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ordering them, and all their actions a, to his own glory b.

& 19. What is God's providence towards the angels?

A. God by his providence permitted some of the angels, wilfully and irrecoverably, to fall into fin and damnation c, limiting and ordering that, and all their fins, to his own glory d; and established the rest in holiness and happiness é, employing them all f, at his pleasure, in the administrations of his power, mercy, and

justice g.

Q. 20. What

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a Matth. X. 29. Are not two spar- not in the truth, because there is no rows sold for a farthing ? and one truth in him. When he speaketh a of them shall not fall on the ground lie, he speaketh of his own : for he without your Father, v. 30. But is a liar, and the father of it. the

very hairs of your head are all d Job i. 12. And the Lord said numbered. v. 31. Fear ye not there- unto Satan, Behold, all that he hath fore, ye are of more value than ma- is in thy power, only upon himself ny sparrows. Gen. xlv. 7. And put not forth thine hand. So Satan God sent me before you, to preserve went forth from the presence of the you a posterity in the earth, and to Lord. Matth. viii. 3i. So the devils

31. save your lives by a great deliver- besought hini, saying, If thou calt us

out, suffer us to go away into the b Rom. xi. 3-6. For of him, and herd of swine. through him, and to him, are all ei Tim. v. 21. I charge thee bethings : to whom be glory for ever. fore God and the Lord Jesus Christ, Amen. If.lxiii. 14. As a beast goeth and the elect angels, that thou obdown into the valley, the spirit of serve these things without preferthe Lord caused him to rest; so didst ring one before another, doing nothou lead thy people, to make thy thing by partiality. Mark viii. 38. self a glorious name.

Whosoever therefore shall be alham. 19.c Jude 6. And the angels ed of me, and of my words, in this which kept not their first estate, but adulterous and sinful generation, of left their own habitation, he "hath him also shall the Son of man be areserved in everlasting chains under thamed, when he cometh in the glory darkness, unto the judgment of the of his Father, with the holy angels. great day. 2 Pet. ii. 4. For if God Heb. xii. 22. But ye are come unto spared not the angels that finned, mount Sion, and unto the city of the but cast them down to hell, and de- living God, the heavenly Jerusalem livered them into chains of dark- and to an innumerable company of ness, to be reserved unto judgment. angels. Heb. ii. 16. For verily he took not f Psal. civ. 4. Who maketh his on him the nature of angels; but he angels spirits : his ministers a fiam. took on him the feed of Abrahan. ing fire. John viii. 44. Ye are of your fa- & 2 Kings xix. 35. And it came ther the devil, and the lufts of your to pass that night, that the angel of father ye will do: he was a murder-' the Lord went out and smote in the er from the beginning, and abode camp of the Allyrians, an hundred


Q. 20. What was the providence of God toward man in the estate in which he was created ?

A. The providence of God toward man in the estate in which he was created, was, the placing him in paradise, appointing him to dress it, giving him liberty to eat of the fruit of the earth h; putting the creatures under his dominion i, and ordaining marriage for his help k ; affording him communion with himself l; instituting the Sabbath' m; entering into a covenant of life with him, upon condition of personal, perfect, and perpetual obedience n, of which the tree of life was a

pledge fourscore and five thousand : and earth, and over every creeping thing when they arose early in the morn- that creepeth upon the earth. v. 27. ing, behold, they were all dead So God created man in his own corpses. Heb. i. 14. Are they not image, in the image of God creaall ministering fpirits, fent forth to ted he him: male and female creaminister for them who shall be heirsted he them. v. 28. And God bler. of salvation ?

sed them, and God said unto them, 20. h Gen. ii. 8. And the Lord be fruitful and multiply, and reGod planted a garden eastward in plenish the earth, and subdue it : Eden; and there he put the naan and have doninion over the fish of whom he had formed. v. 15. And the sea, and over the fowl of the the Lord God took the man, and air, and over every living thing that put him into the garden of Eden, to moveth upon the earth. V. 29. And dress it, and to keep it. v: 16. And God said, Behold, I have given you the Lord God commanded the man, every herb bearing seed, which is saying, Of every tree of the garden upon the face of all the earth, and thou mayest freely eat.

