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“ It is but justice also to the 3d division to report, that the men who performed the sap belonged to the 45th, 74th, and 88th regiments, under the command of Captain M'Leod, of the Royal Engineers, and Captain Thompson of the 74th ; Lieutenant Beresford of the 88th, and Lieutenant Metcalfe of the 45th; and they distinguished themselves not less in the storm of the place, than they had in the performance of their laborious duty during the siege.

“I have already reported, in my letter of the 9th instant, my sense of the conduct of Major-General Craufurd, and of Lieutenant-Colonel Colborne, and of the troops of the light division, in the storm of the redoubt of St. Francesco, on the evening of the 8th instant. The conduct of these troops was equally distinguished throughout the siege and in the storm. Nothing could exceed the gallantry with which these brave officers and troops advanced, and accomplished the difficult operation allotted to them, notwithstanding that all their leaders had fallen.

I particularly request your Lordship's attention to the conduct of Major-General Craufurd, Major-General Vandeleur, Lieutenant-Colonel Barnard, of the 95th, Lieutenant-Colonel Colborne, Major Gibbs, and Major Napier of the 52d, and Lieutenant-Colonel M‘Leod of the 43d. The conduct of Captain Duffey of the 43d, and that of Lieutenant Gurwood of the 52d regiment, who was wounded, have likewise been particularly reported to me. Lieutenant-Colonel Elder, and the 3d caçadores, were likewise distinguished upon this occasion.

The 1st Portuguese regiment, under Lieutenant-Colonel Hill, and the 16th, under Colonel Camphell, being BrigadierGeneral Pack's brigade, were likewise distinguished in the storm, under the command of the Brigadier-General, who particularly mentions Major Lynch.

“In my dispatch of the 15th, I reported to your Lordship the attack of the convent of Santa Cruz by the troops of the 1st division, under the direction of Lieutenant-General Graham; and that of the convent of Saint Francesco, on the 14th instant, under the direction of Major-General the Honorable Charles Colville. The first-mentioned enterprise was performed by Captain Laroche de Starkenfels, of the first line battalion King's German Legion; the last by Lieutenant-Colonel Harcourt, with the 40th regiment. This regiment remained from that time in the suburbs of Saint Francesco, and materially assisted our attack on that side of the place.

Although it did not fall to the lot of the troops of the 1st and 4th divisions to bring these operations to their successful close, they distinguished themselves throughout their progress, by the patience and perseverance with wbich they performed the labours of the siege. The brigade of guards, under Major Henry Campbell, was particularly distinguished in this respect.

“I likewise request your Lordship's attention to the conduct of Lieutenant-Colonel Fletcher, the chief Engineer, and of Brigade-Major Jones, and the officers and men of the royal Engineers. The ability with which these operations were carried on exceeds all praise; and I beg leave to recommend those officers to your Lordship most particularly.

Major Dickson, of the royal artillery, attached to the Portuguese artillery, has, for some time, had the direction of the heavy train attached to this army, and has conducted the intricate details of the late operation, as he did those of the late sieges of Badajoz, in the last summer, much to my satisfaction. The rapid execution produced by the well-directed fire kept up from our batteries, affords the best proof of the merits of the officers and men of the royal artillery, and of the Portuguese artillery employed on this occasion. But I must particularly inention Brigade-Major May, and Captains Holcombe, Power, Dyneley, and Dundas, of the royal artillery, and Captaius Da Cunba and Da Corta, and Lieutenant Silve, of the 1st regiment of Portuguese artillery.

" I have likewise particularly to report to your Lordship the conduet of Major Sturgeon, of the royal staff corps. He constructed and placed for us the bridge over the Agueda, without which the enterprize could not have been attempted; and he afterwards materially assisted Lieutenant-General Graham and myself, in our reconnoissance of the place, on which the plan of attack was founded; and he finally conducted the second battalion and 5th regiment, as well as the 2d caçadores, to their points of attack.

The Adjutant-General, and the Deputy-Quarter-Master


General, and the officers of their several departments, gave me every assistance throughout this service, as well as those of my personal staff; and I have great pleasure in adding, that, notwithstanding the season of the year, and the increased difficulties of procuring supplies for the troops, the whole army have been well supplied, and every branch of the service provided for during the late operations, by the indefatigable exertions of Mr. Commissary-General Bisset, and the officers belonging to his department.

