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71; a powerful restraint on the regal power, 71; freedom from the spirit of controversy, 413; his
subsequent change in this respect, 71.

oloquence, wit, and similitudes, 413; his disci.
Arms, British, successes of, against the French in plined imagination, 414; his boldness and origi-
175&1760, 310, 311.

nality, 415; unusual development in the order
Army (the), control of by Charles I. or by the Par- of his faculties, 415 ; his resemblance to the mind

liament, 75: its triumph over both, 79: danger of of Burke, 415; specimens of his two styles, 416;
a standing army becoming an instrument of des. value of his Essays, 416; his greatest performance
potisin, 218, 219.

the first book of the Novum Organum, 417 ; con
Arne, Dr, set to music Addison's opera of Rosa- templation of his life, 417, 418.
mond, 717,

Bacon, Sir Nicholas, his character, 351-354
Arragon and Castille, their old institutions favour. Baconian philosophy, its chief peculiarity, 392 ; its
able to public liberty, 242.

essential spirit, 393 ; its method and object dif-
Art of War, Machiavelli's, 45.

fered from the ancient, 397; comparative views
Arundel, Earl of, 391.

of Bacon and Plato, 397-402 ; its beneficent spirit,
Asia, Central, its people, 615.

401, 402. 404, 405; its value compared with an-
Asiatic Society, commencement of its career under cient philosophy, 402-407.
Warren Hastings, 645.

Baillie, Gen., destruction of his detachment by
Assemblies, deliberative, 308.

Hyder Ali, 634
Association. See Catholic Association.

Balance of power, interest of the Popes in presery.
Astronomy, comparative estiinate of by Socrates ing it, 564
and by Bacon, 399.

Banim. Mr, his defence of James II, as a supporter
Athenian comedies, their impurity, 570; reprinted of toleration, 336.
at the two Universities, 570.

Banking operations of Italy in the 14th century,
Athenians (the). Johnson's opinion of them, 181, 182. 32, 33-
Attainder, an act of, warrantable, 211.

Bar (the), its degraded condition in the time of
Atterbury, Bishop, his reply to Bentley to prove the James II., 88.

genuineness of the Letters of Phalaris, 465; reads Barbary, work on, by Rev. Dr Addison, 707.

the funeral service over the body of Addison, 743. Barcelona, capture of, by Peterborough, 256.
Attila, 548.

Baretti, his admiration for Miss Burney, 67%
Attributes of God, subtle speculations touching them Barillon, M., his pithy words on the new council

imply no high degree of intellectual culture, 549, proposed by Temple, 447. 451.

Barlow, Bishop, 578.
Aubrey, his charge of corruption against Bacon, 382; Barrington, Lord, 749.

Bacon's decision against him after his present, 38g. Barwell, Mr, 618; his support of Hastings, 620. 626,
Augsburg, Confession of, its adoption in Sweden, 627. 630.

Bastile, Burke's declamations on its capture, 653
Augustin, St, 548

Battle of the Cranes and Pygmies, Addison's. 704
Aurungzebe, his policy, 507.

Bavaria, its contest between Protestantism and
Austen, Jane, notice of, 094

Catholicisin, 559. 564.
Austin, Sarah, her character as a translator, 547, Baxter's testimony to Hampden's excellence, 194.
548. 569.

Bayle, Peter. 551.
Austria, success of her armies in the Catholic cause, Beaumarchais, his suit before the parliament of

Paris, 390.
Authors, their present position, 123-126.

Beckford, Alderman, 764..
Avignon, the Papal Court transferred from Rome Bedford, Duke of, 749; his views of the policy of
to, 553

Chatham, 755. 761; presents remonstrance to

George III., 774

Bedford, Earl of, invited by Charles I. to form an

administration, 212.

Bedfords (the): 749; their opposition to the Rock.
Baber, founder of the Mogul empire, 506.

ingham ministry on the Stamp Act, 177, their
Bacon, Lady, mother of Lord Bacon, 354.

willingness to break with Grenville on Chatham's
Bacon, Lord, review of Basil Montagu's new edition accession to office, 782; deserted Grenville and

