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Rotterdam, April 15. Gen. Montrichard has declared, that if the Dutch Government fhall refufe to comply with his demands relative to the fubfiftence and pay of the troops, he will quarter them upon the inhabitants, as was the cafe in 1795.

All the accounts from Bruels, Mechlin, &c. agree that French troops are daily paísing through thofe cities, on their way into Holland. The number to be fent thither, it is now faid, is 16,oco; which will be increased, should the French Government judge proper.

SWITZERLAND.

An infurrection, which threatened very ferious confequences, took place on the 27th March among the two battalions of Helvetic troops at Berne. Whether it arofe from an averfion to the French fervice, or not, we are left to conjecture; the caufe ftated is, the arrears of their pay. In the evening of that day, after making feveral movements indicative of this difpofition, they fired upon the French patroles,

whom they wounded feveral, and forced their way into the city, where they were joined by the Helvetic huffars; they then beat the Generale, and prepared to attack the arsenal, and to force the gates of Arbourg and Fribourg. Their intentions, however, having been previously known, or at least fufpected, time had been given to take the neceffary measures of precaution; and they were in confequence forced to retreat to their barracks. The troops were then paid, and tranquillity was reestablished. The next morning fome of the ringleaders were condemned to different punishments, and the reft were sent off in the afternoon to Murat.

There are daily indications of the stubborn fpirit of independence which still reigns in the Cantons.

An addrefs of thanks was voted to Bonaparte, on the fpecific ground that he had restored to them their antient Constitution; the only one adapted to the wants, or confiftent with the wishes, of the people. In all the Cantons where the fewest changes have been introduced, the inhabitants appear more difpofed to retume peaceful habits. In the aristocratic Cantons a fpirit is daily difcovering itself, which nothing but the prefence of French troops can prevent from breaking out into acts of direct holtility to the Co ftituted Authorities.

The Helvetic troops have paffed into the fervice of France. The Landamman has iffued a Proclamation on the occafion, addreffed to the troops; in which he informs them, that they are received into the armies of the First Conful, whofe paternal care will make them forget all that they have fuffered.

Letters from Berne give an account of fome outrages having been committed against the new Landamman D'Afry, but no ferious confequences enfued.

Some perfons, who were intoxicated, palling by the houfe of the Landamman, a difpute arofe between them and the centinel; when feveral ftones were thrown at the latter, and at the houfe; the centinel was dangerously wounded. The guard having arrived, thefe perfous fled; but there was nothing in it of the fpirit of party.

The French officer who commanded at Fribourg, having been informed of what had paffed, proceeded immediately to the houfe of the Land imman, to concert with. him as to the means of procuring information with refpect to the authors of the infult; but Citizen D'Affry did not with to make the affair of importance.

The Government have been under the neceflity of publishing a proclamation againit the perfons who are endeavouring in the Canton of Berne to raife the inhabi tants against the new Conftitucion.

The Canton of Schwitz has given a decided mark of its difapprobation of the interference of France, and the decision of the Helvetic Confulta, by electing the celebrated Aloys Reding its Landamman; and the patriot General Aufder Manr, who was imprifoned at Arbourg for having headed the patriots, Captain-General of the militia.

A letter from Berne, addreffed to an eminent commercial houfe in Hamburgh, fays-"We are now virtually Frenchmen, and are perfectly fenfible of the degra lation of our fituation. The Government which has been imposed on Switzerland is offenfive to the great majority of the people; and they look forward with impatience for a safe occafion to shake it off.".

SPAIN, &c.

According to refpectable advices from Madrid, under date of the 7th ult. receive! by a Spanish house in the city, the intended ceffion of Louisiana to France has occafioned the prefenting of fome (trong memocials against this measure, on the part of the Diplomatic Agents of two different Powers; to which the Court of Spain has not, however, thought it pro er to make any reply. Other memorials, in more urgent language, have fince facceed -d the former, yet with no farther inccef. The Spanish Mintry have fent a courier to Paris, probably to defire advice of the French Government how to act under fuch an emergency.

