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Heb. thou art not good in the eyes of the lords. 8 Heb. do not evil in the eyes of the lords.

4 Heb. before thee.

7 Wherefore now return, and go in peace, that thou displease not the lords of the Philistines.

8 ¶ And David said unto Achish, But what have I done? and what hast thou found in thy servant so long as I have been with thee unto this day, that I may not go fight against the enemies of my lord the king?

9 And Achish answered and said to David, I know that thou art good 12 Sam. 14. in my sight, as an angel of God: notwithstanding the princes of the Philistines have said, He shall not go up with us to the battle.

17, 20. & 19.


m ver. 4


10 Wherefore now rise up early in the morning with thy master's servants that are come with thee: and as soon as ye be up early in the morning, and have light, depart.

11 So David and his men rose up early to depart in the morning, to return into the land of the Philistines. 2 Sam.4.4. And the Philistines went up to Jezreel.

See ch. 15.

7. & 27.8.


1 The Amalekites spoil Ziklag. 4 David asking counsel is encouraged by God to pursue them.

11 By the means of a revived Egyptian, he is brought to the enemies, and recovereth all the spoil. 22 David's law to divide the spoil equally between them that fight and them that keep the stuff. 26 He sendeth presents to his friends. ND it came to pass, when David

lag on the third day, that the Amalekites had invaded the south, and Ziklag, and smitten Ziklag, and burned it with fire;

2 And had taken the women captives, that were therein: they slew not any, either great or small, but carried them away, and went on their way. 3 So David and his men came to the city, and, behold, it was burned with fire; and their wives,

and their sons, and their daughters, were taken captives.

4 Then David and the people that were with him lifted up their voice and wept, until they had no more power to weep.


BEFORE CHRIST cir. 1056.

b ch. 25. 42, 43.

5 And David's two wives were taken captives, Ahinoam the Jez- 2 Sam. 2. 2. reelitess, and Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite.


6 And David was greatly distressed; for the people spake of Ex. 17.4. stoning him, because the soul of all the people was grieved, every man for his sons and for his daughters: but David encouraged himself in the LORD his God.

7° And David said to Abiathar the priest, Ahimelech's son, I pray thee, bring me hither the ephod. And Abiathar brought thither the ephod to David.

2Heb.bitter. Judg. 18.25.

ch. 1. 10. 178.

2 Kings4.27. d Ps. 42.5.& 56. 3, 4, 11. Hab. 3. 17,


e ch. 23. 6,9.

8 And David enquired at the fch. 23. 2,4. LORD, saying, Shall I pursue after this troop? shall I overtake them? And he answered him, Pursue: for thou shalt surely overtake them, and without fail recover all.

9 So David went, he and the six hundred men that were with him, and came to the brook Besor, where those that were left behind stayed.

10 But David pursued, he and four hundred men: for two hundred & ver. 21. abode behind, which were so faint that they could not go over the brook Besor.

11 ¶ And they found an Egyptian in the field, and brought him to David, and gave him bread, and he did eat; and they made him drink water;

12 And they gave him a piece of a cake of figs, and two clusters of raisins: and when he had eaten, his spirit came again to him: for he had eaten no bread, nor drunk any water, three days and three nights.

13 And David said unto him, To whom belongest thou? and whence art thou? And he said, I am a young man of Egypt, servant to an Amame,

cause three days agone I fell sick.

14 We made an invasion upon the south of the Cherethites, and upon the coast which belongeth to Judah, and upon the south of Caleb; and we burned Ziklag with fire.

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David recovereth the spoil.

BEFORE CHRIST cir. 1056.


of my master, and I will bring thee down to this company.

16 And when he had brought him down, behold, they were spread !1Thess.5.3. abroad upon all the earth, 'eating and drinking, and dancing, because of all the great spoil that they had taken out of the land of the Philistines, and out of the land of Judah.

17 And David smote them from the twilight even unto the evening 2 Heb. their of the next day: and there escaped not a man of them, save four hundred young men, which rode upon camels, and fled.


m ver. 8.

a ver. 10.

8 Or, asked
them how
they did.
Judg. 18.15.
• Deut. 13.
Judg. 19. 22.

♦ Heb. men.


