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Chantapilly, or Chenlapilly, Mongelgary, Pullareddygur, Masherlaw, and Syampilly, are all taken from the Malabar map; or that drawn by the native of the Carnatic.

Combam, or Comum, on the frontier of Cuddapah, is by the Malabar map 32 cosses west from Ongole : and, in the route sent by Col. Harper to the Madras government *, 25 from Innaconda: both of which accounts are consistent. This is the place called Kaman by Tavernier ; and is said by him to be the frontier of the Carnatic towards Golconda, in the

year 1652. From Combam to Adoni by the same route of Col. Harper's, there are reckoned 67 coffes; and, by the Malabar map, 66: so that there can be little doubt of this being the distance by general eftimation.

Montresor places Adoni about 50 G. miles about E. b N. from Bisnagur: and reckoning the 67 cosses at 96 G. miles, the sum will be 146 between Bisnagar and Combam. This interval, on the map is, however, 159, or 13 more than the computed distance, These 13 miles, I have divided proportionally be . tween the two intervals; and by this means Adoni will be on the map, 73 cosses, instead of 67, from Combam. And it being two days journey, or about 23 cosses to the northwest of Gutti, we cannot be wide of the mark respecting its parallel. It must be observed, that the. Malabar map reckons only 60 coffes between Arcot and Cuddapah; which, on my map is 68, of those that are reckoned 42 to the degree. It may be that the coss of that country is longer than ordinary ; and this may account for the difference between Adoni and Combam.

Condanore is 15 cosies to the east of Adoni, by the route tranfmitted by Col. Harper, Canoul, in the Malabar map, is said to be


cofles from Hydrabad; and only 57 from Cuddapah. This appears to be impossible,

* The route in question was not marched by Col. Harper, but collected from the informa. don of his guides, whilst at Innaconda. It appears on the records of the East India House.


15 coffes,

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as the distance between Cuddapah and Hydrabad, cannot be less than 120 cosses ; and these two sums make only 109. It


be that the distance between Cirvalla and Nandy-Allem, instead of the 5 written in the map; as the other stages are from 16 to 20.


map alluded to, is not constructed by a scale, but rudely sketched out without much proportion being observed either in the bearings, or distances of places from each other; and the distances are written in figures between the stages. I have before expressed my doubts concerning the truth of the local position of Canoul, in my map.

Rachore * is four days journey from Adoni, and five from Cal.. berga ; according to the report of an European who travelled it. This person came from Seringapatam, by way of Gutti to Adoni; and communicated this, and several other particulars in his Itinerary, to Mr. W. Townsend; who obligingly gave them to me. A day's journey for a single person may be reckoned from 11 to 12 cosses (or about 22 British miles in road distance t) and this proportion agrees with the account of his journey from Seringapatam to Gutti ; which, being about 105 coffes, took him up 9 days.

Rachore, according to Montresor, is not far from the south bank of the Kistna; and lies below the conflux of the Beemah river, and above that of the Tongebadra ; and this position agrees with the account of its being four days journey from Adoni, and five from Calberga.

The positions of Combam and Malherlaw obtained by means of the Malabar map; and that of Deopad I, or Doupar, from Col. Harper's march, help me to trace out Tavernier's route from Gandicotta to the Kistna, and Hydrabad; as also the position of the Pagoda of Tripanty.

Sankalamary seems to be the Santaseela of Tavernier; and Combam is, no doubt, his Kaman. Deopad is what he calls Doupar ;

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• Called also Raw-chure, Rach-hore, and Adoni-Rachore.
+ Ufed in contradistinction to horizontal distance.
| This place is 14 cosses from Innaconda to the W. S. W.


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situated, according to his account, in a country interfected by many torrents from the neighbouring hills : Col. Harper makes the fame remark on Deopad. Tripanty * Pagoda was about 12 miles on the north of Doupar. Malherlaw, near Timerycotta, is probably the Macheli of Tavernier, by its situation in respect to the Kistna.

I have not been able to procure any map of the road from Nellore to Hydrabad, except the one in D'Anville's Coromandel, published in 1753: nor any Itinerary whatsoever. I have had some opportunities of correcting it, in the part between Nellore and the Kistna: but the rest remains as I found it, except in the article of bearing ; in which M. D'Anville and I differ very confiderably. Tavernier's route from Gandicotta, falls into it, near the south bank of the Kistna.

• Some have confounded this with Tripetty, a more celebrated Pagoda in the vicinity of Chandeghere; and 160 miles farther to the southward,


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T has been said before (page 36) that the first ridge of moun

tains towards Thibet and Bootan, form the limits of the survey
to the north : to which I may now add, that the surveys extend no
farther eastward, than to the frontiers of Aslam and Meckley.

The Jesuits' map of China, as given in Du Halde, places the
western boundary of Yunan (the westmost of the provinces of
China) between the 97th and 98th degrees of east longitude, in the
parallel of 24°: so that the eastern frontier of Bengal (Silhet) is
within 350 British miles of the western part of China ; or to speak
comparatively, the same distance as Silhet is from Calcutta. Here
one is apt to wonder, that considering their vicinity to each other,
there should be no communication between the two countries. The
reasons probably are, that Yunan does not produce such manufac-
tures as are in request amongst foreigners ; and that the courses of
the great navigable rivers in those parts, are unfavourable to a com-
munication by water. The space between Bengal and China, is
occupied by the province of Meckley, and other districts, subject
to the King of Burmah, or Ava.

great river Nou Kian, little, if at all, inferior to the Ganges,
runs to the south, through that angle of Yunan which approaches
nearest to Bengal; where the Jesuits, who formed the map

of China, left it, in its course to the southwest. This river, M. D'Anville conceived to be the same with that of Pegu, in like manner as he supposed the Sanpoo to be the Ava river : but succeeding ac


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counts have left little doubt remaining, that the Sanpoo is the Bur-
rumpooter; and the Ncu Kian, the river of Ava.

account of the construction of the sea coasts (page 30) my authorities for describing the delta of the Ava river from the fea to the parallel of 18°, are given. The Dutch MS. map there quoted, describes the whole course of the river, as high up as the city of Ava itself, which it places in latitude 21° 48'; and also says in a note “s by observation :” and indeed, the whole scale of the map

seems to be formed from the difference of latitude. The difference of longitude, as inferred from this Dutch map, places Ava in 97°. But Capt George Baker, of whose accuracy I entertain a high opinion, took the bearings, and estimated the diftances, the whole way from Negrais to Ava: and the result corrected by the observation at Ava (21° 48') gives the longitude 97° 42': and this longitude I have adopted. The particulars of the course of the river, I have taken from the Dutch map; as Captain Baker describes only the general direction of it.

Monchabco, a city, and the residence of the King of Burmah, or Ava, in 1755, is by Capt. Baker's account, 38 ; G. miles north from Ava: and this was the extreme point of his travels that way.

The Nou Kian is named Irabattey by the people of Ava; and is said by them to be navigable from the city of Ava into Yunan. Monchaboo being within 130 B. miles of the Chinese frontier, we want only so much, to compleat the course of the river in the map. This break is there described by dotted lines.

Mr. Verelst, who meditated an expedition into Meckley from Bengal, and actually advanced as far as Cospour on his way to it, in 1763; was informed by his Meckley guides, that after he should pass the first ridge of mountains beyond Cachar, he would find a fertile and well inhabited country all the way to Ava. He, however, went no farther than Corpour ; but the particulars of the road between that place and Ava, are described from the intelligence furnished by the guides who attended him.




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