The Royal Ordinance, which declares that all books coming from foreign coun tries, in whatever language and on whatever fubject written, cannot be fold in Spain unul a permition has been obtained for that purpofe from the Council of Caftille, is still carried into execution with the utmoft ftriatuefs. The proprietors of a great number of books imported into this country for fome time paft, and whic bave hitherto been lying in the different cultum

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custom-houfes of the kingdom, requested permiffion from the before-mentioned Conocil to expofe them to fale; but without fuccefs; as a copy of each work must first be fent to Madrid, that the Council may be enabled to judge how far the reading and propagation of fuch works may be beneficial or hurtful to the inhabitants.

The Dutch fquadron under Admiral de Winter is arrived at Lib n. The last letters from thence fay, that M. D'Almeida is to remain in office, as Gen. Lafnes and he are become better friends. The Prince of Brazil fhows the greatest attention to the French Minifter, but the public mind is ftill confiderably agitated. A late exprefs from Paris had occafioned much conjecture. The Portuguese Government is fuppofed to have made fome farther conceflions.

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The refult of the changes which have taken place in the German Empire with respect to the Proteftant and Catholic religions is, that a million of Catholics have become the fubjects of Proteftant Sovereigns, while the number of Proteftants who have paffed under the dominion of Catholic Sovereigns do not exceed 156 450.

It is faid, that an interview will take place hetween the King of Pruflia and the Firft Conful at Duffeldorf.

DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES.
Monday, February 21.

He faid, it was not a profecution for the publication of any hiftorical facts, because the latter being for the information of mankind, could never be made the subject of a criminal profecution. He confidered the attacks in the libellous pamphlets as a direct incitement to affaffination, and hoped the prefent profecution would not be palliated by inftances from the Moniteur, or other French publications, with which he contended we had nothing to do.

Mr. Mackintof, on the part of the defendant, made a fpeech which lasted upwards of three hours, and comprifed a variety of topics. It confifted of a number of obfervations on the nature of the French Revolution, and its fatal effects, and afterwards took an able view of the progrefs of liberty in England. One principal object of his addrefs was to bring the cafe of M. Peltier within the province of history. Mr. M. described the defendant as a poor, defencelefs Royalift, whofe family had been murdered in France, and who had been driven from his native foil by the ferocity of his countrymen; and, after bringing to his aid a variety of hiftorical facts, as to the liberty of free difcuffion, he concluded with hoping that the Jury would find a verdict for this unfortunate gentleman.

After the reply of the Attorney General, Lord Ellenborough made a long address to the Jury, and gave it as his opinion, the libel feemed to be proved, and that fuch publications had a direct tendency to destroy the harmony that exifted between the two countries. The Jury immediately found the defendant Guilty.-He will receive judgment next term.

Wednesday, April 6.

This morning, as Lieut. Col. Montgo mery and Capt. Macnamara were riding in Hyde Park, each followed by a Newfoundland dog, the dogs fought; in confequence of which the gentlemen quarrelled, and ufed fuch irritating language to each other, that an exchange of addrefs followed, with an appointment to meet at 7 o'clock the fame evening near Primrose-bill; the confequence of which proved fatal. Capt. M.'s ball entered the right fide of Col. M.'s cheft, and, taking a direction to the left, moft probably went through the heart; he inftantly fell, without uttering a word, but rolled over two or three times, as if in great agony, and groaned. Col. M.'s ball went through Capt. Macnamara, entering on the right fide, just above the hip, and,. pailing through the left fide, carrying part of the coat and waiftcoat in with it, taking part of his leather breeches and the hip button away with it on the other fide. Col. Montgomery was carried by fome of the perfons ftanding by into Chalk Farm, where he was laid on a bed, attended by Mr. Heavifice. As they were carrying him

