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TO NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY

ASTOR, ENOX AND TILDEN FOUNDATIONS

HISTORY

OF THE

UNITED STATES,

FROM

THE EARLIEST PERIOD

TO THE

ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT JOHNSON.

BY

J. A. SPENCER, D. D.,
CBER OF THE AMERICAN ETHNOLOGICAL SOCIETY AUTHOR OF EGYPT AND THE HOLY

LAND," ETC., ETC., ETC.

Yllustrated with bigbly finished Steel Engravings,

INCLUDING

HISTORICAL SCENES AND FULL-LENGTH PORTRAITS,

FROM ORIGINAL PAINTINGS BY LEUTZE, WEIR, POWELL, CHAPPEL, NAST.

AND OTHER AMERICAN ARTISTS.

VOLUME IV.

New York
JOHNSON, FRY AND COMPANY,

27 BEEKMAN STREET.

PUBLIC LIBRARY
196733A

ASTOR, LENOX AND
TILDEN FOUNDATIONS

R 1925 L

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year one thousand eight hundrel and sixty-six,

BY JOHNSON, IVY & COMPANY, In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States, for the Southern District of New York.

CONTENTS OF

OF VOL. IV.

PAOT

49

CHAPTER I.

Missouri, Lyon's activity......

40

1861.

Governor Jackson calls out the militia...

41

THE NEW ADMINISTRATION : ITS DETERMINATION. Western Virginia, convention at Wheeling. 42

General McClellan's course

43

Mr. Lincoln's journey to Washington...... 11, 12

Rebels at Beverly, Laurel Hill, etc..

44

Inaugural address and cabinet...

12-14

Eastern Tennessee, loyal..

45

Cheerless prospect before Mr. Lincoln.....

14

Sufferings of the people..

46

General Scott's plans, excitement, etc....

14, 15

Andrew Johnson.....

47

Hesitancy of the administration....

16
Relative position of loyal and rebel states...

47, 48
Confederate, secession assumptions.

16, 17

Fort Sumter, bombardment, etc....

17, 18

CHAPTER IV.

Rebel boasting, feeling at the North..

18

1861.

Call for 75,000 troops........

19

CONGRESS IN SESSION : BULL RUN DISASTER,

Davis calls for privateers ..

20

Thirty-seventh Congress, extra session...

Blockade, Davis's “ Let alone,” etc..

21

President's message, etc....

50, 51

CHAPTER II.
Army, navy, treasury reports..

51, 52

Resolute determination of Congress.

54

Confiscation bill, etc.......

54

PROGRESS OF EVENTS: UPRISING OF THE PEOPLE.

Rebel Congress, Davis's spirit, etc...... 55, 56

Position of Virginia.....

22
“On to Richmond !" Paterson's course..

56
Secession, attack on Harper's Ferry.

23 General McDowell and the Grand Army.

Navy Yard at Norfolk, great loss..

24 Battle of Bull Run......

58-60

Eagerness to attack Washington.....
25 | Numbers on the field, losses, etc.

60, 61

Baltimore, passage of troops, riot, etc.. 26, 27 Effect of the disaster in the loyal states... ... 61, 62

General B. F. Butler's energetic course..

28

Habeas corpus suspension....

29

CHAPTER V.

Patriotic speeches, etc...

29, 30

1861,

President calls for more troops.

31 FOREIGN RELATIONS AND POLICY: PRIVATEERING :

Activity of the rebels....

TRENT AFFAIR.

Ellsworth killed at Alexandria..

32

Importance of relations with England, etc..... 62, 63

Davis and rebel Congress ..

33 Feeling in England and France not friendly.... 64, 65

Skirmishes, Fairfax Court House, etc. 34, 35 Belligerent character accorded .....

65, 66
Loyal troops on the Potomac
35 Efforts of Yancey, Rost and Mann...

66
Spirit of the people, Senator Douglas's death..... 36 Neutrality, Louis Napoleon, etc..

66, 67

Friendly spirit of Russia.....

67

CHAPTER III,

Privateering question, difficulties, etc... 67, 68

Rebel privateers, Tillman's heroism.......

70

POSITION OF AFFAIRS IN THE BORDER STATES. Mason and Slidell in the Trent....

71

Kentucky and Governor Magoffin's course...... 37, 38 Captain Wilkes captures them.

72

Anderson, Grant, Sherman...
39 Rebel commissioners given up..

75, 74

(iii)

1861.

PAD

CHAPTER VI.

