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renew their covenant.

ch. 18. 3. & h2 Sam. 14.


Heb. searched

8 Heb. uncover thine

ear. ver. 2.

1 Ruth 1.17.

Josh. 1.5. 1 Chr. 22.11,

ch. 17.37.


12 Sam.9.1, 3,7. & 21. 7.

4 Heb. cut.

I. SAMUEL, XX. Saul seeketh to kill Jonathan.


8 Therefore thou shalt deal kindly with thy servant; for thou hast brought thy servant into a covenant of the LORD with thee: notwithstanding, "if there be in me iniquity, slay me thyself; for why shouldest thou bring me to thy father?

9 And Jonathan said, Far be it from thee: for if I knew certainly that evil were determined by my father to come upon thee, then would not I tell it thee?

10 Then said David to Jonathan, Who shall tell me? or what if thy father answer thee roughly?

11 ¶ And Jonathan said unto David, Come, and let us go out into the field. And they went out both of them into the field.

12 And Jonathan said unto David, O LORD God of Israel, when I have 2 sounded my father about to morrow any time, or the third day, and, behold, if there be good toward David, and I then send not unto thee, and shew it thee;

13 The LORD do so and much more to Jonathan: but if it please my father to do thee evil, then I will shew it thee, and send thee away, that thou mayest go in peace: and the LORD be with thee, as he hath been with my father.

14 And thou shalt not only while yet I live shew me the kindness of the LORD, that I die not:

15 But also 'thou shalt not cut off thy kindness from my house for ever: no, not when the LORD hath cut off the enemies of David every one from the face of the earth.

16 So Jonathan 'made a covenant with the house of David, saying, Let the LORD even require it at 2 Sam. 4.7. the hand of David's enemies.

ch. 25. 22. Seech.31. 2.

& 21. 8.

3 Or, by his love toward him.

a ch. 18. 1.

over. 5.

6 Heb. missed.

7 Or, diligently. 8 Heb. greatly. p ch. 19. 2. 9 Heb. in the day of the business. Or, that

sheweth the Bay.

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BEFORE CHRIST cir. 1062.

expressly say unto the lad, Behold, the arrows are on this side of thee, take them; then come thou: for there is peace to thee, and no hurt; 2 Heb. not as the LORD liveth.

22 But if I say thus unto the young man, Behold, the arrows are beyond thee; go thy way: for the LORD hath sent thee away.

23 And as touching the matter which thou and I have spoken of, behold, the LORD be between thee and me for ever.

24 So David hid himself in the field: and when the new moon was come, the king sat him down to eat meat.

25 And the king sat upon his seat, as at other times, even upon a seat by the wall: and Jonathan arose, and Abner sat by Saul's side, and David's place was empty.

26 Nevertheless Saul spake not any thing that day: for he thought, Something hath befallen him, he is "not clean; surely he is not clean.

27 And it came to pass on the morrow, which was the second day of the month, that David's place was empty: and Saul said unto Jonathan his son, Wherefore cometh not the son of Jesse to meat, neither yesterday, nor to day?

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29 And he said, Let me go, I pray thee; for our family hath a sacrifice in the city; and my brother, he hath commanded me to be there and now, if I have found favour in thine eyes, let me get away, I pray thee, and see my brethren. Therefore he cometh not unto the king's table.

30 Then Saul's anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said unto him, 34 Thou son of the perverse rebellious woman, do not I know that thou hast chosen the son of Jesse to thine own confusion, and unto the confusion of thy mother's nakedness?

31 For as long as the son of Jesse liveth upon the ground, thou shalt not be established, nor thy kingdom. Wherefore now send and fetch him unto me, for he shall surely die.

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David at Nob

BEFORE CHRIST cir. 1062.

? Heb. to

pass over him.

3 Heb. instruments.


34 So Jonathan arose from the table in fierce anger, and did eat no meat the second day of the month: for he was grieved for David, because his father had done him shame. 35 And it came to pass in the morning, that Jonathan went out into the field at the time appointed with David, and a little lad with him. 36 And he said unto his lad, Run, find out now the arrows which 1 shoot. And as the lad ran, he shot an arrow 2 beyond him.

37 And when the lad was come to the place of the arrow which Jonathan had shot, Jonathan cried after the lad, and said, Is not the arrow beyond thee?

