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PROCEEDINGS IN THE FIRST SESSION OF THE SECOND PARLIAMENT OF THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND. COMMONS.
the extraordinary preparations of the
French, it appeared that they might be The Committee for trying the Stranraer warranted by the fate of their pofleffioos Ele&tion reported, that J. Spalding, esq. abroad, hut we must also feel for the fituawas duly elected.
tion of our own country; and, while discurOn the third reading of the Prince's An- fions of the utmost importance are pending; nuiry hill, Mr. Kinnurd delivered his sentj. we should be justified in taking precautions merts, which were, that the ohject of his for our honour and frcurity. He saw no Majesty's Metrage had not been half ac- reason why those discussions might not tercomplished: he knew the Prince was not minate satisfactorily; but Ministers ought satisfied, nor were 'the House, because to be prepared for the alternative. “ He they have not gone to the extent of their then moved the address, as given in our re. own declaration : in fhort, the measure port of the Commons, p. 363. was quite inefficient.
Earl Spencer gave his fol! approbation to Sir W. Dulben moved that the portion of the proposition : he felt the neceflity of bovol, should be set apart from the annuity vigorous measures in the present relative for the increase of the ettablishment of the fluation of Great Britain and France : the Princess of Wales.
present crisis was one of the utmost imporCol. Stanley seconded the motion ; but, tance ; he trusted there was scarcely an after different observations from several individual in the country who would not Members, it was withdrawn.
spill the last drop of his blood, and spend
the lait fhilling in its defence; and he hailed H LORD S.
this first appearance of spirit in ibre councils Marcb 8.
with joy, as the only means left for our falLord Hobart presented a message similar vatior, lamenting at the fame time that to that delivered to the Commons.
such conduct had not been earlier dopted.
Lord Grenu.lle cordially agreed with the In the Commons the same day, the last speaker, and considered the only chance Bridgewa:er Election Committee reported, for the preservation of peace to be the that J. Allen and G. Pocock, elyrs. the measure now resorted 10. filling members, had ben duly elected. Earl Moira gave his affent to the motion,
The Chancellor of the Exchequer delivered but thought the Hoose was by no means the following Message from his Majesty ; satisfied that the causes of this measure did “GEORGE REX.
not exift long ago; and as Ministers, at " His Majesty thinks it necessary to ac- the close of the last feffion, had declared quaint the House of Commons, that as very that no serious apprehenfions were enterconfiderahle military preparations are carry- tained, though an increase of our eftablish ing on in the Ports of France and Holland, ment was proposed, he thought the House he has judged it expedient to adoptadditional mould at least be given to understand what measures of precaution for the security of had thrown such a new colour on the prehis Dominions. Though the preparations tensions of the enemy. After expatiating to which his Majesty refers are avowedly for some time on the enmity of the First direcled to colonial service, yet as discus. Consul towards this country, he contended, hons of great importance are now sublifting that we mould not only place ourselves between his Majesty and the French Go- on the defensive, but do it in a dignified vernment, the result of which must at pre- manner; for a vigorous policy on opr fent be uncertain, his Majesty is induced to parts would probably prevent hoftilities. make this communication to his faithful Taking a view of our system of defence, Commons, in the full persuahon, that he alluded to the affertion of Bonaparte, whilft they partake of his Majesty's earnest “that England cannot alone contend with and unvarying solicitude for the continuance France;" but the contrary was the fact, of Peace, he may rely with perfect confie, for, when we were single-handed with dence on their public spirit and liberaluy, France, we were always successful. If the tv enable his Maje y lo adopt such measures content were to be renewed, he thought we as circum ilances may appear to require, for hould be playing our last stake, and as the lupporting the honour of his Crown, and first object of the enemy, in a descent, the effential interests of bis People.” would be the capital, a powerful army
thould be stationed between it and tho 'n. OF LORD S.
cooft: in hort, by a completely vigorous
altitude, the enemy must be convinced, On the order of the day for considering that no invader would return to tell his his Majesty's Merige, Lord Hobart moved fate.--The Earl of Wefimorland and Lord an address on the occasion. On viewing
Auckland followed on the same fide; the well as in war. He now considered that Jatler took a view of our improved finan- Ministers had a double responsibility atces, and, from a variety of calculations, de tached to them, namely, that of making duced that the country now poffelled, after an improper war, as they have made an the discharge of, debt, an income of not improper peace. less than 17,000,000l. a year.
