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the Judges at Calcutta had consented to sanction those Stamp Regulations, which were so obnoxious to the feelings of the people of India.
Mr. S. Dixon thought that, in the absence of official information, the Court of Directors ought not to have been called on to entertain this question to-day.
The CHAIRMAN said, the Court of Directors had advices from Calcutta, dated no later than the 21st of June, and the question of registration was to have been entertained in the Supreme Court on the 6th of July. Of the result of that proceeding they knew nothing. This debate was, therefore, rather premature ; and he felt it to be his duty to move the previous question. Mr. Pattison seconded this motion.
Colonel Stanhore suggested, that the public interests would be best served by letting the original motion stand over to the next Quarterly Court.
Captain MAXFIELD said, that under these circumstances he would not press his motion, The motion was then put and negatived.
imprisonment FOR DEBT IN INDIA. Colonel L. STANHOPE, after adverting to the extremely defective state of the law in India with respect to the relief of persons imprisoned for delt, and pointing out the horrible oppression to which they were at present exposed, moved the following resolutions, in which are embodied the principal features of his speech : 11. That a petition, dated February, 1827, from the debtors in the great jail in Calcutta, presented by Mr. John Palmer, and recommended by the magistrates, merehants, agents, and shopkeepers of that city, to the l'ice-President in Council, is entitled to the attention of the Court of Directors.
2. That it appears by the petition, that in 1812, 100 debtors were liberated from Calcutta jail under the operation of the Insolvent Act, one of whom had been in that bot jail for 18 years; but that when, in 1813, this act was made permanent in England, it was not extended to British India.
"? 3. That 14 years had since elapsed, and though the Court of Directors had extended the spirit of the Insolvent Act to the provinces of British India, still debtors in the metropolis of the three Presidencies (under the laws of England) are yet doomed to perpetual imprisonment. Thus one prisoner has been fourteen years, two have been twelve, and one has been eleven years, in the sultry and offensive dungeons of Cal. cutta.
4. That this Court doth, therefore, humbly recommend to the Court of Directors, to use all their influence in order to extend the Insolvent and Bankruptcy laws to British India, and to aid in establishing there, as in London, a society for the relief of unfortunate debtors, the operation of benevolent exertion being, in truth, the only palliative applicable to the present system of English procedure.'
Mr. HUME observed, that in the last Session of Parliament the attention of the President of the Board of Control had been called by him to the situation of unfortunate debtors in India, and he had promised, if the Insolvent laws did not extend to India, to bring in a bill on the subject. He was desirous that, by the interference ofthe Court of Directors, debtors in India might be placed on the same footing with debtors in Canada. He thought it would be premature to press the motion until the intentions of the President of the Board of Control were known.
The CHAIRMAN hoped the gallant Colonel would adopt the suggestion of the hon. Gentleman who had just spoken. He could assure him that all persons connected with the Indian Government were as feelingly alive as he himself was to the evils resulting from the present state of the law on the subject. The gallant Colonel was wrong in supposing that the debtors discharged froin Calcutta jail were released under the operation of the Insolvent Act. They were released by the Government, who had a discretionary power to discharge persons confined for debts under a certain sum.
After a few words from Mr. Stuart and Captain Maxfield, Colonel Stanhope withdrew his motion.
SUSPENSION FROM OFFICE OF AN INDIAN JUDGE. Colonel Leicester STANHOPE gave notice, that he would at the next Quarterly Court move the following resolutions :
1. That this Court of Proprietors has heard with regret, that Mr. Courtenay Smith, Chief Judge of the Supreme Native Court in Bengal, has been suspended from his office for having expressed the following opinion,-namely, that “as suits appealed to the authorities in England are decided by them after many years, and as the period of the Honourable Company's charter will shortly expire, and as, after the expiration of the term of the present charter, it is uncertain whether it will be renewed, or the government of the country will be assumed by his Majesty, in my opinion the security of the Government is such as cannot be accepted. But as this is an uncommon circumstance, it requires the concurrence of another Judge.”
