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THE

Penn Monthly ,

DEVOTED TO

Literature, Art, Science and Politics.

VOLUME III.

January to December, 1872.

PHILADELPHIA.
UNIVERSITY PRESS COMPANY, 506 WALNUT STREKT.

1872.

ZL 87

En . End

'

२ 2

dy

Torrents, Alpine........

509

University, The Idea of a...

· 476, 539

Vaccination, Its Uses and Alleged Dangers....
Virgil, the Pollio of .........
Virtue, A Manly......

69
123
499

Wages and Social Condition of Philadelphia in 1870........... 236
Work and Play.......

103

Yost Yoder: A Sketch...........

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WH

THEN William Penn, in the course of his missionary tour

through Germany, during the summer of 1677, came to Frankfort-on-the-Main, he formed the acquaintance of several persons, whose religious tenets and fervent piety seemed to chime in with his own ideas of Christianity. Of these, two only are mentioned by name in his diary, viz. : Miss Eleonora Johanna von Merlau, subsequently married to the famous Chiliast, Dr. J. W. Peterson, and Van de Walle, a merchant. From other sources we know that these German friends of Wm. Penn belonged to the circle of Dr. Spener, the famous founder of Pietism, holding their meetings in the Saalhof of Frankfort. Again, we learn by a casual remark which occurs in Pastorius' manuscripts, that the project of forming a German settlement in Pennsylvania was first entertained by the pious men and women who gathered around Dr. Spener at the Saalhof, and that thus originated what is called the Frankfort Land Company. This association bought of Benjamin Furly, Penn's agent, in Amsterdam, five full shares, amounting to 25,000 acres of land.

The beginning of German emigration to America may thus be traced to Wm. Penn's direct and personal influence with a class of pious enthusiasts, who became interested in his reformatory schemes. Now, whatever may have been the first design of the members of the Frankfort Company they themselves did not emigrate. The real settlers on the company's property came from

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