Mr. Sberidan compared the language of After some explanations, the address Mr. W. to that of the First Consul, as the was voted nem. di s.
object of both was to thew that we were
not now able to renew the war; but he In the Commons the same day, the had fall confidence, that, if war were rteChancellor of ibe Excbequer, on proposing cessary, we in uld convince France that an aderefs, adverted to the military prepa- we were able fingle-handed to support our rilions on the coasts of France and Hol. dignity. land, and to the discussions sublifting be- Mr. Canning argued on the neceffity of
tween his Majesty and the French Govern, receiving farther information, particularly • ment. If the latter should not terminate as the people were so docile towards the
happily, he declared, that the House should Executive Government. be put in poffeffion of every copic that · Mr. T. Grenville followed on nearly the could cast light on the conduct of Ministers, fane grounds; he considered the House to from the ratification of the Treaty to the he kept in ignorance on the present oćcapresent moment. It would occur to the sion, but truited that the measures proposed clouse, that there should now be fome would produce tranquillity. augmentation of our naval force, and some The Attorney General defended the re. increase to our internal security, hy em- serve of Minifters in the present instance, bodying the militia, &c. He hoped, that as the House must know that the measures on this day the House would give proof of of Government would at a future period their unanimous determination to enable be cagvafled. He hoped the country his Majesty to adopt fuch measures as were would not be too fond of an unstable and effential to the interests of the country; and delusive peace, nor think that nothing but concluded with moving, “ That an hum- an attack on the conftitution would juftify ble Address be presented to his Majesty, to hoftilities. · At present the House was thank him for his gracious Mellage ; and only called upon to allure his Majesty of to affure him, that under the present cir- our determination to prevent surprise. * cumitagces his faithful Commons cannot The question was then carried nem. con. hesitate on the expediency of adopting ad- Mr. Corry, in consequence of the suggel. dicional measures of precaution ; that they tions of several Members, now said, he partake of his Majelly's earneliness for the bad no objection to the taxes being voted in continuance of Peace; and that he may rely the usual way, or for one year ; reserving on their exertions to enable him to adopc the privilege of making them permament
such measures as may be required for sup- in the present session, if he thought proper. · porting the honour of his Crown, and the After some conversation, the resolutions interests of his people.”
for continuing the duties for one year were Mr. Fox bok a view of the different agreed to. points in the Message; and lamented that he was in such utter darkness i especting its
OF LORD S. importance, inasmuch as his Majesty did
March 1o. not give the House the Nightest hint of the Lord Hobart presented a Message corre. nature of the subjects in discullion to which sponding with that to the Commons; and he alluded. He was ready to thank him moved the usual address, wbich was carried for his communication; but there never nem dis. was a period in which it was so effential for us to avoid the calamities of war as the In the Commons the same day, the present; and, if we were involved in hofti- Chancellor of the Exchequer delivered the follities from any fault of Ministers, they lowing Meisage from his Majesty : would be the most guilty counsellors in the “ GEORGE REX. world.
« In consequence of the preparations Lord Hawkesbury said a few words ex- carrying on in ihe ports of France and Holplanatory of the Message, and in defence land, whilft important discussions are subof the conduct of Ministers.
fifting between his Majesty and the French Mr. Windbom thought the House Thould Government, his Majesty thinks it due to be in poffeffion of more information, partis the care and concern which he feels for his cularly as to what force was neceflary. · faithful People, to omit no means in his He took a view of the arguments of those power which may coatribute to their fewho opposed the war some time since, and, curity.--In parsuance therefore of the acts contrasting them with thel, present opi. of Parliament, enabling his Majesty to call nions, believed that they now began to fuso out and assemble the Militia of the United pect that there were dangers in peace as Kingdom, his Majesty bas thought it right
to make this communication to the House cluded with afsuring the House, that Minifof Commons, to the end that his Majesty ters were guided by moderation united may cause the said Militia, or such part with firmness. thereof as his Majesty shall think necessary, Mr. Dent observed, that during the war to be forthwith drawn out and embodied, 135,000 seamen had been voted : he did and to march as occasion shall require. not now confider 10,000 sufficient, but
G. R." Thould rather vote 15,000 more. The Secretary at War, after a few words Mr. Fox (poke at some lengeli, to niew on the neceffiiy of calling out the Militia, the neceility of information from Minismoved the usual Address, which was cara ters. He admitted that the prerogative ried nem. cor.; and afterwards gave notice, of the Crown was to make war and conthat on Monday next he should move to
but this power was limited bring in a bill for consolidating and amend- in fubftance, though not in theory : in proof ing ihe existing laws for making provision of this, he entered into long historical defor the families of Militiamen called out. tails, to thew that the House had a nega.