every tree in the which is the fruit į Gen. i. 28. And God blessed of a tree 'yielding seed: to you it them, and God said unto them, Be shall be for meat. Gen. jij, 8. And fruitful and multiply, and replenish they heard the voice of the Lord the earth, and subdue it : and have God walking in the garden in the dominion over the fish of the sea, cool of the day: and Adam and his and over the fowl of the air, and o- wife hid themselves from the prever every living thing that moveth fence of the Lord God amongst the upon the earth,

trees of the garden. k Gen. ii. 18. And the Lord God m Gen. ü. 3. And God blessed faid, It is not good that the man the seventh day, and sanctified ic": should be alone: I will make him because that in it he had refted from an help meet for him.

all his work, which God created I Gen. i. 26. And God said, Let and made. us make man in our image, after n Gal. ii. 12. And the law is not our likeness: and let them have of faith : but, The man that doth dominion over the fish of the sea, them shall live in them. Rom. x, 5. and over the fowl of the air, and For Moses describeth the righteous.. over the cattle, and over all the ness which is of the law, That the


pledge o; and forbidding to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, upon pain of death p.

0. 21. Did man continue in that estate wherein God at first created him.

A. Our first parents being left to the freedom of their own will, through the temptation of Satan, tranfgressed the commandment of God, in eating the forbidden fruit; and thereby fell from the estate of innocency wherein they were created q.

Q. 22. Did all mankind fall in that first transgreffion?

A. The covenant being made with Adam as a public person, not for himself only, but for his posterity; all mankind descending from him by ordinary generation r, finned in him, and fell with him in that first transgression/.

Q. 23. Into man which doth thofe things, shall the trees of the garden. v. 13. And live by them.

the Lord God said unto the woman, o Gen. ïi. 9. And out of the What is this that thou hast done? ground made the Lord God to grow And the woman said, The serpent every tree that is pleasant to the beguiled me, and I did eat. Ecc!. fight, and good for food: the tree vii, 29. Lo, this only have I found, of life also in the midst of the gar- that God made man upright; but den, and the tree of knowledge of they have fought out many invengood and evil.

tions. 2 Cor. xi. 3. But I fear left P

Gen. ii. 17. But of the tree of by any means, as the ferpent beguilthe knowledge of good and evil,thou ed Eve through his subtilty, so your shalt not eat of it: for in the day minds should be corrupted from the that thou eatest thereof, 'thou. shalt fimplicity that is in Christ. surely die.

22.9 Afts xvi. 26. And hath 21.9 Gen. iii. 6. And when the made of one blood, all nations of woman. saw that the tree was good men, for to dwell on all the face of for food, and that it was pleasant to the earth, and bath determined the the eyes,

and a tree to be desired to times before appointed, and the make one wise; she took of the bounds of their habitation. fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave s Gen. ii. 16. And the Lord God also unto her husband with her; and commanded the man, saying, Of ! he did eat. v. 7. And the eyes of every tree of the garden thou mayst them both were opened, and they freely eat: v. 17. But of the tree knew that they were naked ; and of the knowledge of good and evil

, they shewed fig-leaves together, and thou shalt not eat of it: for in the made themselves aprons. v. 8. And day that thou eatest thereof, thou they heard the voice of the Lord thalt surely die. (Compared with God walking in the garden in the Rom. v. 12.20.) Wherefore as cool of the day; and Adam and by one man fin entered into the his wife hid themselves from the world, and death by fin; and so presence of the Lord God, amongst death paffed upon all men, for that


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Q: 23. Into what estate did the fall bring mankind?

A. The fall brought mankind into an eitate of sin and misery t.

Q: 24. What is fin?

Ā. Sin is any want of conformity unto, or transgression of any law of God, given as a rule to the reasonable creature v.