2. That Mr. Canning, when President of the Board of Control, acted upon the same principle as that for which Mr. C. Smith has been con: demned, -the former having refused to sanction a pension which extended the grant beyond the period of their charter.
‘3. That the conduct of the Government in suspending this most upright Judge for expressing his honest opinion, is calculated to corrupt the fountain of justice in British India; and that Mr. C. Smith, in laying down the rule of equity, and protecting the weak from the strong, has done his duty, and deserves the approbation of this Court.'
Mr. Hume asked, whether the commission which had been appointed at Calcutta, on the complaint of Dr. Tytler, to inquire into the truth of the statements made respecting the improper manner in which the troops had been sent to, and provisioned in, Arracan during the late war, had made any report, and if so, whether there existed any objection to its being produced ?
The Chairman said, that as he had received no notice of the hon. Gentleman's question he must decline answering it.
Mr. HumE said, that he would, on a future occasion, submit a motion on the subject.
THE NATIVE LANGUAGES. Mr. Hume, after a few prefatory observations on the great importance of a competent knowledge of Hindoostanee to all persons proceeding to India in an official capacity, moved the following resolution : ' That, as the Court of Directors did, on the 4th of November, 1818, declare it was highly desirable that all persons proceeding to India, in the Company's service, should obtain a knowledge of the Hindovstanee language before their departure, this Court do recommend the Court of Directors to carry their resolution into effect, and allow no Cadet to proceed to India until, on examination, he should be found sufficiently grounded in the rudiments of the Hindoostanee. He then appealed to Colonel Baillie, and others within the bar, of the importance of that knowledge.
Captain MaxFIELD seconded the motion. The Chairman said, he felt it his duty to move the previous question on a motion of such importance, brought on at so late an hour, and without notice.
Colonel STANHOPE supported the original motion.
Colonel Baillie contended that it was by no means necessary to the efficient discharge of duties in India that functionaries should be well versed in the Native languages. He was, himself, an instance of a man in the military profession, as the hon. Member for Aberden was of one in the medical profession, going out to India without any knowledge of Hindoostanee, and obtaining, in a few months, sufficient acquaintance with it to enable him to discharge all his duties efficiently.
Mr. Hume replied, that the gallant Director was wrong in supposing that he had proceeded to India without any previous knowledge of Hindoostanee. He took care to commence that language before he went out.
The original motion was then put and negatived.
THE CARNATIC DEBT.
Captain MAXFIELD gave notice, that at the next Quarterly Court he would submit a motion respecting the Carnatic debt, with a view to its liquidation.
Colonel STANHOPE gave notice, that at the next Quarterly Court he would move that all papers relative to the Stamp Regulations be laid before the Court of Proprietors.
The Court then adjourned at four o'clock.
CIVIL AND MILITARY APPOINTMENTS, PROMOTIONS, AND
CHANGES, IN INDIA. SB. signifies Bombay-M. Madras+and C. Calcutta,] 1 Axford, Richard, Capt., furl: to Europe, expired April last.-C. July 3. Ackers, T. P., Lieut., permitted to retire from the 30th Dec. 1825.-C. July 3. Apperley, Licut., 4th Light Cav., to act as Interp. and Quart.-Mast. during the
indisposition of Lieut. Lowth.-C. July 2. Alexander, W. P., Eris., app. to do duty with the 50th N. I., at Allahabad,' in
stead of the 57th N. 1.-C. July 2. Arding, Cecil, Ens., 58th N. I., to be Lieut., v. Turner, deceased...C. June 29. Anson, F., Lieut. and Adj., 18th N. I., on furlough to Benares. C. Jute 22. Alexander, Williain Ferguson, Ens., to do duty with 57th N. I., 'at Pertaubgush
(Oude.)-C. June 25. Apperly, H., Lieut., 6th N. I., on furlough to Benares for health.-C. May 11. Annesley. W. R., Ens., posted to 4th N. 1.-M. June 30. Anderson, Alexander, Capt., furlough expired in May.-M. June to me) Alexander, J., Sen. Cornet, 7th Lt. Cav., to be Lieut.-M. June 5. Anderson, R., Surg., posted to the 30th N. I.-M. June 16. Athill, Lieut., Acting Revenue Surveyor of Bombay and Salsette, on the de
parture of Capt. Tate.-B. August 3. Ainslic, P. C., Lieut., of H. M.'s 4th Lt. D., Aid-de-Camp to the Com.-in-Chief,
prom. June 12, v. Lieut.-Col. Rainey, resigned.-B. August 3. Bell, J. H., Lieut, 11th N. I., Ist Assist. to the Military Auditor-General, on
furlough to Calcutta.-B. July 24. Biscoe, J. W. E., Lieut., furlough to Europe, &spired last April.-C. July 3.20 Beaty, Francis, Lieut., furlough to Europe, expired.-C. July 3. Bryre, Alexander, Dr., permitted to practise, and to succeed as Assist.-Surg.