Court of King's Bench.-Before Lord Ellenborough and a Special Jury.-The King v. Peltier, for a libel on the First Conful. This information lafted from nine in the morning till four in the afternoon. It was conducted for the Crown by the Attorney General and Mellrs. Garrow and Abbot; and for the Defendant, by Meflrs. Mackintosh and Ferguson. The information accuted Mr. P. of maliciously traducing Bonaparte, and of exciting the French Citizens to deprive him of his Confalar office and kill him, as well as to difturb the harmony that exiled between the Citizens and Subjects of the two countries. The Ode afcribed to Chenier, and an Addrefs to the French People, containing the libels in question, and winch had been publifhed by M. Peltier in French, were read in Court, both in the original and tranflation; after which the Attorney General made a number of obfervations on the nature and tendency of the publications. he attempted to speak and fpt, bu

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blood choaked him, His mouth foamed much, and in about five minutes after he was brought into the houfe, he expired, with a gentle figh.

Capt. Macnamara is a naval officer, who has much diftinguished himself in two or three actions, as Commander in the Cerberus frigate. He lately returned from the West Indies, and his fhip was about two months ago paid off at Chatham. He is about 36 years of age; a ftrong, bold, active man. He has fought two or three duels before, and was remarkable at Cork for keeping the turbulent in awe.

Col. Montgomery was Lieutenant-Colonel of the 9th regiment of foot, fon of Sir Ro bert Montgomery, of Ireland, and half brother to Mrs, George Byng, and to the Marchioness of Townshend. He was a remarkably handfome, genteel man, and be had also fought bravely in the service of his country. In the Dutch expedition, the Ruthians being put to flight, his regiment was thrown into confufion, and retreated in confequence of the Ruffians falling back upon them: at this time a drummer was killed, and Col. Montgomery took up the drum, beating it to rally his men, he himfelf standing alone; he did rally them, and at their head rendered eifential fervice. On feveral occafions in Egypt and Malta, he diftinguished himself for his courage and fpirit, He was remarkable fome years ago for dreffing like the late Duke of Hamil ton, from which circumstance he was called "The Duke of Hamilton's double."He was very intimate with the Prince of Wales and Duke of York. The former fhed tears on being apprifed of the mel incholy end of his friend. Crowds of people were all Thuifday and Friday viewing the fpot where the Colonel fell, which was covered with blood. The coroner's inqueft, on view of the body, brought in a verdict of Manflaughter. The remains were buried on Sarurday, in a vault in St. James's church. The funeral was attended by General Loftus, Mr. Byng, and Mr. Beresford, reprefenting the three families to whom he was nerett related.

Capt. Macnamara was tried on the 22d at the Old Bailey; and was led into court fupported by his friends, accompanied by Mr. Heavfide. The evidence for the profecation being clofed, the prifoner addreifed the Jury, in extenuation of his conduct. Lrd Hood, Nefon, Hotham, and Minto, and a great number of highly respectable gen lenen, gave Capi. Macnamara a mit excellent character. Mr. Juftice Heah tummed up the evide ce, and stated, that, from the preffure of the evidence, and the prifomer's own admiffion, the Jury must find a erdict of Ma flaughter. They were however of a different opa on; for, after retiring a quarter of an hour, they pronounced a verdict of—No. Guilty.

Monday, April 11.

