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for myself; they shall shew forth my

22 ¶ But thou hast not called upon b Mal. 1. 13. me, O Jacob; but thou hast been weary of me, O Israel.

I Amos 5.25. 2 Heb. lambs, or, kids.

8 Heb. made me drunk, or, abundantly moistened.

k ch. 1. 14. Mal. 2. 17.

1 ch. 44. 22.
& 48.9.
Jer. 50. 20.
Acts 3. 19.
m Ezek. 36.
22, &c.
a ch. 1. 18.
Jer. 31. 34.
4 Heb. in-
Mal. 2.7,8.
och. 47. 6.
Lam. 2. 2,
6 Or, holy

p Ps. 79. 4.
Jer. 24. 9.
Dan. 9. 11.
Zech. 8. 13.

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23 Thou hast not brought me the 2 small cattle of thy burnt offerings; neither hast thou honoured me with thy sacrifices. I have not caused thee to serve with an offering, nor wearied thee with incense.

24 Thou hast bought me no sweet cane with money, neither hast thou filled me with the fat of thy sacrifices: but thou hast made me to serve with thy sins, thou hast wearied me with thine iniquities.

25 I, even I, am he that blotteth out thy transgressions for mine own sake, and will not remember thy sins.

26 Put me in remembrance: let us plead together: declare thou, that thou mayest be justified.

27 Thy first father hath sinned, and thy teachers have transgressed against me.

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28 Therefore I have profaned the ' princes of the sanctuary, Pand have given Jacob to the curse, and Israel to reproaches.


1 God comforteth the church with his promises.
7 The vanity of idols, 9 and folly of idol
makers. 21 He exhorteth to praise God for
his redemption and omnipotency.
ET now hear, O Jacob my

have chosen :


The vanity of idols.

me, since I appointed the ancient
people? and the things that are com-
ing, and shall come, let them shew
unto them.

8 Fear ye not, neither be afraid:
have not I told thee from that time,
and have declared it? ye are even
my witnesses. Is there a God beside
me? yea, there is no 2 God; I know
not any.



9 They that make a graven image are all of them vanity; and their delectable things shall not profit; and they are their own witnesses; m they see not, nor know; that they may be ashamed.

10 Who hath formed a god, or molten a graven image that is fitable for nothing?


ch. 41.22.

1 ch. 43. 10, 12.

k Deut. 4.

& 32. 39.
1 Sam. 2.2
2 Sam. 22.

Deut. 32.4.

2 Heb.

1 ch. 41. 24,

3 Heb. desirable.

m Ps. 115. 4, &c.

n Jer. 10.5. Hab. 2. 18.

o Ps. 97.7. ch. 1. 29. & 42. 17.

11 Behold, all his fellows shall be ashamed: and the workmen, they are of men: let them all be gathered together, let them stand up; yet they & 45. 16. shall fear, and they shall be ashamed together.

12 P The smith with the tongs both worketh in the coals, and fashioneth it with hammers, and worketh it with the strength of his arms: yea, he is hungry, and his strength faileth: he drinketh no water, and is faint.

13 The carpenter stretcheth out his rule; he marketh it out with a line; he fitteth it with planes, and he marketh it out with the compass, and

Israel, it after figure man,

2 Thus saith the LORD that made bch. 43.1,7. thee, band formed thee from the womb, which will help thee; Fear not, O Jacob, my servant; and thou, Jesurun, whom I have chosen.

• Deut. 32. 15.

d ch.35.7.

Joel 2.28.
John 7. 38.
Acts 2.18.

e ver. 24.

ch. 43. 1, 14.
fch. 41. 4.
& 48. 12.
Rev. 1.8,17.

& 22.18.

8 ch. 41. 4,


3 For I will pour water upon him that is thirsty, and floods upon the dry ground: I will pour my spirit upon thy seed, and my blessing upon thine offspring:

4 And they shall spring up as among the grass, as willows by the

water courses.

