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with the parsnips, and the advantages resulting It is required that every operation and expense from the practice, to be produced to the Soci- be fully described, and that satisfactory certifiety on or before the second day in Nov. 1804. cates of the nature and condition of the soil on
41. BUCK WHEAT. To the person who which the crops have grown, together with an
shall«cultivate the greatest quantity of land with a count of their appearance, the number of • buck wheat, not less than thirty acres; the horses and cattle, sheep or hogs, fed by the two
gold medal. It is required that the time of green crops, and, as near as possible, the imsowing and reaping be noticed, also a particue proved value of the live stock by the consumplar account of the species, cultivation, and ex- tion of those crops, and also the quantity of pense attending it, the manner of reaping it, wheat per acre, and its weight per bushel, be thrashing it, and housing the grain, with proper produced to the Society on or before the first certificates of the nature and condition of the day of November, 1804. land on which the experiments were made, It is presumed that yery great advantages and the name of the crop, if any, which the will arise to such agriculturists as shall adops same land bore the preceding year, together this rotation of crops on a dry soil. They will with an account of the produce, and a sample be enabled, with the addition of a few acres of of the seed, not less than a quart, be produced turnip-rooted cabbage for spring-food, to keep to the Suciety on or before the second Tuesday such large flocks of sheep and herds of neat in January, 1804
cattle as may secure a sufficient quantity of 42 For the next greatest quantity, not less manure to fertilize their land in the highest de. than fiiteen acies, on similar conditions; the gree, and in every situation. It is fariher con. silver medal. Information respecting its ap- ceived that wheats which will bear sowing in plication to the feeding of cattle, hogy, and the spring will be particularly suitable for this poultry, and other of its uses, is also desired. premium. It is known to be particularly serviceable in 48, 49, 50. The same premiums are extende furnishing honey to bees.
ed one year farther. Certificates to be deli. 43. RAISING GRASS SEEDs. To the per- vered on or before the first day of November, son who shall raise the greatest quantity of each 1805. or any of the following named grass seeds, viz. 51. PRESERVING TURNIPS. To the per-Meadow fox-tail (alopecurus pratensis) son who shall discover to the Society the best sweet scented vernal grass (anthoxanthum odo. and cheapest method of preserving turnips per. ratum), Timothy grass, meadow Fescue grass, fectly sound, and in every respect fit for the smooth-stalked meadow grass (poa pratensis) purpose of supporting and fattening sheep and rough-stalked meadow grass (poa trivialis); neat cattle, during the months of February, the silver medal, or ten guineas. It is required March, and April; the gold medal, or thirty that certificates from persons who have viewed guineas. It is required that a full and accuthem in a proper state, to identify that they rate account of the method employed, and the are one or other of the seeds above-mentioned, expense attending the process, together with indicating clearly the particular species, and certificates that the produce of four acres at the noticing the quantity produced of such seeds, least have been preserved according to the me. free from weeds or mixture of other grasses, thod described, and applied to the feeding of together with proper samples of the seeds, be sheep and neat cattle; that the whole were produced to the Society on or before the first drawn out of the ground before the first day of day of February, 1804.
February, in order to clear the greater part of 44. The same premium is extended one it previous to its being prepared for corn, and year farther. Certificates to be produced on or to save the soil from being exhausted by the before the first day of February, 1805. turnips ; and also of the weight of an average
45. RotatION OF CROPs. To the person sixteen perches of the crop; be produced to the who shall, between the 10th of August, 1801, Society on or before the first Tuesday in Noand the 10th of September, 1803, cultivate the vember, 1804. greatest quantity of land, not less than forty N. B. It is recommended to those who may be acres, in the following rotation, viz.--Ist, wina induced to try the necessary experiments for obter-tares; 2d, turnips; and 3d, wheat; and taining this and the following four premiums to apply the two former crops, in the best and consider the melhod employed for the preservation most farmer-like manner, to the rearing, sup- of potatoes in ridges, (which the growers call pies,) porting, and fattening horses, cattle, sheep, or and also the propriety of adopting a similar mehogs, on the land which produced the crops ; thod in cuses where they are previously frozen. It the gold medal, or one hundred guineas. is supposed that, in the latter instance, the ardi.
46. For the next in quantity and merit, on tion of ie or snow, and the construction of the not less than thirty acres; the silver medal, or ridges upon a large scale, muy be sufficient to fifty guineas.
preserve the freezing temperature till the vegetables 47. For the next in quantity and merit, on are wanted for the use of cattle or sheep, at which not less than twenty acres; the silver medal. time they may be thawc! by immersion in cold
water, and the rot which a sudden thaw pro- samples; to be produced on or before the first duces may be prevented.