-C. July 3. Baker, John, Mr., permitted to practise, and to succeed as Assistant-Surgeon.
-C. July 3. Beattie, Assist.-Surg., temporarily to do duty with the Cawnpore Div. of Artil.
-C. June 25, Bingley, Lieut., Horse Artil., appointed to do'duty with the Recruits attached to
the Riding Depot at Dum Dum.-C. June 30. Bellew, Henry W., Licut., 56th regt., to officiate as Dep. Assist. Quart.- Mast.
General, from 38 April.-C. July 2. Benson, W., Lieut., Interp, and Quart.-Mast., 4th Cav., permitted to do duty
with the 2d Light Cav., at Muttra, until 15th Sept., then to proceed to his regt.
-C. July 2. Beek, J. H., Ens., to do duty with 67th N. I., at Dinapore.-C. June 25. Bainbridge, Thomas Drake, Cavalry Cadet, to do duty with 9th Lt. Cavalry, at
Cawnpore.-C. June 25. Blake, Muirson Trower, Mr., admitted Cadet.-C. June 6. Broadfoot, William, Mr., admitted Cadet of Cav.-C. June 6. Buchanan, William Miller, Mr., admitted Assist.-Surg.-C. Juné 6. Barber, James, Mr., admitted Assist.-Surg.-C. June 6. Baker, F., Cornet, Cav., rank assigned from 14th Nov., 1826.-C. June 8! Boyd, Robert, Ens., 65th N. I., on furlough' to Europe, for one year.-0. June 8. Barret, William, Mr., admitted Veterinary Surg.-C. May 14.
! Badenach, Walter, Capt., furlough to Europe expired.-C. May 14. Brind, Frederick, Lieut., furlough to Europe expired.-- C, May 14. Burges, George, Capt., 5th Light Cay., on furlough to Bombay, and ultimately
to Europe for health.-C. May 14. Backman, S. Jasper, Assisti-Apoth., to join the detachment at Chinsurah--C.
Bond, F., Capt., Artil., on furlongh, to Bangalore.-M. June 30.
, J., Col., 9th X. I., on furlough to sea-coast for health. Babington, C. S., Ens., 15th V. l., on furlough to Trichinopoly, for health.