of the works of, 349-418 ; his inother distinguished adınitted to office, 787 i parallel between them and
as a linguist, 354; his early years, 356, 357; his the Rockinghams, 775..
services refused by government, 357, 358; his ad. Bedford House assailed by a rabble, 774.
mission at Gray's Inn, 358; his legal attainments, Begums of Oude, their domains and treasures, 641;
358 ; sat in Parliament in 1593. 359 ; part he took disturbances in Oude imputed to them, 641 ; their
in politics, 359 ; his friendship with the Earl of protestations, 642, their spoliation charged against
Essex, 360-365 : examination of his conduct to Hlastings, 656.
Essex, 365-367; influence of King James on his Belgium, its contest between Protestantism and
fortunes, 369 ; his servility to Lord Southampton, Catholicisın, 559. 564.
370; influence his talents had with the public, 370 ; Belial, 572.
his distinction in Parliament and in the courts of Bell, Peter, Byron's spleen against, 153.
law, 371 ; his literary and philosophical works, i Bellasys, the English general, 251.
371; his "Novum Organum," and the admiration Bellingham, his malevolence, 694
It excited, 371 ; his work of reducing and recom- Belphegor (the), of Machiavelli. 42.
piling the laws of England, 372; his tampering Benares, its grandeur, 635, its annexation to the
with the judges on the trial of Peacham, 372, 373; British dominions, 640
attaches himself to Buckingham, 375; his ap- "Benefits of the Death of Christ," 559
pointment as Lord Keeper, 376; his share in the Benevolences, Oliver St John's opposition to, and
vices of the administration, 377; his animosity to. Bacon's support of, 372.
wards Sir Edward Coke, 379 380; his town Bengal, its resources, 517, et seq.
and country residences, 380; his titles of Baron Bentham, his language on the French revolution,319
Verulam and Viscount St Albans, 380; report Bentham and Dumont, 27L.
against him of the Comunittee on the Courts of Bentinck, Lord William, his memory cherished by
Justice, 382; nature of the charges, 382 ; over- the Hindoos, 547,
whelining evidence to them, 383 ; his admission of Bentivoglio, Cardinal, on the state of religion in
his guilt, 383; his sentence, 284; examination of England, in the 16th century. 233
Mr Montagu's arguments in his defence, 384-390 : Bentley, Richard, his quarrel with Boyle, and re-
mode in which he spent the last years of his life, marks on Temple's Essay on the Letters of Phal-
390, 397 : chief peculiarity of his philosophy, 392- aris, 465; his edition of Milton, 466 699: his notes
397; his views compared with those of Plato, 397- on Horace, 466 ; his roconciliation with Boyle and
402 ; to what his wide and durable fame is chietly Atterbury, 467. 699.
owing, 404; his frequent treatment of moral sub- Berar, occupied by the Donslas, 628
jects, 406; his views as a theologian, 406; vulgar Berwick, Duke of, held the Allies in check, 353;
notion of him as inventor of the inductive method, his retreat before Galway, 257.
47: estinate of his analysis of that method, apBickerstatt, Isaac, astrologer, 723.
410; union of audacity and sobriety in his temper. Biographia Britannica, refutation of a calumny on
41; his amplitude of comprehension, 412; his Addison in, 7

Biography, tenure by which a writer of is bound to right, 393; resembles Bacon, 416 ; effect of his
his subject, 463.

speeches on the House of Commons, 469; not the
Bishops, claims of those of the Church of England author of the Letters of Junius, 619; his charges
to apostolical succession, 490-493-

against Hastings, 649-663 ; his kindness to Miss
Black Hole of Calcutta described, 518, 519; retribu- Burney, 685; her incivility to him at Hastings'

tion of the English for its horrors, 519. 520-524 trial, 685; his early political career, 776, 777 ; his
Blackmore, Sir Richard, his attainments in the first speech in the House of Commons, 779 ; his
ancient languages, 704

opposition to Chatham's measures relating to
Blackstone, 348

India, 785 ; his defence of his party against Gren.
Blasphemous publications, policy of Governmert in ville's attacks, 788; his feeling towards Chatham,

respect to, 115.
Blenheim, battle of, 714; Addison employed to Burleigh and his Times, review of Rev. Dr Nares's,
write a poem in its honour, 714-

222; his early life and character, 223-226; his death,
Blois, Addison's retirement to, 708.

226; importance of the times in which he lived,
** Bloomsbury gang," the denomination of the Bed. 226; the great stain on his character, 235, 236 ;
fords, 749

character of the class of statesmen he belonged
Bodley, Sir Thomas, founder of the Bodleian lib. to, 352; classical acquirements of his wife, 3541
rary. 371. 391.

his conduct towards Baron, 357, 358, 301 ; his
Bohemnia, influence of the doctrines of Wickliffe in, apology for having resorted to torture, 373;
553. 554-

Bacon's letter to him upon the department of
Boileau, Addison's intercourse with, 708; his opinion knowledge he had chosen, 4ra.

of modern Latin, 709; his literary qualities, 709. Burnet, Bishor, 467.
Boling broke, Lord, the liberal patron of literature, Burney, Dr. his social position, 668-671; his conduct

173; proposed to strengthen the royal prerogative, relative to his daughter's first publication, 676;
378; his pretence of philosophy in his exile. 406 his daughter's engagement at Court, 693.
his jest on occasion of the first representation of Burney, Frances. See D'Arblay, Madame.
Cato, 731 ; Pope's perfidy towards him, 738; his Bussy, his eminent merit and conduct in India, 514.