Tuesday in January, 1804. 52. For the next in quantity and merit, on 58. HARVESTING CORN IN WET WEAnot less than two acres, the silver medal, or
To the person who shall discover to fifteen guineas.
the Society the best and cheapest method, suc 53. PRESERVING CABBAGES. To the perior to any hitherto practised, of harvesting person who shall discover to the Society the corn in wet weather; the gold medal, or thirty best and cheapest method of preserving drum guincas. A full account of the method emheaded cabbages perfectly sound, and in every ployed, and of the expense attending the prosespect fit for the purpose of supporting and cess, with not less than two sheaves of the corn, fattening sheep and neat cattle during the and certificates that at least the produce of ten months of February, March, and April; the acres has been harvested according to the megold medal, or thirty guincas.
thod described, and that the whole is of equal 54. For the next in quantity and merit, on quality with the samples, to be produced on or not less than two acres, the silver medal or before the first Tuesday in January, 1804. fifteen guincas. Conditions the same as for 59. ASCERTAINING
COMPONENT preserving turnips, Cl. 51. And the accounts PARTS OF ARABLE LAND. To the person to be produced on or before the first Tuesday who shall produce to the Society the most sain November, 1804.
tisfactory set of experiments to ascertain the 55. PRESERVING CARROTS, PARSNIPS, due proportion of the several component parts OR BEETS. To the person who shall discover of rich arable land, in one or more counties in to the Society the best and cheapest method of Great Britain, by an accurate analysis of it; preserving carrots, parsnips, or beers, perfectly and who having made a like analysis of some sound, and in every respect fit for the purpose poor arable land, shall, by comparing the comof supporting horses, and fattening sheep and ponent parts of cach, and thereby ascertaining peat cattle, during the months of February, the deficiencies of the poor soil, improve a March, and April ; the silver medal, or fifteen quantity of it, nor less than one acrc, by the guineas. Conditions the same as for preserving addition of such parts as the former experiturnips, Cl. 51. and the accounts to be delivered ments shall have discovered to be wanting in on or before the first day in November, 1804. therein, and therefore probably the cause of its · 56. PRESERVING POTATOES. To the sterility; the gold medal, or forty guincas. It person who shall discover to the Society the is required that the manurings, ploughings, and best and cheapest method of preserving pota- crops, of the improved land, be the same after toes, two or more years, perfectly sound, with the improvenient as before; and that a minute out vegetating, and in every other respect fit account of the produce in cach state, of the for the purpose of sets and the use of the table, weather, and of the various influencing circumand, consequently, of supporting and fattening stances, together with the method made use of cattle; the silver medal, or twenty guincas. in analysing the suils, be produced, with proIt is required, that a full and accuratc account per certificates and the chemical results of the of the method employed, and the expense at analysis, which are to remain the property of tending the process, with certificates that one. the Society, on or before the last Tuesday in hundred bushels at the least have been pre- February, 1804. served according to the method described, and It is expected that a quantity, not less than that une or more bushels of the same potatoes six pounds, of the rich, of the poor, and of have been set, and produced a crop without the improved soils, be produced with the cero any apparent diminution of their vegetative rificates. power; and also that they have been used at 60. GAINING LAND FROM THE SEA. TO table, with entire satisfaction to the person who the person who shall produce to the Society an cat of them, together with a sample of one account, verified by actual experiment, of his bushel, be sent to the Society on or before the having gained the greatest quantity of land first Tuesday in November, 1804.
from the sea, not less than fifry acres, on the *57. MAKING MEADOW-HAY IN coast of Great Britain or Ireland; the gold meWEATHER. To the person who shall disco. dal. Certificates of the quantity of land, and ver to the Society the best and cheapest mc- that the experiments were begun after the 1st thod, superior to any hitherto practised, of of January, 1797, to be produced to the Socia making meadow-hay in wet weather; the gold ey on or before the last Tuesday in October, medal, or thirty guincas. A full account of 1803. the method employed, and of the expense at- 61. The same premium is extended one tending the process, with not less than fifty- year farther. Certificates to be produced on or six pounds of the hay; and certificates that at before the last Tuesday in October, 1804. least the produce of six acres of land has been 62. The same premium is extended one made according to the method described, and vear farther. Certificates to be produced on that the whole is of equal quality with the or before the last Tuesday in October, 1805.
