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*.ch. 1. 29 & 2. 18
& 13. 12 • See ch. 5. 20.
& 10. 24
eyes the outrage that had been law. among themselves and their children.
further the overthrow of the mode of life ciful Lord to be wholly e reconciled with • Cp. ch. 11. received from their ancestors. 18o For his servants.
they, said he, trust to arms, and withal 30 And having had an encounter with P Ps. 20, 7: to deeds of daring; but pwe trust on the forces of / Timotheus and 9 Bacchides, ch. 9.3 Cp. 1 Sam. the Almighty God, since he is able at they killed above twenty thousand of
CP. ch. 13. a beck to cast down them that are them, and made themselves masters of coming against us, and even the whole strongholds exceeding high, and divided Macc. 7. world. 19 And moreover he recounted very much plunder, giving the 8 maimed unto them the help given from time to and -orphans and widows, and moreover
time in the days of their ancestors, the aged also, an equal share with them. ich. 16. 22. both qthe help given in the days of selves. 31 6 And when they had gathered See ? Kin. Sennacherib, how that a hundred four. the arms 9of the enemy together, they
score and five thousand perished, zo and stored them all up carefully in the most
even the battle that was fought against the spoils they carried to Jerusalem. "Op; ? Mace. the 'Gauls, how that they came to the 32 And they killed the 10 phylarch of
engagement eight thousand in all, with Timotheus's forces, a most unholy man,
had with these words made them of outhouse; and 80 they received the 'Cp. ch. 1 . ch. 19. 14. good courage, and ready to die for the meet reward of their inpiety. Cp;1 Mace. laws and their country, he divided his 34 And ithe thrice-accursed Nicanor, ich. 15.3.
army into four parts; 22 8 appointing his who had brought the thousand mer.
brethren to be with himself leaders of chants kto buy the Jews for slaves, \ ver. 11, 25. ich. 10, 19,
the several bands, to wit, Simon and 35 being Ithrough the help of the Lord See ch. 13.
u Joseph and v Jonathan, giving each the humbled by them who in his eyes were 1 Macc. 2. command of fifteen hundred men, 23 and held to be of least account, put off his
moreover v Eleazar also: then, having glorious apparel, and passing through 1 ch. 10. 19.
read the sacred book, and whaving the midland, 16 shunning all company Macc. 2.
given as watchword, THE HELP OF God, like a fugitive slave, arrived at m An. "Cp. ch. 13. leading the first band himself, w he joined tioch, 16 having, as he thought, had the
battle with Nicanor. 24 And, since the greatest possible good fortune, though
* Cp. ch. sure for the Romans by the captivity of
38, 39. part of Nicanor's army, and compelled the men of Jerusalem opublished abroad
all to flee; 25 and they took the money that the Jews had One who fought for Ý ver. 11, 34. of v those that had come there to buy them, and that 17 because this was so the
them. And after they had pursued Jews were invulnerable, because they
no effort to chase them far. 276 And 29 For he had entered into the city cp. ch. 1. Cp 1 Mace. <when they had gathered the arms of called Persepolis, and he assayed to rob
the enemy together, and had stripped 19a temple and to hold down the city. * 1 Macc. 4. off a their spoils, Othey occupied them. Whereupon there was an onset of the op. ch. 12 selves about the sabbath, blessing and multitudes, and 20 Antiochus and his men
thanking the Lord exceedingly, who turned to make defence with arms; and
Tobit 3 7. distil upon them. 28 And after the sab- and broke up his camp with disgrace. Judith 1. i.
bath, when they had given of a the spoils 3 And while he was at - Ecbatana, Cpl Macc. • Cp. ch. 3. to the emaimed, and to cthe widows 8 news was brought him what had hap: + See Mace.
and orphans, the residue they distributed pened unto Nicanor and the forces of
1 Macc. 3. 37.
15. * See
1 Maco. 4. 13--16.
day, 26 for
returned 18 in dis
1 Gr. Galatians. 2 Some authorities read eight. » Gr. appointing his brethren also leaders.
7 Gr. 4 Gr. disabled in their limba. 5 Or, while 6 The exact meaning of this clause is uncertain. their arms... the spoils of the enemy. 8 Or, wounded Gr. shamefully handled.