remedy for the diseases of the state, 753, 754. Butc, Earl of his character and education, 7521
Bornbay, its affairs thrown into confusion by the appointed Secretary of State, 754, opposes the
new council at Calcutta, 620.

proposal of war with Spain on account of the
Book of the Church, Southey's, 101.

family compact, 756, his unpopularity on Chat-
Books, putting of, 124-126.

ham's resignation, 757; becomes Prime Minister,
Booth, played the hero in Addison's Cato on its first 758 ; his first speech in the House of Lords, 758;
representation, 730.

induces the retirement of the Duke

of Newcastle,
Borgia, Cæsar, 43

759; becomes First Lord of the Treasury, 7591
Boroughs, rotten, the abolition of, a necessary re- his foreign and domestic policy. 760-765; his resig.
form in the time of George I., 283.

nation, 766; continues to advise the king privately,
Boswell, James, his character, 170-172.

768 773 778
Boswell's' Life of Johnson, by Croker, review of, Butler, Addison not inferior to him in wit, 723.
160-185 ; character of the work, 170.

Byng, Admiral, his failure at Minorca, 305; his
Boswellisen, 28

trial, 306, opinion of his conduct, 306; Chatham's
Bourbon, the House of, their vicissitudes in Spain, defence of him, 307.

Byron, Lord, his epistolary style, 141 ; his character,
Bourne, Vincent, 709; his Latin verses in celebra- 142; his early life, 142; his quarrel with and sepa.
tion of Addison's restoration to health, 740

ration from his wife, 143-145, his expatriation, 1451
Boyle, Charles, his nominal editorship of the Let. decline of his intellectual powers, 145; his attach-

ters of Phalaris, 465; his book on Greek history ment to Italy and Greece, 145, 146; his sickness
and philology, 704

and death, 146; general grief for his fate, 146; re-
Boyle, Rt Hon. Henry, 714. 715

marks on his poetry, 147 ; his admiration of the
** Boys" (the) in opposition to Sir R. Walpole, 281. Pope school of poetry, 153; his opinion of Words-
Bracegirdle, Mrs, her celebrity as an actress, 595 ; worth and Coleridge, 153; of Peter Bell, 153; his
her intimacy with Congreve, 595-

estimate of the poetry of the 18th and 19th cen.
Brahmins, 550.

turies, 154: his sensitiveness to criticism, 154 ; the
Breda, treaty of, 432, 433;

interpreter between Wordsworth and the multi-
Bribery, foreign, in the time of Charles I., 91.

tude, 155, the founder of an exoteric Lake school.
Brihuega, siege of, 260, 261.

155; remarks on his dramatic works, 155-158; his
** Broad Bottom Administration" (the), 298.

egotism, 158; cause of his influence, 158-160.
Brothers, his prophecies as a test of faith, 550
Brown, Launcelot, 541.
Brown's estimate, 305.

Bruce, his appearance at Dr Burney's concerts,

Cabal (the), their proceedings and designs, 438,
Brunswick, the House of, 750.

439. 442.
Brussels, its importance as the seat of a vice-regal Cabinets, in modern times, 445.
Court, 432.

Cadiz, exploit of Essex at the siege of, 252. 363 : its
Brydges, Sir Egerton, 694

pillage by the English expedition in 1702, 252.
Buchanan, character of his writings, 397.

Calcutta, its position on the Hoogley, 517; scene of
Buckhurst, 571.

the Black Hole of, 518, 519: resentment of the
Buckingham, Duke of, the "Steenie" of James I., English at its fall. 519, 530; again threatened by

199, 200; Bacon's early discernment of his influ. Surajah Dowlah, 520; revival of its prosperity,
ence, 375; his expedition to Spain, 376; his return 527 ; its sufferings during the famine, 541; its
for Bacon's patronage, 376; his corruption, 376, capture, 605 ; its suburbs infested by robbers,
377; his character and position, 377-380; his mar- 620; its festivities on Hastings' marriage, 627:
riage, 38o; his visit to Bacon, and report of his Calvinism moderation of Bunyan's, 191; held by
condition, 38-

the Church of England at the end of the 16th
Buckingham, Duke of, one of the Cabal ministry, century, 404 ; many of its doctrines contained in

580; his fondness for Wycherley, 580; anecdote the Paulician theology, 552.
of his volatility, 580.

Cambridge, University of, favoured by George I.
Budgeli, Eustace, one of Addison's friends, 720.722. and George II., 759; its superiority to Oxford in
Bunyan, John, his history and character, 189-191; intellectual activity, 352 ; disturbances produced

his style, 192 ; his religious enthusiasın and ima. in by the Civil War, 424.
gery, 562.