5 One shall say, I am the LORD's; and another shall call himself by the name of Jacob; and another shall subscribe with his hand unto the LORD, and surname himself by the name of Israel.

6 Thus saith the LORD the King of Israel, and his redeemer the LORD of hosts; 'I am the first, and I am the last; and beside me there is no God.

7 And who, as I, shall call, and 22. & 45. 21. shall declare it, and set it in order for

according to the beauty of a man;
that it may remain in the house.

pch. 40. 19.

Jer. 10. 3,

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4 Or, with an axe.

14 He heweth him down cedars, and taketh the cypress and the oak, which he strengtheneth for himself Or, taketh among the trees of the forest: he courage. planteth an ash, and the rain doth nourish it.

15 Then shall it be for a man to burn: for he will take thereof, and warm himself; yea, he kindleth it, and baketh bread; yea, he maketh a god, and worshippeth it; he maketh it a graven image, and falleth down thereto.

16 He burneth part thereof in the fire; with part thereof he eateth flesh; he roasteth roast, and is satisfied: yea, he warmeth himself, and saith, Aha, I am warm, I have seen the fire:

17 And the residue thereof he maketh a god, even his graven image: he falleth down unto it, and worshippeth it, and prayeth unto it, and saith, Deliver me; for thou art my god. 18 They have not known norach. 15.20.

God calleth Cyrus


r 2 Thess. 2. 11.

2 Heb.
8 Heb.
setteth to
his heart.
ch. 46. 8.

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understood: for he hath shut their eyes, that they cannot see; and their hearts, that they cannot understand. 19 And none considereth in his heart, neither is there knowledge nor understanding to say, I have burned part of it in the fire; yea, also I have baked bread upon the coals thereof; I have roasted flesh, and eaten it: and shall I make the residue thereof an abomination ? shall I fall down to the stock of a tree?


20 He feedeth on ashes: a deceived heart hath turned him aside, that he cannot deliver his soul, nor say, Is there not a lie in my right hand?

for his church's sake.

I have holden, to subdue nations before him; and I will loose the loins of kings, to open before him the two leaved gates; and the gates shall not be shut;

2 I will go before thee, and make the crooked places straight: I will break in pieces the gates of brass, and cut in sunder the bars of iron:


2 Or, strengthened.

b ch. 41. 2.

Dan. 5. 30. ch. 40. 4.

d Ps. 107.16.

3 And I will give thee the treasures of darkness, and hidden riches of secret places, that thou mayest⚫ch. 41. 28. know that I, the LORD, which call Ex. 33. 12, thee by thy name, am the God of ch.43.1. Israel.

4 For Jacob my servant's sake, and Israel mine elect, I have even 21 ¶ Remember these, O Jacob called thee by thy name: I have surand Israel; for thou art my ser-named thee, though thou hast not vant: I have formed thee; thou art known me. my servant: O Israel, thou shalt not be forgotten of me.

22 I have blotted out, as a thick cloud, thy transgressions, and, as a cloud, thy sins: return unto me; for > I have redeemed thee.

23 Sing, O ye heavens; for the LORD hath done it: shout, ye lower parts of the earth: break forth into singing, ye mountains, O forest, and every tree therein: for the LORD Rev. 18. 20. hath redeemed Jacob, and glorified himself in Israel.

& 96. 11, 12. ch. 42. 10. & 49. 13. Jer. 51. 48.

a ch. 43. 14. ver. 6.

b ch.43.1.

© Job 9.8. Ps. 104. 2. ch. 40. 22. & 42. 5. & 45. 12. & 51. 13. d ch. 47. 13. e Jer. 50.36.

f 1 Cor. 1. 20.

8 Zech.1.6.

5 Heb. wastes.

b See Jer. 50. 38. & 51.32,36.

1.2 Chr. 86. 22, 23. Ezra 1. 1, &c. ch. 45. 18,

cir. 712.

a ch.41. 18.

