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cir. 1060.

a ch. 23. 3.

b Num. 20. 29.

Deut. 34. 8. © Gen.21.21. Ps. 120. 5.

d ch. 23. 24. 2 Or. business.

e Josh. 15. 55.


1 Samuel dieth. 2 David in Paran sendeth to Nabal. 10 Provoked by Nabal's churlishness, he mindeth to destroy him. 14 Abigail understanding thereof, 18 taketh a present, 23 and by her wisdom 32 pacifieth David. 36 Nabal hearing thereof dieth. 39 David taketh Abigail and Ahinoam to be his wives. 44 Michal is given to Phalti.


ND a Samuel died; and all the Israelites were gathered together, and lamented him, and buried him in his house at Ramah. And David arose, and went down to the wilderness of Paran.

2 And there was a man din Maon, whose possessions were in Carmel; and the man was very great, and he had three thousand sheep, and a thousand goats: and he was shearing his sheep in Carmel.

3 Now the name of the man was Nabal; and the name of his wife Abigail: and she was a woman of good understanding, and of a beautiful countenance: but the man was churlish and evil in his doings; and he was of the house of Caleb.

4 ¶ And David heard in the wilGen.38.13. derness that Nabal did shear his sheep.

2 Sum. 13. 23.

3 Пch. ask him in my name of prace. ch. 17. 22.

g 1 Chr. 12. 18.

Ps. 122.7. Luke 10. 5.

4 Пeb. xhamed.

5 And David sent out ten young men, and David said unto the young men, Get you up to Carmel, and go to Nabal, and greet him in my


6 And thus shall ye say to him that liveth in prosperity, & Peace be both to thee, and peace be to thine house, and peace be unto all that thou hast.


7 And now I have heard that thou hast shearers: now thy shepherds which were with us, we hurt them b ver. 15, 21. not, neither was thereought missing unto them, all the while they were in Carmel.

8 Ask thy young men, and they will shew thee. Wherefore let the young men find favour in thine eyes: 8.10. for we come in a good day: give, I pray thee, whatsoever cometh to thine

Esth. 9.

Nabal's churlishness.

hand unto thy servants, and to thy son David.

9 And when David's young men came, they spake to Nabal according to all those words in the name of David, and ceased.


10 And Nabal answered David's servants, and said, Who is David? and who is the son of Jesse? there be many servants now a days that break away every man from his master.

11 'Shall I then take my bread, and my water, and my flesh that I have killed for my shearers, and give it untomen, whom I know not whence they be?

12 So David's young men turned their and went again, and came way, and told him all those sayings.

13 And David said unto his men, Gird ye on every man his sword. And they girded on every man his sword; and David also girded on his sword: and there went up after David about four hundred men; and two hundred abode by the stuff.

14 But one of the young men told Abigail, Nabal's wife, saying, Behold, David sent messengers out of the wilderness to salute our master; and he railed on them.


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BEFORE CHRIST cir. 1060.

2 Heb. rested.

Judg.9.28 123.3, 4.

P's 73. 7, 8.

Judg. 8. 6.


m ch. 30. 24.

4 Heb. flew upon thein.

n ver. 7.

5 Heb.

15 But the men were very good unto us, and we were not hurt, neither missed we any thing, as long shamed. as we were conversant with them, when we were in the fields:

Job 1. 19.

16 They were a wall unto us both Ex. 14. 22. by night and day, all the while we were with them keeping the sheep.

17 Now therefore know and consider what thou wilt do; for Pevil is rch. 20.7. determined against our master, and against all his household: for he is such a son of a Belial, that a man cannot speak to him.

18 ¶ Then Abigail made haste, and took two hundred loaves, and two bottles of wine, and five sheep ready dressed, and five measures of parched corn, and an hundred clusters of raisins, and two hundred cakes of figs, and laid them on asses.

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was missed of all that pertained unto him: and he hath "requited me evil for good.

22 So and more also do God Ruth 1.17. unto the enemies of David, if I y leave of all that pertain to him by the morning light any that pisseth against the wall.

ch. 3. 17. & 20. 13, 16. y ver. 34.

21 Kings 14.

10. 21. 21.

2 Kings 9. 8.


Judg. 1. 14.

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23 And when Abigail saw David, she hasted, and a lighted off the ass, and fell before David on her face, and bowed herself to the ground,

24 And fell at his feet, and said, Upon me, my lord, upon me let this iniquity be: and let thine handmaid, Heb. ears. I pray thee, speak in thine audience, and hear the words of thine handmaid. 25 Let not my lord, I pray thee, 3 Heb. lay it regard this man of Belial, even Nabal: for as his name is, so is he; Nabal is his name, and folly is with him but I thine handmaid saw not the young men of my lord, whom thou didst send.

to his heart.