Cambyses, story of his punishment of the corrupt
Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress, review of Southey's judge, 387
edition of, 185; peculiarity of the work, 186, 189. Camilla, Madame D'Arblay's, 695. 66.
191, 192, not a perfect allegory, 188, 189

Campaign, The, by Addison, 715,
Buonaparte, 82. 306.715. See also Napoleon. Canada, subjugation of, by the British in 1760, 312.
Burgoyne, Gen., chairman of the committee of in. Canning. Mr,

quiry on Lord Clive, 544.

Cape Breton, reduction of, 312.
Burke, Edmund, his characteristics, 99; his opinion Caraffa Gian Pietro, afterwards Pope Paul IV., his

of the war with Spain on the question of maritime zcal and devotion, 556, 558

Carlisle, Lady, 315.

Charles II. of Spain, his unhappy condition, 243.
Carnatic (the), its resources, 509-516 ; its invasion 246-248; his difficulties in respect to the succes.
by Hyder Ali, 634, 635.

sion, 243-248
Carteret, Lord, his ascendency after the fall of Charies III. of Spain, his hatred of England, 756

Walpole, 284, 285; Sir Horace Walpole's stories Charles V., 555.
about him, 286; his defection from Sir Robert Charles VIII, 413,
Walpole, 202 ; succeeds Walpole, 799 his charac. Charles XII., compared with Clive, 54.
ter as a statesman, 299; created Earl Granville, Charlotte, Queen, obtains the attendance of Miss

Burney, 682, hier partizanship for Hastings, 686;
Carthagena, surrender of the arsena and ships of, her treatment of Miss Burney, 688-69a
to the Allies, 257.

Chatham, Earl of, character of his public life, a&g
Casina (the), of Plautus, 42.

go; his early life, 29c; liis travels, 291; enters
Castile, Adiniral of, 252.

the arıny, 291 ; obtains a seat in Parliament, 291;
Castile and Arragon, their old institutions favour- attaches himself to the Whigs in opposition, 294,
able to public liberty, 242

his qualities as an orator, 296, 297; dismissed
Castilians. their character in the 16th century, 240 ; from the arıny, 297, is made Groou of the Bed-

their conduct in the War of the Succession, 258 ; chamber to the Prince of Wales, 298; declaims
their attachment to the faith of their ancestors, against the ministers, 298, 299 : his opposition to

Carteret, 399; legacy left him by the Duchess of
Castracani, Castruccio, Life of, by Machiaveli. 50. Marlborough, 297, supports the Pellam ministry.
Catholic Association, attempt of the Tories to put 300; appointed Vice-Treasurer of Ireland, zo,
it down, 597.

3cı, overtures made to him by Newcastle, 304;
Catholic Church. See Church of Rome.

inade Secretary of State, 304; lcfeudis Admiral
Catholicism, causes of its succes, 548-501

Byng, 307, coalescos with the Duke of New.
Catholics and Jews, the same reasoning employed castle, 304; success of his aclministration, 305-
against both, 130.

313; his appreciation of Clive, 530-543, breach
Catholics and Protestants, their relative numbers in between him and the great Whig connection,
the 16th century, 232.

543, review of his Correspondence, 544, in the
Catholic Queen (a). precautions against, 74. zenith of prosperity and gory, 744, his coalition
* Cato," Addison's play of, its merits, and the con. with Newcastle, 747, his strength in Parliament,

test it occasioned, 348 ; its first representation, 749; jealousies in his cabinet, 754 ; his defects,
730, 731 ; its performance at Oxford, 731.

755; proposes to declare war against Spain on
Cavaliers, their successors in the reign of George account of the family compact, 756 ; rejection of
I. turned demagogues, 745

his counsel, 756; his resignation, 757, the king's
Cavendish, Lord, his conduct in the new council of gracious behaviour to hin, 757 ; public enthusi-
Temple, 459, his merits, 775.

asm towards him, 757, his conduct in opposition,
Cecil. See Burleigh.

753-764, his speech against peace with France
Cecil, Robert, his rivalry with Francis Bacon, 357, and Spain, 765 : his unsuccessful audiences with

308 361, 362: his fear and envy of Essex, 358 303 George III to form an administration 768, 769 ;
increase of his dislike for Bacon, 361, his conver: Sir William Pynsent bequeaths his whole pro-
Sution with Essex, zóthis interference to obtain perty to him, 17ı; bad state of his bealth, 771;
knighthood for Bacon, 39

is twice visited by the Duke of Cumberland with
Cecilia, Madame D Arblay's, 695 i specimen of its propositions from the king, 773, 774 ; his condera-
style, 607, 698

nation of the American Stamp Act, 777 is in.
Censorship, existed in some form from Henry VIII. duced by the king to assist in ousting Bucking,
to the Revolution, 346.