38 And Jonathan cried after the lad, Make speed, haste, stay not. And Jonathan's lad gathered up the arrows, and came to his master. 39 But the lad knew not any thing only Jonathan and David

knew the matter.

40 And Jonathan gave his artilHeb. that lery unto his lad, and said unto him, Go, carry them to the city.

was his.

ch. 1. 17.

5 Or, the LORD be

witness of that which, &c.

See ver. 23.

a ch. 14. 3, called

Ahiah. Called also Abiathar, Mark 2. 26. b ch. 16. 4.

6 Heb. found.

41 And as soon as the lad was gone, David arose out of a place toward the south, and fell on his face to the ground, and bowed himself three times and they kissed one another, and wept one with another, until David exceeded.

42 And Jonathan said to David, z Go in peace, 'forasmuch as we have sworn both of us in the name of the LORD, saying, The LORD be between me and thee, and between my seed and thy seed for ever. And he arose and departed: and Jonathan went into the city.


1 David at Nob obtaineth of Ahimelech hallowed bread. 7 Doeg was present. 8 David taketh Goliath's sword. 10 David at Gath feigneth himself mad.

HEN David to Nob to

obtaineth hallowed bread.


BEFORE CHRIST cir. 1062.

4 And the priest answered David, and said, There is no common bread under mine hand, but there is hallowed bread; if the young men have kept themselves at least from Matt. 12.4. women.

5 And David answered the priest, and said unto him, Of a truth women have been kept from us about these three days, since I came out, and the • vessels of the young men are holy, and the bread is in a manner common, yea, though it were sanctified this day in the vessel.



6 So the priest gave him hallowed bread: for there was no bread there but the shewbread, that was taken from before the LORD, to put hot bread in the day when it was taken away.

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7 Now a certain man of the servants of Saul was there that day, detained before the LORD; and his name was Doeg, an Edomite, the chiefest! ch. 22.9. of the herdmen that belonged to Saul. 8 And David said unto Ahimelech, And is there not here under thine hand spear or sword? for I have neither brought my sword nor my weapons with me, because the king's business required haste.

1 See ch. 31.


9 And the priest said, The sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom thou slewest in the valley of Elah, be- ch.17.2,50. hold, it is here wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod: if thou wilt take that, take it for there is no other save that here. And David said, There is none like that; give it me.

10 And David arose, and fled that day for fear of Saul, and went to 3 Achish the king of Gath.

8 Or, Abimelech, Ps. 34, title.

m Ps. 56,


11 And the servants of Achish said unto him, Is not this David the king of the land? did they not sing one to another of him in dances, saying, Saul hath slain his thousands, and ch. 18.7. David his ten thousands?

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& 29. 5.

12 And David Luke 2.19.

T-Ahimelech the priest, and Ahi- in his heart, vadu laids up these words

melech was afraid at the meeting of David, and said unto him, Why art thou alone, and no man with thee? 2 And David said unto Ahimelech the priest, The king hath commanded me a business, and hath said unto me, Let no man know any thing of the business whereabout I send thee, and what I have commanded thee: and I have appointed my servants to such and such a place.

3 Now therefore what is under thine hand? give me five loaves of bread in mine hand, or what there is "present.

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Doeg accuseth Ahimelech.

BEFORE CHRIST cir. 1062.

Ps.57,title. & 142, title.


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DAVI AVID therefore departed thence, and escaped to the cave A3 Sam. 23. dullam: and when his brethren and all his father's house heard it, they



a creditor. 3 Heb. bitter of soul.

went down thither to him.



2 And every one that was in disHeb. had tress, and every one that was in debt, and every one that was discontented, gathered themselves unto him; and he became a captain over them: and there were with him about four hundred men.

d 2 Sam. 24. 11.

2 Chr.29.25.

3 And David went thence to Mizpeh of Moab: and he said unto the king of Moab, Let my father and my mother, I pray thee, come forth, and be with you, till I know what God will do for me.

4 And he brought them before the king of Moab: and they dwelt with him all the while that David was in the hold.


5 And the prophet Gad said 1 Chr. 21.9. unto David, Abide not in the hold; depart, and get thee into the land of Judah. Then David departed, and came into the forest of Hareth.

