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AN ACKNOWLEDGMENT

In writing this book it has of course been necessary to consult many others, reference to which could not be made in the run of narrative without impeding its flow.

On the military side of. Grant's career: The Personal Memoirs; Battles and Leaders of the Civil War; Nicolay and Hay's Lincoln ; Richardson's Personal History of U. S. Grant; Badeau's Military History; the books of Generals Sherman, Sheridan, Schofield, McClellan, and James H. Wilson; Dana's Recollections of the Civil War; Horace Porter's Campaigning with Grant; John Fiske's The Mississippi Valley in the Civil War; Recollections of A. H. Stephens; Grant's letters to his family, to Washburne, and to Badeau; the letters of the Sherman brothers - Tecumseh and John; Gamaliel Bradford's delightful series of Union and Confederate Portraits; Owen Wister's brilliantly brief and tantalizing sketch.

On the civil side a multitude of writers have contributed material or incident. No one can hope to deal with any phase of the period of the Civil War and Reconstruction without resorting frequently to

Rhodes's History of the United States, a monument of research and an exhaustless well of information. That one may be compelled at times to differ with his conclusions does not lessen the obligation due.

Among other books which have proved of service are: Blaine's Twenty Years in Congress; The Autobiography of George F. Hoar; the Reminiscences of John Sherman and of Carl Schurz; The Diary of Gideon Welles; Hugh McCulloch's Men and Measures of Half a Century; Merriam's Life and Times of Samuel Bowles; the lives of Stanton, Conkling, Morton, Chandler, and Trumbull; Badeau's Grant in Peace; the lives of Sumner, Chase, Stevens, Charles Francis Adams, Seward, Sherman, and Hay in the American Statesmen Series; Henry Adams's Historical Essays; John Bigelow's Retrospections of an Active Life; McPherson's History of Reconstruction; DeWitt's Impeachment and Trial of Andrew Johnson; John Russell Young's Around the World with General Grant; Haworth's Disputed Election of 1876; Joseph Bucklin Bishop's Presidential Nominations and Elections; Stanwood's History of the Presidency; James L. Post's little volume of Reminiscences of Personal Friends; the Letters of Charles Eliot Norton; the correspondence of John Lothrop Motley; Oliver Wendell Holmes's sketch of Motley's life; Senator Lodge's Early Memories; Charles Francis Adams's The Treaty

of Washington. The lives of Grant which have been prepared by Garland, Edmonds, King, and others are excellent in their recital of his exploits in the Civil War, but do not undertake a comprehensive treatment of his public service after Appomattox.

It must be borne in mind that Grant had two distinct careers, each of its own right meriting a place in history. Biographers have not been niggardly with one, and what they have written has enriched his fame; but with the other they have been less kind. It has not been the literary fashion to commend him much for his achievements after the Rebellion; yet his success as President in setting our feet firmly in the paths of peace and in establishing our credit with the nations of the world is hardly less significant than his success in war.

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