24 Thus saith the LORD, thy redeemer, and he that formed thee from the womb, I am the LORD that maketh all things; that stretcheth forth the heavens alone; that spreadeth abroad the earth by myself;

25 That frustrateth the tokens of the liars, and maketh diviners mad; that turneth wise men backward, and maketh their knowledge foolish;

26 That confirmeth the word of his servant, and performeth the counsel of his messengers; that saith to Jerusalem, Thou shalt be inhabited; and to the cities of Judah, Ye shall be built, and I will raise up the 'decayed places thereof:

27 That saith to the deep, Be dry, and I will dry up thy rivers:

28 That saith of Cyrus, He is my shepherd, and shall perform all my pleasure: even saying to Jerusalem, Thou shalt be built; and to the temple, Thy foundation shall be laid. CHAPTER XLV.

1 God calleth Cyrus for his church's sake. 5 By his omnipotency he challengeth obedience. 20 He convinceth the idols of vanity by his saving power.

HUS saith the LORD to his anoint

TU, torus, whose right hand


5 I am the LORD, and there is none else, there is no God beside me: I girded thee, though thou hast not known me:

6 m That they may know from the rising of the sun, and from the west, that there is none beside me. I am the LORD, and there is none else.

7 I form the light, and create darkness: I make peace, and "create evil: I the LORD do all these things.

8 Drop down, ye heavens, from above, and let the skies pour down righteousness: let the earth open, and let them bring forth salvation, and let righteousness spring up together; I the LORD have created it.

9 Woe unto him that striveth with Phis Maker! Let the potsherd strive with the potsherds of the earth.

Shall the clay say to him that fashioneth it, What makest thou? or thy work, He hath no hands?

10 Woe unto him that saith unto his father, What begettest thou? or to the woman, What hast thou brought forth?

11 Thus saith the LORD, the Holy One of Israel, and his Maker, Ask me of things to come concerning my sons, and concerning the work of my hands command ye me.

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12 I have made the earth, and u created man upon it: I, even my 3 Or, make hands, have stretched out the hea-straight. vens, and all their host have I 12 Chr. 36. commanded.

22, 23.

Ezra 1.1.



13 I have raised him up in righ-ch. 44. 28. teousness, and I will direct all his ach. 52. 3. ways: he shall build my city, and Rom. 3. 24. he shall let go my captives, "not for 9.08.31. price nor reward, saith the LORD of ch. 49. 23. hosts.

14 Thus saith the LORD, The

& 72.

& CO. 9, 10, 14, 16. Zech. 8. 22, 23.

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1 ch. 42. 5.

k ver. 5.

1 Deut. 30. 11.

ch. 48.16.

m Ps. 19. 8. & 119. 137, 138.

n ch. 44. 17, 18, 19.

& 46.7.

& 48.7. Rom. 1. 22, 23.

och. 41. 22. & 43. 9.

& 44.7.

& 46.10.

& 48. 14.
P ver. 5, 14,
ch. 44.8.
& 46.9.

& 48. 3, &c.
q Ps. 22. 27.
& 65. 5.

r Gen.22.16. Heb. 6. 13. Rom. 14.


Phil. 2. 10.
t Gen.31.53.
Deut. 6. 13.
Ps. 63.11.
ch. 65. 16.
2 Or,
Surely he


18 For thus saith the LORD that created the heavens; God himself that formed the earth and made it; he hath established it, he created it not in vain, he formed it to be inhabited: I am the LORD; and there is none else.

19 I have not spoken in 'secret, in a dark place of the earth: I said not unto the seed of Jacob, Seek ye me in vain: m I the LORD speak righteousness, I declare things that are right.

20 Assemble yourselves and come; draw near together, ye that are escaped of the nations: " they have no knowledge that set up the wood of their graven image, and pray unto a god that cannot save.