ham. 781, Inorbid state of lus mind. 761.784 ; un-
Cervantes, 340

dertakes to fonn an administration, 78, 783;
Chalmers, Dr. Mr Gladstone's opinion of his defence is created! Earl of Chatham, 783; failure of his
of the Church, 471,

ministerial arrangements, 783-736; loss of his
Champion, Colonel, commander of the Bengalarıny, popularity and of his foreign influence, 783-787;

his despotic manners, 781, 784; lays an embargo
Chandernagore, French settlement on the Hoogley, on the exportation of corn, 784 ; his first speech
517; captured by the English, 520

in the House of Lords, 784, his supercilious
Charlemagne, imbecility of his successors, 507. conduct towards the Peers, 784 ; his retirement
Charles, Archduke, his claim to the Spanish crown, from office, 785 ; his policy violated, 785-787

244. takes the field in support of it, 252 ; accom. resigns the privy seal, 786; state of parties and
panies Peterborough in his expedition, 254; his of public affairs on his recovery, 786, 787 ; his
Success in the north east of Spain, 255; is pro. political relations, 737, 783; his cloquence not
claimed king at Madrid, 257; his reverses and suited to the House of Lords, 788; opposed the
retreat, 258, 259, his re-entry into Madrid, 260; recognition of the independence of the United
his unpopularity, 260, concludes a peace, 2017 States, 79 790; his last appearance in the House
forms an alliance with Philip of Spain, 265

of Lords, 789, 790; his death, 790; reflections on
Charles I. lawfulness of the resistance to, 15-18; his fall, 790; his funeral in Westminster Abbey, 7oi.
Milton's defence of his cxccution, 20; his treat: Cherbourg, guns uken from, 310,
ment of the Parliament of 1640, 62) his treatment Chesterfield, Lord, lis dismissal hy Walpole, 203
of Straflorul, 66; estimate of his character, 67, 79, Cheyte Sing, a vassal of the government of Bengal,
Ed, 199: his fall, 29; his condemnation and its 636; his large revenue and suspected treasur,
consequences, 79-81, lampden's opposition 10 637 i Hastings' policy in desiring to punish hm,
him, and its consequences, 199-206, resistance of 633,

63his treatincnt made the successful charge
the Scots to him. 207; his increasing difficulties, against Hastings, 655.
207 ; his conduct towards the House of Commons Chillingworth, his opinion on apostolical succession,
214-216; his fight, 216, review of his conduct and 403 ; became a Catholic from conviction, 556.
treatinent, 217-219, reaction in his favour during | Chisurah, Dutch settlement on the Hoogley, 517;
the Long Parliament, 234; cause of his politica its siege by the English and capitulation, 531.
Llunders, 81; cflect of the victory over hun on Chivalry, its form in Languedoc in the 12th century,
the national character, 421,

551, 552.
Charles I. and Cromwell, choice between, 78. Cholmondely, Mrs, 678
Charles II., character of his reign, o3; his foreign Christchurch Colicge, Oxford, its repute after the

subsidics,go; his situation in 1650 contrasted with Revolution, 465 ; issues a new eduion of the Let.
that of Louis XVIII. 327, 328 ; his character, 329. ters of Phalaris, 465.
431. 434. 433, 439. 452; his position towards the Christianity, its alliance with the ancient philosophy,
king of France, 332; consequences of his levity 395; light in which it was regarded by the lialians
and apathy. 333. 334; his Court compared with at the Reformation, 555
that of his father, 430; his extravagance, 432; bis Church (the), in the time of James II., 7.
subserviency to France, 434-444 ; his renunciation Church (te), Southey's Book of, or.
of the dispensing power, 442; his relations with Church, the English, persecutions in her naine, 56;
Temple, 443. 445." 460; his system of bribery of High and Low Church parties, 718.
the Commons, 448, 449; isis dislike of Halitax, Church of England, its origin and connection with
457 : his dismissal of Temple, 460; his social dis- the state, 60. 500, 501; its condition in the time of
position, 580.

Charles I., 115, 116; endeavour of the leading
Corruption, parliamentary, not necessary to the
Clizia, Machiavelli's, 42.



Whigs at the Revolution to alter its Liturgy and Coligni, Gaspar de, reference to, 772.
Articles, 343

495; its contest with the Scotch na Collier. Jeremy, sketch of his life, 583-591.; his pub.
tion, 344; Mr Gladstone's work in defence of it, lication on the profaneness

of the English stage,
470, 471; his arguments for its being the pure Ca. 590-593; his controversy with Congreve, 591, et seq.
tholic Church of Christ. 483, 490 ; its claims to Colloquies on Society, Southey's, 99 ; plan of the
apostolic succession discussed. 490-497 ; views re- work, 103, 104.
specting its alliance with the state,

497-502 ; con- Colonies, 241 ; question of the competency of Par-
trast of its operations during the two generations liament to tax them, 777.
succeeding the Reformation, with those of the Colonna, Fabrizio, 46.
Church of Rome, 561, 562,

Comedy (the) of lingland, cffect of the writings of
Church of Rome, its alliance with ancient philoso- Congreve and Sheridan upon, 40, 41.

phy, 30 ; causes of its success and vitality, 545, Comic Dramatists of the Restoration, 570-596 : have
542: sketch of its history, 550-569.

exercised a great influence on the human inind,
Churchill, Charles, 88.762.

