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“ The poet's eye, in a fine frenzy rolling,

Doth glance from heaven to earth, from earth to heaven ;
And, in imagination, bodies forth
The forms of things unknown; the poet's pen
Turns them to shapes, and gives to airy nothing
A local habitation and a name.”



the figure, as in some of the passages already quoted, and the following:

“Her sunny locks Hung on her temple like a golden fleece.”


“I've seen ere now,
On some wild ruin, moss'd and gray,
A flower as fair, as sweet as thou,

Blessing with bloom its latest day !
Thy friendship, like the faithful flower-

Surviving much, defying all —
Has caused on sorrow's saddest hour
Some streaks of happier hue to fall."

BARTON “Say, gentle night! whose modest maiden beams

Give us a new creation, and present
The world's great picture softened to the sight;
Nay, kinder far, far more indulgent still,
Say thou whose mild dominion's silver key
Unlocks our hemisphere, and sets to view
Worlds beyond number; worlds concealed by day
Behind the proud and envious star of noon ?"

YOUNG. “ What softened remembrances come o'er the heart

In gazing on those we've been lost to so long ! The sorrows, the joys, of which once they were part, Still round them, like visions of yesterday, throng."


A large share of the metaphors in which adjectives are used are elliptical; as the golden fleece, the faithful flower, the proud and envious star ; which are equivalent to the fleece which is golden, the flower which is faithful, the star which is proud and envious.

Adverbs, also, are sometimes used by the figure,


“There was something
In my native air that buoy'd my spirits up;
Like a ship on the ocean tossed by storms,
But proudly still bestriding the high waves,
And holding on its course."


Prepositions, likewise, are sometimes employed by the figure, especially in propositions that relate to the mind. Thus objects are said to come into the thoughts, thoughts to rise in the mind, and desires and acts to go from the heart:

6. What softened remembrances come o'er the heart!”

“Something heavy on my spirit,
Too dull for wakefulness, too quick for slumber-
Sits on me, as a cloud along the sky,
Which will not let the sunbeams through, nor yet
Descend in rain and end, but spreads itself
'Twixt earth and heaven, an everlasting mist.”


In these, and other similar passages, there is a virtual ascription of dimensions to the mind, its faculties, and its thoughts, and it is in that that the figure lies.

In some of the most elegant forms of the figure whole actions -expressed by verbs, nouns, adjectives, adverbs, and prepositions — are metaphorized. Thus Shakspeare says of man:

“To-day he puts forth The tender leaves of hope: to-morrow blossoms, And bears his blushing honors thick upon

him :
The third day comes a frost, a killing frost,
And nips his root~and then he falls.”

What is a metaphor? How does it differ from a simile? How many classes are there? What are they? How is it known what the subjects are to which elliptical metaphors are applied ? What is the first characteristic of the figure! What is the second ? What is the third? What are the two parts of a metaphorical proposition! Give an example. What is the fourth characteristic? What is the fifth? What is the sixth? What parts of speech are used by the figure? Which are used most frequentlyGive an example in which a noun is used by the figure. Give one in which a verb is used. Repeat one in which an adjective is employed. Give an example of the use of an adverb by the figure. Give an instance of a preposition that is employed metaphorically.

Where does the cæsura fall in the lines from Byron "Above me are the Alps” Which of the lines begins with a trochee ! Where does the pause fall in the lines “ High towers old Ætna

with his feet deep clad”? With what feet do the several lines begin? What is there in the last that gives it a peculiarly fine modulation! Where does the pause fall in the lines from Young, “Say, gentle night, whose modest maiden beams”?

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