21 Tell ye, and bring them near; yea, let them take counsel together: who hath declared this from ancient time? who hath told it from that time? have not I the LORD? P and there is no God else beside me; a just God and a Saviour; there is none beside


God saveth his people.



1 The idols of Babylon could not save them-
selves. 3 God saveth his people to the end. 5
Idols are not comparable to God for power,
12 or present salvation.


EL boweth down, Nebo stoopeth, their idols were upon the beasts, and upon the cattle: your carriages were heavy loaden; they are a burden to the weary beast.


cir. 712

ch. 21.9. &...

Jer. 50. 2. 51.44.

2 They stoop, they bow down together; they could not deliver the burden, but themselves are gone Jer. 48.7. into captivity.



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2 Heb. their soul.

Ex. 19.4. 32. 11.

Deut. 1. 31.

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3 ¶ Hearken unto me, O house of Jacob, and all the remnant of the house of Israel, which are borne by me from the belly, which are carried from the womb: 4 And even to your old age • I am he; and even to hoar hairs will I carry you: I have made, and I will & 71.18. bear; even I will carry, and will deliver you.

Ps. 71. 6. ch. 63.9. e Ps. 102.27. Mal. 3. 6. f Ps. 48. 14.

5 To whom will ye liken me, ch. 40. 18, and make me equal, and compare me, that we may be like?


6 They lavish gold out of the bag, and weigh silver in the balance, and hire a goldsmith; and he maketh it a god: they fall down, yea, they worship.

ch. 40. 19. 44.12, 19. Jer. 10.3.

& 41.6.

7 They bear him upon the shoul-1 Jer. 10. 5. der, they carry him, and set him in his place, and he standeth; from his place shall he not remove: yea, konech. 45. 20. shall cry unto him, yet can he not answer, nor save him out of his trouble.

8 Remember this, and shew yourselves men: 'bring it again to mind, 1ch. 44. 19. O ye transgressors.

9 m Remember the former things of old: for I am God, and there is none else; I am God, and there is none like me,

10 Declaring the end from the
beginning, and from ancient times
the things that are not yet done, say-
22 Look unto me, and be yeing, My counsel shall stand, and I
saved, all the ends of the earth: for will do all my pleasure:
I am God, and there is none else.

23 I have sworn by myself, the word is gone out of my mouth in righteousness, and shall not return, shall say of That unto me every knee shall bow, tevery tongue shall swear.

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11 Calling a ravenous bird a from the east, the man that executeth my counsel from a far country: yea, I have spoken it, I will also bring it to pass; I have purposed it, I will also do it.

12 ¶ Hearken unto me, ye 'stouthearted, "that are far from righ


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13 I bring near my righteous-ch. 51. 5. ness; it shall not be far off, and my &3.21. salvation shall not tarry and I Hab. 2.3. will place salvation in Zion for ch. 62. 11. Israel my glory.

God's judgment


cir. 712.

■ Jer. 48.18.

b ch. 3. 26.

•Ex. 11. 5. Judg.16. 21.



1 God's judgment upon Babylon and Chaldea,
6 for their unmercifulness, 7 pride, 10 and

overboldness, 11 shall be unresistible.

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upon Babylon.

ments, and with the multitude of thy
sorceries, wherein thou hast laboured
from thy youth; if so be thou shalt
be able to profit, if so be thou may-
est prevail.

OME down, and sit in the
13 a Thou art wearied in the
dust, O virgin daughter of Baby-
lon, sit on the ground: there is no multitude of thy counsels. Let now
throne, O daughter of the Chal-the 2 astrologers, the stargazers,
deans: for thou shalt no more be the monthly prognosticators, stand
called tender and delicate.
up and save thee from these things
that shall come upon thee.

2 Take the millstones, and grind Matt. 24.41. meal: uncover thy locks, make bare the leg, uncover the thigh, pass over

d ch. 3. 17. & 20. 4. Jer. 13. 22, 26.

Nah. 3. 5.
• Rom. 12.

fch. 43. 3,
Jer. 50.34.