The Civic Festival of this day was uncommonly fplendid. From the extreme finenefs of the weather, a cavalcade of nearly 700 children of the Blue-coat Hofpital, from the Royal Exchange to Chrift Church, accompanied by their several Officers and Preceptors, and by many of the Governors of the Royal Hofpitals, had a very pleafu g appearance. The City Marthals in their rich uniforms; the magnificent ftate coach, the beautiful horfes, and numerous attendants in rich liveries, of the worthy Chief Magiftrate, accompanied by his excellent Lady, gave a suitable idea of the great importance of the firit Commercial City in the Univerfe. The carriages and liveries of the Sheriff's were alfo truly magnificent; and thofe of the attendant Aldei men, &c. fubftantially grand.-At Chrift Church, the fpectacle was noble and impreflive; the appearance of fo fine a group of healthy boys in the highest degree affecting; and the fermon of the Bishop dignified and perfuafive. On the return from the Manfionhouse, a most fumptuous dinner was ferved up, foon after 5 o'clock, to abour 500 guests, in a style which reflected honour op the long-tried experience of Mr. Deputy Birch, The defert was equally creditable to Mr. Hoffman; and the wines (both in quality and quantity) to the good taste and liberality of the right honourable Hoft. Nor fhould the illuminations of the Egyptian Hall pafs unnoticed; where, in particular, a beautiful balloon and car, beaming luftre from at leatt toco coloured lamps, attracted very general admiration. Among the noble and honourable perfons prefent were Lord and Lady Carrington, Lords De Blaquiere, Glenbervie, Ellenbo rough, Clonmeil, Carlton, Granty, Gwydir, the Bishop of Chefter, Barons Thomp fon and Graham, Prince Salm, the French, Svedih, American, and Batavian Ambafflors, Monfieur and Madame Portalis, the Hon. Thomas Erikine; Aldermen Boydell, Watfon, Anderfon, Glyn, Eamer, Perring, Perchard, Hibbert, Shaw, Andey, Clark, T. Smith, Roweroft, J.J. Sm to, and Lea; the Recorder, the two Sheriffs, the Chamberlain, Common Serjeant, Towa Clerk, Remembrancer, Solicitor, and City Counsel; Sr Francis Bring, Sir Alured Clarke, Sir Francis Bardett, Sir H. Duhwood, Sir H. Inglis, many refpeétable Members of the House of Comaus, and others of diftinguuhed rank. The toatts from the chair were numer us and welladapted General Andre fli, fiting next to the B.thor, ga e, "the learned and refpectable Clergy of England;" an af terwar, "The Corporation of London." The Swedish Amballador give “Profperry to Old England;" which was received with unbounded approbation. Sion after 9 o'clock, a new fene commenced, by re

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374 DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES. [Apr.

introduction of at least 4000 new vifitors, who had been especially invited to the ball. Two minuets were danced, by the Earl of Egremont, with the Mifs Prices, the lovely and accomplished daughters of the Lord Mayor; whofe drefs was so neatly elegant as to beggar all defcription. Country dances followed, in which the French and Swedish Ambaffadors were the partners of the Mifs Prices; but, from the extreme overflow of company, with no particular degree of comfort to the individuals who "tripped the light fantastic toe." The principal part of the affenibly, however, were young and gay; the females remarkably beautiful; and every perfon prefent determined to be happy, and to contribute to the happiness of all around them. Between 4 and in the morning, the hofpitable doors were reluctantly clofed. Tuesday, April 12.

This day, the Chamberlain, Recorder, Sheriffs, Aldermen, and City Officers, attended the Lord Mayor, and partook of a cold collation; after which they witneffed the ceremony of rewarding the refpećtive merits of the fcholars of Chrift's Hofpital with half guineas, half crowns, fhillings, and fixpences of a new coinage. They were alfo, according to custom, prefented with two buns and a glafs of wine each. They then preceded his Lordship to Christ Church, where an excellent Sermon was preached by Dr. Glaffe.

Thursday, April 21.

This day the fenior scholars of St. Paul's School, puriuant to annual custom, delivered public orations before the Mercers' Company, the Trustees and Patrons of the fchool, and a very numerous and respectable audience. The Thefes from which they spoke were in Latin and Greek, and did credit to the judicious felection of the high mafter, the Rev. Dr. Roberts; and the young gentlemen acquitted them felves much to the fatisfaction of all prefent. The fubjećt molt interesting was, the long depending difpute concerning the Antients and Moderns, with respect to literary merit and mental excellence; in the dicuffion of which, much fpirit and ingenuity were fhewn. On this fubject, Hincks, fenior, appeared to carry the palm for animated delivery and vigorous verte. His brother, in oppofition, had much felic tous allufion and neat point. The ftrength of the argument, however, was certainly with the mediator Curtis.-Bentley (the third of the family) was very detervedly applauded, for distinct enunciation,correct conception, and action graceful and appropriate.

