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Bell's

COURT AND FASHIONABLE

MAGAZINE,

For AUGUST, 1807,

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES

OF

ILLUSTRIOUS LADIES.

The Twentieth Number.

HER GRACE THE DUCHESS OF RICHMOND.

It may

CHARLOTTE LENOX, the present | independence at the hazard of his inDuchess of Richmond, is the third daugh- | terest. ter of the Duke and Duchess of Gordon. Upon the dissolution of the late mi. Her Grace was married September 9th, || nistry, when the friends and adherents of 1789, to Colonel Lenox, now Duke of || Mr. Pitt were again called to the helm of Richmond, by whom she has a very nu power, the Duke of Richmond was not merous family.

forgotten. An offer was immediately Upon the death of the late Duke of made to him of the Lord Lieutenancy of Richmond, who died at an advanced period Ireland. His Grace accepted the office, of life, and without legitimate issue, his title and his brother-in-law, the Duke of Bedand fortune devolved upon his nephew, | ford, was immediately recalled. General Lenox, the present Duke. here be remarked, that the recall of his

His Grace represented the county of Grace the Duke of Bedford was softened Sussex in several Parliaments, and had to his feelings as much as possible; and in always been warmly attached to the party || being thns superseded by a near relation, and politics of Mr. Pitt-in truth, his the dignity might be considered as still attachment was of a nature more close and continuing in the same family. affectionate than political alliances gene The Duchess of Richmond accompanied rally are. He maintained his connection her husband to Dublin a few months with Mr. Pitt at a time when his uncle, the since; and is, of course, still in the Irish late Duke, was extremely hostile to the metropolis. conduct of that minister; and though As a public character we have little to General Lenox was chosen member for say of her Grace. Her conduct is worthy the county of Sussex almost solely upon of her rank, and her affability and good the Richmond interest, he did not on that | humour make her equally beloved and reaccount hesitate to vote against the opi- spected. nion of his uncle, or to preserve his

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF THE PRESENT QUEEN OF SPAIN.

A new

Louisa Maria Theresa, Queen of Spain, the commission of a colonel in the life guards, was bori, a Princess of Parma on the 9th of De. and orders to repair to Madrid without delay. cember, 1751; she was married to his preseni Almost immediately after the return of Louis Spanish Majesty, Charles IV. on the 4th of Sep-fi the elevation of Manuel commenced tember, 1763, and is the mother of three sons appointment was created for him, that of adand three daughters. Had her rova' consort the liutant.general of the life guards, with the rank character of his ancestor, Louis XIV. his people of a major general in the army. He had not would have been happy, and the independence li held that situation long, wlien he was raised to of his kingdom respecteda; he would not thon The rank of a lieutenant-general, and created a have suffered himself to be ruled by a weak li Grandee of Spain of the first class, under the Princess, governed in her turn by a still weaker fritle of Duke of Alcadia, the King graniing him favourile, the insbecile upstart, the Prince of the royal domains of Alcadia, cgerher with the Peace; whose pernicious influence has brought revenues of 'he inose valuable of the four mili. disgrace on his Sovereign, and ruin on bis fel- tary orders. His power soon became so con. lo-s-subjects. As this personage is by the im- | siderable, that the proudest Grandees found it politic partiality of the Queen become of great

necessary to solicit his influence to obtain even consequence in the actual concern of Europe, r:linary favours from the court. Even the grand some particulars respecting l.is origin, the pro council of Castile, with the philosopher and gress and the causes that have contributed to his patriot Count D'Arenda al its head, could make advancement, must necessarily find a proper placeno stand against him. At the commencement in this sketch.

of the war with the regicides of France in 1795, Don Manuel Godoy de Alvarez, Prince of the pusillanimous opinion of the council of Peace, was born on the 8th of March, 1767, at Castile was in favour of defensive operations ; Badajoz, in the province of Estramadura, of very that the several passes of the Pyrennean mounobscure parents. Early in life he was sent to tains should be strongly guarded, and the army Madrid with his eldest brother Louis, 10 serve in considerably augmented, before a thought should the King's life guards as common soldiers, his

be entertained of sending any force into the French family not having sufficient means to support territory. But the Duke of Alcadia thought otherthem as cadets in the army. Don Manuel re

wise, and his opinion prevailed. The council of mained in the guards in obscurity until his Castile was dissolved for presunuing to resist it, brother's banishment. It took place in conse and Count D'Aranda was banished to Saragossa. quence of information received by the lare King,

The war with France had, from its beginning, which induced a suspicion that the Queen, then been badly conducted by Spain, and the critical a Princess of Asturias, was particularly attachedi | situation of that country, in the year 1795, comto hin. So much was Charles ill. alarmed by pelled the Duke of Alcadia to change his plan, the intelligence, that he ordered Louis to be exiled and to think only of the means of repairing the from Madrid for life, and he was allowed but two injury the nation had sustained through his raslahours to prepare for his departure. He was