Cicero, partiality of Dr Middleton towards, 350, Comines, his testimony to the good government of

351; the most eloquent and skilful of advocates, England, 196.
351; his epistles in his banishment, 360; his opin Commerce and manufactures, condition of, during
ion of the study of thetoric, 408,

the war at the latter part of the reign of George
Cider, proposal of a tax on, by the Bute adminis- II., 311 ; their extent in Italy in the 14th century,
tration, 765

32, 33
Civilisation, England sprogressin, due to the people, Commons, House of, incrcase of its power, 94, 95:

increase of its power by and sincc the Revolution,
Civil privileges and political power identical, 135. 344-
Civil war, its evils the price of our liberty, 18; con. Commonwealth, 576, 577.

duct of the Long Parliament in reference to it, Comus, Milton's. 6. 8.
67, 68. 79.

Condé, Marshal, compared with Clive. 516
Clarendon, Lord, his character, 89, 90; his testi Confans, Admiral, his defeat by Hawke, 310.

mony in favour of Hampden, 201. 212, 213. 219. Congreve, sketch of his career at the Temple, 586.
221, 222; his literary merit, 350; his position at the 587: sucess of his "Love for Love," 588; his
head of affairs, 430, 431-434 ; his faulty style. 439 Mourning Bride," 588; his controversy with
his opposition to the growing power of the Com- Collier, 592, 593; his Way of the World," 593 ;
mons, 450 ; his temper, 450.

his position ainong men of letters, 594; his at.
Clarke, Dr Samuel, 549.

tachment to Mrs Bracegirdle, 595; his friendship
Clarkson, Thomas, 694.

with the Duchess of Marlborough, 595; his death
Classical learning, love of, in Italy in the 14th cen- and capricious will, 505; his funeral in Westmin-
tury. 33

ster Abbey, 595 ; cenotaph to his memory at
Clavcring, General, 618; his opposition to Hastings, Słowe, 596; analogy between him and Wycher-

620-023; his appointment as Governor-General, ley. 596
626; his defeat, 627; his death, 6.8.

Congreve and Sheridan, effect of their works upon
Clerklan, Duchess of, her favour to Wycherley the comedy of England, 40, 41; contrasted with
and Churchill, 579 580.

Shakspeare, 41.
Clifford, Lord, his character, 438 ; his retirement, Conquests of the British arms in 1758–1760, 310,
442; his talent for debate, 449.

Constance, council of, put an end to the Wickliffe
Clive, Lord, review of Sir John Malcolm's Life of, schism, 553, 554

502-547 ; his family and boyhood, 593; his ship: Constitution (the) of England, in the 15th and 18th
ment to India, 503; his arrival at Madras, and centuries, compared with those of other liuro
position there, 501, 505; obtains an ensiya's com- pean states, 70; the argument that it would be
mission in the Company's service. 506; lis attack, destroyed by admitting the Jews to power, 134;
capture, and defence of Arcot, 511-513; his sub- its theory in respect to the three branches of the
sequent proceedings, 514, 515 ; his marriage and legislature, 741, 742.
return to England, 515 ; his reception, 515; enters Constitutional government, decline of on the Con.
Parliament, 516; returns to India, 517; his subse. tinent early in the 17th century, 72, 73.
quent proceedings, 517-525; his conduct towards Constitutional llistory of England, review of Ilal.
528; his transactions with Meer Jaffier, 527, 528; Constitutional Royalists in the reign of Charles I.,
ppointed Governor of the Company's possessions

in Bengal, 528; his dispersion of Shah Alum's Conway, Henry, 770; Secretary of State under
army, 59; responsibiity of his position, 530; his Lord Rockingham, 775; returns to his position
return to England, 530; his reception, 530, 531 ; under Chatham, 783-785 ; sunk into insignificance,
his proceedings at the India House, 532, 53şi 787
nominated Governor of the British possessions in Conway, Marshal, his character, 531.
Bengal, 535; his arrival at Calcutta, 535; sup-Cooke, Sir Anthony, his learning. 354.
presses a conspiracy. 535-537 i success of his for Co-operation, advantages of, 476.
reign policy, 537 ; his return to England, 539 ; his Coote, Sir Eyre, 6.9; his character and conduct in
unpopularity, and its causes, 539-544 invested council, 670; his great victory of Porto Novo, 635.
with the Grand Cross of the Bath, 5441 his speech Coral, ceded to the Mogul, 614.
in his defence, and its consequence, 545; his life "Correctness" in the fine arts and in the sciences.
in rctirement, 545, 546; reflections on his career, 148-150; in painting, 149, 150; what is meant by
546. 547; failing of his mind, and death by his own it in poctry, 148, 149.
hand, 546.