Q. 25. Wherein confifteth the sinfulness of that estate whereinto man fell?

A. The finfulness of that estate whereinto man fell, confifteth in the guilt of Adam's first fin w, the want of that righteousness wherein he was created, and the corruption of his nature, whereby he is utterly indisposed, disabled, and made opposite unto all that is spiritually grod, and wholly inclined to all evil, and that continually x; which is commonly called original fin,

and all have finned. v.15. For if through are under the curse: for it is writthe offence of one, many be dead; ten, Cursed is every one that conmuch more-v. 16. -For the tinueth not in all things which are jadgment was by one to condemna- written in the book of the law to do tion;- v. 17. For if by one man's them. V. 12. And the law is not offence, death reigned by one ; of faith: but, The man that doth much more-V. 18. T font them, shall live in thein. as by the offence of one, judgment 25. w Rom.v.12. Wherefore, as upon

all men to condemnation; by one man sin entered into the even so, v. 19. For as by one world, and death by fin; and so man's disobedience many were made death passed upon all men, for that Inners, so by the obcdience- all have finned, v. 19. For as by And with 1 Cor. xv. 21. For since one man's disobedience many were by man came death, by man came made finners : so by the obedience also the resurrection of the dead. of one shall many be made righteous, V. 22. For as in Adam all die, even * Rom. iji. 10. As it is written, so in Christ shall all be made alive. There is none righteous, no noc

23. i Rom. v. 12. Wherefore, as one: v. 11. There is none that unby one man sin entered into the 'derstandeth, there is none that seekworld, and death by fin; and fo eth after God. v. 12. They are all drath patied upon all men, for that gone out of the way, ihey are toall have finned. Rom. iii. 23. For gether become unprofitable, there all have linned, and come short of is none that doth good, no noi one, the glory of God.

V. 13. Their throat is an open

fe24.0!ohn iii. 4. Whosoever pulchre ; with their tongues they committeth fin, tranfgreffach also have used deceit ; the poison of afps the law: for fin is the tranígreflion is under their lips : v. 14. Whose of the law. Gal. iii. io. For as mouth is full of cursing and bittermany as are of the works of the law, ness. v. 15. Their feet are swift to





and from which do proceed all actual transgressions y.

Q. 26. How is original fin conveyed from our first parents unto their posterity?. A. Original fin is conveyed from our first parents unto their posterity by natural generation, so as all that proceed from them in that way are conceived and born in fin z. Q. 27. What misery

, did the fall bring upon mankind? A. The fall brought upon mankind the loss of communion with God a, his displeasure and curse ; fo as we



Job xiv.

shed blood. v. 16. Destruction and y James i. 14. But every man is misery are in their ways : v. 17. tempted, when he is drawn away of And the



peace have they not his own lust, and enticed. 15. known. v. 18. There is no fear of Then when lust hath conceived, it God before their eyes. V. 19. Now bringeth forth lin: and fin when it we know that what things foever the is finished, bringeth forth death. law faith, it saith to them who are Matih. xv. 19. For out of the heart under the law : that every mouth proceed evil thoughts, murders, 4may be stopped, and all the world dulteries, fornications, thefts, false may become guilty before God. witness, blafphemies. Eph. ii. 1. And you hath he quick- 26. z Pfal. li. 5. Behold, I was ened who were dead in trespaffes and shapen in iniquity; and in fin did fins, v. 2. Wherein in time past ye my mother conceive me. walked according to the course of 4. Who can bring a clean thing out this world, according to the prince of an unclean ? not one. Job xv. of the power of the air, the fpirit 14. What is man, that he should that now worketh in the children of be clean and he which is born of a disobedience. v. 3. Among whom woman, that he should be rightealso we all had our converfation in

ous ? John iii. 6. That which is times past, in the lusts of our flesh, born of the flesh, is flesh; and that fulfilling the desires of the filesh, and which is born of the Spirit, is spirit. of the mind; and were by nature 27. a Gen. iii. 8. And they heard the children of wrath, even as o- 'the voice of the Lord God walking thers. Rom. v. 6. For when we in the garden in the cool of the day: were yet without strength, in due and Adam and his wife hid themtime Christ died for the ungodly. felves from the presence of the Lord Rom. viii. 7. Because the carnal God, amongst the trees of the gar. mind is enmity against God: for it den. v. '10. And he said, I heard is not subject to the law of God, nei- thy voice in the garden : and I was ther indeed can be. V. 8. So then afraid, because I was naked; and I they that are in the flesh, cannot hid myself. v. 24. So he drove out please God. Gen. vi. 5. And God the man: and he placed at the east Taw that the wickedness of man was of the garden of Eden, cherubims, great in the earth, and that every and a flaming sword, which turned imagination of the thoughts of his every way, to keep the way of the heart was only eril continually.

'tree of life.


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