81 Sam. 2.9.

h ́ver. 7.
ch. 13. 19.
Dan. 2. 37.

1 See

2 Sam. 24.


the rivers.


3 Thy nakedness shall be un-
covered, yea, thy shame shall be
seen: I will take vengeance, and I
will not meet thee as a man.
4 As for our redeemer, the LORD
of hosts is his name, the Holy One
of Israel.

5 Sit thou silent, and get thee
into darkness, O daughter of the
Chaldeans: for thou shalt no more
be called, The lady of kingdoms.

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bch. 44. 25. Dan. 2. 2.


Heb.viewof the & Heb. that give knowledge concerning the months. Nah. 1.10.

Mal. 4. 1. 4 Heb.

their souls.

15 Thus shall they be unto thee with whom thou hast laboured, even athy merchants, from thy youth: a Rev.18.11. they shall wander every one to his quarter; none shall save thee.


1 God, to convince the people of their foreknown
obstinacy, revealed his prophecies. 9 He
saveth them for his own sake. 12 He exhort-
eth them to obedience, because of his power
and providence. 16 He lamenteth their back-
wardness. 20 He powerfully delivereth his
out of Babylon.
EAR ye
this, O house of Jacob,

6 T'I was wroth with my people, * I have polluted mine inheritance, 2019 and given them into thine hand: Ze-13.25. thou didst shew them no mercy; Hhich are called by the name 1upon the ancient hast thou very heavily laid thy yoke.

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5 I have even from the begin-1 ver. 8. ning declared it to thee; before it came to pass I shewed it thee: lest thou shouldest say, Mine idol hath done them, and my graven image, and my molten image, hath commanded them.

6 Thou hast heard, see all this; and will not ye declare it? I have shewed thee new things from this time, even hidden things, and thou didst not know them.

7 They are created now, and not from the beginning; even before the day when thou heardest them not; lest thou shouldest say, Behold, I knew them.

Exhortation to obedience.


Ps. 58. 3.

1 Ps. 79.9. & 106. 8. ch. 43. 25. ver. 11. Ezek. 20.9, 14, 22, 44.

m Ps. 78. 38.

■ Ps. 66. 10.

2 Or, for silver. See Ezek. 22.20,21,22. p ver. 9.

q See Deut. 32. 26, 27. Ezek. 20.9. r ch. 42. 8.

■ Deut. 32. 39.

t ch. 41. 4. & 44. 6. Rev. 1. 17.

& 22. 13.


8 Yea, thou heardest not; yea, thou knewest not; yea, from that time that thine ear was not opened: for I knew that thou wouldest deal very treacherously, and wast called ka transgressor from the womb.


For my name's sake m will I defer mine anger, and for my praise will I refrain for thee, that I cut thee not off.

10 Behold, "I have refined thee, but not 2 with silver; I have chosen thee in the furnace of affliction.

11 P For mine own sake, even for mine own sake, will I do it: for a how should my name be polluted? and I will not give my glory unto another. 12 T Hearken unto me, O Jacob and Israel, my called; I am he; I am the first, I also am the last


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13 " Mine hand also hath laid the foundation of the earth, and my Ps. 102. 25. right hand hath spanned the heavens when I call unto them, they stand up together.

8 Or, the palm of my right hand hath spread out. I ch. 40. 26. y ch. 41. 22. & 43. 9. & 44.7. & 45. 20, 21.

Ich. 45. 1. ach. 44. 28.

14 All ye, assemble yourselves, and hear; which among them hath declared these things? The LORD hath loved him: he will do his pleasure on Babylon, and his arm shall be on the Chaldeans.

15 I, even I, have spoken; yea, b ch.45.1,2, b I have called him: I have brought him, and he shall make his way


ech. 45. 19.

d ch. 61. 1. Zech. 2.8, 9, 11.

e ch. 43. 14. & 44. 6, 24. ver. 20.

f Ps. 32. 8.

