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younger, perhaps far his inferiour in judgement, perhaps one who never knew the labour of book-writing, and if he be not repulft, or flighted, must appear in Print like a punie with his guardian, and his cenfors hand on the back of his title to be his bayi and surety, that he is no idiot, or seducer, it cannot be but a dishonor and derogation to the author, to the book, to the priviledge and dignity of Learning. And what if the author shall be one so copious of fancie, as to have many things well worth the adding, come into his mind after licencing, while the book is yet under the Preile, which not seldom happ'ns to the best and diligentest writers : and that perhaps a dozen times in one book. The Prin

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ter dares, not go beyond his licenc'r copy; fo often then must the author trudge to his leav-giver, that those his new insertions may be viewd; and many a jaunt will be made, ere that licencer, for it must be the same man, can either be found, or found at leisure; mean while either the Preffe must stand still, which is no small damage, or the author loose his accuratest thoughts, & send the book forth wors then he had made it, which to a diligent writer is the greatest melancholy and vexation that can befall. And how can a man teach with authority, which is the life of teaching, how can he be a Doctor in his book as he ought to be, or else had better be filent, whenas all he teaches,

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all he delivers, is but under the tuition, under the correction of his patriarchal licencer to blot or alter what precisely accords not with the hidebound humor which he calls his judgement. When every acute reader upon the first sight of a pedantick licence, will be ready with these like words to ding the book a coits distance from him, I hate a pupil teacher, I endure not an instructer that comes to me under the wardship of an overseeing fift. I know nothing of the licencer, but that I have his own hand here for his arrogance; who shall warrant me his judgement ? The State Sir, replies the Stationer, but has a quick return, The State shall be my governours, but not my criticks; they may be mistak’n in

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the choice of a licencer, as easily as this licencer may be mistak’n in an author : This is some common stuffe; and he might adde from Sir Francis Bacon, That such authoriz'd books are but the language of the times. For though a licencer should happ'n to be judicious more then ordnary, which will be a great jeopardy of the next succession, yet his very office and his commission enjoyns him to let passe nothing but what is vulgarly receiv'd already. Nay, which is more

. lamentable, if the work of any deceased author, though never so 'famous in his life-time, and even to this day, come to their hands for licence to be Printed, or Reprinted, if there be found in his book one sentence of a ventrous edge, utter'd

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in the height of zeal, and who knows whether it might not be the dictat of divine Spirit, yet not suiting with every low decrepit humor of their own, though it were Knox himself, the Reformer of a Kingdom that spake it, they will not , pardon him their dash : the sense of that great man shall to all pofterity be lost, for the fearfulnesse, or the presumptuous rashnesle of a perfunctory licencer. And to what an author this violence hath bin lately done, and in what book of greateft consequence to be faithfully publisht, I could now instance, but shall forbear till a more convenient season. Yet if these things be not resented seriously and tiinely by them who have the remedy in their power, but that such iron moulds as

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