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Benares, the Sacred City: Sketches of Hindu Life and Religion
Ernest Binfield Havell
No preview available - 2016
ancient Aryan became become believed Benares body Brahmin British Buddha Buddhist buildings built called carry carved caste century ceremonies classes close containing death deer deity described devotees divine doctrines early earth European existence faith five followers forest four Ganges Ghât give given goddess gods hand Hastings head heaven Hindu Hinduism holy human hundred hymns ideas India interest Jains king later light living Manu mark means monasteries Muhammadan nature northern offer original palace pass performed perhaps philosophy pilgrims popular practice preaching present priests probably Raja Râma regarded religion religious remains representing rites ritual river round rule SACRED CITY sacrifice Sarnath sect Shiva shrines side soul spiritual steps stone story stupa supposed symbols temple tion trees universe Upanishads Veda Vedic village virtue Vishnu whole women worship
Page 40 - I am now going to the city of Benares to establish the kingdom of righteousness, to give light to those enshrouded in darkness, and to open the gate of immortality to men.
Page 10 - Those offerings of clarified butter, sour milk, whey, and curds, which thou madest in the waters, with them thou hast begotten me. I am the blessing (benediction) : make use of me at the sacrifice! If thou wilt make use of me at the sacrifice, thou wilt become rich in offspring and cattle. Whatever blessing thou shalt invoke through me, all that shall be granted to thee!
Page 12 - ... Nachiketa would not be denied. "Thou sayest, O Death, that even the gods were once puzzled by this mystery, and that it is not easy to understand. Surely there is no teacher better able to explain it than thou — and there is no other boon equal to this." To which, trying Nachiketa again, the god replied: "Ask for sons and grandsons who shall live a hundred years. Ask for cattle, elephants, horses, gold. Choose for thyself a mighty kingdom. Or if thou canst imagine aught better, ask for that...
Page 3 - He knows the path of birds that fly through heaven, and, sovran of the sea, He knows the ships that are thereon. 8. True to his holy law, he knows the twelve moons with their progeny : He knows the moon of later birth.
Page 20 - The ears of a Sudra who listens, intentionally, when the Veda is being recited are to be filled with molten lead. His tongue is to be cut out if he recite it. His body is to be split in twain if he preserve it in his memory.
Page 57 - And of the sacrifice performed by the master who has understood these truths, the soul is the performer; the heart, the seat of the sacrificial fire; sensual desires, the ghee; anger, the sacrificial lamb; contemplation, fire; the period of sacrifice, as long as life...
Page 29 - The almost illiterate oil-manufacturer or confectioner of Bengal spells out some modern translation of the Maha-bharata to while away his leisure hour. The tall and stalwart peasantry of the North-West know of the five Pandav brothers, and of their friend the righteous Krishna. The people of Bombay and Madras cherish with equal ardour the story of the righteous war. And even the traditions and tales interspersed in the Epic, and which spoil the work as an Epic, have themselves a charm...
Page 29 - Then the earth was rent and parted, and a golden throne arose, Held aloft by jewelled Nagas as the leaves enfold the rose, And the Mother in embraces held her spotless sinless Child, Saintly Janak's saintly daughter, pure and true and undefiled, Gods and men proclaim her virtue! But fair Sita is no more, Lone is Rama's loveless bosom and his days of bliss are o'er!