18 And David recovered all that the Amalekites had carried away: and David rescued his two wives.

19 And there was nothing lacking to them, neither small nor great, neither sons nor daughters, neither spoil, nor any thing that they had taken to them: David recovered all.

20 And David took all the flocks and the herds, which they drave before those other cattle, and said, This is David's spoil.

21 ¶ And David came to the " two hundred men, which were so faint that they could not follow David, whom they had made also to abide at the brook Besor: and they went forth to meet David, and to meet the people that were with him: and when David came near to the people, he 3 saluted them.

22 Then answered all the wicked men and men of Belial, of those that went with David, and said, Because they went not with us, we will not give them ought of the spoil that we have recovered, save to every man his wife and his children, that they may lead them away, and depart.

23 Then said David, Ye shall not do so, my brethren, with that which the LORD hath given us, who hath preserved us, and delivered the company that came against us into our hand.

24 For who will hearken unto you See Num. in this matter? but Pas his part is that goeth down to the battle, so shall his part be that tarrieth by the stuff: they shall part alike.

Josh. 22.8.


25 And it was so from that day Heb. and forward, that he made it a statute forward. and an ordinance for Israel unto this day.

26 And when David came to Ziklag, he sent of the spoil unto the elders of Judah, even to his friends, saying, Behold a "present for you of Ch. 25. 27. the spoil of the enemies of the LORD;

6 Heb. blessing.

Saul and his sons slain.

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1 Chr. 8. 33.

1. 6, &c. 8 Heb. shooters men with

bows. Heb So Judg. 9.

found him.

3 And the battle went sore against See 2 Sam. Saul, and the archers 'hit him; and he was sore wounded of the archers. 4. Then said Saul unto his armourbearer, Draw thy sword, and thrust me through therewith; lest 'these uncircumcised come and thrust me through, and 'abuse me. But his armourbearer would not; for he was sore afraid. Therefore Saul took a sword, and fell upon it.

5 And when his armourbearer saw that Saul was dead, he fell likewise upon his sword, and died with him.

6 So Saul died, and his three sons, and his armourbearer, and all his men, that same day together.

7 And when the men of Israel that were on the other side of the valley, and they that were on the other side Jordan, saw that the men of Israel fled, and that Saul and his sons were dead, they forsook the cities, and fled; and the Philistines came and dwelt in them.

8 And it came to pass on the morrow, when the Philistines came to

54. fch. 14. 6. &


5 Or, mock


2 Sam.1.14.


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1 The Amalekite, who brought tidings of the overthrow, and accused himself of Saul's death, is slain. 17 David lamenteth Saul and Jonathan with a song.

OW it came to pass after the NOW Ottofam, when David was 1 8am. 30. returned from the slaughter of the Amalekites, and David had abode two days in Ziklag;

17, 26.

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2 It came even to pass on the third bch. 4. 10. day, that, behold, ba man came out of 16am.4.12. the camp from Saul with his clothes rent, and earth upon his head: and so it was, when he came to David, that he fell to the earth, and did obeisance.

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8 And he said unto me, Who art thou? And I answered him, I am an Amalekite.

9 He said unto me again, Stand, I pray thee, upon me, and slay me: for anguish is come upon me, because my life is yet whole in me.

10 So I stood upon him, and slew him, because I was sure that he could not live after that he was fallen: and I took the crown that was upon his head, and the bracelet that was on his arm, and have brought them hither unto my lord.

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11 Then David took hold on his clothes, and rent them; and likewise sch. 3. 31. & all the men that were with him :

12 And they mourned, and wept, and fasted until even, for Saul, and for Jonathan his son, and for the people of the LORD, and for the house of Israel; because they were fallen by the sword.

13 And David said unto the young man that told him, Whence art thou? And he answered, I am the son of a stranger, an Amalekite.

14 And David said unto him, How wast thou not afraid to stretch forth thine hand to destroy the LORD'S anointed?

13. 31.

Num.12.8. 1Sam.31.4.


& 26. 9.

Ps. 105. 15.

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David lamenteth Jonathan.


1056. olSam.31.3.

p Josh. 10. 13.