The Anniversary of the Society for eftablifh ng a Literary Ford was this day held at the Crown and Anchor favern. An infitution like this, which has for its object the reef and protection of those who,

having devoted their genius and abilities to find themselves abandoned to all the difthe instruction and amufement of mankind, treffes which attend poverty, could not fail of the powerful fupport with which it Somerset, the President, being frem town, was honoured. His Grace the Duke of ham; who was fupported by Lord Shefthe chair was very ably filled by Lord Pelfield, and a number of diftinguished characters, the patrons of letters. The visitors were never upon any former occafion more heard with pleafure, that the funds of the numerous or more refpectable. It will be Society are in a flourishing condition; and that more and more relief is extended every year to the unfortunate learned. Among the fubfcriptions, the one, which we have noticed in p. 299, particularly deferves to be recorded, as an act honourable both to The King and the common routine of their contributors and to their country. toafts being given after dinner; Mr. Fitzfeverally, recited poems of their own gerald, Mr. Birch, and Mr. Highmore, compofition. (See p. 357) Lord Pelham, thanks to the Society for that honour, and on his health being propofed, returned more particularly for having been elected one of the Vice Prefidents. He declared, that, though his public avocations would probabably prevent him from taking any active part in the adminiftration of the affairs of that very laudable inftitution, he entertained the higheft potible regard for it; and thould be anxious, by every means in his power, to promote its welfare.

Sunday, April 24.

preached an excellent Sermon at St. James's This day the Bishop of Gloucester church, in behalf of that grand National Inftitution, the Royal Humane Society; which, we are happy to fay, his Lordship has permitted to be published for the benetremely crowded; and the collection at fit of the Society. The church was exthe 27th the Anniverfary was held at the the doors amounted to more than 821.-On London Tavern. Among other perfonages of diftinction were, Earl Romney, the BiLettfom, Rev. Dr. Gregory, Rev. Dr. Fly, fhop of Gloucester, Hon. Philip Pufey, Dr. jan, &c. &c. Rev. Mr. Barton, Mr. Willock, Mr. GroMr. Garrow was the Chairman of the day. In wifbing "Profperity fenting two medallions, Mr. Garrow adto the Royal Humane Society," and in predreffed the company in fo affecting a manner, as excited the admiration, and touched the fympathetic feelings, of the whole company. From the report of Dr. Hawes, the worthy and very zealous Treasurer, it appears that the Society is in a flourishing itate; and that no fewer than 2798 lives have been preferved by the meaus recommended by this truly benevolent Inftitution. GAZEITE

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GAZETTE PROMOTIONS.
IGHT Hon. Thomas Steele,

general in the Windward and Leeward Charibbee If nds only. Garrisons. Rev.

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Whitehall, and John Hiley Addington, Thomas Maurice, late chaplain at Tobago,

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efq. apponed paymafter-general of his . Majefty's forces; the latter vice Lord Glenbervie, refigned.

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War-office, Jan. 4. Brevet. Col. Hugh Lyle Carmichael, of the 2d Weft India regiment, to be brigadier-general in the inland of Jamaica only.

Whitehall, Jan. 5. Right Hon. Sylvefter Lord Glenbervie, appointed furveyor-general of his Majesty's woods, oaks, forests, and chaces, vice Robinfon, dec.

War-office, Jan. 15. Hospital-faff. Surgeon Alexander Lawrie, from half-pay, to be furgeon of a recruiting-diftrict, vice Waugh, removed to the first royal garrifon battalion.

War-office, Jan. 25. Barracks. George Little (lieutenant on half-pay), to be har rack-mafter in Great Britain, vice Fox, refigned.

Whitehall, Jan. 29. Wm. Drummond, efq. to be his Majesty's embaffador-extraordinary and plenipotentiary to the Subline Ottoman Porte-Hugh Elliot, efq. to be his Majesty's envoy-extraordinary and minifter-plenipotentiary to the Court of Naples. Anthony M ry, efq. to be his Majesty's envoy-extraordinary and minif ter-plenipotentiary to the United States of America.-Edward Thornton, efq. to be his Majesty's fecretary of legation at the Hague.