Gr. of them, 2. That is, probably, the captain of an irregular auxiliary force. Some write Phylarcher, as a
11 The Greek text here is perhaps corrupt. name.
'12 Or, country
16 Or, a solitary hut 15 Gr having made himself solitary. 16 Or, haring uon the greatest possible favour by reason of the destruction of his host 17 Or, because of this their way of life Gr. because of this manner. 19 Or, with dishonour 19 Or, temples
* Or, the people of the country turned
+ See ch. 8.
u Timotheus. And being lifted up 1 by of "Athens; 16 and the holy sanctuary, "Cp. ch. 6. 30.
his passion he thought to make the Jews which before he had spoiled, he would
that had put him to rout. Wherefore, restore all the sacred vessels many * ch. 5. 16. "Cp. 1 Maca "the judgement from heaven even now times multiplied, and Pout of his own P See ch. 3.
accompanying him, he gave order to his revenues would defray the charges that
w & common graveyard of Jews, when I place, publishing abroad the might of Cp. Jer. 26
come there. 5 But «the All-seeing Lord, God. 18 But when his sufferings did in * See ch. 18. the God of Israel, smote him with a no wise cease, for the judgement of God
2 fatal and invisible stroke; v and as soon had come upon him in righteousness, y Cp.1 Macc.
as he had ceased speaking this word, an having given up all hope of himself, he
and bitter torments of the inner parts; below, having the nature of a supplicaCp. ch. 13. 6 and 7 that most justly, for he had tor- tion, to this effect: mented other men's bowels with many 19 To the worthy Jews, This fellow. Cp. ch. 4.
9, 19 and strange sufferings. 7 But he in no citizens, Antiochus, king and general, & 5. 23. wise ceased from his rude insolence; wisheth much joy and health and pros
nay, still more was he filled with arro. perity. 20 6 May ye and your children a Cp. Acts gancy, a breathing fire in his passion fare well; and your affairs shall be to
against the Jews, and commanding to your mind. Having my hope in hea.
his body. 8 And he that but now sup- I deemed it necessary to take thought bCp. ch. 5. posed himself b to have the waves of the for the common safety of all, 22 not
sea at his bidding, so vainglorious was despairing of myself, but having great
he beyond the condition of a man, and hope to escape from the sickness. 23 But * Isai. 40. 12. that thought cto weigh the heights of considering that my father also, at what
the mountains in a balance, was now time she led an army into the upper Cn. 1 Mace. & Co. ch. 3. brought to the ground and carried din country, appointed his successor, 24 to
a litter, 8 shewing unto all that the the end that, if anything fell out con-
out of the body of the impious man welcome tidings were brought, they Cp. Acts
eworms swarmed, and while he was still that remained in the country, knowing
his corruption. 10 And the man that a are borderers and neighbours unto my 1 Cp. Obad.
little afore supposed himself / to touch kingdom watch opportunities, and look See Isai. the stars of heaven, no one could en- for the future event, I have appointed Seel Macc.
dure to carry for his intolerable stench. my son Antiochus to be king, whom I
119 Hereupon therefore he began in great often committed and commended to 1 Macc. 6.
part to cease from his arrogancy, being most of you, when I was hastening
own smell, he said these words: It is benefits done to you in common and
that one who is mortal should not be present good will toward me and my
vowed unto the Sovereign Lord, who gentleness and kindness will follow my * Cp. Prov.
now kno more would have pity upon purpose and treat you with indulgence.
"Cp.1 Mace. See ch, 3. 1. holy city, to the which he was going having endured the sorest sufferings,
in haste, to lay it even with the ground even as he had dealt with other men,
14, 55, 63.
14. 13. & See
See 1 Macc, would make them all equal to citizens in Egypt. ? Or, in his spirit 2 Gr. remedilega.
3 Or, sheuring manifeally unto all the porrer of God authorities read be minded as if equal to God.
Or, Ye fare well, and your children; and your afairs are to your mind. The Greek text in verses 20 and 21 is uncertain.
*ch. 4. 21.
5 Gr. buid.
Seel Macc. 8. 38.
18 & 14. 36. di Macc. 4. 47.
1 Mace, 4 50, 51.
24 14 & Ecclus. 218,
1 And Maccabæus and they that 14 But & Gorgias, when he was made 'ch. 8. 9.
IO were with him, the Lord leading governor of the district, maintained a + cb, 9 2.
them on, y recovered the temple force of mercenaries, and at every turn Cp. ch. 11,
and the city; aand they pulled down kept up war with the Jews. 15 And to*Cp. 1 Macc. zthe altars that had been built in the gether with him ithe Idumeans also, Op. 1 Mace. 1. 47. marketplace by the aliens, and also the being masters of important strongholds, • Macc. 4. walls of sacred inclosures. 3 And a hav. harassed the Jews; and receiving unto
ing cleansed the sanctuary othey made them those that had taken refuge there Cy, ch. 2.
another altar of sacrifice; and striking from Jerusalem, they assayed to keep
bread. 4 And when they had done these Idumæans; 17 and assaulting them vi. d Cp. ch. 13. things, a they fell prostrate and besought gorously they made themselves masters 12.