4 That is, Foul.

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h ch. 18. 17. 1 ch. 24. 11.

Jer. 10. 18. 8 Heb. in the

midst of the bought of a sling.

9 Heb. no staggering, or, stumbling.

1 Gen.24.27. Ex. 18. 10. P. 41. 13. & 72. 18. Luke 1. 68.

29 Yet a man is risen to pursue thee, and to seek thy soul: but the soul of my lord shall be bound in the bundle of life with the LORD thy God; and the souls of thine enemies, them shall he sling out, as out of the middle of a sling.

30 And it shall come to pass, when the LORD shall have done to my lord according to all the good that he hath spoken concerning thee, and shall have appointed thee ruler over Israel;

31 That this shall be 'no grief unto thee, nor offence of heart unto my lord, either that thou hast shed blood causeless, or that my lord hath avenged himself: but when the LORD shall have dealt well with my lord, then remember thine handmaid.

32 And David said to Abigail, 'Blessed be the LORD God of Israel, which sent thee this day to meet me:


pacifieth David.

33 And blessed be thy advice, and blessed be thou, which hast kept me this day from coming to shed-blood, and from avenging myself with mine own hand.


34 For in very deed, as the LORD God of Israel liveth, which hath kept me back from hurting thee, except thou hadst hasted and come to meet me, surely there had not been left unto Nabal by the morning light any that pisseth against the wall.

35 So David received of her hand that which she had brought him, and said unto her, PGo up in peace to thine house; see, I have hearkened to thy voice, and have accepted thy person.

BEFORE CHRIST cir. 1060.

m ver. 26.

n ver. 26.

o ver. 22.

p ch. 20. 42. 2 Sam. 15.9.

2Kinga 5.19. & 8. 48.

Luke 7. 50.

q Gen.19.21.


36 And Abigail came to Nabal ; and, behold, he held a feast in his 2 Sam. 18. house, like the feast of a king; and Nabal's heart was merry within him, for he was very drunken: wherefore she told him nothing, less or more, until the morning light.

37 But it came to pass in the morning, when the wine was gone out of Nabal, and his wife had told him these things, that his heart died within him, and he became as a stone.

38 And it came to pass about ten days after, that the LORD smote Nabal, that he died.

t Prov. 22.


u ver. 26,34.

39 ¶ And when David heard that Nabal was dead, he said, 'Blessed bever. 32. the LORD, that hath pleaded the cause of my reproach from the hand of Nabal, and hath "kept his servant from evil: for the LORD hath returned the wickedness of Nabal upon his own head. And David sent and communed with Abigail, to take her to him to wife.

40 And when the servants of David were come to Abigail to Carmel, they spake unto her, saying, David sent us unto thee, to take thee to him to wife.

41. And she arose, and bowed herself on her face to the earth, and said, Behold, let y thine handmaid be a servant to wash the feet of the servants of my lord.

x 1 Kings 2. 44. P8.7.16.

y Ruth 2.10, 13. Prov. 15.33.

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David again spareth

BEFORE CHRIST cir. 1060.

a ch. 23. 19.



A Saul, by the discovery of the Ziphites, cometh to Hachilah against David. 5 David coming into the trench stayeth Abishai from killing Saul, but taketh his speur and cruse. 13 David reproveth Abner, 18 and exhorteth Saul. 21 Saul acknowledgeth his sin.

ND the Ziphites came unto Saul

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A to Gibeah, saying, Doth not Pa. 54, title. David hide himself in the hill of Hachilah, which is before Jeshimon? 2 Then Saul arose, and went down to the wilderness of Ziph, having three thousand chosen men of Israel with him, to seek David in the wilderness of Ziph.

3 And Saul pitched in the hill of Hachilah, which is before Jeshimon, by the way. But David abode in the wilderness, and he saw that Saul came after him into the wilderness.

4 David 'therefore sent out spies, and understood that Saul was come in very deed.

5 And David arose, and came to the place where Saul had pitched: and David beheld the place where beh. 14. 50. Saul lay, and Abner the son of Ner, the captain of his host: and Saul lay in the trench, and the people pitched round about him.

& 17.55.

2. Or, midst of his carriages.

ch. 17. 20.

6 Then answered David and said to Ahimelech the Hittite, and to 01 Chr.2.16. Abishai the son of Zeruiah, brother Judg.7.10, to Joab, saying, Who will go down with me to Saul to the camp? And Abishai said, I will go down with thee.


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Saul's life.

