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motion entertained of him. Mr. Clark- nothing but what the Papists fully son bas displayed great ingenuity in meditate ; but that any Protestant the conduct of his argument, and con- should have written such a pamphlet, siderable theological and historical and have foisted it upon the world learning; but we would not be under- as true, we most decidedly condemn. stood to agree in all his inferences, or To be surprised that the reader should to sanction all his opinions.

be deceived, is worse than folly. The

first paragraph forbids it. Let the Case of the Protestants of Ireland, Papists dissemble and forswear as

statid in Addresses, delivered at they please; let Thomas Moore garble Meetings in Dublin, Liverpool, Bris- quotations from the fathers as may tol, and Bath, in the Year 1834. suit the purpose of “ an Irish travelBy the Rev. MORTIMER O'SULLIVAN, ling gentleman;" nay, let the whole A. M. With an Appendx, contuining herd of them resort to tricks and to copious Notes. London: Hatcbard. cunning, which are indispensable to Dublin : Currey. 1836. Pp. 226. the support of their mummeries; but

never let the Protestant employ any IMPORTANT, deeply important, to the Protestant cause, is the publication of weapons but straightforward truth. these addresses, not merely from their

The spirit and the errors of Romanism intrinsic merit, and the conviction

are too palpable to need any thing which they must carry to the mind of else, and are as contrary to common the unbiassed inquirer; but from the

sense as to Scripture and to history. appended documents by which every

We can have no doubt of Mr. Todd's statement is borne out. They should ability to achieve a victory over any be read and digested by every man; Papists, and to such we exhort him to

one of the mischievous tenets of the who really and sincerely wishes for " Justice to Ireland."

direct his talents; but let there be no

fiction. The Blessings of the Sacrament of the

Lord's Supper practically explained, 4 Compendium of Rudiments in Theoand the Duty of frequently communi

logy: contuining a Digest of Bishop

Butler's Analogy; un Epitome of cating enforced. By Thomas THE

Dean Graves on the Pentateuch ; and LUSSON CARTER, M.A. Curate of Burnham, Bucks. London: Riving

an Analysis of Bishop Newton on the 1835. 12mo. Pp. vi. 62.

Prophecies. By the Rev. J.B.SMITH,

B.D., Rector of Sotby, Incumbent The Duties and Blessings of the Chris- of Bamburgh, and Head Master of

tiun Sabbath considered with Refer- Horncastle Grammar School. (For ence to the present State of Society. the Use of Students.) London : RiBy T. T. CARTER, M.A., &c. Lon

vingtons. 18mo. Pp. 607. 1836. don : Rivingtons, &c. 1836. 12mo. The public, and particularly the stu

Pp. 38. These little tracts contain a word in dent, is already indebted to Mr. Smith

for his work, intituled, “ Manual of the season" on two most important topics. Rudiinents of Theology;” and here They seem to be addressed particularly they are laid under additional obligato the higher orders among the lower tions, by a judicious abridgment, or classes ; but they cannot fail to be condensation, of the three most invalugenerally useful to all who peruse able productions mentioned in the title. them with that attention which they

It has not been the intention of the deserve.

writer to supersede the necessity of A Letter of our most Holy Father, and others in fixing the arguments for

research, but only to "aid the student by Divine Proridence, Pope Gre, the credibility of revelation in their GORY XVI. to the Archbishops and memories, by furnishing them with an Bishops of Ireland. London: Ri- outline of the principal points ;” and vingtons. 1836.

in this he appears to have been sucThis is decidedly an ingenious and cessful. We recommend the volume clever letter, and we believe expresses not only as useful to the student, but


also to the general reader, who here- from the Church, we are at no loss to in will be spared no little time and conceive that he will be in “doubt' labour.

to the end of his days. As the objec

tions he has urged against our Church Some Thoughts on Education.


have been ten thousand times refuled, John LOCKE, Esq. With Notes,

and in the pamphlet before us they and an Historical Account of the receive an easy and additional overProgress of Education in Egypt, throw, we strongly recommend Mr. Persiu, Crete, Sparta, Athens, Ronie, Stoddart to reconsider his reasons for among the early Christians, and in secession : his arguments are of no the middle Ages. By J. A. Sr. John.

weight, as might surely be presumed, London: Hatchard. 1836. Small

when thousands as holy and as pious 8vo. Pp. Ixii. 333. [ Musler- as himself can remain within the pale pieces of English Prose Literature; of the Church; and we entreat bim, Vol. III.]

with brotherly affection, to weigh well

the sin of schism. We cannot say that we are satisfied with Mr. St. John's essay. There is a degree of declamatory violence aboạt Patronized by his Grace the Archbishop it, which the subject does not require,

of Canterbury. Ecclesiastical Reand which ill accords with the quiet

cords of England, Ireland, and Scotreflection contained in the valuable land, from the fifth Century till the reprint, to which it is intended as Reformation : being an Epitome of an introduction. At the same time, it

British Councils, the Legantine and contains much useful information. Of Provincial Constitutions, and other Locke's treatise itself, it is unneces

Memorinls of the olden Time, with sary to speak particularly.