“ The Marshal del Campo Don Carlos d'Espana, and Don Julian Sanchez, observed the enemy's movements beyond the Tormes, during the operations of the siege; and I am much obliged to them, and to the people of Castile in general, for the assistance I received from them. The latter have invariably shewn their detestation of the French tyranny, and their desire to contribute, by every means in their power, to remove it.

I will hereafter transmit to your Lordship a detailed account of what we have found in the place; but I believe there are 153 pieces of ordnance, including the heavy train belonging to the French army, and great quantities of ammunition and stores. We have the Governor, General Banier, about 78 offi. cers, and 1,700 men, prisoners.

“ I transmit this dispatch by my aid-de-camp, the Honorable Major Gordon, who will give your Lordship any further details you may require; and I beg leave to recommend him to your protection. I have the honor to be, &c. (Signed)



March and April, 1812.

“ Elvas, March 13, 1812. “I moved the head-quarters from Frenada on the 6th, and arrived here on the 11th instant.

“ There are none of the enemy's troops in the field in Estremadura, excepting that part of the 5th corps not in the garrison of Badajoz, the head-quarters of which are at Villa Franca, and

a detachment, consisting of about a division, under General Darican, whose head-quarters are at La Serena.

“ The enemy have made no movement, and I have heard of 110 operation of importance since I addressed your Lordship last. According to the last accounts, Marshal Soult was in the lines before Cadiz.

“ Camp before Badajoz, March 20, 1812. According to the intention which I announced to your Lordship, I broke up the cantonments of the army on the 15th and 16th instant, and invested Badajoz, on the left of the river Guadiana, on the 16th, with the 3d, 4th, and light divisions of infantry, and with a brigade of Lieutenant-General Hamilton's division on the right. These troops are under the command of Marshal Sir William Beresford and Lieutenant-General Picton. We broke ground on the following day, and have established a parallel within two hundred yards of the outwork called the Picurina, which embraces the whole of the south-east angle of the fort. The work has continued ever since with great celerity, notwithstanding the very bad weather we have had since the 17th.

The enemy made a sortie yesterday, from the gate called La Trinidad, on the right of our attack, with about two thousand men. They were almost immediately driven in without effecting avy object, with considerable loss, by Major-General Bowes, who commanded the guard in the trenches. We lost upon this occasion a very promising officer, Captain Cuthbert, aid-decamp to Lieutenant-General Picton, killed; and LieutenantColonel Fletcher was slightly wounded, but I hope that he will soon be able to resume his duties. I have not yet got the returns, but I believe that our loss, since the commencement of these operations, amounts to one hundred and twenty men in killed and wounded.”

Badajoz, March 27, 1812. The operations of the siege of Badajoz bave continued since I addressed you on the 20th, notwithstanding the badpess of the weather, till the 25th instant. On that day we opened our fire from 28 pieces of ordnance in six batteries, In the first parallel ; two of which were intended to fire upon the outwork called La Picurina, and the other four to enfilade or destroy the defences of the fort on the side attacked. I directed MajorGeneral Kempt, who commanded in the trenches on that afternoon, to attack La Picurina by storm, after it was dark that night, which service be effected in the most judicious and gallant


“ The attack was made by 500 men of the 3d division, formed into three detachments; the right under the command of Major Matthew Shawe of the 74th ; the centre under the Hon. Captain Powys, of the 83d; and the left under Major Rudd, of the 77th regiment. The communication between the outwork and the body of the place was entered on its right and left by the right and left detachments, each consisting of 200 men; half of each of which detachments protected the attack from sallies from the fort, while others attacked the work in its gorge.

“ It was first entered, however, by the centre detachment of 100 men, under the command of the Hon. Captain Powys, of the 83d regiment, who escaladed the work at the salient angle, at a point at which the pallisades had been injured by our fire. The detachment which attacked the work by the gorge had the most serious difficulties to contend with, as it was closed by not less than three rows of strong pallisades, defended by musketry, and a place of arms for the garrison, musket-proof, and loopholed throughout. When the attack upon the salient angle, however, succeeded, the whole got into the work.

“ The enemy's garrison in the outwork consisted of 250 men, with seven pieces of artillery, under the command of Colonel Gaspard Thiery, of the Etat Major of the Army of the South; but very few, if any, escaped. The Colonel, three other officers, and 86 men, have been taken prisoners, and the remainder were either killed by the fire of our troops, or drowned in the inundation of the river Rivellas. The enemy made a sortie from the ravelin called St. Roque, either with a view to recover La Picurina, or to protect the retreat of the garrison, but they were immediately driven in by the detachment stationed in the communication to protect the attack.


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