12 So David took the spear and the cruse of water from Saul's bolster; and they gat them away, and no man saw it, nor knew it, neither awaked: for they were all asleep; because a deep sleep from the LORD was fallen upon them.

13 T Then David went over to the other side, and stood on the top of an hill afar off; a great space being between them:

14 And David cried to the people, and to Abner the son of Ner, saying, Answerest thou not, Abner? Then Abner answered and said, Who art thou that criest to the king?

15 And David said to Äbner, Art not thou a valiant man? and who is like to thee in Israel? wherefore then hast thou not kept thy lord the king? for there came one of the people in to destroy the king thy lord.


16 This thing is not good that thou hast done. As the LORD liveth, ye are worthy to die, because ye have not kept your master, the LORD'S anointed. And now see where the king's spear is, and the cruse of water that was at his bolster.

17 And Saul knew David's voice, and said, 'Is this thy voice, my son David? And David said, It is my voice, my lord, O king.

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18 And he said, " Wherefore doth ch. 24. 9, my lord thus pursue after his servant? for what have I done? or what evil is in mine hand?

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19 Now therefore, I pray thee, let my lord the king hear the words of his servant. If the LORD have "stir-2 Sam. 16. red thee up against me, let him accept an offering: but if they be the children of men, cursed be they before the LORD; for they have driven me out this day from abiding in the Pinheritance of the LORD, saying, Go, serve other gods.

smell. Lev. 28.31. Deut. 4.28. P. 120. 5. cleaving.

4 Heb.

p 2 Sam. 14. 16. & 20. 19.

ach. 24.14.

20 Now therefore, let not my blood fall to the earth before the face of the LORD: for the king of Israel is come out to seek a flea, as when one doth hunt a partridge in the mountains. 21 ¶ Then said Saul, I have sin-ch. 15. 24. ned: return, my son David: for I will no more do thee harm, because my soul was precious in thine eyes this day: behold, I have played the fool, and have erred exceedingly.

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22 And David answered and said, Behold the king's spear! and let one of the young men come over and fetch it.


23 The LORD render to every man his righteousness and his faith

& 24. 17.

ch. 18.30

t Ps. 7. 8. & 18.20.

David goeth to Gath.

BEFORE CHRIST cir. 1060.


fulness: for the LORD delivered thee into my hand to day, but I would not stretch forth mine hand against the LORD'S anointed.

24 And, behold, as thy life was much set by this day in mine eyes, so let my life be much set by in the eyes of the LORD, and let him deliver me out of all tribulation.

25 Then Saul said to David, Blessed be thou, my son David: thou shalt both do great things, and also shalt Gen.32.23. still prevail. So David went on his way, and Saul returned to his place.

cir. 1058.

? Heb. be consumed.

ach. 25. 13.


1 Saul hearing David to be in Gath seeketh no more for him. 5 David beggeth Ziklag of Achish. 8 He, invading other countries, persuadeth Achish he fought against Judah.

ND David said in his heart, I


A shall now perish one day by the hand of Saul: there is nothing better for me than that I should speedily escape into the land of the Philistines; and Saul shall despair of me, to seek me any more in any coast of Israel: so shall I escape out of his hand.

2 And David arose, and he passed over with the six hundred men that b ch. 21. 10. were with him bunto Achish, the son of Maoch, king of Gath.

3 And David dwelt with Achish at Gath, he and his men, every man ch. 25. 43. with his household, even David with his two wives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the Carmelitess, Nabal's wife.

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4. And it was told Saul that David was fled to Gath: and he sought no more again for him.

5 And David said unto Achish, If I have now found grace in thine eyes, let them give me a place in some town in the country, that I may dwell there: for why should thy servant dwell in the royal city with thee? 6 Then Achish gave him Ziklag that day: wherefore Ziklag pertaineth unto the kings of Judah unto this day.

7 And the time that David dwelt in the country of the Philistines was a full and four months. year


8 ¶ And David and his men went up, and invaded the Geshurites, Josh. 13. 2. and the 'Gezrites, and the Amalekites: for those nations were of old the inhabitants of the land, as thou Ex. 17.16. goest to Shur, even unto the land of Egypt.

9 And David smote the land, and left neither man nor woman alive, and took away the sheep, and the oxen,

Saul seeketh to a witch.

and the asses, and the camels, and the apparel, and returned, and came to Achish.


BEFORE CHRIST cir. 1058.

Or, Did you not road, &c.

make a

10 And Achish said, 'Whither have ye made a road to day? And David said, Against the south of Judah, and against the south of the Jerahmeel-See 1 Chr. 2.9, 25. ites, and against the south of the Judg.1.16. Kenites.

