Page images
PDF
EPUB

PREFACE.

THE present parallel text edition of King Lear is based on the so-called Pide Bull quarto (1608), which bears the following title:

M. William Shak-speare: | HIS | True Chronicle Hiftorie of the life and death of King LEAR and his three | Daughters. With the unfortunate life of Edgar, fonne | and heire to the Earle of Glofter, and his fullen and affumed humor of Toм of Bedlam: | As it was played before the Kings Maieftie at Whitehall vpon | S. Stephans night in Christmas Hollidayes. | By his Maiefties feruants playing vfually at the Gloabe | on the Bancke-fide. [Printer's (?) device.] LONDON, | Printed for Nathaniel Butter, and are to be fold at his shop in Pauls | Church-yard at the figne of the Pide Bull neere St. Auftins Gate. 1608

and on the first folio (1623), edited by J. Heminge and H. Condell.

The Pide Bull quarto is noted as Q in the Cambridge edition (vol. viii), but has been shown, by Mr. W. G. Clark and Mr. W. A. Wright, in their preface, p. xv, to be the first quarto edition of our play, and has accordingly been marked Q1 by Mr. H. H. Furness in his Variorum edition, and by the editors of the Shakspere Quarto Facsimiles (Nos. 33 and 34), Mr. C. Praetorius and Mr. P. A. Daniel.

Six copies of this first quarto are known. In all of them the play commences on sheet B. (pp. 3-10), the title being on a separate leaf, but they differ in having 1, 2, 3, or 4 uncorrected sheets. In the present edition the six copies are marked as in the Cambridge edition:

1. 'Cap.'

[ocr errors]

The copy in Capell's collection. Three uncorrected sheets: D. (pp. 19-26), H. (pp. 51-58), and K. (pp. 67-74).

[merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

D. (pp. 19-26), F. (pp. 35-42), H. (pp. 51-58), and K.

(pp. 67-74).

3. 'Mus. per.'

.

A perfect copy in the British Museum (C. 34, k. 18). One uncorrected sheet: K. (pp. 64-74). Reproduced in Shakspere Quarto Facsimiles, No. 33.

[ocr errors]

IV

4. 'Mus. imp.'
An imperfect copy (wanting title) in the British
Museum (C. 34, k. 17). Two uncorrected sheets: G. (pp. 43-50),
and H. (pp. 51-58). Sheet K. reproduced in Shakspere Quarto
Facsimiles, No. 34 (appendix).

5. 'Bodl. 1.'

[ocr errors]

A copy in the Bodleian (Malone 35), wanting last leaf. Four uncorrected sheets: E. (pp. 27-34), G. (pp. 43-50), H. (pp. 51-58), and K. (pp. 67-74).

6. 'Bodl. 2.' A copy in the Bodleian (Malone 37), wanting title. One uncorrected sheet: K. (pp. 67-74).

The title of the second quarto (Qs) is almost identical with that of the first, but it bears a different device, and no reference is made to the place of residence of the publisher, the last three lines of the title of Qı being replaced by: Printed for Nathaniel Butter. | 1608.

Qa was printed from a copy of Q1 having the uncorrected sheets D. (pp. 19-26), G. (pp. 43--50), and H. (pp. 51-58). The whole work, including the title, begins with signature A. Besides, Q. differs from Q1 in pagination, and is frequently independent in spelling, punctuation, &c. Qs is a reprint of Qa, with many additional errors, issued by Jane Bell in 1655.

In our present revised edition the Q text has been printed from the Facsimile by Mr. Charles Praetorius, the F1 text from Mr. J. O. Halliwell's Reduced Facsimile edition of the first folio (London, 1876), also the reprint of 1864 (London: Lionel Booth) being constantly referred to. In addition to the pagination of the texts reprinted, acts, scenes, and lines have been marked as in the Globe edition.