63,'IMPROVING LAND LYING WASTE. known, or in use for such purpose, and to be For the most satisfactory account of the best worked by not more than one man and two method of improving any of the following horses, the silver medal, or twenty guineas. soils, being land lying waste or uncultivated, The machine and certificates that at least viz. clay, gravel, sand, chalk, peat-carth and three acres have been pared by it in a proper bog, verificd by experiments on not less than manner, to be produced to the Society on or fifty acres of land; the gold medal, or thirty before the ist of January, 1804. guineas.
70. MACHINE FOR DIBBLING WHEAT. 64. For the next greatest quantity, not less To the person who shall invent a machine, than thirty acres, the silver medal, or twenty superior to any hitherto known or in use, to guincas. It is required that the land before answer the purpose of dibbling wheat, by which such improvement be absolutely uncultivated, the holes for receiving the grain may be made and iira grcat measure useless, and that, in its at equal distances and proper depths; the sile improved statc, it be inclosed, cultivated, and ver mcdal, and ten guineas. The machine, divided into closes. Certificates of the num- with certificates that at least three acrés have ber of acres, of the quality of the land so im- been dibbled by it, to be produced to the Soproved, with a full account of every operation ciety on or before the second Tuesday in Jaand expense attending such improvement, the nuary, 1804. Simplicity and cheapness in state it is in as to the proportiou of grass to the construction will be considered as prioci. aiable, and the average-value thereof, to be pal parts of its merit. produced on or before the first Tuesday in Fe- 71. MACHINE FOR REAPING OR MOWING bruary, 1804.
CORN. For inventing a mach ne to answer 65. MANURES. For the most satisfactory the purpose of mowing or reaping wheat, rye, set of experiments, to ascertain the compara- barley, oats, or beans, by which it may be tive advantages of the following manures, used done more expeditiously and cheaper than by as top-dressings on grass or corn land, viz. soot, any method now practised, provided it does coal.ashes, wood-ashes, lime, gypsum, night- not shed the corn or pulse more than the mesoil, or any other fis article; the gold medal, thods in common practice, and that it lays the or the silver medal and twenty guineas. It is straw in such a manner that it may be easily required that the above experiments be made gathered up for binding; the gold medal, or between two or more of the above-mentioned thirty guineas. The machine, with certificates manures, and that not less than two acres of that at least three acres have been cut by it, land be dressed with each manure.
to be produced to the Sociсty on or before the count of the nature of the soil, quantity and second Tuesday in December, 1803. Simplicxpense of the manure and crops, with certifi- city and cheapness in the construction will be ,caies, to be produced on or before the last considered as principal parts of its merit. Tuesday in February, 1804.
72. THRASHING-MACHINE. To the per66. The same premium is extended one son who shall invent a machine by which corn year farther. The accounts and certificates to of all sorts may be thrashed more expeditiously, be produced on or before the last Tuesday in effectually, and at a less expense, than by any February, 1805.
method now in use; the gold medal, or thirty 67. RAISING WATER FOR THE IRRIGAS guineas. The machine, or a model, with proper TION OF LAND. To the person who shall certificates that such a machine has been usediscover to the Society the cheapest and most fully applied, that at least thirty quarters have effectual method of raising water in quantities been thrashed by it, and of the time employed sufficient to be beneficially employed for the in the operation, to be produced to the Society purpose of irrigating land, superior to and on or before the last Tuesday in February, 1804. cheaper than any other method now in use ; 73. DESTROYING THE GRUB OF THE the gold medal, or fifty guineas. A model on COCKCHAFER. To the person who shall disa scale of one inch to a foot, with certificates cover to the Society an effectual method, verithat a machine at large on the same construc-fied by repeated and satisfactory trials, of detion has been used, specifying the quantity of stroying the grub of the cockchafer, or of pre. water delivered in gallons per hour, and the venting or checking the destructive effects height to which it was raised, to be produced which always attend corn, peas, beans, and to the Society on or before the first of March, turnips, when attacked by those insects; the 1804.
gold medal, or thirty guineas. The accounts, 68. The same premium is extended one with proper certificates, to be produced on or year farther. Certificates to be produced on or before the first Tuesday in January, 1804. hefore the first of March, 1805.