6 ¶ When Saul heard that David was discovered, and the men that were with him, (now Saul abode in Gibeah under a tree in Ramah, havhigh place. ing his spear in his hand, and all his servants were standing about him ;)

4 Or, grove in a

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7 Then Saul said unto his servants that stood about him, Hear now, ye Benjamites; will the son of Jesse give every one of you fields and vineyards, and make you all captains of thousands,and captainsofhundreds; 8 That all of you have conspired against me, and there is none that sheweth me that my son hath made a league with the son of Jesse, and there is none of you that is sorry for me, or sheweth unto me that my son hath stirred up my servant against me, to lie in wait, as at this day?

9 Then answered & Doeg the ver.1,2,3. Edomite, which was set over the servants of Saul, and said, I saw the son of Jesse coming to Nob, to h Ahimelech the son of Ahitub.

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He killeth the priests.

11 Then the king sent to call Ahimelech the priest, the son of Ahitub, and all his father's house, the priests that were in Nob: and they came all of them to the king.

12 And Saul said, Hear now, thou son of Ahitub. And he answered, 2 Here I am, my lord.

13 And Saul said unto him, Why have ye conspired against me, thou and the son of Jesse, in that thou hast given him bread, and a sword, and hast enquired of God for him, that he should rise against me, to lie in wait, as at this day?

14 Then Ahimelech answered the king, and said, And who is so faithful among all thy servants as David, which is the king's son in law, and goeth at thy bidding, and is honourable in thine house?

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17 And the king said unto the 5 footmen that stood about him, Or,guard. Turn, and slay the priests of the LORD; because their hand also is with David, and because they knew when he fled, and did not shew it to me. But the servants of the king m would not put forth their hand to fall upon the priests of the LORD.

18 And the king said to Doeg, Turn thou, and fall upon the priests. And Doeg the Edomite turned, and he fell upon the priests, and " slew on that day fourscore and five persons that did wear a linen ephod.

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1 David, enquiring of the Lord by Abiathar, rescueth Keilah. 7 God shewing him the com

ing of Saul, and the treachery of the Keilites,

he escapeth from Keilah. 14 In Ziph Jonathan cometh and comforteth him. 19 The Ziphites discover him to Saul. 25 At Maon he is rescued from Saul by the invasion of the Philistines. 29 He dwelleth at En-gedi.

HEN they told David, saying,

Josh.15.44. against a Keilah, and they rob the threshing floors.

b ver. 4, 6, 9. ch. 30.8.


2 Therefore David 'enquired of the 2 Sam.5.19, LORD, saying, Shall I go and smite these Philistines? And the LORD said unto David, Go, and smite the Philistines, and save Keilah.

3 And David's men said unto him, Behold, we be afraid here in Judah: how much more then if we come to Keilah against the armies of the Philistines?

4 Then David enquired of the LORD yet again. And the LORD answered him and said, Arise, go down to Keilah; for I will deliver the Philistines into thine hand.

5 So David and his men went to Keilah, and fought with the Philistines, and brought away their cattle, and smote them with a great slaughter. So David saved the inhabitants of Keilah.

6 And it came to pass, when Ach. 22. 20. biathar the son of Ahimelech fled to David to Keilah, that he came down with an ephod in his hand.

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The Ziphites betray David.

BEFORE CHRIST cir. 1061.

2 Heb.

fch. 22. 2.

of Keilah deliver me and my men into the hand of Saul? And the LORD said, They will deliver thee up. 13 Then David and his men, shut up. which were about six hundred, arose and departed out of Keilah, and went whithersoever they could go. And it was told Saul that David was escaped from Keilah; and he forbare to go forth.

14 And David abode in the wilderness in strong holds, and remained in


Ziph. And Saul 'sought him every day, but God delivered him not into his hand.

15 And David saw that Saul was come out to seek his life: and David was in the wilderness of Ziph in a wood.

16 And Jonathan Saul's son arose, and went to David into the wood, and strengthened his hand in God.

17 And he said unto him, Fear not: for the hand of Saul my father shall not find thee; and thou shalt be king over Israel, and I shall be next unto thee; and that also Saul my father knoweth.

18 And they two 'made a covenant before the LORD: and David abode in the wood, and Jonathan went to his house.


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& 25. 13..