In compiling the various readings essential for the critical reconstruction of the text, &c. (pp. 172—177), Mr. P. A. Daniel's Introduction to Mr. Praetorius's Facsimile of Q1, the Facsimile of Q by the same editor, and the well-known editions by Messrs. Clark and Wright and Mr. Furness have been used. In all doubtful cases, reference has been made to

the originals of the four folios in the British Museum. As will be seen from the notes, the readings foole, III. iv. 82, him, III. vii. 2, taken from Halliwell, and the comma after fcalding, IV. vi. 131, supplied from Booth, are not borne out by the British Museum copy (C. 39, i. 12) of F1.

*

The Shakespeare Reprints, other numbers of which will soon follow, are in the first place intended for the use of University classes, but it is hoped they will also prove acceptable to other readers of Shakespeare.

W. V.

KING LEAR.

Globe
I. i.

10

20

M. William Shak-fpeare

HIS

Hiftorie, of King Lear (Q1).

Enter Kent, Glofter, and Bastard.

Kent.

Thought the King had more affected the Duke of Al-
bany then Cornwell.

Gloft. It did allwaies feeme fo to vs, but now in the
diuifion of the kingdomes, it appeares not which of
the Dukes he values moft, for equalities are fo weighed, that cu-
riositie in neither, can make choise of eithers moytie.

Kent. Is not this your fonne my Lord?

Gloft. His breeding fir hath beene at my charge, I haue fo often blusht to acknowledge him, that now I am braz'd to it.

Kent. I cannot conceiue you.

Gloft. Sir, this young fellowes mother Could, wherupon fhee grew round wombed, and had indeed Sir a fonne for her cradle, ere she had a husband for her bed, doe you smell a fault?

Kent. I cannot wifh the fault vndone, the iffue of it being fo proper.

Gloft. But I haue fir a fonne by order of Law, fome yeare elder then this, who yet is no deerer in my account, though this knaue came something fawcely into the world before hee was fent for, yet was his mother faire, there was good sport at his makeing & the whorefon must be acknowledged, do you know this noble gentleman Edmund ?

Baft. No my Lord.

Gloft. My Lord of Kent, remember him hereafter as my honorable friend.

Bast. My feruices to your Lordship.

[merged small][ocr errors]

30

Kent. I muft loue you, and fue to know you better.

Baft. Sir I fhall study deferuing.

Gloft. Hee hath beene out nine yeares,

and away

hee fhall

againe, the King is comming.

Globe
I. i.

10

20

30

THE TRAGEDIE OF

KING LEAR (F1).

Actus Primus. Scœna Prima.

Enter Kent, Gloucester, and Edmond.

Kent.

Thought the King had more affected the
Duke of Albany, then Cornwall.

Glou. It did alwayes feeme fo to vs: But
now in the diuifion of the Kingdome, it ap-
peares not which of the Dukes hee valewes
moft, for qualities are fo weigh'd, that curiofity in nei-
ther, can make choise of eithers moity.

Kent. Is not this your Son, my Lord?

Glou. His breeding Sir, hath bin at my charge. I haue so often blufh'd to acknowledge him, that now I am braz'd too't.

Kent. I cannot conceiue you.

Glou. Sir, this yong Fellowes mother could; where-
vpon she grew round womb'd, and had indeede (Sir) a
Sonne for her Cradle, ere fhe had a husband for her bed.
Do you fmell a fault?

Kent. I cannot wifh the fault vndone, the issue of it,
being fo proper.

Glou. But I haue a Sonne,. Sir, by order of Law, fome yeere elder then this; who, yet is no deerer in my account, though this Knaue came fomthing fawcily to the world before he was fent for: yet was his Mother fayre, there was good sport at his making, and the horfon muft be acknowledged. Doe you know this Noble Gentleman, Edmond?

Edm. No, my Lord.

Glou. My Lord of Kent:

Remember him heereafter, as my Honourable Friend.

Edm. My feruices to your Lordship.

Kent. I muft loue you, and fue to know you better.

Edm. Sir, I fhall study deferuing.

Glou. He hath bin out nine yeares, and away he shall againe. The King is comming.

« PreviousContinue »