 128. 28. WILLIAM'S VISION OF PIERS THE PLOWMAN, 1362 A.D. Part I. The Earliest or Vernon

Text; Text A. ed. Rev. W. W. Skeat. 6s. 29. EARLY ENGLISH HOMILIES (ab. 1220-30_A.D.) from unique MSs, in the Lambeth and other

Libraries. Part I, Edited by Morris. 78. 80, PIERCE THE PLOUGHMAN'S CREDE, ed. Rev. W. W. Skeat. 2s,

The Publications for 1868 (one guinea) are :31. MIRO'S DUTIES OF A PARISH PRIEST. in Verse, ab 1420 A.D., ed. E. Peacock. 48. 82. THE BABEES BOOK, URBANITATIS, THE BOKES OF NORTURE OF JOHN RUSSELL AND

HUGH RHODES, THE BOKES OF KERUYNG, CURTASYE. AND DEMEANOUR, &c, with some French and Latin Poems on like subjects, ed. from Harleian and other MS$. by F.J.

Furnivall. 158. 83. THE KNIGHT DE LA TOUR LANDRY (from French of A.D. 1372), ab. 1440 A.D. A Father's Book

for his Daughters, ed, from Harl, MS. 1764 and Caxton's version, by Thomas Wright. 88. 84. EARLY ENGLISH HOMILIES (before 130 A.D.) from uvique Mss, in the Lambeth and other

Libraries. Part II., ed. R. Morris, Esq. 8s. 85. LYNDESAY'S WORKS, Part III. : The Historie and Testament of Squyer Meldrum, ed. F. Hall. 2s.

A few copies are left of No. 5, Hume's Orthographie, 4s. ; No. 17, Extracts from Piers Plowman, ls.: No. 20, Hampole's Treatises, 2s. ; No. 22, Partenay, 6s. ; No. 23, Ayenbite, 10s. 6d.

The Society's Report, January, 1869, with Lists of Texts to be published in future years, etc., etc., can be had on application to the Hon. Secretary, HENKY B. WHEATLEY, Esq., 53, Berners Street, W.

ON

EARLY ENGLISH PRONUNCIATION,

WITH ESPECIAL REFERENCE TO

SHAKSPERE AND CHAUCER,

CONTAINING AN INVESTIGATION OF THE CORRESPONDENCE OF WRITING WITH SPEECH IN ENGLAND, FROM THE ANGLOSAXON PERIOD TO THE PRESENT DAY, PRECEDED BY A SYSTEMATIC NOTATION OF ALL SPOKEN SOUNDS BY MEANS OF THE ORDINARY

PRINTING TYPES.

INCLUDING

A RE-ARRANGEMENT OF PROF. F. J. CHILD'S MEMOIRS ON THE LANGUAGE OF

CHAUCER AND GOWER, AND REPRINTS OF THE RARE TRACTS BY SALESBURY ON ENGLISH, 1547, AND WELSH, 1567, AND BY BARCLEY ON FRENCH, 1521.

BY

ALEXANDER J. ELLIS, F.R.S.,

FELLOW OF THE CAMBRIDGE PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY, MEMBER OF THE LONDON MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY, MEMBER OF THE COUNCIL OF THE PHILOLOGICAL SOCIETY, FORMERLY

SCHOLAR OF TRINITY COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE, B.A. 1837.

PART II.

ON THE PRONUNCIATION OF THE XIII TH AND PREVIOUS CENTURIES, OF ANGLOSAXON, ICELANDIC, OLD NORSE AND GOTHIC, WITH CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES OF THE VALUE OF LETTERS AND EXPRESSIONS OF SOUND IN ENGLISH WRITING.

PUBLISHED

FOR

THE

BY

LONDON:

PHILOLOGICAL SOCIETY, ASHER & CO., LONDON & BERLIN, AND FOR THE EARLY ENGLISH TEXT SOCIETY, AND THE CHAUCER SOCIETY, BY TRÜBNER & Co., 60, PATERNOSTER ROW.

1869.

ADDITIONAL CORRIGENDA IN PART I.

p. 13, 1. 7 from bottom, omit But for convenience, a very brief key is given on

p. 16.

[ocr errors]

Cancel p. 16, which is replaced by pp. 614–5. p. 105, n. 2, 1. 6, for balt read (balt). p. 107, 1. 4 from bottom of text, for (A) read (ai). p. 111, 1. 6, for (ai, ou) read (əi, əu). p. 118, 1. 6 from bottom, for tems read tems. p. 119, 1. 15, for aryl read rayl. p. 141, 1. 8 from bottom, omit as we sounded lyke. p. 153, 1. 9 and 3 from bottom of text, omit and which, and that the change. p. 254, n. 1, 1. 6, omit (possibly a reference to St. Mary le bon); n. 3, add at the

end of this note : See note on v. 672, Chap. VII. § 1. p. 265, 1. 24—26, omit But susteene

8323. p. 309, n. 1, 1. 3, for z read g. p. 333, 1. 26—29, read “Tyrwhitt, and the MSS. of the Six-Text Edition of Chaucer, read thilke for the.Omit another mode

wikkedly. p. 333, n. 1, 1. 8, for Hengwit read Hengwrt. p. 336, n., supply 1. p. 347, art. 17, 1. 10, for -înngë read -inngë. p. 355, art. 53, for Ex. to (c), read Ex. to (a). p. 371, Ex. col. 1, 1. 28, before wiltow insert (c). p. 388, after Manhood insert 14. p. 407, table col. 2, 1. 4, for " (ou) o oo oaread (00) o 00 oa.Note that

(ou) ou owin col. 1. 4 is correct.

.

CORRIGENDA IN PART II.

p. 473, n. col. 2, 1. 1, for p. 446 read p. 447.
p. 477, n. 2, 1. 3, omit more.
p. 506, n. 2, last word, for (riú·le) read (ruu•le), See p. 573, under IU.
p. 562, translation, verse 13, 1. 4, for yon, read yonder.

STEPHEN AUSTIN, PRINTER, HERTFORD.

NOTICE.

On account of the unexpected length of the present investigations, the Societies for which they are published have found it most convenient to divide them into four parts, instead of two as previously contemplated. The present second part concludes most of the researches themselves. The third part, containing Chapters VII. and VIII., is in the press, and will be ready by January, 1870. Chapter VII. will contain an introduction to the specimen of Chaucer; a critical text of the Prologue to the Canterbury Tales, with especial reference to final e, metrical peculiarities, and introduction of French words, together with the conjectured pronunciation; a passage from Gower, printed for the first time, according to three MSS. with the conjectured pronunciation; and a specimen of Wycliffe. Chapter VIII. will contain Salesbury's and Barcley's works ; specimens of phonetic writing in the xvi th century, by Hart, Bullokar, Gill, and Butler; a Pronouncing Vocabulary of the period ; an account of French and Latin pronunciation in the xvi th century; an examination of Spenser's and Shakspere's rhymes, and Shakspere's puns; and an attempt to restore Shakspere's pronunciation. The fourth part, will treat of English pronunciation during the xvii th and xviii th centuries, and of dialectic usages, and will contain full indices to every part of the work, but the time of its appearance cannot yet be announced.

A. J. E.

KENSINGTON,

1 Aug., 1869.

CONTENTS OF PART II.

For the intended contents of the whole work, see Part I.

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