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Ps.11. 1. Josh. 15. P3.54.8, 4.

ch. 24. 20.

ch. 18. 8. & 20. 16, 42

2 Sam. 21.7.

m See ch. 26. 1.

19 ¶ Then came up the Ziphites to Saul to Gibeah, saying, Doth not P.54, title. David hide himself with us in strong holds in the wood, in the hill of Hachilah, which is on the south of 'Jeshimon?

20 Now therefore, O king, come down according to all the desire of thy soul to come down; and our part shall be to deliver him into the king's hand.

21 And Saul said, Blessed be ye of the LORD; for ye have compassion

on me.


Heb. on

the right hand.

Or, The


n P8. 54.3.

22 Go, I pray you, prepare yet, and know and see his place where his haunt is, and who hath seen him Heb. foot there for it is told me that he dealeth very subtilly.

23 See therefore, and take knowledge of all the lurking places where he hideth himself, and come ye again to me with the certainty, and I will go with you: and it shall come to pass, if he be in the land, that I will search him out throughout all the thousands of Judah.

shall be.

• Josh. 15.

24 And they arose, and went to Ziph before Saul: but David and his men were in the wilderness of Maon, 55. ch.25. 2.

David spareth Saul's life,

BEFORE CHRIST cir. 1061.

2 Or, from the rock.


in the plain on the south of Jeshi

25 Saul also and his men went to seek him. And they told David: wherefore he came down 2 into a rock, and abode in the wilderness of Maon. And when Saul heard that, he pursued after David in the wilderness of Maon.

26 And Saul went on this side of the mountain, and David and his men on that side of the mountain: PPs. 31. 22. P and David made haste to get away for fear of Saul; for Saul and his men compassed David and his men round about to take them.

q Ps. 17.9.

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and sheweth his innocency.

7 So David 21 stayed his servants with these words, and suffered them not to rise against Saul. But Saul rose up out of the cave, and went on his way.

8 David also arose afterward, and went out of the cave, and cried after Saul, saying, My lord the king. And when Saul looked behind him, David stooped with his face to the earth, and bowed himself.

9 And David said to Saul, Wherefore hearest thou men's words, saying, Behold, David seeketh thy hurt?

10 Behold, this day thine eyes have seen how that the LORD had delivered thee to day into mine hand in the cave: and some bade me kill thee: but mine eye spared thee; and I said, I will not put forth mine hand against my lord; for he is the LORD'S anointed.


BEFORE CHRIST cir. 1061.

2 Heb.

cut off.

1 Ps. 7. 4. Matt. 5. 44.

Rom. 12. 17,


Prov. 16.28.

Ps. 141. 6. & 17. 9.

11 Moreover, my father, see, yea, see the skirt of thy robe in my hand: for in that I cut off the skirt of thy robe, and killed thee not, know thou and see that there is neither evil Pa. 7. 8. nor transgression in mine hand, and I have not sinned against thee; yet thou huntest my soul to take it.

12 "The LORD judge between me and thee, and the LORD avenge me of thee: but mine hand shall not be

upon thee.

13 As saith the proverb of the ancients, Wickedness proceedeth from the wicked: but mine hand shall not be upon thee.

14 After whom is the king of Israel come out? after whom dost thou pursue? after a dead dog, after Pa flea.

& 35.7.


m ch. 26. 20.

n Gen. 16. 5. Judg.11. 27. ch. 26. 10. Job 5. 8.

o ch. 17. 43. 2 Sam. 9. 8.

p ch. 26. 20.

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15 The LORD therefore be judge, and judge between me and thee, and see, and plead my cause, and de-2 Chr. 24. liver me out of thine hand.

16 And it came to pass, when David had made an end of speaking these words unto Saul, that Saul said, Is this thy voice, my son David? And Saul lifted up his voice, and wept.

17 "And he said to David, Thou art I more righteous than I: for thou hast rewarded me good, whereas I have rewarded thee evil.

18 And thou hast shewed this day how that thou hast dealt well with me: forasmuch as when the LORD had delivered me into thine hand, thou killedst me not.

19 For if a man find his enemy, will he let him go well away? where

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Ech. 26. 23. 4 Heb. shut up. ch. 23. 12. & 26. 8.

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