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DON PEDRO, prince of Arragon.
CLAUDIO, a young lord of Florence, favourite to Don
BENEDICK, a young lord of Padua, favourite likewise of Don Pedro.
LEONATO, governor of Messina.
BALTHAZAR, servant to Don Pedro.
BORACHIO, followers of Don John.
two foolish officers.
HERO, daughter to Leonato.
MARGARET, gentlewomen attending on Hero.
Messengers, Watch, and Attendants.
MUCH ADO ABOUT NOTHING.
SCENE I.-Before LEONATO's House.
Enter LEONATO, HERO, BEATRICE, and others, with a Messenger.
Leon. I LEARN in this letter, that Don Pedro of Arragon comes this night to Messina.
Mess. He is very near by this; he was not three leagues off when I left him.
Leon. How many gentlemen have you lost in this action?
Mess. But few of any sort,a and none of name.
Leon. A victory is twice itself, when the achiever brings home full numbers. I find here, that Don Pedro hath bestowed much honour on a young Florentine, called Claudio.
Mess. Much deserved on his part, and equally remembered by Don Pedro: He hath borne himself beyond the promise of his age; doing, in the figure of a lamb, the feats of a lion: he hath, indeed, better bettered expectation, than you must expect of me to tell you how.
Leon. He hath an uncle here in Messina will be much glad of it.
Mess. I have already delivered him letters, and there appears much joy in him: even so much, that joy could not show itself modest enough, without a badge of bitter
Leon. Did he break out into tears?
Mess. In great measure.
Leon. A kind overflow of kindness: There are no faces
truer than those that are so washed. How much better is it to weep at joy, than to joy at weeping?
Beat. I pray you, is signior Montato returned from the wars or no?b
Mess. I know none of that name, lady; there was none such in the army of any sort.
Leon. What is he that you ask for, niece?
Hero. My cousin means signior Benedick of Padua. Mess. O, he is returned, and as pleasant as ever he was. Beat. He set up his bills here in Messina, and challenged Cupid at the flight:a and my uncle's fool, reading the challenge, subscribed for Cupid, and challenged him at the bird-bolt.-I pray you, how many hath he killed and eaten in these wars? But how many hath he killed? for, indeed, I promised to eat all of his killing.
Leon. Faith, niece, you tax signior Benedick too much; but he'll be meet with you, I doubt it not.
Mess. He hath done good service, lady, in these wars. Beat. You had musty victual, and he hath holp to eat it: he is a very valiant trencher-man, he hath an excellent stomach.
Mess. And a good soldier too, lady.
Beat. And a good soldier to a lady;-But what is he to a lord?
Mess. A lord to a lord, a man to a man; stuffed with all honourable virtues.
Beat. It is so, indeed: he is no less than a stuffed man: but for the stuffing,-Well, we are all mortal.
Leon. You must not, sir, mistake my niece: there is a kind of merry war betwixt signior Benedick and her: they never meet, but there is a skirmish of wit between them.
is signior Montanto returned-] Montanto was one of the ancient terms of the fencing-school.-STEEVENS.
с set up his bills-] Beatrice means that Benedick published a general challenge like a prize-fighter.-STEEVENS.
flight:] A long and light-feathered arrow, which went level to the mark; a bolt is an arrow, with a round or half-round bob at the end of it, and a sharp-pointed arrow-head proceeding therefrom—a bird-bolt had the bob, but not the point.-GIFFORD and NARES.
meet with you,] i. e. A match for you.
f -- but for the stuffing,-] Beatrice starts an idea at the word stuffed man, which was one of the many cant phrases for cuckold, and prudently checks herself in the pursuit of it.-Dr. FARMER.
Beat. Alas, he gets nothing by that. In our last conflict, four of his five wits went halting off, and now is the whole man governed with one: so that if he have wit enough to keep himself warm, let him bear it for a dif ference between himself and his horse; for it is all the wealth that he hath left, to be known a reasonable creature. Who is his companion now? He hath every month a new-sworn brother.
Mess. Is it possible?
Beat. Very easily possible: he wears his faith but as the fashion of his hat, it ever changes with the next block. Mess. I see, lady, thegentleman is not in your books. Beat. No, an he were, I would burn my study. But, I pray you, who is his companion? Is there no young squarer now, that will make a voyage with him to the devil?
Mess. He is most in the company of the right noble Claudio.
Beat. O Lord! he will hang upon him like a disease: he is sooner caught than the pestilence, and the taker runs presently mad. God help the noble Claudio! if he have caught the Benedick, it will cost him a thousand pound ere he be cured.
Mess. I will hold friends with you, lady.
Beat. Do, good friend.
Leon. You will never run mad, niece.
Beat. No, not till a hot January.
Mess. Don Pedro is approached.
Enter Don PEDRO, attended by BALTHAZAR and others, Don JOHN, CLAUDIO, and BENEDICK..
D. Pedro. Good signior Leonato, you are come to meet
8 five wits-] These are not to be confounded with the five senses, from which Shakspeare himself distinguishes them:
"But my five wits nor my five senses can
Dissuade one foolish heart from serving thee."-Sonnet. 141. The five wits were common wit, imagination, fantasy, estimation (i.e. judgment), and memory.-S. Hawes, Bell. Purel. ch. 24. MALONE.
young squarer-] A squarer I take to be a choleric, quarrelsome fellow, for in this sense Shakspeare uses the word to square. So, in A Midsummer- -Night's Dream, it is said of Oberon and Titania, that they never meet but they square. So the sense may be, Is there no hot-blooded youth that will keep him company through all his mad pranks?—JOHNSON.
your trouble: : the fashion of the world is to avoid cost, and you encounter it.
Leon. Never came trouble to my house in the likeness of your grace; for trouble being gone, comfort should remain; but, when you depart from me, sorrow abides, and happiness takes his leave.
D. Pedro. You embrace your charge too willingly.—I think, this is your daughter.
Leon. Her mother hath many times told me so.
Bene. Were you in doubt, sir, that you asked her ? Leon. Signior Benedick, no; for then were you a child. D. Pedro. You have it full, Benedick: we may guess by this what you are, being a man. Truly, the lady fathers herself:-Be happy, lady! for you are like an honourable father.
Bene. If signior Leonato be her father, she would not have his head on her shoulders, for all Messina, as like him as she is.
Beat. I wonder, that you will still be talking, signior Benedick; no body marks you.
Bene. What, my dear lady Disdain! are you yet living? Beat. Is it possible, disdain should die, while she hath such meet food to feed it, as signior Benedick? Courtesy itself must convert to disdain, if you come in her pre
Bene. Then is courtesy a turn coat :-But it is certain, I am loved of all ladies, only you excepted: and I would I could find in my heart that I had not a hard heart: for, truly, I love none.
Beat. A dear happiness to women; they would else have been troubled with a pernicious suitor. I thank God, and my cold blood, I am of your humour for that; I had rather hear my dog bark at a crow, than a man swear he loves me.
Bene. God keep your ladyship still in that mind! so some gentleman or other shall 'scape a predestinate scratched face.
Beat. Scratching could not make it worse, an 'twere such a face as yours were.
Bene. Well, you are a rare parrot-teacher.