8 Deut. 32. 29.

Ps. 81. 13. bPs.119.165.

I Gen. 22.17. Hos. 1. 10.

k ch.52.11. Jer. 50. 8.

& 51.6, 45.


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18 & O that thou hadst hearkened to my commandments! then had thy peace been as a river, and thy righteousness as the waves of the sea: 19 Thy seed also had been as the sand, and the offspring of thy bowels like the gravel thereof; his name should not have been cut off nor destroyed from before me.

20 Go ye forth of Babylon, flee ye from the Chaldeans, with a Rev. 13. voice of singing declare ye, tell this, utter it even to the end of the earth; 5, 6. say ye, The LORD hath redeemed ch.44.22,23. his servant Jacob.

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Christ sent to the Gentiles.

rock for them: he clave the rock also, and the waters gushed out.

22 There is no peace, saith the LORD, unto the wicked.


1 Christ, being sent to the Jews, complaineth of them. 5 He is sent to the Gentiles with gracious promises. 13 God's love is perpetual to his church. 18 The ample restoration of the church. 24 The powerful deliverance out of captivity.



cir. 712.

och. 57. 21.

LISTEN, O isles, unto me; and ach. 41. 1. hearken, ye people, from far;

b The LORD hath called me from the womb; from the bowels of my mother hath he made mention of my name. 2 And he hath made c my mouth like a sharp sword; in the shadow of his hand hath he hid me, and made me a polished shaft; in his quiver hath he hid me;

3 And said unto me, Thou art my servant, O Israel, & in whom I will be glorified.

4 Then I said, I have laboured in vain, I have spent my strength for nought, and in vain: yet surely my judgment is with the LORD, and my work with my God.


5 And now, saith the LORD that formed me from the womb to be his servant, to bring Jacob again to him, Though Israel be not gathered, yet shall I be glorious in the eyes of the LORD, and my God shall be my strength.

6 And he said, 'It is a light thing that thou shouldest be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the preserved of Israel: I will also give thee for a 'light to the Gentiles, that thou mayest be my salvation unto the end of the earth.

b ver. 5. Matt. 1. 20,

Jer. 1. 5.

21. Luke 1. 15, 31. John 10. 36.

Gal. 1. 15.

ech. 11. 4. & 51. 16.

Hos. 6.5

Heb. 4. 12. Rev. 1. 16. d ch. 51. 16. e Ps. 45. 5.

fch. 42. 1.

Zech. 3. 8. g ch. 44. 23. & 15. 8.

John 13.31. Eph. 1. 6.


2 Or, my reward,

h. 10.10. & 62. 11.

i ver. 1.

Israel may

3 Or, that gathered may,

to him, and

k Matt. 23. 37.

Or, Art thou lighter thou should est, &c. desolations. & 60.3.

than that

1 ch. 42. 6

Luke 2. 32. Acts 13. 47.

& 26. 18.

m ch. 53. 3. Matt. 26.67. 6 Or, to him that is despised

7 Thus saith the LORD, the Redeemer of Israel, and his Holy One, m to him whom man despiseth, to him whom the nation abhorreth, to a servant of rulers," Kings shall see and arise, princes also shall worship, in soul. because of the LORD that is faithful, and the Holy One of Israel, and he shall choose thee.

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8 Thus saith the LORD, In an acceptable time have I heard thee, and in a day of salvation have I helped thee: and I will preserve thee, P and give thee for a covenant of the people, to establish the earth, to cause to inherit the desolate heritages;

n ver. 23. Ps. 72.10,11.

• See Ps. 69. 13.

2 Cor. 6.2.

Pch. 42. 6.

7 Or,

raise up.

Zech. 9.12.

9 That thou mayest say 9 to the ch.42.7. prisoners, Go forth; to them that are in darkness, Shew yourselves. They shall feed in the ways, and their pastures shall be in all high places. 10 They shall not hunger nor

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r Rev. 7. 16.

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