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ordering them, and all their actions a, to his own glory b. Q. 19. What is God's providence towards the angels? A. God by his providence permitted fome of the angels, wilfully and irrecoverably, to fall into fin and damnation c, limiting and ordering that, and all their fins, to his own glory d; and established the reft in holiness and happiness e, employing them all f, at his pleafure, in the administrations of his power, mercy, and justice g.

Q. 20. What

not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he fpeaketh a lie, he fpeaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it.

a Matth. x. 29. Are not two fparrows fold for a farthing? and one of them shall not fall on the ground without your Father. v. 30. But the very hairs of your head are all numbered. v. 31. Fear ye not therefore, ye are of more value than many fparrows. Gen. xlv. 7. And God fent me before you, to preserve you a pofterity in the earth, and to fave your lives by a great deliver

ance.

b Rom. xi. 36. For of him, and through him, and to him, are all things: to whom be glory for ever. Amen. If.lxiii. 14. As a beaft goeth down into the valley, the fpirit of the Lord caused him to reft; fo didft thou lead thy people, to make thyfelf a glorious name.

19. Jude 6. And the angels which kept not their first eftate, but left their own habitation, he hath referved in everlasting chains under darkness, unto the judgment of the great day. 2 Pet. ii. 4. For if God fpared not the angels that finned, but caft them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment. Heb. ii. 16. For verily he took not on him the nature of angels; but he took on him the feed of Abraham. John viii. 44. Ye are of your father the devil, and the lufts of your father ye will do: he was a murderer from the beginning, and abode

d Job i. 12. And the Lord faid unto Satan, Behold, all that he hath is in thy power, only upon himself put not forth thine hand. So Satan went forth from the prefence of the Lord. Matth. viii. 31. So the devils befought him, faying, If thou caft us out, fuffer us to go away into the herd of fwine.

e 1 Tim. v. 21. I charge thee before God and the Lord Jefus Chrift, and the elect angels, that thou obferve these things without preferring one before another, doing nothing by partiality. Mark viii. 38. Whofoever therefore fhall be ashamed of me, and of my words, in this adulterous and finful generation, of him also shall the Son of man be afhamed, when he cometh in the glory of his Father, with the holy angels. Heb. xii. 22. But ye are come unto mount Sion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerufalem and to an innumerable company angels.

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fPfal. civ. 4. Who maketh his angels fpirits: his minifters a flaming fire.

g 2 Kings xix. 35. And it came to pass that night, that the angel of the Lord went out and fmote in the camp of the Affyrians, an hundred fourfcore

Q. 20. What was the providence of God toward man in the eftate in which he was created?

A. The providence of God toward man in the estate in which he was created, was, the placing him in paradife, appointing him to dress it, giving him liberty to eat of the fruit of the earth b; putting the creatures under his dominion i, and ordaining marriage for his help; affording him communion with himself ; inftituting the Sabbath' m; entering into a covenant of life with him, upon condition of perfonal, perfect, and perpetual obedience n, of which the tree of life was a pledge earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. v. 27. So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him: male and female created he them. v. 28. And God blef

fourfcore and five thoufand: and when they arofe early in the morning, behold, they were all dead corpfes. Heb. i. 14. Are they not all miniftering fpirits, fent forth to minifter for them who fhall be heirs of falvation?

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20. h Gen. ii. 8. And the Lord God planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there he put the naan whom he had formed. v. 15. And the Lord God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden, to drefs it, and to keep it. v. 16. And the Lord God commanded the man, faying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayeft freely eat.

i Gen. i. 28. And God bleffed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful and multiply, and replenish the earth, and fubdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the fea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.

k Gen. ii. 18. And the Lord God faid, It is not good that the man fhould be alone: I will make him an help meet for him.

/ Gen. i. 26. And God faid, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness; and let them have dominion over the fifh of the fea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the

fed them, and God said unto them, be fruitful and multiply, and replenish the earth, and fubdue it: and have dominion over the fifth of the fea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth. v. 29. And God faid, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing feed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree in the which is the fruit of a tree 'yielding feed: to you it fhall be for meat. Gen. iii, 8. And they heard the voice of the Lord God walking in the garden in the cool of the day: and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the prefence of the Lord God amongst the trees of the garden.

m Gen. ii. 3. And God bleffed the feventh day, and fanctified it: because that in it he had refted from all his work, which God created and made.

n Gal. iii. 12. And the law is not of faith: but, The man that doth them fhall live in them. Rom. x, 5. For Mofes defcribeth the righteouf nefs which is of the law, That the

man

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pledge o; and forbidding to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, upon pain of death p.

Q. 21. Did man continue in that estate wherein God at first created him.

A. Our first parents being left to the freedom of their own will, through the temptation of Satan, tranfgreffed the commandment of God, in eating the forbidden fruit; and thereby fell from the estate of innocency wherein they were created q.

Q. 22. Did all mankind fall in that first tranfgreffion? A. The covenant being made with Adam as a public perfon, not for himself only, but for his pofterity; all mankind defcending from him by ordinary generation r, finned in him, and fell with him in that firft tranfgreffion. Q. 23. Into the trees of the garden. v. 13. And the Lord God faid unto the woman, What is this that thou haft done? And the woman faid, The ferpent beguiled me, and I did eat. Eccl. vii, 29. Lo, this only have I found, that God made man upright; but they have fought out many inven⚫tions. 2 Cor. xi. 3. But I fear left by any means, as the ferpent beguil ed Eve through his fubtilty, so your minds fhould be corrupted from the fimplicity that is in Chrift.

