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But the knowledge, the conviction of the value of liberty, should not lie dormant in our breasts; it should have an influence on our conduct. If ye

confess and feel the value of liberty, my pious hearers, patronize and protect it wherever it subsists ; enjoy your own happiness, but feek not to destroy or circumscribe the freedom of others. He that by any means undermines or diminishes liberty; he that forges fetters for his brethren, or brings them under a yoke, or prevents them from breaking and casting it off; is an enemy of mankind, a traitor to the human race, an ignominious flave, who would fain reduce and debase all men to the same servile dispositions with himself. No, the liberty of our brother should be just as sacred to us as his property, as his honour, as his life, as his sum of happiness; since, that once gone, all the others lose frequently the whole of their value. Of all criminals, the tyrant is the most atrocious, the little tyrant as well as the great, the servant of the prince as well as the prince himself; and no crime must draw after it more humiliation and shame and torment, in the future world, than this, as none is more manifestly in direct opposition to the will of God, to all his views and commands, to the spirit of true religion and christianity, to the whole of human happiness, than this.

This, however, is not enough. If you confess the value of liberty, then also promote and advance

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it. Do so especially, you who shine in polished circles, who fill the higher stations, you that are in the classes of the learned, who are teachers and guides of the people, who as fine writers influence the taste and the principles of the times, or are distinguished above others by fuperior talents, and more generous sentiments. It is an indispensable duty incumbent on you to support and advance the cause of liberty. You are the curators of the nation, the guardians of its constitution, the interpreters of its laws, the arbiters between the government and the subject; and sad is your case if you do not employ the deference and respect and authority you poffefs, to the ends for which the Father of mankind, the Judge of the world, has invested you with them! Maintain then and protect the unalienable rights of mankind; defend and support the equally sacred rights of conscience. Neither degrade yourselves by a blind and flavish obedience, nor by a superstitious submission, to the ordinances and traditions of men. Beware of becoming, either in one respect or the other, the servants of men. In both respects try all things, and cleave to that which, according to the foundest dictates of your judgment, is the best. Shew respect to the great and mighty of the earth; but flatter them not; shrink not in their presence, as if they were creatures of a superior order. Judge of their actions with discretion; but judge of them by the self-fame laws as you pronounce

upon the actions of other men ; and neither applaud ñor approve of any thing merely because it has been faid or done by a man that is surrounded by particular pomp. Reverence the religion of the realm, and its teachers, and its rites. But decline not to. examine the doctrines of that religion, to discuss the decisions of those teachers, and to judge of the propriety or impropriety of those rites. Allow full scope to the progress of human knowledge; discountenance no decent investigation of received maxims and doctrines, be the consequence what it may. Truth can at length be no loser by it; and one perspicuous thought, thoroughly understood and deeply felt, is of more value, and does more good, than ten others, heard of one man and repeated to another, and understood of neither from principle and conviction.

Lastly, the more liberty ye enjoy, the more let it effect that good which it is able and ought to produce. If you may worship God after your own principles, then worship him with so much the greater chearfulness and ardour, adore him so much the more in spirit and in truth, with understanding and sentiment. Are you allowed to think and to judge for yourselves in religious matters; then reflect fo much the more on thofe important concerns; let it be so much the more your most pleasant employment to explore and to know them; then endeavour the more 'to affure yourself of your faith by


reason. Woe to him whom freedom to think, whom liberty of religion and conscience, renders indifferent to religion and truth, or inattentive to the voice of conscience! Instead of being free, and of being better and happier by liberty, he only barters to his loss one slavery for another; and though he be not oppressed by man, yet is he in bondage to his own lusts and passions. No, he who would not render himself unworthy of the privilege of feeing with his own eyes, and of pursuing his object in the way he has chofen for himself, should use his eyes with so much the more assiduity, and walk on his way with the greater circumspection. - Do you enjoy civil liberty; then observe the laws of the state and of the society to which you belong, with so much the readier and stricter obedience; for the maintenance and observance of the laws is the ground of all freedom. Promote the welfare of that state, of that society, with so much the more zeal, as it is the more intimately connected with your own, as you have and may have so much the more influence on its prosperity, as you find and enjoy in it fo much the more protection and peace, security and happiness. Think and act in all respects with so much the more liberality and public spirit, the farther you are exalted above the state of Navery. --Strive all of you, in the last place, my dear brethren, after that greater, that still more efsential liberty of the wife man and the christian, of


him who governs himself, who controuls his desires and passions, seeks his happiness, not so much in externals as in his intrinsic perfection, forgets not his dignity, supports it in every condition, uninterruptedly follows the precepts of his reason and his conscience, and wills nothing but what God wills, and does nothing but what is in conformity to the will of God. · Yes, this is the liberty which will compensate the want of any other, and will be constantly bringing us nearer to the mark of our high vocation.

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