Tudors, 377; its extent in the reigns of George
Clolins, extensive bribery at the trial of, 385,

I. and IL, 753, 754..
Club room, Johnson's, 184,

Corsica given up to France. 787.
Coalition of Chatham and Newcastle, 308, 309. 757. Cossimbazar, its situation and importance, 606
Cobham, Lord, his malignity towards Essex, 368. Council of York, its abolition, 210.
Casar Borgia, 43

Country Wife of Wycherley, its character and
Crsar, Claudius, resemblance of James I. to, 19% merits, 581; whence borrowed, 585.
Cur compared with Cromwell, 8a.

Courtenay, Rt. Hon, T. P., review of his Memoirs
Cesars (the), parallel between them and the Tudors, of Sir William Temple, 418-468: his concessions
not applicable, 231.

to Dr Lingard in regard to the Triple Alliance,
Coke, Sir E., his conduct towards Bacon, 358. 379 ; 436 ; his opinion of Temple's proposed new coun

his opposition to Bacon in Peacham's case, 372; cil, 446, 447; his error as to Temple's residence,
his experience in conducting state prosecutions, 401,
373; his removal from the Bench, 379; his recon. Cousinhood, nickname of the official members of
ciliation with Buckingham, and agreeinent to the Temple family. 423.
marry his daughter to Buckingham's brother, 379; Covenant, the Scotch, 07.
bis reconciliation with Bacon, 380; his behaviour Covenanters (the), thcir conclusion of a treaty with
to Bacon at his trial, 398,

Charles I., 207.
Coleridge, relative" correctness of his poetry, 1472 Coventry, Laily, 674.
Byron's opinion of him, 15)

Cowley, dictum of Denham concerning him, 2;


deficient in imagination, 5; his wit, 275, 704; his her life, 691, 692; her death, 692 ; character of,
admiration of Bacon, 417.

her writings, 692-60; change in her style, 696
Cowper, Earl, Keeper of the Great Seal, 777.

697; specimens of her three styles, 697, 658.
Cowper. William, 152 ; his praise of Pope, 153 ; his failure of her later works, 698; service she ren-
friendship with Warren llastings, 605

dered to the English novel, 699
Cox, Archdeacon, his eulogium on Sir Robert Wal-Dashwood, Sir Francis, Chancellor of the Exche.
pole, 280.

quer under Pute, 759; his inefficiency, 765, 997.
Coyer, Abbé, his imitation of Voltaire, 724.

Davies, Tom, 167.
Craggs, Secretary, 302 ; succeeds Addison, 740; Davila, one of Hampden's favourite authors, 202.
Adlison dedicates his works to him, 742.

Daylesford, site of the estate of the Hastings
Cranmer, Archbishop, estimate of his character, 58. family, 604: its purchase and adornment by
Crebillon the younger, 272.

Hastings, 665. 666.
Crisis, Steele's, 736.

De Augmentis Scientiarum,

by Bacon, 37L. 391.
Crisp, Samuel, his eáily career, 672; his tragedy of Debates in Parliament, cffects of their publica-
Virginia, 674; his retirement and seclusion, 674. tion, 96.
675; his friendship with the Burneys, 675; his Debt, the national, effect of its abrogation, 108;
gratification at the success of Miss Burney's first England's capabilities in respect to it, 122.
work, 677; his advice to her upon her comedy, Declaration of Right, 341
679 : his applause of her "Cecilia," 679.

Declaration of the Practices and Treasons at.
Criticisin, remarks on Johnson's code of, 180, 181. tempted and committed by Robert Earl of
Critics, professional, their influence over the read. Essex," by Lord Bacon. 365
ing public, 126.

Dedications, literary, more honest than formerly,
Croker, Mr, bus

edition of Bosweil's Life of Dr John. 123, 124.
son, reviewed, 160-185.

De Guignes, 671.
Cromwell, Oliver, his elevation to power, 81; his Delany, Dr, his connection with Swift, 680; his

character as a legislator, 8a; as a general, 83 ; widow, and her favour with the royal family,
his administration and its results, 84; embarked 680, 681.
with Hampden for America, but not suffered to Delhi, its splendour during the Mogul empire, 506.
proceed, 206 ; his qualities, 222 ; his administra. Delium, battle of. 427.
tion, 328. 330: treatment of his remains, 329 ; his Democracy, violence in its advocates induces re-
abilities displayed in Ireland, 428, 429; anecdote action, 227
of his sitting for his portrait, 603.

Democritus, reputed the inventor of the arch, 393 ;
Cromwell and Charles, choice between, 78.