11 And David saved neither man nor woman alive, to bring tidings to Gath, saying, Lest they should tell on us, saying, So did David, and so will be his manner all the while he dwelleth in the country of the Philistines.

12 And Achish believed David,saying, He hath made his people Israel utterly to abhor him; therefore he & Heb. shall be my servant for ever.

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to stink.

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The witch

BEFORE CHRIST cir. 1056.

k Deut. 18. 11.

1 Chr.10.13. Is. 8. 19.

1 ver. 8.

2 Heb. What is his form!


put on other raiment, and he went, and two men with him, and they came to the woman by night: and he said, I pray thee, divine unto me by the familiar spirit, and bring me him up, whom I shall name unto thee.

9 And the woman said unto him, Behold, thou knowest what Saul hath done, how he hath cut off those that have familiar spirits, and the wizards, out of the land: wherefore then layest thou a snare for my life, to cause me to die?

10 And Saul sware to her by the LORD, saying, As the LORD liveth, there shall no punishment happen to thee for this thing.

11 Then said the woman, Whom shall I bring up unto thee? And he said, Bring me up Samuel.

12 And when the woman saw Samuel, she cried with a loud voice: and the woman spake to Saul, saying, Why hast thou deceived me? for thou art Saul.

13 And the king said unto her, Be not afraid: for what sawest thou? And the woman said unto Saul, I Ex. 22. 28. saw mgods ascending out of the earth. 14 And he said unto her, What form is he of? And she said, An old man cometh up; and he is covered ch. 15. 27. with "a mantle. And Saul perceived that it was Samuel, and he stooped with his face to the ground, and bowed himself.

2 Kings 2. 8, 13.


12, 13. & 14. 14.

ach. 18. 12.

r ver. 6.

8 Heb. by the hand of prophets.

4 Or, for himself.

15 T And Samuel said to Saul, Why hast thou disquieted me, to bring me up? And Saul answered, P I am sore distressed; for the Philistines make war against me, and God is departed from me, and answereth me no more, neither by prophets, nor by dreams: therefore I have called thee, that thou mayest make known unto me what I shall do.

16 Then said Samuel, Wherefore then dost thou ask of me, seeing the LORD is departed from thee, and is become thine enemy?

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17 And the LORD hath done to Prov. 16. 4. him, as he spake by me: for the LORD hath rent the kingdom out of thine hand, and given it to thy neighbour, even to David:

t ch. 15. 28. 6 Heb. mine hand.

a ch. 15. 9.

1 Kings 20.


1 Chr. 10.13. Jer. 48. 10.

18" Because thou obeyedst not the voice of the LORD, nor executedst his fierce wrath upon Amalek, therefore hath the LORD done this thing unto thee this day.

raiseth up Samuel.

shalt thou and thy sons be with me: the LORD also shall deliver the host of Israel into the hand of the Philistines.

20 Then Saul 2 fell straightway all along on the earth, and was sore afraid, because of the words, of Samuel: and there was no strength in him; for he had eaten no bread all the day, nor all the night.

21 And the woman came unto Saul, and saw that he was sore troubled, and said unto him, Behold, thine handmaid hath obeyed thy voice, and I have put my life in my hand, and have hearkened unto thy words which thou spakest unto me.

22 Now therefore, I pray thee, hearken thou also unto the voice of thine handmaid, and let me set a morsel of bread before thee; and eat, that thou mayest have strength, when thou goest on thy way.

23 But he refused, and said, I will not eat. But his servants, together with the woman, compelled him; and he hearkened unto their voice. So he arose from the earth, and sat upon the bed.

24 And the woman had a fat calf in the house; and she hasted, and killed it, and took flour, and kneaded it, and did bake unleavened bread thereof:

25 And she brought it before Saul, and before his servants; and they did eat. Then they rose up, and went away that night.


David marching with the Philistines, 3 is dis

allowed by their princes. 6 Achish dismisseth him, with commendations of his fidelity.

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[OW the Philistines gathered together all their armies b to Aphek: and the Israelites pitched by a fountain which is in Jezreel.

2 And the lords of the Philistines passed on by hundreds, and by thousands: but David and his men passed on in the rereward with Achish.

3 Then said the princes of the Philistines, What do these Hebrews here? And Achish said unto the princes of the Philistines, Is not this David, the servant of Saul the king of Israel, which hath been with me these days, or these years, and I have found no fault in him since he fell unto me unto this day?


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4 And the princes of the Philistines were wroth with him; and the princes of the Philistines said unto him, Make this fellow return, that 1Chr.12.19. he may go again to his place which thou hast appointed him, and let him

19 Moreover the LORD will also deliver Israel with thee into the hand of the Philistines: and to morrow

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