tive power, to resist the Royal prerogative, Marcb 11.
by refufing to grant the supplies. At preMr. Gartbpoore, in a Committee of Sup- sent, if a11 explanation were given, Par. ply, moved that 10,000 men be employed liament might differ from Ministers, and in the sea-service of Great Britain for 10 vote the war unnecessary ; but if they months, including 2400 Marines.
risked anotliar war, they had nothing to 'do Mr. Francis was afraid that the debate with the Treaty of Amiens. In getting rid op the King's Message might be misrepre- of the war, they get rid of great incomsented in France. The observations he brances, namely, those detestable priaciJould make did not arise from pique, but ples on which the war had been comwere the result of deep reflection. He menced. He did not affert that religion had given his fupport to Ministers ever and social order were detestable; but he fince they had been in power; but whe- meant the gross hypocrisy of asserting fuch ther he would continue that support de- to be the cause of war. If, however, pended on his learning if the present situa- another war were neceffary to restore this tion of the country was occafioned by country to her rank in Europe, then every their misconduct. Though disappointed British subject would join in so good a with respect to the Preliminaries, yet he cause. Mr. F. concluded with repeating, was obliged to Ministers for making the that he hoped Ministers would fatisfy the Peace; and he would not quarrel with House that they had cogent reasons for tethem about the terms, because it was an kindling the embers of war. But if war objeći so desirable : but every reasonable was absolutely necessary, he disdained to man would say it had been obtained at a repine. Our military officers had evinced full price; it was therefore a matter of re- that they were as skilful as any in Eu
proach if, for such terms, we had obtained repe; and as to the character of the Bria | only an insecure peace, or a certain war. tith soldiers, it never could have been o
Until Ministers gave the necessary expla- greater; by their constancy, fortitude, and nations, they could not expect the House good discipline, they preserved their preto continue its confidence, particularly as eminence in every action in which they the first alarm had a great effect on public had engaged. credit. He lamented that so many men of Lord Hawkesbury said a few words in de. Talent around him were excluded from his fence of the secrecy of Ministers, and was Majesty's Council, whose intelligence and followed by Mr. Elliot on oppofi:e grounds. experience might be employed, at a crisis Mr. Canning porsued nearly the same arso important, for their country's good. gument as on a former evening, and con
Tlie Cbancellor of obe Excbequer, in answer ceived the present darkness in which Parin the arguments of Mr. F. assured him liament remained, to be increasing. that he lamented his own deficiency at the Sir W. Pulteney defended the conduct of present crisis, but no man had more zeal Administration, and observed, that the in discharge of his arduous duty. If peace House were not to calculate upon great pohad been made inconsistently with the bo- litical questions, as if they were fock-bolders. nour and safety of the country, Ministers - After some explanations, the sum of were responsible to the House and to the 130,000l. was voted for the maintenance, Nation. Ifit appeared that Ministers deserted avd 27,000l. for the pay, of the ten thousand none of those principles, when they advised Scamnen, for 10 months. his Majesty to make peace, then they did not The Committee on the Coventry Election deserve reprehension or reproach. There reported that F. W. Barlow, efq. was duiy was no advice given to his Majesty with rel- elected, and N. Jefferys, esq. not elected. ped to the discullion now before the House, A new writ was ordered to be issued. that was not in the true spirit of peace; and if ihe explanations that were demanded were
#. 01 LORDI. to be given, they would only tend to embarrass the pending discussions. He cone On the motion for the socond reading of
the Prince's Annuity bill, Earl Moira, as net decrease of the latter appeared to be one of his Highness's Council, expreiled 187,0421. On à general comparison of the duty and regard of the Prince for the debts and aflets, the net increase of deb's measures taken in huis behalf; but as tliere was 2,462,8241. and the net increase of so still remained fome claims on him, he sets 1,755,3511. This deducted from the thought it neceffıry to create a very large increase of debts would new thie Mtate of nuking fund in order to clear them off, be the whole concern in he worse than at the fore he affumed bis dignity. With respect conclusion of the last year in the sum of to the Cornwall claims, the Prince was 707,4731. which sum is subject to alteration fill farther convinced of their validity; but, on the final adjustment of the claims of the out of gratitude for the interpofition of his Company on Governmene, included in thie father, he had given directions to drop the home assets to the amount of 3,573,339. soit.