M. June 21. Brown, John Read, Lieut., permitted to return to duty:-M. June 1. Brett, J. T., Sen. Cornet, 7th Lt. Cav., to be Lieut.-M. June 8. Byng, J., Lieut., 6th Lt. Cav., to join and do duty with detail of that regiment
at Arcot-M. June 4. Brice, E., Lieut., rem. from 3d batt. to 2d Horse Brigade. Briggs, J., Lieut., rem. from 420 V. I. to 31st or X. L. I.-M. June 21. Bell, Mr., appointed Registrar of the Vice-Admiralty Court, r. Henry Cootes,
proceeded to Europe.-M. June 16. Bell
, C.C., Capt. 34ih N. I., on furloughi to Europe for health.—May 27. Bury, W. S., Senior Lieut., 2d Lt. Cav., to be Capt.-M. May 29. Beresford J.P., Second Lieut., posted to 3d batt. Artil.-M. May 12. Caldecott, C. M., Mr., to le Assistant to the Magistrate and to the Collector of
Allahabad.-C. June 28. Catton, H, P., Cornet, 7th Lt. Cav., to be Lieut., v. Veysie prom.-C. July 6. Carpenter, G., Brig. at Cuttack, appoint, to the command at Delhi.-C. July 2. Cullin, John, 1st Lieut., on furlough to Europe for health.-C. June 27. Chambers, É. M., Capt., 3d N. I., on leave of absence at Calcutta.-C. June 22. Cockney, F., Ens., 26th N. I.; on fur. to the Presidency for health.-C. Juue 22. Couran, J. W., Ens., posted to 64th N. I., at Agra.--C. June 25. Caldel, W., Ens., posted to 36th N. I., at Sultanpore (Oude.)-C. June 25. Christian, Hugh Holmes, Mr., admitted Cadet of Cav.-C. June 6. Conran, William Smith, admitted Cadet of Infantry.-C. June 6. Cookson, William, Mr., admitted Cadet of Cav.-C. June 6. Chilcott
, Joseph, Mr., admitted Cadet of Infantry.-C. June 6, Campbell
, William Frederick, Ens., 64th N. I, to be Lieut., v. Aire, discharged. -C. June 6. Cooke, G. M., Capt., 31st N. I., transferred to the Pension Estab.-C. June 8. Curson, Henry Fotheringham, Lieut. Artil., rank assigned from 19th Nov. 1826.
-C. June 8. Cameron, Lachlan John, Assist.-Surg., (M.D.,) rank assigned from 19th Nov.
1826.-C. June 8. Culley, J., Capt., 2d N. I., on furlough to Almorab.-C. May 11. Colebroke, R., Capt., of the Eur. Inv. permitted to reside at Monghyr.-C. May 16. Cameron, P., Lieut. Col., 2d Light Cav., on furlough to Bangalore.-M. June 21. Cavle, H., Capt., 25th N. I., on fur. to Neilgherry Hills for lealth.-M. June 21. Cottrell, C., Lieut., 8th Lt. Cav. on fur. to Western Coast for health.-M. June 21. Currie, H., Lieut., 9th N. I., on fur, to Neilgherry Hills for health.-M. June 21. Close, Robt., Major, Madras Estab., permitied to retire.—M. June 5. Clarkson, N. P., Mr., admitted Veterinary Surgeon.-M. June 1. Cazalet, Williain Wahab, Mr., admitted á Cadet of Infantry.-M. June 1. Colebeck, H., Ens., removed from 16th to 4th N. 1.-M. June I. Carr, G., Ens., removed from 8th to 16th N, 1.-M. June 1, Clapham, W., Lieut.-Col., rem. 31st reg., or T. L. I., to the 4th N. I.-M, June 21. Cuppage, A., Lieut., 27th N. I., to be Adj., v. Waymonth, dec.-M, May 27. Cameron, J., Capt., 520 N. I., on furlough to Bengal for one year.-M. May 27. Clarke, Geo., Bartholomew, admitted a Cadet of Infantry.-M. May 27. Cameron, J, St. M., Lieut., 8th N. I., on furlough to Europe.-M. May, 30. Callette, J., Lieut.-Cola, from 3d to 1st Light Cav.-M. May 26. Dick, W.J.: appointed Third Judge of the Provincial Courts of Appeal and Cironit
for the Division of Bareilly.-C. June 12. Dyson, Lieut., 21st N. I., to act as Interpreter and Quarter-Master, in absence
of Lieut. Lemer.-C. June 30. Dalby, Assist.-Surgi, attached to the Hospital of H. M's. 3d, (or Buffs,) app. to act as Apothecary till further orders.-C. June 30.