the Lord that they might fall no more of the positions, and kept off all that
into such evils; but that, if ever they fought upon the wall, and slew those Cp. 2 Sam. should sin, ethey might be chastened by that fell in their way, and killed no
him with forbearance, and not be de- fewer than twenty thousand. 18 And
made, even on the five and twentieth them that were with him, a force suffi. Seol Mace. day of the same month, which is/ Chislev. cient to besiege them, departed himself
69 And they kept eight days with glad-unto places where he was most needed. Cp.1 Macc.
ness in the manner of the feast of taber- 20 But Simon and they that were with
wild beasts. 7 Wherefore bearing wands away. 21 But when word was brought " Lev. 23. 40. wreathed with leaves, hand fair boughs, to Maccabæus of what was done, he Neh. 8. 15.
and é palms also, i they offered up hymns gathered the leaders of the people toCp. ch, 14,
of thanksgiving to him that had pros-gether, and accused those men of having p. 1 Macc. perously brought to pass the cleansing sold their brethren for money, by setting
of his own place. They ordained also their enemies free to fight against them.
i Mace... 5. *Cp. 1 Macc. gk And 8 such was the end of ? An. pering with his arms in all things he
tiochus, who was called Epiphanes. | took in hand, he destroyed in the two See 1 Macc.
10 But now will we declare what came strongholds more than twenty thou. *Cp. ver. 18 ? ch. 2. 20
to pass under Antiochus named 4m En- sand.
pator, who proved himself a true son of 24 v Now 2Timotheus, who had been op 1 Mace. 1 Macc. 6.
that ungodly man, and will gather up before defeated by the Jews, having see Ch. &
the kingdom, appointed one n Lysias to "horsemen which belonged to Asia, not i Mace,
be chancellor, and supreme governor of a few, came as though he would take
peaceful terms. 13 Whereupon being sought him to become 'gracious to them, P See ch. & accused by the king's P Friends before and cbe an enemy to their enemies and Ex. 2.
m Eupator, and hearing himself called an adversary to their adversaries, as
traitor at every turn, because he had the law declareth. 27 And rising from * Cp. ch. 4 abandoned 4 Cyprus which Philometer their prayer they took up their arms,
had intrusted to him, and had with and advanced some distance from the
armies joined battle; the one part having
Or, not long a fore they kept the feast of tabernacles by wandering 3 Gr. ruch were
* That is, son of a good father: 7 The Greek text here is corrupt.
* Or, chief 6 Or, settle his relations with 8 Or, horses Gr. propitious. 10 Gr. were by themselves.
, 1 ver. 38.
& 13. 1.
32 • See ch. 4.
1 Macc. 3.
See 2 Sam. 3. 31.
29. ch. 4. 21 & 9. 29
1 Macc. 4 29.
d See 2 Sam. 22. 3.
«See ch. 2
& 13. 12.
this, beside their virtue, for a pledge of and drawing near to 9 Bethsuron, which See
strong, ethere appeared out of heaven the strongholds, they and all the people 21
unto their adversaries five men on horses with lamentations and tears made sup-
Tch. 15. 23
See Ex. 23. Cp. ch. 11. land two of them, s leading on the Jews, angel to save Israel. 7 And Maccabæus
30 and taking Maccabreus in the midst of himself took up arms first, and exhorted
32 But Timotheus himself fled into a ened in heart: being ready to bassail
exceeding strength, h Chæreas being in and walls of iron, 10 they advanced in * Cp. ver. 37. command there. 33 But Maccabæus and array, having him that is in heaven to
his men were glad and laid siege to the fight on their side, for the Lord had
12 See ch. 13.
i barned the blasphemers alive; while condition that all their rights were acCp. ch. 12 others broke open the gates, and, having knowledged, and promised that he
given entrance to the rest of the band, would also persuade the king to become + Cp. ch &
occupied the city. 37 And they slew their friend. 15 And Maccabæus gave
and his brother Chæreas, and Apollo-m Lysias proposed to him, being careful Cp. 1 Macc.
phanes. 38 And when they had accom- of the common good; for whatsoever
Now after a very little time effect:
m Lysias, the king's guardian and Lysias unto the people of the Jews,
kinsman and chancellor, being sore greeting. 17 John and y Absalom, whó Cp: 1.Ma X.
displeased for the things that had come were sent from you, having delivered & IL *Cp.1 Macc. to pass, an collected about fourscore thou- the petition written below, made re
sand footmen and all his horsemen and quest concerning the things signified
came against the Jews, thinking to make therein. 18 What things soever thereCp.1 Macc. the city'a place for Greeks to dwell in, fore had need to be brought before the
3and to levy tribute on the temple, as : on king I declared to him, and what things
the other sacred places of the nations, were possible he allowed. 19 If then ye P CP ch. 4 and P to put up the high priesthood to will preserve your good will toward the
sale every year ; 4 holding in no account state, henceforward also will I endeavour
27 & 11. 9. Iver. 7.
