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from him concerning some positions in ancient Geography: I mean, that of Palibothra, in particular; and some few others. I have generally avoided all disquisitions of this kind, from a conviction of the general obscurity of the fubject; and which even an intimate knowledge of the Indian languages would not enable me to clear

up :

for the fimilitude between ancient and modern names is very fallacious, unless strongly corroborated by situation. But we cannot well refuse our affent to the opinion that Ptolemy meant the Suttuluz, or Setlege by the Zaradrus ; the Rauvee by the Rhuadis, or Adaris; and the Jenaub, or. Chunaub by the Sandabalis : because not only the names, but the positions have an affinity to each other. And yet this is a part of Ptolemy, which M. D'Anville discredits the most: but the reason was, that he was not himself acquainted with the true names of the rivers.

M. Buffy's marches in the Deccan afford data for fixing the positions of many capital places there; particularly Hydrabad, Aurungabad, Bisnagur, and Sanore. But still there are plans of some of his marches wanting, which, could they be procured, would throw much light on the Geography of the peninsula, and the Deccan : such as that from Pondicherry to Cuddapah, Adoni, and Hydrabad; that from Aurungabad to Nagpour ; and the campaign towards Poonah. There are also existing, Itineraries kept by very intelligent people, who have travelled from

Pon

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Pondicherry, direct to Delhi; and from Calcutta to Nagpour : : but I know not how to set about procuring them. The public records at Goa, I am informed, contain a vast fund of Geographical knowledge ; and yet we are more in the dark, concerning the country on that side of the peninsula, than we are with respect to the centre of the Deccan.

Could the whole mass of Geographical matter that respects India (much of which, is probably in the hands of people who are ignorant of its value) be collected, I make no doubt but that very complete maps of the several provinces of it, might be constructed, on scales large enough for any ordinary purpose.

It is intended by these sheets to particularize the several authorities from whence the positions in the map are drawn; together with the manner of comparing them, in cases where they disagreed : as also, the manner of combining them, when more than one circumstance was required to establish a position. By this means, the authority for each particular, may be known to those who have curiosity enough to enquire after it: and the defective parts being thus pointed out, some future Geogtapher may be stimulated to seek for better materials. It may also tempt those who are already in possession of such materials, when they are apprized of their use, to contribute them to the public stock. Any communications of the kind will be thankfully received; and a proper use made of them.

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in the map.

The Reader may have observed, that in the former part of the Preface, I have alluded to An Index to the MAP. There will accordingly be found, at the end of the work, two distinct Indexes; the one referring to the matter of the Memoir, the other to the names of countries and places

The great waste of time occasioned by searching after particular situations, in maps

of

any extent, makes me wonder that an Index should not be deemed as necessary an appendage to a large map, as to a large book. For an Index will in the first instance inform the Reader whether the place sought after be in the map, or not. in the map, he is directed to it with as much facility, as to a passage in a book from an ordinary Index. And if it be not there, although he may, indeed, blame the map for its deficiency, he must allow that it does not rob him of his time by encouraging fruitless researches.

CON

EXPLANATION of the EMBLEMATICAL

FRONTISPIECE to the MAP.

BRITTANNIA receiving into her Protection, the sacred Books of

the Hindoos, presented by the Pundits, or LEARNED BRAMINS : in Allusion to the humane Interposition of the British Legislature in Favor of the Natives of Bengal, in the Year 1781. BritTANNIA is supported by a Pedestal, on which are engraven the Victories, by Means of which the British Nation obtained, and has hitherto upheld, its Influence in India : amongst which, the two recent ones of Porto Novo and SHOLINGUR, gained by GENERAL Coote, are particularly pointed out by a Sepoy to his Comrade.

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