74. DESTROYING WORMS. To the per69. PARING PLOUGH. To the person who son who shall discover to the Society an effec. shall invent and produce to the Society a ma. tual method, verified by repeated and satisfacchine or plough for the purpose of paring land tory trials, of destroying worms, or of prevento preparatory to burning, superior to any hitherto ing the destructive effects they occasion on corn, heans, peas, or other pulse ; the gold ou or before the first Tuesday in February, medal, or thirty guineas. The accounts, with 1804. proper certificates, to be produced to the So- 81. PREVENTING THE ILL EFFECTS OF ciety on or before the first Tuesday in Jan. FLIES ON SHEEP. To the person who shall 1804.
discover to the Society the most effectual me75. DESTROYING THE FLY on Hops. thod of protecting sheep from being disturbed To the person who shall discover to the So- and injured by Aies; the silver medal, or ciety an easy and efficacious method of dc- twenty guineas. It is required that the method stroying the Ay on hops, superior to any hi. be ascertained by repeated experiments, and therto known or practised, on 1100 less than that a certificate of its efficacy be delivered to four acres of hop ground, the gold medal, or the Society on or before the ist Tuesday in thirty guineas. Accounts and certificates to be December, 1803. delivered to the Society on or before the first 82. PROTECTING SHEEP. To the person Tuesday in February, 1804.
who, in the year 1803, shall protect the great76. PREVENTING THE BLIGHT, OR RA- est number of shcep, not fewer than one hun. VAGES OF INSECTS, ON FRUIT-TREES AND dred, hy hovels, sheds, or any other means, CULINARY PLANTS. To the person who and give the most satisfactory account, veri. shall discover to the Society the most effec. fied by experiment, of the advantages arising tual method of preventing the blight, or ra• from the practice of protecting sheep from the vages of insects, on fruit trecs and culinary inclemency of the weather, by hovels, sheds, plants, superior to any hitherto known or or any other means; the silver medal, or twenty practised, and verified by actual and compa- guincas. A particular account of the experia rative experiments ; the gold medal, or thirty ments made, with the advantages arising there. guineas. The accounts, with proper certificates, from, together with the expense, and certifi. to be delivered to the Society on or before the cates of its utility, to be produced to the Sosecond Tuesday in November, 1803.
ciety on or before the first Tuesday in March, 77. The same premium is extended one 1804. year farther. The accounts and certifieutes to 83. The same premium is extended one be delivercd on or before the second Tuesday ycar farther. The accounts and certificates to in November, 1804.
be delivered on or before the first Tuesday in 78. REMOVING THE ILL EFFECTS OF March, 1805. BLIGHTS, OR INSECTS. To the person who N. B. It is required that the certificates shall shall discover to the Society the most effectual specify the length of time the shcep were so method of removing the ill effects of blights, protected, and the manner in which they were or insects, on fruit-trees and culinary plants, maintained during that time; together with superior to any hitherto known or practised, the general method of managing them. and verified by actual and comparative expc.
84. IMPROVING THE CONDITION OF THE riments; the gold medal, or thirty guineas. LABOURING POOR, BY ERECTING COT. The accounts and certificates to be delivered to TAGES, AND APPORTIONING LAND. To the Society on or before the first Tuesday in the person who, in the year 1802, shall erect February, 1804.
the greatest number of cottages for the accom79. ČURE OF THE ROT IN SHEEP. Tomodation of the labouring poor, and appor. the person who shall discover to the Society tion not less than two acres of land to each the best and most effectual method of curing cottage ; the gold medal. The accounts and the rot in sheep, verified by repeated and sa- certificates to be delivered to the Society un tisfactory experiments; the gold medal, or or before the first Tuesday in February, 1804. fifty guineas. It is expected that the candia 85. The same premium is extended one year dates furnish accurate accounts of the symp- farther. The accounts and certificates to be toms and cure of the disease, together with delivered to the Society on or before the first the impuied cause thereof, and the actual or Tuesday in February, 1805. probable means of prevention, which, with 86. IMPROVING THE CONDITION OF THE proper certificates, must be delivered to the
LABOURING POOR BY APPORTIONING Society on or before the first Tuesday in Fe- LAND TO COTTAGES. To the person who, bruary, 1804.
in the year 1802, shall apportion to the great80. CURE OF THE FOOT-ROT IN SHEEP. est number of cottages already built upon his To the person who shall discover to the So- or her estate, any quantity of land, not less ciety the best and most effcctual method of than two acres to each cottage, for the better curing the foot-rot in sheep; the gold medal, accommodation of the respective inhabitants ; or thirty guineas.
the gold medal. The accounts of the number It is required that the cure be ascertained of cottages, and of the quantity of land apby repeated and satisfactory experimen and portioned to each, be delivered to the Sothe method of performing it be verified by ciety, with proper certificates, on or before the proper certificates delivered to the Society first Tuesday in February, 1804.