2 Or, of the upright.

q ver. 27.

r1Sam.31.9. Mic. 1. 10.



this lamentation over Saul and over Jonathan his son:

18 (Also he bade them teach the children of Judah the use of the bow: behold, it is written Pin the book of Jasher.)

19 The beauty of Israel is slain upon thy high places: how are the mighty fallen!

20 Tell it not in Gath, publish it SeeJudg.16. not in the streets of Askelon; lest the daughters of the Philistines rejoice, lest the daughters of the un1 Sam. 18.6. circumcised triumph.

8 See Ex. 15. 20.

Judg. 11.34.

t1Sam.31.4. ulSam.31.1.

x SoJudg. 5. 23.

Job 3. 3. 4.
Jer. 20. 14.


21 Ye "mountains of Gilboa, let there be no dew, neither let there be rain, upon you, nor fields of offerings: for there the shield of the mighty is vilely cast away, the shield of Saul, as though he had not been anointed with oil.

22 From the blood of the slain, 1Sam.18.4. from the fat of the mighty, the bow of Jonathan turned not back, and the sword of Saul returned not empty. 23 Saul and Jonathan were lovely and pleasant in their lives, and in their death they were not divided: they were swifter than eagles, they were stronger than lions.

3 Or, sweet.

a Judg. 14. 18.


24 Ye daughters of Israel, weep over Saul, who clothed you in scarlet, with other delights, who put on ornaments of gold upon your apparel.

25 How are the mighty fallen in the midst of the battle! O Jonathan, thou wast slain in thine high places.

26 I am distressed for thee, my brother Jonathan: very pleasant hast

1 Sam. 18. thou been unto me: bthy love to me was wonderful, passing the love of

1, 3. & 19. 2. & 29. 17,41. & 23. 16.

c ver. 19.

Judg. 1.1. 1 Sam. 23. 2, 4, 9. & 30. 7,8

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1 David, by God's direction, with his company goeth up to Hebron, where he is made king of Judah. 5 He commendeth them of Jabeshgilead for their kindness to Saul. 8 Abner maketh Ish-bosheth king of Israel. 12 A mortal skirmish between twelve of Abner's and twelve of Joab's men. 18 Asahel is slain. 25 At Abner's motion Joab soundeth a retreat. 32 Asahel's burial.

A that David enquired of the ND it came to pass after this, LORD, saying, Shall I go up into any of the cities of Judah? And the LORD said unto him, Go up. And David said, Whither shall I go up? 61 Sam. 30. And he said, Unto Hebron.

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2 So David went up thither, and his two wives also, Ahinoam the 1Sam.30.5. Jezreelitess, and Abigail Nabal's wife d1 Sam. 7. the Carmelite.

2, 3. & 30. 1.

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David made king of Judah.

him did David bring up, every man with his household: and they dwelt in the cities of Hebron.

4 And the men of Judah came, and there they anointed David king over the house of Judah. And they told David, saying, That the men of Jabesh-gilead were they that buried Saul.

5 And David sent messengers unto the men of Jabesh-gilead, and said unto them, & Blessed be ye of the LORD, that ye have shewed this kindness unto your lord, even unto Saul, and have buried him.

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6 And now the LORD shew kind-2 Tim. 1. ness and truth unto you: and I also will requite you this kindness, because ye have done this thing.

7 Therefore now let your hands be strengthened, and be ye valiant: for your master Saul is dead, and also the house of Judah have anointed me king over them.

8 But Abner the son of Ner, captain of Saul's host, took Ishbosheth the son of Saul, and brought him over to Mahanaim;

9 And made him king over Gilead, and over the Ashurites, and over Jezreel, and over Ephraim, and over Benjamin, and over all Israel. 10 Ish-bosheth Saul's son was forty years old when he began to reign over Israel, and reigned two years. But the house of Judah followed David.

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11 And the time that David was king in Hebron over the house of Judah was seven years and six months.ber of days. 12 ¶ And Abner the son of Ner, and the servants of Ish-bosheth the son of Saul, went out from Mahanaim to 1Gibeon.

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cir. 1053.

