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THE HISTORY OF INDIA.

HISTORY OF INDIA,

AS TOLD

BY ITS OWN HISTORIANS.

THE MUHAMMADAN PERIOD.

THE POSTHUMOUS PAPERS

OF THE LATE

SIR H. M. ELLIOT, K.C.B.,

EDITED AND CONTINUED

BY

PROFESSOR JOHN DOWSON, M.R.A.S.,

STAFF COLLEGE, SANDHURST,

VOL. VII.

LONDON:
TRÜBNER AND co., 57 and 59, LUDGATE HILL.

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PREFACE.

The present Volume contains the history of the reigns of Sháh-Jahán, Aurangzeb, Bahadur Shah, Jahándár Sháh, and Farrukh-Siyar, of the little brief authority of Rafí'u-d Daula and Rafi'u-d Daraját, and of the early years of the reign of Muhammad Shah.

Several works hitherto unknown to the European reader are here brought to notice. The history of the reign of Shah Jahan is derived from the Bádsháh-náma of 'Abdu-l Hamid and from other Bádsháh-námas and Sháh-Jahan-námas. The special works relating to the reign of Aurangzeb have been examined and the most interesting passages translated; but the history of his long rule, and of the subsequent times which appear in this Volume, has been derived from the great work of Kháfí Khán, a contemporary history of high and well-deserved repute. This important history is well known at second-hand. All European historians of the period which it covers have been greatly indebted, directly or indirectly, to its pages. Elphinstone and Grant Duff used it, and they refer to a MS. translation by. “Major Gordon, of the Madras Army.” It is not known what has become of this MS. trans

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