ness and folly. A peace was called for by the strictly enjoined never to approach within twenty. ll people, as they seemed to believe that it would five leagues of the court. He obtained, how heal all their wounds. Peace, upon any terms, ever, a company of the provincial militia in the appeared to the superficial niind of the Duke of place of his birth, with a cross of the military | Alcadia the best expedient that could be adopted, order of Alcantara. During his exile, which con. He, therefore, precipitately conclu led a treaty tinued until the King's death in 1789, Louis had with regicide France equally disadvantageous and many valuable presents sent him by the Princess dishonourable. It lef Spanish monarchy at of Asturias. These presents were conveyed to the inercy of the French republic, with a terhini by Manuel, who was introduced to the ritory abridged, her resources. considerably diPrincess by the Duchess of Alva, under pretence minished, her army almost broken down, and of hearing him play and accompany on the guitar, her spirit nearly exhausted. The popular joy which herid, as the Spaniards term it, con gracia. and gratitude, however, was extreme; and the On the death of Charles III, the same courir || King, instead of punishing an ignorant aud prewho brought this news into the district where sumptuous minister, conferred upou the peacehe resided, also brought him his pardon, with Caker the title of Prince of Peace!

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The differences with Portugal in 1801 afford Dut dismiss or disgrace, he removed by advance. ed him a safe opportuniiy to indulge his new ment into distant provinces, or sent them with born ambition for mifitary honours and exploits. liberal pensions to reside in the country. He Accordingly, at the commencement of the cam observed the same conduct with regard to the paign, he boldly took the command, well in offices of the ministers of state ; where the most formed that the Portuguese had no means of re inferior clerks, messengers, and attendants, as sistance against the forces with which they were well as the chief secretaries, all are indebted to assailed by France and Spain at the same time. him for their places. Such is his jealousy and This generalissimo had never even witnessed an precaution, that nobody is admitted w the preengagement; and, from the nature of his educa. sence of their Spanish Majesties, who has not tion, could have but a slight idea, if any, of the previously asked and received his approbation theory of military tactics.

and consent. Like all other ignorant people he Perhaps there is not to be found, among the || is governed by prejudices, and tormented by illia many incapable members of the cabinets of most beral and superstitious notions. Every body who Princes of Europe, a person inferior in talent, or is not born a Spaniard he despises; and those any mental acquirements, to the Prince of Peace. who are not inembers of the Church of Rome, But the exclusive favour of the Queen, who has he hates under pretence of pitying them. He procured him the favour of the King, supplies thinks that all valour, honour, and virtue, on the all defects, overlooks all errors, and bestows all other side of the Pyrennean Mountains are artiadvancements. His abilities are the object of | ficial; and that all religion, not acknowledging universal ridicule among the enlightened men of a Roman Pontiff for its visible chief, and the Spain, and his character is very much despised || Vicar of Christ upon earth, is not only conby the ancient and more respectable part of the demnable and dangerous, but false. He makes nobility. In opposition to their wishes, and to no distinction between the faith of the Protestant, counteract their jealousy, he has made a vast ad. or the creed of the Mussulman. In his opinion dition of upstarts, like himself, to the noblesse of they are both infidels, and as such, undeserving Spain. No nian of learning has ever experienced confidence in this world, and certain of damnahis patronage, no merit has ever obtained his re tion in the next, wards, and no patriotism his protection. He is The confessor of the King and of the Queen entirely surrounded by his own creatures, among | is also the confessor of the Prince of Peace, who whom there is not one of reputed or even com. generally every Saturday (but never less than mon capacity.

iwice a month) eases the burden of his mind beIn providing for his relations, however, he has fore the reverend father, and receives his absolu. been nearly as extravagant as Napoleon Bona tion. All persons who desire to continue in his parte. Every person who can claiın the least || good graces must imitate his devout example. affinity to him, either direct or indirect, lineal or His nurse, on whom he bestows a pension of collateral, is sure of a good place, whatever his four thousand dollars, resides with him at Madrid, abilities may be. The first offices in the country as well as in the royal palaces in the country are occupied by his relations. His father, who Her sole occupation is to interpret his dreams, has scarcely learnt the first elements of educa she having, when he was a baby, from one of tion, now fills one of the highest situations in hers, predicted that he should become a great Spain. His elder brother is Viceroy of Mexico man! His first occupation every morning is to and the West Indies, and his younger brother, write down what he las dream in the night, and Diego, who is almost literally an ideot, has been to give it to her, that he may have an explicapromoted to the rank of a captain-general in the tion before he goes to bed again. In his day army, rith large pensions.

dreams, during his nap after dinner, in the after. It has surprised many that the Prince of Peace, noon, he has no confidence nor she any power with all his numerous deficiencies, has been able to comprehend them. He is so jealous of this to preserve himself so long in favour at a court, precious talent, that he wis near turning her off which for centuries has furnished, by the capri for having once gratified the curiosity of the Prin. cious inconstancy of its choice with regard to cess of Peace on this interesting subject. favourites, materials both for romances and ales, His annual revenue, from his numerous places for history, and for the drama. But during the and pensions, and from the many estates given frst warmth of the friendship of the King, and of him by royal bounty, amounts to five hundred the atlachment of the Queen, he took care to and fifty thousand dollars, about one hundred clear the court, from the first lord in wailing and twenty-five thousand pounds. But as he is down to the lowest valet, of every person whom the master of the royal treasury, no other boun. he suspected of envy at his elevation, or whose dary is set to his expences or cupidity, but his fidelity he doubted. Those he could or dared own discretion. He is supposed to have placed

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