13 And Joab the son of Zeruiah, and the servants of David, went out, and met together by the pool of Heb. them Gibeon: and they sat down, the one on the one side of the pool, and the other on the other side of the pool.

14 And Abner said to Joab, Let the young men now arise, and play before us. And Joab said, Let them arise.

15 Then there arose and went over by number twelve of Benjamin, which pertained to Ish-bosheth the son of Saul, and twelve of the servants of David.

together. m Jer. 41.12.

16 And they caught every one his fellow by the head, and thrust his sword in his fellow's side; so they fell down together: wherefore that place was called 'Helkath-hazzurim, The field of

1 Chr. 12. 1. 3 And his men that were with which is in Gibeon.

7 That is,

strong men.

Asahel is slain.

BEFORE CHRIST cir. 1053.

■ 1Chr. 2.16.

01Chr. 12.8.
? Heb. of
his feet.
8 Heb. as
one of the
roes that is

in the field.
PPs. 18. 33.

Cant. 2. 17. & 8. 14.

4 Heb. from after Abner.

6 Or, spoil. Judg. 14.19.

q ch. 8. 27.

& 4. 6.
& 20. 10.

r ver. 14. Prov. 17.14. 6 Heb. from the morning.

7 Or, gone away.

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17 And there was a very sore bat- | all Bithron, and they came to Matle that day; and Abner was beaten, hanaim. and the men of Israel, before the servants of David.

18 And there were "three sons of Zeruiah there, Joab, and Abishai, and Asahel: and Asahel was light of foot pas a wild roe.

° as

19 And Asahel pursued after Abner; and in going he turned not to the right hand nor to the left from following Abner.

20 Then Abner looked behind him, and said, Art thou Asahel? And he answered, I am.

21 And Abner said to him, Turn thee aside to thy right hand or to thy left, and lay thee hold on one of the young men, and take thee his "armour. But Asahel would not turn aside from following of him.

22 And Abner said again to Asahel, Turn thee aside from following me: wherefore should I smite thee to the ground? how then should I hold up my face to Joab thy brother?

23 Howbeit he refused to turn aside: wherefore Abner with the hinder end of the spear smote him qunder the fifth rib, that the spear came out behind him; and he fell down there, and died in the same place and it came to pass, that as many as came to the place where Asahel fell down and died stood


24 Joab also and Abishai pursued after Abner: and the sun went down when they were come to the hill of Ammah, that lieth before Giah by the way of the wilderness of Gibeon. 25 ¶ And the children of Benjamin gathered themselves together after Abner, and became one troop, and stood on the top of an hill.

26 Then Abner called to Joab, and said, Shall the sword devour for ever? knowest thou not that it will be bitterness in the latter end? how long shall it be then, ere thou bid the people return from following their brethren?

27 And Joab said, As God liveth, unless thou hadst spoken, surely then in the morning the people had gone up every one from following his brother.

28 So Joab blew a trumpet, and all the people stood still, and pursued after Israel no more, neither fought they any more.

29 And Abner and his men walked all that night through the plain, and passed over Jordan, and went through

30 And Joab returned from following Abner: and when he had gathered all the people together, there lacked of David's servants nineteen men and Asahel.

31 But the servants of David had smitten of Benjamin, and of Abner's men, so that three hundred and threescore men died.


32 And they took up Asahel, and buried him in the sepulchre of his father, which was in Bethlehem. And Joab and his men went all night, and they came to Hebron at break of day.


During the war David still waxeth stronger.

2 Six sons were born to him in Hebron. 6 Abner, displeased with Ish-bosheth, 12 revolteth to David. 13 David requireth a condition to bring him his wife Michal. 17 Abner, having communed with the Israelites, is feasted by David, and dismissed. 22 Joab, returning from battle, is displeased with the king, and killeth Abner. 28 David curseth Joab, 31 and mourneth for Abner. there


was long war between the house of Saul and the house of David: but David waxed stronger and stronger, and the house of Saul waxed weaker and weaker.

BEFORE CHRIST cir. 1053.

1 Chr. 8 1-4.

2 T And unto David were sons born in Hebron: and his firstborn was Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jez- 1 Sam. 25. reelitess;


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