8, 23, 24,
1 Some authorities read and leading on the Jewe; who also, taking. 2 Gr. passion as of wild beasts. 3 Or, on all the sacred places of the heathen The Greek text here is uncertain. 3 Gr. a panoply. 6 Gr. round 7 The Greek text here is corrupt. 8 Gr. multitude. 3 Or, document But as to this
1 Macc. S. 6.
38 Pch. 4. 29 & 10. 13.
Ps. 7. 11.
i ver. 33, 38 arz Fare ye well. Written in the hun. that we also may learn what is your
dred forty and eighth year, on the four mind. 385 h Farewell. Written in the (mg.).
and twentieth day of the month 1 Diosco hundred forty and eighth year, on the
fifteenth day of Xanthicus.
So when these covenants had words:
12 been made, I Lysias departed unto *Cp.1 Macc. King Antiochus unto his a brother the king, and the Jews went *(n. ch. 11.
Lysias, greeting. 23 Seeing that our about their husbandry.
24 we, having heard that the Jews do not nor the governor of p Cyprus, would not sCp.ch.c. 1. consent to our father's purpose o to turn suffer them to enjoy tranquillity and live 1 Macc,
them unto the customs of the Greeks, in peace. 3 And men of 9 Joppa perpe
but choose rather their own manner trated this great impiety: they invited Cp.1 Macc. of living, and make request cthat the the Jews that dwelt among them to go See customs of their law be allowed unto with their wives and children into the
1 Mace. 10 them, -25 choosing therefore that this boats which they had provided, as nation also should be free from 3 dis- though they had no ill will towards
turbance, we determine that their them; 4 and when the Jews, 7 relying on 4 Çp. ch. 10. temple d be restored to them, and c that the common decree of the city, accepted
they live according to the customs that the invitation, as men desiring to live
messengers unto them and give them in number not less than two hundred. 'Ile Macc. 6. the right hand of friendship, that they; 5 But when Judas heard of the cruelty
knowing our mind, may be of good done unto his fellow-countrymen, giving
2 Esd. 14 was after this manner:
of his brethren, and set the haven on King Antiochus to Sthe senate of the fire & by night, and burned the boats, and op. ch. & 7 Jews and to the other Jews, greeting. put to the sword those that had fled 28 If ye fare well, we have our desire: thither. But when the town was closed
we ourselves also are in good health. against him, he withdrew, intending to . See ch, 4. 299 Menelaus informed us that your de- come again to root out the whole com
sire was to return home and follow your munity of the men of Joppa. 8 But
1 Macc. 5. in the hundred forty and eighth year, attacked him, no fewer than five thou
on the fifteenth day of Xanthicus. sand footmen and five hundred horsei Macc, 8. 34 And the Romans also sent unto men. 11 And when a sore battle had
them a letter in these words: Cp. 1 Macc.
been fought, and Judas and his com. Quintus Memmius and Titus Manius, pany v by the help of God had good See ch. 13. ambassadors of the Romans, unto the success, the nomads being overcome
people of the Jews, greeting. 35 In re- besought Judas to grant them friend. ver. 1. gard to the things which I Lysias the ship, promising to give him cattle, and
king's kinsman granted you, we also to help 8 his people in all other ways.
give consent. 36 But as for the things 12 So Judas, thinking that they would * Cp. ver. 18 which he judged k should be referred to indeed be profitable in many things,
the king, send one forthwith, after ye agreed to live in peace with them; and
lish such decrees as befit your case; departed to their tents. 13 And he also Seel Macc. for we are on our way to Antioch. fell upon a certain city Gephyrun,
37 Wherefore send some with speed, strong and fenced about with walls, and
Seel Macc. 12. 6.
& 13. 15.
rer. 40 See 1 Macc. 4. 18.
See ver. 21.
1 This name is not found elsewhere, and is perhaps corrupt. 2 Or, should not be disquieted but dinquiet . Gr. right handl. 6 Gr. Be in good health. 6 Or. they also.
7 Gr. after. 8 Gr. them. * The relation between the names Gephyrun and Carpin is unknown, and perhaps the Greek text is corrupt. Compare Gephrun, the name of a city of Gilead mentioned by Polybius, v. 70, 19; and Casphor, 1 Macc. 8. 23, 38.