87. The same premium is 'extended one the Suciety on or before the second Tuesday year farther. The accounts and certificates to in December, 1803. be delivered on or before the first Tuesday in 92. PRESERVINO SALTED PROVISIONS February, 1805.
FROM BECOMING RANCID OR RUSTY. To 88. CULTURE OF HEMP IN CERTAIN the person who shall discover to the Society PARTS OF SCOTLAND.' The Society for the the best, cheapest, and most efficacious method Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures, and of preserving salted provisions from growing Commerce wishing to encourage the growth rancid or rusty ; the gold medal, or thirty of hemp for the use of the navy, in certain guineas. A full description of the method, parts of Scotland, comprehending the whole with proper certificates that it has been found, county of Argyle, that part of Perthshire sitwa on repeated trials, to answer the purpose inated to the north of the river Tay, and west tended, to be produced to the Society on or of the Military Road (see Ainslie's Map of before the first Tuesday in February, 1804. Scotland) leading from Logierait to the County 93. CLEARING FEATHERS FROM THEIR of Inverness, and such other parts of Scotland ANIMAL Oil. To the person who shall disas lie north of Inverness-shire, offers to the cover to the Society the best and most expeperson who shall sow with hemp, in drills at dicious method superior to any hitherto prac. least eighteen inches asunder, the greatest tised, of clearing goose-feathers from their of. quantity of land in the above-mentioned dis- fensive animal oil, for the use of upholders, trict, not less than fifty acres statute measure, in making beds, cushions, &c. the silver me in the year 1803, and shall at the proper season dal, or twenty guineas. A quantity of such cause to bc plucked the summer hemp (or feathers unstripped and so cleared, not less male hemp bearing no secd) and continue the than forty pounds weight, with a full account Winter hemp (or female hemp bearing sced) of the process, to be produced to the Society on the ground until the sced is ripe ; the gold on or before the first Tucsday in February, medal, or fifty guineas.
1804. 89. To the person who shall sow with 94. REFINING WHALE OR SEAL OIL. hemp, (in drills at least cighteen inches asun. For disclosing to the Society an effectual meder) ihe next greatest quantity of land in the thod of purifying whale or seal oil from the same above-mentioned district, nor less than glutinous matter that incrusts the wicks of twenty-five acres statute measure, in the year lamps and extinguishes the light, though fully 1803, and shall at the proper season cause the supplied with oil; the gold medal, or fifty same to be plucked as above-mentioned; the guineas. It is required that the whole of the silver medal, or twenty-five guincas. Certific process be fully and fairly disclosed, in order cates of the number of acres, of the distance of that satisfactory experiments may be made by the drills, of the plucking of the hemp, with the Society to determine the validity of the a general account of the soil, cultivation, and claim; and certificates that not less than twenty produce, to be delivered to the Society, along gallons have been purified according to the with fourteen pounds of the hemp, and two process delivered in, together with owo gallons quarts of the seed, on or before thc second of the oil, in its unpurified state, and two gaiTuesday in January, 1804.
lons so refined, be produced to the Society or or before the second Tuesday in February,
1804. PREMIUMS FOR DISCOVERIES AND
95. MANUFACTURING TALLOW-CANIMPROVEMENTS IN CHEMISTRY,
DLES. To the person who shall discover to DYING, AND MINERALOGY.
the Society a method of hardening or other90. PRESERVING SEEDS OF VEGETABLES. wise preparing tallow, so that candles may be For the best methods of preserving the sceds of made of it which will burn as clear and with plants in a state fit for vegetation a longer as small a wick as wax candies, without runcime than has hitherto been practised, such ning, and may be afforded at a less expense method being superior to any known to the than any at present made with spermaceti; tlie public, and verified by sufficient trial, to be gold medal, or thirty guincas. Certificates communicated to the Society on or beforc the that 112lb. of such tallow have been made first Tuesday in December, 1803; the gold into candles, and 12lb. of the candles made medal, or thirty guineas.
thereof, to be produced to the Society on or 91. PREVENTING THE DRY-ROT INTIM. before the second Tuesday in January, 1804. VER. To the person who shall discover to : 96. CANDLES_FROM RESIN OR OTHER che Society the cause of the dry-rot in timber, SUBSTANCES. To the person who shall disand disclose a certain method of prevention su- cover to the Society thc hest methud of mak. perior to any hitherto known; the gold me. ing candles of resin, or any other substance, fit dal, or thirty guineas. The accounts of the for common use, at a price much inferior to cause, and method of prevention, confirmed those made of tallow only; the gold medal, by repeated experiments, to be produced to or thirty guineas. Six pounds at least of the