St. James's, Feb. 2. Major Charles Holloway, of the royal engineers, knighted. Whiteball, Feb. 5. Hon. and Rev. George Pelham, D. D. recommended, by congé d'elire, to be elected bishop of Bristol, vice Dr. H. F. Walker, tranflated to the fee of Hereford.

Doruning-freet, Feb. 5. Col. Thomas Hiflop, appointed lieutenant-governor of the island of Grenada and its dependencies.

War-office, Feb. 5. Brevet. Col. Thomas Hiflop, of the 11th Weft India regiment, to be brigadier-general in the Leeward and Windward Charibhee Inlands only.

Dublin cafile, Feb. II. Edmond-Henry Vifcount Limerick, created Earl of Limerick; and William Power Keating Viscount Duulo, Earl of Clancarty, co. Cork. Charlotte Baronefs Newcomen, wife of Sir William Gleadowe Newcomen, bart. created Vifcounters Newcomen, of Mofs town, co. Longford, with remainder to the heirsmale of her body by the faid Sir William Gleadowe Newcomen.

St. James's, Feb. 15. Right Hon. John Hiley Addington, fworn of his Majesty's moft honourable privy-council.

Dublin cattle, Feb. 22. Mnquis of Donegal, fworn of his Majefty's most honourable privy-council.

War-office, Feb 22. Brevet. Col. Robert Brereton, of the 63d foot, to be brigadier

to be chaplain to the garrifon of Trincomalé, in the island of Ceylon.—Barracks. Michael Gordon, to be barrack maiter at Shelburne, in Nova Scotia, vice Flynn, appointed paymaster of a recruiting-diftri&t. Robert Foy, efq. (captain, on half-pay, of marines) to be a barrack matter in Great Britain, vice Thomas Foy, refigned.

Whiteball, March 4. George Harrison, efq. Norroy king of arms, appointed Clarenceux king of arms, and principal herald of the South, Eaft, and Weft parts of England, vice Lock, dec.

War-office, March 5. Staff. John Sweetland, to be principal commiffary of stores and provifions at Gibraltar.-Royal Military College. Lieut.-col. James Botler, of the invalid artillery, to be commandant of the junior department. Major Benj. D'Urban, of the 89th foot, to be fuperintendant of the junior depar ment, vice Butler.-Barracks. Thomas Phillips, to be a barrackmafter in Great Britain, vice Bowen, refigned-Hofpital-ftaff. Apothecary Stewart Henderfon, from half-pay, to be furgeon of the Athlone recruiting diftri&t, vice Muttlebury, removed to Marlborough.

Whiteball, March 8 Rev. Peter M'Mafter, prefented to the church and parish of New Luce, in the prefbytery of Stran rawer, and county of Wigtown; and Rev. Andrew Jamefon, to the church and `parith of St. Mungo, in the prefbytery, of Lochmaban, and county of Dumfries, vice Dickfon, dec.

War office, March 12 Staff. Brevet-major Charles Irvine, of the 85th foot, to be deputy-quarter-master-general to the forces ferving in Jamaica, with the rank of beutenant-colonel in the army, vice M'Murdo, refigned Lieut.-col. Willoughby Gordon, of the 85th foot, to be deputy-adjutant-general to the faid forces, vice vine. Bievet-major Wm Gifford, of the 26th foot, to be deputy-adjotant-general to the troops at Malta, with the rank of lieutenant-colonel in the army, vice Ftzgerald, dec. Major Charles Phillips, of the 44th foot, to be deputy quarter-mafter-general to the faid troops, with the rank of lieutenantcolonel in the army, vice Aev, refigned.

War-office, March 15. Staff. Major-gen Robert Browar gg, to be qanter-maftergeneral to the forces, vice Gen. Dundas, who is placed on the itaff as a general, and refigas his office as quarter-matter-general of the forces.

St. James's, March 16. William Paxton, William Blizard, and Charles Bl.cke, efqrs. knighted.

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