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been drawn to the Jamalgiri remains and other sculptures brought to light by General Cunningham near Peshawur. It is stated that a complete set of illustrations of the New Testament might be made from these sculptures, such as Mary laying her child in a manger, near which stands a mare with its foal; the young Christ disputing with the doctors in the Temple; the Saviour healing the man with a withered limb; the woman taken in adultery kneeling before Christ, whilst in the background men hold up stones menacingly. Mr. Fergusson fixes the date of the Jamalgiri monastery as somewhere between the fifth and seventh centuries A.D.1
I think this proves that the old Buddhists believed the higher Buddhism and the higher Christianity to be the same religion, an idea which seems also to have been held by St. Paul, for he talks of a gospel as having already been “preached to every creature under heaven” 2 at a time when, outside Jerusalem, a small Romish congregation comprised almost all the Gentile converts of the historical apostles. It must be noted that the builders of the Jamalgiri Vihâra were pure Buddhists, and that in the whole range of Buddhism is no trace of the later Christian cross, the use of wine in the bloodless oblation, no indication of any belief in the efficacy of a blood-sacrifice.
I may mention that for the attitude of the Buddha of the frontispiece I am indebted to a Buddha of the Jamalgiri sculptures. It is an attitude well known to Freemasons and mystics; and all the Therapeuts, male and female, stood in this attitude during divine worship.
The Jamalgiri Buddha, however, has not got his right hand
i Cave Temples of India, p. 139.
2 Col. i. 3.
THE RELIGION OF THE RISHI,
Two religions in the Rig Veda. The religion of the prophet and the
religion of the priest. Importance of the word “umbrella.” Symbol
Same idea typified in the tumulus and holy tree.
THE BUDDHIST TRINITY,
The Buddhist Trinity. Amitabha. “The Merciful Father” of China,
Japan, Nepal, and Tibet. Liturgy of Ceylon, “May Buddha for-
Ritual the test of an early creed. The Buddhas of the past. Still in-
voked and fed. Tomb and saint worship. The key of early Bud-
manic safeguard. Importance attached to the corpse and its relics
Cosmology of Ceylon. Nirvanapura a place. The five heavens still
Confutes modern agnos-
Paramount importance of the Asoka inscriptions. Asoka on God. Asoka
on a future life. His paradise the Vedic Swarga. His evidence
The LEGENDARY BUDDHA,
The legendary life. Sanskrit v. Pâli. Cingalese biography an abbrevia-
tion of an older book. Suspicious nature of the Buddhaghosa story.
AN ANALYSIS OF THE LALITA VISTARA, .
Analysis of the legendary Life. Three schools of Buddhism traceable.
Buddha as a man. Buddha as God. The worship of the everlasting
THE HISTORICAL BUDDHA,
Suspicious nature of the early historical books. Importance of the tree
in early Buddhism. The “mob of beggars.” Secrecy, Buddha's
PRECEPT AND PARABLE,
The Dhammapada ; received by the Buddhists as the authentic version of
Buddha's sayings. Buddha on God. Buddha on prayer. Buddha
THE HIGHER JUDAISM, .
Numerous points of contact between the Buddhists and Roman Catholics.
The Therapeuts; believed to be Christian converts by Catholics,
THE HIGHER CHRISTIANITY,
Influence of Baur on modern thought. His Christology. Early Chris.
tianity the lower Judaism. Theory examined. The Clementines.
BUDDHISM IN THE CATACOMBS,
Saint and tomb worship. Efforts made at a martyrdom to obtain relics,
blood, &c. The Lord's Supper at funerals ; administered to the
BUDDHA AND WODEN,
The “Day of Buddha,” the “Day of Woden.” Is Woden Buddha ?
Conflicting testimony. Professor Holmboe. Traces de Buddhisme
BUDDHA IN AMERICA,
Did Columbus discover the New World ? Changed views on the sub-
ject. The black man, the white man, the yellow man. Geographical