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Pale phantoms, hideous spectres, shapes which scare The damned themselves, and terrify despair.

Gorgons and Harpys, and Chimeras dire,' And swarms of twisted serpents, hissing fire." 4. Punishments suffered through the sense of hearing.

"The hearing." says Bp. Jeremy Taylor, "shall not only be afflicted by an intolerable pain, caused by that ever-burning and penetrating fire, but also with the fearful and amazing noises of thunders, howlings, clamors, groans, curses, and blasphemies. .. What shall be the harmo


ny of hell, where the ears shall be deafened with the cries and complaints of the damned! What confusion and horror shall it breed to hear all lament, all complain, all curse and blaspheme, through the bitterness of the torments which they suffer! But the damned shall principally be affrighted, and shall quake, to hear the thunderclap of God's wrath, which shall continually resound in their ears."

So Dr. Trapp hears nothing in hell but


Clattering of iron, and the clank of chains;

The clang of lashing whips; shrill shrieks, and


Loud, ceaseless howlings, cries, and piercing moans.

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Despair, despair, despair!
Is still the sound that breaks the dusky air.
Forever! Never! Never be released?

Oh no! 'Tis torment never to be eased."

Dr. Young also makes a damned soul speak of hell as a place

"Where shrieks, the roaring flame, the rattling chain,

And all the dreadful eloquence of pain
Our only good!"

So the good Christopher Love tells us "the ear shall be tormented with the yellings and hideous outcries of the damned."

Even the music in hell is rather melancholy, according to Pollock, who tells us that,

"The waves of fiery darkness, 'gainst the rocks
Of dark damnation broke, and music made
Of melancholy sort, and over head

And all around, wind warred with wind, storm howled

To storm and lightning, forked lightning crossed
And thunder answered thunder, muttering sounds
Of sullen wrath."

And thus speaks Christopher Love again, "Their cursings are their hymns, howlings their tunes, and blasphemies their ditties." Odd music certainly!

5. Pains to be suffered through the sense of smell.

"The smell," says Bp. Jeremy Taylor, “ shall also be tormented with the most pestilential stink. Horrible was that torment used by Mezentius, to tie a living body to a dead, and then to leave them, until the infection and putrified exhalations of the dead had killed the living. What can be more abominable than for a living man to have his mouth laid close to that of a dead one, full of grubs and worms, where the living must receive

all those pestilential vapors breathed forth from a corrupt carcase, and suffer such loathsomness and abominable stink? But what is this in respect to hell, when each body of the damned is more loathsome and unsavory than a million of dead dogs, and all these pressed and crowded together in so strait a compass? Bonaventure goes so far as to say that if one only of the damned were brought into this world, it were sufficient to infect the whole earth. Neither shall the devils send forth a better smell, .... Hell is the world's sink, and the receptacle of all the filth in this great frame, and withal a deep dungeon, where the air hath no access. How great must the stink and infection needs be of so many corruptions heaped one upon another! and how insufferable the smell of that infernal brimstone mixed with so many corrupted matters! O gulf of horror! O infernal grave! without vent or breathing place! Eternal grave of such as die continually and cannot die, with what abominable filth art thou filled!" Milton, too, does not fail to speak of the “stench and smoke” of hell.— But not to dwell on this point longer, I pass to consider,

6. The pains suffered through the sense of taste. "What then shall I say of the tongue," exclaims Bp. Jeremy Taylor, "which is the instru ment of so many ways of sinning, flattery, lying, murmuring, calumniating, gluttony, and drunken

ness! Who can express that bitterness, which the damned shall suffer, greater than that of alloes and wormwood? The Scripture tells us, the gall of dragons shall be their wine; and they shall taste the poison of asps for all eternity, unto which shall be joined an intolerable thirst, and dog-like hunger. Famine is the most pressing of all necessities, and most deformed of all evils: plagues and wars are happiness in respect to it. ... If hunger be so terrible a mischief in this life, how will it afflict the damned in the other! Without all doubt, the damned would rather tear themselves in pieces than suffer it; all the most horrible famines that Scripture histories propose unto us, are but weak pictures to that which the damned suffer in this unfortunate residence of eternal miseries; neither shall thirst torment them the less."

Drexelius takes the same view of the subject. Speaking of the Rich Man in hell, he says, " How strangely is his condition altered! Instead of a lofty bed of down, on which he was wont to repose himself, he now lies frying in the flames: his sparkling wine and delicious dainties are taken from him; he is burnt up with thirst, and has nothing for his food but smoke and sulphur!"

Thus all the bodily senses are to be perpetually tormented in that

"Universe of death which God by curse Created evil, for evil only good."

7. Accessory pains and aggravations. But this is not all. Hell has a great variety of corporeal pains besides those now mentioned.For instance the damned in hell are to be most horribly whipped. "As the slaves of the earth," says my great authority, Bp. Jeremy Taylor, "are whipped and punished by their masters, the slaves of hell are tormented by the devils who have power and dominion over them: and who lay upon them a thousand afflictions, griefs, and miseries. Every member of their bodies shall suffer greater pain and torment than if it were torn from the body. If one cannot tell how to suffer a tooth-ache, head-ache, or the pain of the colic, what will it be, when there shall not be any joint or the least part of the body, which shall not cause him an intolerable pain: Not only the head, or teeth, but also the breasts, sides, shoulders, the back, the heart and all parts of the body even to the very bones and marrow." The pious

Isaac Ambrose tells us that under the hands


of the devil, no part shall escape in such a fray:" and he represents those executioners of God's judgments as using whips of stinging serpents and scorpions! This notion is expressed in verse by Dr. Trapp, to whom I have been so often indebted before.

Meanwhile, as if but light were all these pains,
Legions of devils, bound themselves, in chains,

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