Prolegomena and Notes. By the Rev.

R. HART, B.D., Vicar of Cutton, in Harvest Time. A Sermon, by a Country

the Diocese of Noruich, Author of Clergyman. Chichester: Hackman. “ Medulla Conciliarum,8c. CamLondon: Groombridge. 18mo. 1836.

bridge: Deighton. London: RiPp. 17.

vingtons. Oxford: Parker.


1836. A VERY cheap (2d.) and very useful sermon, particularly for distribution in The titls-page of this work expresses a country pacisk.. The language is

so much of its nature and contents, plain, the doctrine practical. Our that little need be said to explain them. author might have added his name, In forming the volume, the author bas without the slightest fear of degrading made free use of those laborious writers, it; and we strongly recommend him Williams and Spelman, and has conto favour the public with yet further densed, within the compass of 317 results of his labours : only let him pages, the marrow of four folio volumes, be careful of one thing too great and at a twenty-eighth part of the familiarity of expression.

price. There are many points in which

the vclume will be found most useful: A few plain Remarks upon a Pamphlet rubrics in our Common Prayer are ex

by G. H. Stoddart, A.M., late of plained by reference to antiquity; and, Queen's College, Orford, and Minis- from the same source, numberless points ter of the Established Church," en

in our excellent law receive iminediate titled, Reasons for my seceding from elucidation. The Protestant is here the Established Church." By W. L.

well and readily prepared for controNeville, M. A., Curate of East

versy with the Romish Church, by a Orchard, Dorsetshire. Shaftesbury: supply of argumentative facts from Swayne. London: Longman. 1836.

direct sources, so that her true characPp. 17.

ter is discovered in all its naked de

formity. So varied, indeed, are the We have not seen Mr. Stoddart's points of information, that it would be pamphlet, but, from the “ Reasons” impossible to speak of half their numhere adduced from it for his seceding ber within the compass of a notice ;

we must, therefore, recommend our merates different missionary societies, readers to possess themselves of the but says not one syllable in his “ aclabours of our excellent and esteemed count of the Charities of London," of author, and we are sure they, with the operations, or even of the existourselves, will find it a valuable ad- ence of the two venerable institutions dition to their libraries.

alluded to. Perhaps Peter is a Dissenter: if so, all will chen be explained.

Two Sermons on the due Observance

of the Lord's Day, preuched ut Friendly and Seasonable Advice to the Park Chapel, Chelsea, on Sunday, Catholics of England. By Tuomas July 17th, 1836. By the Red. HENRY Comber, D.D., Dean of Durham. VAUGHAN, B.A. Published at the A new Edition, with Appendir and request of many Members of the Notes, by the Rev. W. F. Hook, Congregation. London: Miller; M.A., Vicar of Trinity Parish, Hatchard & Son; Seeley & Sons ;

Coventry. London: Washbourn. Duncan. 1836.

18mo. 1836. Pp. 197. The Christ an entitled to Legal Protection in the Observance of the

We hail with pleasure the republication Lord's Day: a Sermon preached in

of this little volume, and sincerely hope the Church of St MaryHornsey, that if it do not convert the Papist 01 Sunlay, May 8, 1836.

from the error of his ways, it will, at Rev. Richard Ü ARVEY, M.A., Rec. least, confirm the Protestant in a right London: Parker. 1836,

understanding of the doctrine and dis

cipline of his own Church, and also Very useful serinons on a most im- supply him with a manual of solid portant subject.

argument against the evils of that from which we have so justly seceded.

By the


Tules about Great Britain and Ireland. Society for the Propagation of the

By Peter Parley. London: Teyy. 1836. Pp. 544.

Gospel in Foreign Parts. Extracts

from the Correspondence: British Peter Parley here affords his young West Indies. readers much pleasing information, in a familiar and simple style. His strides These extracts are very interesting, are sometimes rapid, as when he can and we are delighted in having thus step so suddenly from the Lady Chapel much of information respecting their to Highgate, and thence to St. John's proceedings. What we have long been Gate, and all within the compass of most anxious to see is a brief, but three paragraphs. We should have comprehensive history of the Society, been happy if bis knowledge of reli- interspersed with anecdotes of their gious societies had extended to those proceedings, and embellished with neat for Promoting Christian Knowledge and wood-cuts of their churches, and other for the Propagation of the Gospel. He buildings connected with the Society. tells us that the British and Foreign After we may have preached in the Bible Society has “ scattered more Society's behalf, we want tracts of than eight millions of Bibles and Testa- the above nature for distribution among ments;" that “ the Religious Tract our parishioners. We strongly press Society has spread abroad two hundred this hiot upon the attention of the millions of tracts and books," and enu- committee.