Bacon's estimate of him, 394-
Cromwell and Napoleon, remarks on Mr Hallam's Demosthenes, 38%.
parallel between, 82-85,

Denham, dictum of, concerning Cowley, 2.
Cromwell, Henry, description of, 425.

Denmark, contrast of its progress to the retrogres.
Cromwell, Richard, 750.

sion of Portugal, 565.
Crown (the), veto by, on Acts of Parliament, 75; its Dennis, John, Pope's narrative of his Frenzy, 732;

control over the army, 75 ; its power in the 16th his attack upon Addison's "Cato," 731.
century, 228, 229; curtailment of its prerogatives, Devonshire, Duchess of, 658, 650.
278; its power predominant at the beginning of Devonshire, Duke of, forms an administration after
the 17th century. 447; decline of its power during the resignation of Newcastle, 306; Lord Cham.
the Pensionary Parliament, 449; its long contest berlain under Bute. 760 ; clisinissed from his lori
with the Parliament put an end to by the Revolu- lieutenancy, 764; his son invited to court by the

tion, 452 See also Prerogative.
Crusades (the), their beneficial effect upon Italy, 32. Diary and Letters of Madame D'Arblay, reviewed,
Culpeper, Mr. 213.

Cumberland, the dramatist, his manner of acknow. Dionysius, his inconsistency of character, 666
Iedging literary merit, 677,

Discussion, frec, its tendency, 114
Cumberland, Duke of, 531; the confidential friend Dissent, cause of, in England, 562, 563 ; avoidance
of Henry Fox, 762 ; confided in by George III., of, in the Church of Rome, 503; its extent in the
777; his character,.772, 773; mediated between time of Charles I., 113, 114. See also Church of
the King and the Whigs. 773.

Dissenters (the), examination of the reasoning of

Mr Gladstone for their exclusion from civil ottices.


Disturbances, public, during Grenville's administra-
Dacier, Madame, 707

tion, 774

Horace Walpole's opinion of him, 272. Divine right, 16.
Dallas, Chief Justice, one of the counsel for Hast. Division of labour, its necessity, 471; illustrations
ings on his trial, 659:

of the effects of disregarding it, 471.
Danby, Earl, 278 ; his connection

with Temple, Dodington, Bubb, 749.
abilities and character, 442, 443; impeached and Donne, John, comparison of his wit with Horace
sent to the Tower 445 ; owed his office and duke- Walpole's, 275
dom to his talent in debating, 449

Dorset, the Earl of, the patron of literature in the
Danger, public, a certain amount of, will warrant a reign of Charles Il.. 173 581.
retrospective law, 211.

Double Dealer, by Congreve, its reception, 587;
Dante, his Divine Comedy, 9. 33 ; comparison of his defence of its profaneness, 592.

him with Milton, 9. et seq. ; * correctness" of his Dover, Lord, review of his edition of Horace Wal-
poetry, 147 ; story from, illustrative of the two pole's Letters to Sir Horace Mann, 267-28& See
great parties in England after the accession of the Walpole, Sir Horace.
House of Hanover, 745.

Dowdeswell, Mr, Chancellor of the Exchequer
D'Arblay, Madame, review of her Diary and Let- under Lord Rockingham, 775.

ters, 668-681 ; wide celebrity of her name, 668 ; Drama (the), its origin in Greece, 7; causes of its
her Diary, 668, 669 ; her family, 669; her birth, dissolute character soon after the Restoration, 577.
and education, 669, 670; her fajher's social posi- Dramas, Greck, compared with the English plays
tion, 670; her first literary efforts, 672, her friend. of the age of Elizabeth, 147.
ship with Mr Crisp, 672 678 ; publication of her Dramatic art, the unities violated in all the great
"Evelina," 676, 678; 'her comedy, "The Wit- masterpieces of, 147, 148
lings: "678, 679; her second novel. **Cecilia,"674; Dramatic literature shows the state of contemporary
death of her friends Crisp and Johnson, 680; her religious opinion, 334.

for Mrs Delany, 680; her interview with Dramatic Works (the) of Wycherley. Congreve.
the king and queca, 650; accepts the situation of Vanbrugh, and Farquhar, review of Leigh Hunts
keeper of the robes, 691 sketch of her life in this edition of, 570-596.
position, 682-685; attends at Warren Hastings Dramatists of the Elizabethanage, manner in which
trial, 685 ; her espousal of the cause of Hastings, they treat religious subjects, 234, 235
685 ; her incivility to Windham and Burke, 685 : Drogheda, Countess of her character, acquaint-
her sufferings during her keepership, 682. 686.690; ance with Wycherley, and marriage, 581 ; its con
her marriage and close of the Diary, 691 ; publi. sequences, 581, 582.
cation of "Cainilla," 691 ; subsequent events in Drummond. Mr. 551

King, 774

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