making an increase in this year under this
head of 900,8991.-On exhibiting the In the Commons the same day, the Se- Prospective View, it appeared, that the cretary at War obtained leave to bring in a annual interest of the Indian debt of bill to consolidate it. Laws relating to the 18,500,odol. (of which 16, 00,000l. Bears relief of the families of militia-met: the interest) w 11,438,7911.- According to principal alteration intended to be made the latest advices, the Revenues and charges was, to throw the burden of providing for were as follow: the families of fabstitutes on the county Bengal Revenue 7,218,8001. Madras instead of the parith.
4,486,4001. Bombay 2-0,9801. Total In a Committee on the Ean India Ac. Revenue 11,976,1801. - Bengal Charges counts, Lord Cufflereago entered on a detail 4,155,6671. Madras 4,250, 300l. Bombay of the transactions of the Company, and 840,40zl
. Total Charges 9,246,3691. Neit the present state of their affairs at home Revenue 2,729,8i1l.-Deduct Commercial and abroad.' The accounts now before the Charges 155,0381. and Supplies to RencooCommittce were the same as those laid in len, &c. 83.4c0l. being 237,4381. Deduct tite laft feffion, the subsequent Itatement 2,492,3731. Intereft on Deht 1 438,7911, not having arrived. The Company had Nett Surplus 1,053,5821. Exclusive of resorted to every means for reducing their 800,0col. included in the Charge for intedebt, and the present state of their affairs rett, now payable to Coinmuffioners on bere the moft pleasing aspect. He enume. Debe bought op. rated the different classes of accounts with His Lordihip now entered into a variety the various item and drew the attention of financial statements; the onject of which of the Committee to the benefits which he was to thew, that, after making the most public would derive from the date of the ample allowance for the event of a war, accounts, and the probability that, if peace there will till remain 500,0001. of net procontinued, a large diminution of the debt ceeds applicable to the reduction of debt, might cake place. From the general view and that the available resources of the of the affairs of the Company it appeared, Company could leave them for the extenthat the result of the estimates for 1801-2, fion of trade 3,400,00ot. Thus, from the was;
detailed statement before the House, it Revenue : Bengal 7,061,164!. Madras wu$ evitlent that the Company's affairs 3,899,0401. Bombay 271,8251. Total re- were in as good a wiy as at any period of venue 11,222,0291. - Charges : Bengal the war, considering ine increase of debt. 4,582,2011. Madras 4,952,3111
Bom- He then complimented Marquis W'ellefley bay 1,185,3081. Total Charges 10,326,820l. on the services he had rendered, and sb-The estimated revenue of the three Prefa served, that through his means the Empire dencies 895,2091. Dedu&t Supplies to of India was in a fate to bid defiance to Pencoulen, &c. 85,8401, Remainder the threats of invasium; the actual Arength $59,3691.
of the army in that quarter being 24,400 After deducting from interest on debts regular troops, including 17,000 King's 1,342,8541. the net deficiencies of the Re- troops; native troops 8,959.0; and of whac venues from the territories, &c. appeared he termed irregulars, about 10,000, into be 533,485l. which deducted from the cluding Lascass, &c. making in the whole eftimated account of sales of imports, left a an efficient arnied force of 124,280 men, remainder of 31,0421. which is the amount applicable to the defence of the empire. estimated to be applicable in 1801-2 to the After adverting to the ficuation of India purchase of investment, payment of com- previous to the war, which had left it with mercial charges, Sec. From the general a debt of 10,000,000l. and contrasting it result of debes and assets at home, and with the prelent Itale of affairs, he augured abroad, it appeared that, adding the de. the greatest benefits to the country by the crease of the debes to the increase of afleis, continuation of peace. the improvement of the home concern in Mr. Johnson attributed the increase of re1809 iš 1,969,3 301. From the balance as venue foiely to the violeni grasping of terChina and St. Helena in the preceding ritory to which we had had resource, from year, and that by the present accounts, the those we called our allies, 2.1d was cine
vinced, that, in proportion as an increase situation of the country, and lamented that was made to the empire, the security of men of talents and energy were not at the the country for the payment of the dehi of head of our affairs. the Company decreased, becaule they were The Lord Chancellor answered the Eart sed into new and exiraordinary expences. with much warmth; defended the conduct
- The Chancellor of obe Exebeguer denied of himself and colleagues ; and advised him that this country had violated its faith to to keep his opinions for his friends, as they its allies.
