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Sentiments engendered by the contemplation of the city of

Benares—Its history, the history of India.—Principles of pro-

gress at work in the city. -- Changes visible in native

society.—The Brahmo Samáj.- Diminished study of Sanskrit.

-Diminished faith in Idolatry in Benares and Northern India

generally.-Influence of education on Hindu youths.-A Martin

Luther for India. — Influence and spread of Christianity.-

Gungá-putras, or sons of the Ganges.—Literary and Religious

Societies amongst the natives.—The Benares Institute-Nature

of its discussions.—Lecture of Pandit Lakshmají-His account

of the consequences of Hinduism.-Effect of Missions and

Education on Benares and on India.—Religious agitation in

India.—What is the destiny of Idolatry and of Christianity in

India ?—The Future in respect of Benares.—Remarks of the

Rev. Dr. Thomson, a Bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church

of the United States, on the religious and social condition and

pivopecus Ol inala . . . . . . . . . . . . .341

APPENDIX A.

Narrative of Fă Hian, concerning his visit to Benares and

Sárnáth. Extracted from the Foě Kouě Ki by MM. Rémusat,

Klaproth, and Landresse . . . . . . . . . . . . . 364

APPENDIX B.

Narrative of Hiouen Thsang. Translated by the author

from the “Mémoires sur les Contrées Occidentales de Hiouen

Thsang," of M. Stanislas Julien, translator of the original

Chinese work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 366

APPENDIX C.

Further information concerning Divodás ....... 381

INDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 382

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.

PAGE RAJA OF AHMETY'S TEMPLE . . . . . . . . . Frontispiece

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CARVING ON THE BUDDHIST TOWER, No. I. ....... 240

» » » No. II...... ANCIENT BUDDHIST TEMPLE AT BAKARÍYA KUND .... 283

ERRATA.

Page 68.–For Purņas'ubhakaran, read Purņas'ubhakaraņí.

Page 320.—In line 21, and also line 26, in place of No. X., read No. IX.

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