Zollicoffer and Crittenden at Mill Springs.... 110, 111

Iron-clads, mortar boats, etc.....

111, 112

1861.

President's war order.

112

NAVAL AND MILITARY OPERATIONS DURING LATTER

Capture of Fort Henry

113

HALF OF THE YEAR.

Strength of Fort Donelson..

114

Expedition to Hatteras Inlet.....

75, 76 Attack by gunboats unsuccessful....

114, 115

Reduction of the forts-valuable success.

77 | Fort Donelson captured, great success, etc.... 115, 116

Fort Pickens and rebels at Pensacola....

78 Nashville taken possession of......

116

Bombardment of Barrancas and McRae...

79 Andrew Johnson, military governor of Tennessee. 116

Ram Manassas in the Mississippi...

80 Columbus abandoned by the rebels...

117

Dupont and Sherman at Port Royal..

81 General Curtis pursues Price....

118

Bombardment and success...

81, 82 Curtis's address—Three days' battle.

118, 119

Efforts to secure the cotton.

83

Affairs in Missouri.....

83, 84

Sigel and Lyon-forces, plans, etc....

84

CHAPTER X.

Battle of Wilson's Creek—Lyon killed.. 85, 86

1862.

Fremont in Missouri........

86

BURNSIDE EXPEDITION : OPERATIONS ON THE SOUTH

Cairo and Bird's Point reinforced.

87

ERN COAST.

Fremont's proclamation-Goes after Price.... 87

Expedition under Burnside and Goldsborough.... 120

Superseded by Hunter, who retreats..... 88, 89

Delays, bad passage, etc......

121

General Grant and Belmont....

89

Capture of Roanoke Island....

121, 122

Address to the people of North Carolina... . 123

CHAPTER VII.

Expedition against Newbern-Success, etc. 124

1861.

Successes of Rodgers, Dupont and Wright.. 125

AFFAIRS IN VIRGINIA : ARMY OF THE POTOMAC.

Edisto Island occupied......

126

Washington's Birthday, celebration of..... ... 126

Wise, Floyd, Carnifes Ferry..

90 Jeff. Davis's inaugural address, etc.... 127, 128

Lee and his plans......

91

McClellan's labors, sabbath order, etc....

92

Memorandum, extracts from....

92, 93

CHAPTER XI.

Review, condition of the army,

etc.

94

Military arrests, etc.....

94

OPERATIONS IN VIRGINIA : MERRIMAC AND MONITOR.

Ball's Bluff-Colonel Baker killed....

96, 97
Scott retires : McClellan general-in-chief.... 97

McClellan's delays, and the war order, etc.... 128, 129

Dix, Ord and Stuart.....

The rebel Jackson's attack.....

130

McClellan not ready to move..

98

Manassas abandoned, rebel shrewdness..

131

Rebel Congress, Davis, etc......

132

McClellan relieved of command-in-chief,

99, 100

Important contest, Merrimac and Monitor.. 133

The Cumberland and Congress destroyed.. ... 134

CHAPTER VIII.

The Monitor arrives—Victory gained...... 135, 136

1861.

Shields's success over Jackson.....

137

MEETING OF CONGRESS : CLOSING OF THE YEAR. Troops embark for the Peninsula..

137

Thirty-seventh Congress, second session......... 101

Blenker's troops and McDowell's corps detached . 138

President's message, reports, etc...

101-103

Siege of Yorktown-President's letter, etc... 138-140

Slavery question-Debates, etc.....

104, 105

Confiscation bill.........

105

98

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CHAPTER XII.

State of affairs at close of 1861.....

105, 106

Public sentiment-McClellan's delays.... 106

Exchange of prisoners....

106 ISLAND NO. 10 : SHILOH, OR PITTSBURG LANDING.

Foreign policy-Rebel position

107, 108 Rebel defences on the Mississippi.......

140, 141

General Pope takes New Madrid..

142

CHAPTER IX.

Bombardment of Island No. 10—Captured... 142, 143

Advance of Grant's troops..

143, 144

Beauregard at Corinth, Miss..

144

OPERATIONS IN THE WEST: MILL SPRINGS, FORT

Battle of Shiloh, or Pittsburg Landing.

145

DONELSON, ETC.

Tremendous conflict-Buell arrives..... 145, 146

Buell in Kentucky.......

109 Congress in session, action of, etc..... 147–149

Johnston, rebel commander..

109 Slavery abolished in District of Columbia........ 148

Garfield pursues Marshall...

110 | Rebel Congress, its notions, etc....

149, 150

1862.

1862.

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