would make no inypreffion on the House. Mr. Francis observed, that although it was ttipulated on the renewal of the char. In the Commons the same day, the ter, for the sum of 500,000l. to be paid an- Hereford Election Commitiee reportedl, nually for the public service, yet it bad that }. G. Cotterell, elq. been paid but one year; nevertheless Mr. duly elected; and that Sir G. Cornea Dundas had renewed his promise of its wall was duly elected; a new writ was being paid year after year with increased ordered. to, fidence.
He added, that the charge The Irish Customs and Excise bill was of the investment amounted to above palled. 7,000,oool. which was kept out of the In a Committee on the Irish Militia bill, account, to afford room for a false Thew of Mr. Wickbam stated that the bounty of two advantage. This suppression, together. guineas per man was inadequate. The with the credit taken for advances made to object of the present bill was to enable the the Government, which Lord C. did not Lord Lieutenant to pay a bounty of four pretend would be repaid, afforded a very guineas per man. A short debate took large drawback from his flourishing fate. place on the measure, after which the bill. ment, and thewed that little credit could passed through the Committee. be given to his favourable account.
The Secretary at War moved to bring in Lord Caftlereagb explained ; and after a bill for filling up vacancies in the comfome observations from Sir F. Baring and mand of the militia, which would include Sir T. Metcalfe, the latter of whom (poke five provisions; ift, For calling in Field. in defence of Lord Melville, the resolutions Officers who had terved during the war; were agreed to.
2d, To call in any Captains who had served in the Militia during the war, though unqualified in fortone; 3d, to preserve their
tank to Captain-Lieutenants; 4th, To Much farther conversation took place provide, that, when a regiment had a va. this day on the Prince's Amunity buls the cancy in its commands for two months, Earl of Carlisle insitted that it was an in- officers of the Army or Marines, who efficient and useless measure; was not in were now on half pay, might be called in; any respect calculated to relieve the Prince and gth, That Militia Officers, doing duty fromhis embarrallments, but was both absurd as artillery-men, should have pay as fuchi. and improper. fo the course of his obser-- Leave given. pations, he adverted to the present critical
(To be continued.)
H. OF LORDS.
ABSTRACT OF FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE.
there would not be a Circle on that evening; Paris, March 26. We have received as it was said that Bonaparte was too much from Meffina advice that the Bailli Tho- fatigued to make his appearance. man has accepted the dignity of Grand The Senator L. Leroux, afier having atMaster of the Order of Malta, conformably tended the Levee given by the First Consul to the Brief fent off to him by his Holiness. to the Ambassadors on the 3d, died of an
Paris, April 5. At the grand Review apoplexy while descending from the Au. on Sunday, the First Consul inspected all dience Chamber. the troops which were then in the metro. April 6. A decree passed the Legislative polis. He walked through all the ranks, Body for a new coinage. The filver pieces' examined the different articles of their drefs are to be quarter francs, half francs, threeand accoutrements; and it was remarked, quarter francs, two franc pieces, and five that he paid particular attention to those franc pieces. The franc is to contain five whose faces hore the marks of honourable grammes, of which nine-tenths are to be wounds, interrogating them with particular pnre filver, and one-tenth alloy. The gold familiarity as to the battles in which they coinage is to be of 20 and 40 franc pieces, had been engaged: he afterwards presented each having nine-tenths of gold, and onehonorary rewards to different individuals tenth of alloy. The copper pieces will be who had diftinguithed themselves in the late those of two hundredths, three hundredths, campaigns. The Review lafted above seven and five hundredths of a franc. These hours ; indeed, until the fall of night put coins are to bear on one side the head of an end to the scene. It was intimated, that the First Consul, with the legend, " Bo