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himself barely in fruitless fpeculations or idle researches, which have no influence on the welfare of human fociety? Canft thou possibly imagine that men who thus think and act can claim any just pre. cedence above the husbandman? Or canst thou then doubt of the great importance both of him and his vacation? Canst thou refuse him the ef. teern and the gratitude he deserves? No, the cul.. tivation of the earth is the first, the most natural, the most nécessary, the noblest and most honourable condition and calling of man'; and he that despises this station of life, despises the ordinance of God, and forgets to what purposes man was defigned by his Creator.

O thou who consumeft in town the products of the country, forget not from whence the food thou enjoyest, the beverage that refreshes thee, the cloathing thou weareft, proceed, whence and by whom they are prepared and adapted to thy use; and despise them not who render thee this essential, this indispensable service! Honour: the husband. man as thy steward and provider; oppress him not with hard services, with fevere exactions, and ftill lefs with the burden of contempt, so hard to be børne; for he too has the manly, the moral fenti. ment, and that very frequently less impaired or vi. tiated than the generality of the inhabitants of populous towns. Honour him as thy elder brother, who provides for the whole family, prosecutes their 47


most laborious affairs, and thereby leaves his younger brethren time and leisure and ability, to provide for the conveniences rather than the necessaries of life, and to invent and to enjoy a variety of more re. fined pleasures. Yes, honour agriculture, as the prime, the peculiar source of wealth, as the firmest support of the commonweal, without which neither arts, nor sciences, nor trade, without which even thy city luxury and splendor could not subsist; and, if thou hast no means, no calling, no occaTion, to pursue arts and sciences, trade and commerce, or to serve in what are termed the higher circles of the world ; then haste thee back to thy primitive vocation, to the culture of the ground; and believe that thou art more agreeable in the fight of God, thy Lord, and far more honourable in the eyes of thy intelligent brethren, than if, replete with vanity and pride, thou squander away thy time and thy faculties, and require to reap where thou haft not fown!

This is not all, my christian brother! Even in respect to the fuperior destination of man when we have done with this terrestrial life, our sojourn in the country, and our converse with its inhabitants, may be .

very instructive. How many mental powers, how many great and happy dispositions, how many generous sentiments, wilt thou not there discover, of which, in their confined and narrow sphere, in their fimple and uniform train of affairs, but few




can be exerted, applied, employed, or used in the degree and extent to which they are adapted! How many heads, which for fagacity, for ingenuity, for docility, for extending or improving some of the sciences, or by state-policy, would have rendered themselves conspicuous, had they been produced in different circumstances, and in other connections! How many hearts, susceptible of the noblest and most effective benevolence, which might have felt and provided for the happiness of many thousands, if they were not thus totally destitute of the proper. means and opportunities! How many persons, who live and die in the deepest obfcurity, that would have attracted the attention or admiration of all beholders, had they been placed on a more spacious stage! And shall not these powers, these dispositions, be unfolded in another life? Shall these generous sentiments never be able to exert themselves in action? Shall all these active and improvable minds, all these sensible hearts, all these eminently good and useful human creatures, shall they never be what, from the ground plot of them, they might be and become ? Has their Creator made fuch great preparatives for so poor a purpose ; can he have lavished away so much power of production for fuch trifling effects ? Couldst thou expect this of him whom all nature proclaims to be fupremely wife ? No, the more undeveloped capacities, the more-restricted faculties, the more unfinished human


intellects, thou meetest among thy brethren; so much the more certain mayst thou be of their immortality and of thine own, of their and thine everlasting progress towards higher perfection.

Very instructive to the reflecting man, is, thirdly, his abode in the country, in regard to what is termed happiness. Here seest thou, o man, thoufands of thy brethren and sisters, dwelling not in palaces, not in houses adorned with the beauties of art; who partake of no costly dishes artificially prepared; who wear no fumptuous and splendid apparel; who loll on no luxurious couches; who yet in their humble cottages, with their ordinary food, in their simple attire, on their hard beds, find much comfort and joy and nourishment and recreation, who probably find in all these a greater relish, than thou in the enjoyment of affluence and superfluity. Here feest thou thousands of thy brothers and sisters, who are daily employed in the most laborious, toilsome, and which appear to thee the most disagreeable and painful occupations; and who yet are chearful at their work, and contented with their condition : persons who are totally unacquainted with all thy exquisite delicacies, and with the generality of thy refined pleasures ; and yet complain neither of languor, nor of the want of pleasures and pastimes : men whom the glad sentiment of their health and powers, the view of beautiful na. ture, the prospect of a plentiful harvest, an abundant production of the fruits of the orchard, the


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peaceful enjoyment of the refreshing evening breeze, the familiar table-talk, and the animated rejoicings ön festivals and Sundays, more than compensate for the want of thy splendid distinctions ; men, in short, who may be very confined even in their religious notions, and probably are erroneous in many respects; but adhere to what they know and believe, and console and refresh themselves by meditations on God and the world to come, on numberless occasions, wherein thou who knowest, or pretendest to know more, art driven and tossed from doubt to doubt, and no where findest peace.

Here oh learn what real happiness is, by what means and in what path thou mayst seek and find it. Here learn that happiness is not confined to affluence; does not consist in outward glare; not in rank and titles ; not in a soft, luxurious, idle, and inactive life; not in an eternal round of diversions ; not in thie unhappy means of hearkening to every childish foolish fancy, and in exploring the methods of its gratification. No, learn to find it in the chearful sentiment, and the alert application of our powers, in an active and busy life, in the due discharge of the duties of our calling, in setting bounds to our desires, and in the diminution of our artificial wants; to know that it consists in contentedness of heart, and in comfortable reflections on God, and on the better world of futurity; that it therefore is far more dependent on ourselves and our manner of seeing and judging of things, than 'on our outward

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