1 TIMOTHY vi. 3-5.

If any man teach otherwise, and consent not to wholesome words, even the

words of our Lord Jesus Christ, and to the doctrine which is according to godliness; he is proud, knowing nothing, but doting about questions and strifes of words, whereof cometh envy, strife, railings, evil surmisings, perverse disputings of men of corrupt minds, and destitute of the truth, supposing that gain is godliness : from such withdraw thyself.

Having already given a brief sketch of the recognised Church of Christ throughout the world, and traced the affinity between the Church which is now established among us, and that more ancient one which, at a very early period, was planted in this island, * it will not be unprofitable to take a view of the doctrines and discipline of our Church, that their conformity to apostolical usage may appear.

With regard to the leading doctrines of our Church, as they are all founded on express declarations of holy writ, not those declarations, be it remembered, which are figurative, “but those which are unequivocal" in their meaning, it might have been presumed that no objections would have been raised against her on account of them. But however well founded such a presumption might appear to be, experience proves that it is baseless. If we, like the Romanist, established one doctrine by straining the figurative language of Scripture from its obvious and natural signification, another on the authority of a vague and questionable tradition, a third by virtue of a papal mandate, and so on, we could not be surprised that our pretensions were often called in question by inquiring minds. Such, however, is not the case ; and it is a matter of surprise, no less than of grief, that there should be such perverseness in man as to cause him to close his eyes against the truth, which is established by the apologists of our Church on such evidence as would never be doubted if the subject were not a religious one.

The Church of England is "built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone." This was the foundation of the primitive Church, even of that Church, against which Christ declared the gates of hell should never prevail. Now, as the leading doctrines of our Church are founded on holy writ; as the fundamental principle of our Church is, that " holy Scripture containeth all things necessary to salvation, so that whatsoever is not read therein, nor may be proved thereby, is not to be required of any man, that it should be believed as an article of the faith, or be thought requisite or necessary to salvation ; " and as the records of the primitive Church,

• See CHRISTIAN REMEMBRANCER for October 1835, and February 1836. VOL. XVIII. NO. IX.

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which have been handed down to us, show that a similar principle actuated the fathers of our faith before those fond and deluding innovations had insinuated themselves into the bosom of the Catholic Church, which have for many an age completely deformed, and in many instances concealed, the faith once delivered to the saints; we justly lay claim to identity of doctrine and of principle, and hurl back the charge of novelty upon those who, on the one hand, received a code of faith from a council which sat in the sixteenth century, and on the other, have introduced a form of church government altogether unknown to the primitive Church, and which only sprung up as an excrescence on the Reformation-poison having been clandestinely rubbed on the bark in order to produce a gangrene in the tree.

The Scriptures plainly tell us what the doctrines are upon which the apostles insisted ; and from the same source we learn that the Church which existed immediately after the death, resurrection, and ascension of its divine Founder, continued stedfast in the apostles' doctrine. The early records of ecclesiastical history are equally explicit in describing to us the transactions of the Church after the Scripture history closes ; and from that period down to the present day, we are furnished with an authentic narrative of all the changes which the pure doctrines of primitive Christianity underwent, and of the ordeals which these corruptions rendered it necessary for the Church to undergo.

There can, therefore, be no question about the fundamental doctrines of the primitive Church ; and it is equally clear, by a reference to our Articles and Liturgy, that we also hold them. But a question may arise in the mind of a candid inquirer relative to those doctrines which, although they are highly important, are, nevertheless, not fundamental. These, however, are so far connected with the discipline of the Church, that they will be best understood by being examined in connexion with it. Of these doctrines, perhaps that of infant baptism stands foremost. There can be no dispute about the importance of baptism, but doubts may arise about the proper time for administering this rite. With regard to the time when it ought to be administered the Scriptures are silent; and the cases of baptism which are mentioned in them, although they lead us to infer the administration of this rite to infants, yet are no positive guides in fixing the time. The cases are such as might be expected at a period when the Church was surrounded with heathens-such, in fact, as our own missionaries daily exhibit. These cases, therefore, cannot be said to give any directions for a country essentially christianized. As baptism was received in the Church as the substitute for circumcision, we might expect it would be administered accordingly. This supposition is confirmed by ecclesiastical history; for we find, from the testimony of the Fathers, some of whom lived and conversed with the apostles and their immediate successors, that infants were received into the Church by baptism, and that those who had attained the age of manhood previous to their conversion were baptized before their admission into the Church. From the same testimony we learn that sprinkling was used in baptism as well as immersion. With regard, then, to baptism, the Church of England closely imitates her ancient and apostolical model, both as to time and manner, and thus identifies herself with it.

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