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As to the hunted hart the sallying spring,
Young's address to the lilies is a fine example of the figure :
"Queen lilies ! and ye painted populace
Who dwell in fields, and lead ambrosial lives!
The figure differs from the metaphor. 1. In that it is an address to the person or object which is its subject. The metaphor is not an address to its subject, but affirms something respecting it. 2. That which the apostrophe declares of its subject is in harmony with its nature, and literally true of it; that which the metaphor ascribes to its subject is not literally true, but only resembles that which is literally true of it.
The figure thus admits of a bold and full portraiture of the persons or objects addressed, in a highly poetic form, employing the metaphor, comparison, metonymy, hyperbole, and hypocatastasis as its auxiliaries, as freely as though the discourse were a description or narrative.
LESSONS. ster Schule va
lines several metaphors. Which are they? Dar espits to learn any
There are in Young's apostrophe to night, fourteen metaphors, counting such expressions as elder-born, starry-crown, and raven: brow as one. Point them out.
Let the scholar give an example of the figure from the Scriptures. Let one be given from a poet.
The heavens and earth are thus addressed as though they had the organ of hearing, were consciously present at the utterance of the song, and witnesses of its solemn recitals, and its prophetic warnings and announcements.
It is used in the same form by Isaiah, in the introduction of his prophecy (chap. i. 1);
“ Hear, O heavens, and give ear, 0 earth;
For it is Jehovah that speaketh.”
The mountains are summoned by it (Micah vi. 2) to witness the controversy of God with his people:
“ Hear ye, O mountains, the Lord's controversy,
ye strong foundations of the earth ;
The heavens are called by Jeremiah (chap. ü. 12, 13) to contemplate the apostasy of the Israelites, with the amazement and fear with which it was suited to impress beholders :
“ Be astonished, O ye heavens, at this,