22. r Acts xvii. 26. And hath made of one blood, all nations of men, for to dwell on all the face of the earth, and hath determined the times before appointed, and the bounds of their habitation.

man which doth thofe things, fhall live by them.

o Gen. ii. 9. And out of the ground made the Lord God to grow every tree that is pleafant to the fight, and good for food: the tree of life alfo in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil.

p Gen. ii. 17. But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil,thou fhalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof, thou shalt furely die.

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Gen. iii. 6. And when the woman, faw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be defired to make one wife; fhe took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat. v. 7. And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they fhewed fig-leaves together, and made themselves aprons. v. 8. And they heard the voice of the Lord God walking in the garden in the cool of the day; and Adam and his wife hid themfelves from the prefence of the Lord God, amongst

Gen. ii. 16. And the Lord God commanded the man, faying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayst freely eat: V. 17. But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof, thou fhalt furely die. (Compared with Rom. v. 12.-20.) Wherefore as by one man fin entered into the world, and death by fin; and fo death paffed upon all men, for that all

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Q: 23. Into what eftate did the fall bring mankind? A. The fall brought mankind into an eftate of fin and mifery t.

Q: 24. What is fin?

A. Sin is any want of conformity unto, or tranfgreffion of any law of God, given as a rule to the reasonable crea

ture v.

Q. 25. Wherein confifteth the finfulness of that estate whereinto man fell?

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A. The finfulness of that eftate whereinto man fell, confifteth in the guilt of Adam's firft fin w, the want of that righteoufnefs wherein he was created, and the corruption of his nature, whereby he is utterly indifpofed, difabled, and made oppofite unto all that is fpiritually good, and wholly inclined to all evil, and that continually which is commonly called original fin, and are under the curfe: for it is written, Curfed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them. v. 12. And the law is not of faith: but, The man that doth them, fhall live in them.

all have finned. v. 15. For if through the offence of one, many be dead; much more—————v. 16.- -For the judgment was by one to condemnation; v. 17. For if by one man's offence, death reigned by one; much more v. 18. Therefore as by the offence of one, judgment came upon all men to condemnation; even fo,- v. 19. For as by one man's disobedience many were made finners, fo by the obedienceAnd with 1 Cor. xv. 21. For fince by man came death, by man came alfo the refurrection of the dead. V. 22. For as in Adam all die, even fo in Chrift fhall all be made alive.

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23. t Rom. v. 12. Wherefore, as by one man fin entered into the world, and death by fin; and fo death paffed upon all men, for that all have finned. Rom. iii. 23. For all have finned, and come fhort of the glory of God. 24. v john iii. 4. Whofoever committeth fin, tranfgreffeth alfo the law for fin is the tranfgreffion of the law. Gal. iii. ic. For as many as are of the works of the law,

25. w Rom. v. 12. Wherefore, as by one man fin entered into the. world, and death by fin; and fo death paffed upon all men, for that all have finned, v. 19. For as by one man's difobedience many were made finners: fo by the obedience of one fhall many be made righteous.

x Rom. iii. 10. As it is written, There is none righteous, no not one: v. II. There is none that underftandeth, there is none that feeketh after God. v. 12. They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable, there is none that doth good, no not one. v. 13. Their throat is an open fepulchre; with their tongues they have ufed deceit; the poifon of afps is under their lips: v. 14. Whofe mouth is full of curfing and bitternefs. v. 15. Their feet are fwift to fhed

and from which do proceed all actual tranfgreffions y. Q. 26. How is original fin conveyed from our first parents unto their pofterity?

A. Original fin is conveyed from our firft parents unto their posterity by natural generation, fo as all that proceed from them in that way are conceived and born in fin z.

Q.27. What mifery did the fall bring upon mankind? A. The fall brought upon mankind the lofs of communion with God a, his displeasure and curse; so as we

are

y James i. 14. But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own luft, and enticed. v. 15. Then when luft hath conceived, it bringeth forth fin and fin when it is finished, bringeth forth death. Matth. xv. 19. For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witnefs, blafphemies.

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26. z Pfal. li. 5. Behold, I was fhapen in iniquity; and in fin did my mother conceive me. Job xiv. 4. Who can bring a clean thing out of an unclean? not one. Job xv. 14. What is man, that he should be clean? and he which is born of a woman, that he fhould be righteous John iii. 6. That which is born of the flesh, is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit, is spirit.

fhed blood. v. 16. Deftruction and mifery are in their ways: v. 17. And the way of peace have they not known. v. 18. There is no fear of God before their eyes. v. 19. Now we know that what things foever the law faith, it faith to them who are under the law that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God. Eph. ii. 1. And you hath he quickened who were dead in trefpaffes and fins, v. 2. Wherein in time past ye walked according to the courfe of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the fpirit that now worketh in the children of difobedience. v. 3. Among whom alfo we all had our converfation in times past, in the lufts of our flesh, fulfilling the defires of the flesh, and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others. Rom. v. 6. For when we were yet without ftrength, in due time Chrift died for the ungodly. Rom. viii. 7. Because the carnal mind is enmity againft God: for it is not fubject to the law of God, neither indeed can be. v. 8. So then they that are in the flesh, cannot please God. Gen. vi. 5. And God faw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.

27. a Gen. iii. 8. And they heard the voice of the Lord God walking in the garden in the cool of the day: and Adam and his wife hid themfelves from the prefence of the Lord God, amongst the trees of the garden. v. 10. And he said, I heard thy voice in the garden: and I was afraid, because I was naked; and I hid myself. v. 24. So he drove out the man: and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden, cherubims, and a flaming fword, which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.

Eph.

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