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of Friends in this country, and the lives of were, locked up from common use.
It ceeding further, than to a suspension of close individuals distinguished in our annals, may be truly said that the polish and tem- communion with the parties offending, or in is now accessible, and must speedily pe- per of the weapons which it has furnished the ultimate, as occasion might call for it,
to declare, that they, being departed from rish if there be no attempt made to pre- for our warfare with the libertine spirit of the unity of the body, are no longer of it. serve it.
Communications upon this sub- the day, have been unexpected both by “Thus far the society hath found it requiject, as well as upon all those which we ourselves and our opponents.
site to proceed, and no further; for it hath have enumerated, are solicited and will be There is scarcely a single false position constantly denied all authority in Christian
which has been taken, that is not in some conformity, or to inflict such pains and pengratefully received.
churches, either to force an hypocritical In venturing upon so untried a course one or other of these neglected volumes, stat- alties as tend to the privation of life, liberty, as we have marked out for ourselves, weed and refuted. It is thus that ignorance is or property. Hence it is evident, that the feel the full force of the objections which perpetually reviving the exploded errors of discipline of the Quakers stands not upon many scrupulous minds may urge against former times. We may here learn that the same foundation with that which is supit.
ported by violence; but differs from it in But having examined carefully the the whole of these spurious doctrines was bature, as well as in measure. part we have taken; and being convinced sifted and rejected long before the present Respecting the application of their disthat the cause of sound principles has sus- generation attempted in its restless, inno- cipline to injurious and scandalous immoratained a loss for want of means of refuting vating spirit, to pull down the ancient edi- lities, the society considers itself not in the calumny, exposing sophistry, and correct-fice of Quakerism, which had been built light of a civil magistracy, to whom the pun
ishment of crimes and immoralities belongs, ing misstatements, we shall rest our de- up amidst persecution and calumny, and but as a religious body, to which such offen fence with perfect confidence upon the is not, therefore, very likely to fall be- ces are no further cognizable, than as they temper and discretion which we mean to fore the withering blast of infidelity. are contrary to its principles, and breaches exercise. If we redeem the pledge we We have been led into this train of of its religious order. Immoralities, therethus give, we trust that we shall succeed thought by a perusal of the pamphlet, the fore, stand upon the same footing, in regard
to the discipline of the society, with the in acquiring for our journal a charac- title of which is prefixed to this article. breaches of its rules, and can be no otherter of fairness and fidelity, that shall give It contains a decisive argument upon the wise noticed by it. authority to its statements, and enable it to necessity of maintaining inviolate the “ With regard to the occasional extension allay much of the irritation which rumour whole discipline, and a clear statement of of its ultimate degree of discipline to offenand calumny are sure to excite, and by the great principle that the original consti- ces merely
against its principles and rules,
I apprehend, that when any religiously means of which they have so fatally affect- tution of the body is its only legitimate united body hath, in its collective capacity, ed the peace of society. In fine, we enter rule of action. The reasoning could not according to the best of its understanding, upon the duties of editors with feelings be more appropriate to the circumstances as received from the holy spirit and the chastened by a sense of the responsibilities of the present day, if it had been penned holy scriptures, fixed the terms of its comwe have assumed, and of the arduousness with a full knowledge of the pretences munion, it has a right, in all points it deems
material, to see that they are preserved inof the undertaking; yet animated by the which men, in the constant breach of our violate by its members, and to acknowledge, prospect of an honourable and useful ca- order, set up to be held as the true repre- or reject any, according to their faithfulness,
sentatives of Friends; and of the unfair or unfaithfulness thereunto; and where it manner in which the protection of the judges any have justly forfeited their memdiscipline has been claimed by those, who, wise, litigious and refractory members might
bership, it hath a right to declare it: otherCursory Observations on a late publication, entitled an under its shelter, have been busily engaged render the church a stage of perpetual con
Essay on the Simplicity of Truth, signed Catholi- in laying waste both our order and our tention, a huddle of confusion, or as a kingcus, by J. Phipps. London, 1779, p. 40.
dom divided against itself, which cannot It has been the lot of the people called principles. Quakers, to be misunderstood and misre
The pamphlet is an answer to a writer stand. For its own preservation therefore,
it can do no less than to withdraw itself presented in a remarkable degree. Attack-who appears to have been disowned for from every brother that walketh disorderly: ed at one time as Jesuits and
at another as paying tithes, and who accused Friends of |'(2 Thess. iii. 3,) which it can do by no other Deists; censured now for their libertin- a popish and persecuting spirit in the ex- means, but by declaring its disunion with
them. ism and now for their bigotry,—there is ercise of discipline. It is chiefly occu
is scarcely a point of their doctrine or a rule pied with a discussion, respecting tithes, a ple called Quakers; which is not intended by of their discipline which they have not subject little understood, and, happily, not them for the punishment of any, but for been compelled to defend. But these vafelt in our own country.
keeping the church as clear from disorder as rious defences are by so many different
The following extracts refer to the ge- may be.
* This author allows, (page 19,) that hands—are so spread over the face of our neral principles by which all religious so
every civil society hath an undoubted right history,—are, as regards many of them, cieties subsist, and will amply reward a
to exclude every member that breaks the so inaccessible to the general reader, and perusal.
rules and orders formed by it; but denies it
“ The doctrine and order deliberately and to a Christian Society, because every memso unattractive in composition and appear-conscientiously received and settled by the ber has a right to examine and judge whether ance,-that few, even of our own mem- united concurrence of the body, it hath all the society, of which he is a member, is in bers, are aware of their value, and how along held it to be its indispensable duty to fact governed by the laws and rules laid complete an exposition of the doctrines maintain, not by external severities, but by down in the sacred records. and testimonies of the society they pre- and admonition: and in cases of disorderly compelled to abide in fellowship with one that
the gospel methods of instruction, advice, “ This is a reason why he ought not to be sent. The “evil times” on which we
walking, which have a tendency to infringe he believes not to be so governed; but it canhave fallen, have compelled us to resort to upon the peace and unity of the church, it not entitle him, either to insist upon the sothis great armoury, which has been, as it hath always been principled against pro-ciety's rescinding any of its rules, agaiust
FOR THE FRIEND.
ARY SPIRIT OF THE FRENCH.
its own conscience, or retaining him in and give them instant freedom. One of indeed, there is no such thing to be found as membership with it, whilst he either profes. these unfortunate negroes* having been re- any regular system of infidelity, scarcely sionally, or practically, lives in the disbelief moved from this state to Missouri, and there even a single firm principle, or settled phiof its principles, or the infringement of its having been treated with cruelty, and finally losophical opinion, or even precise form of established order. The liberty of individuals transported and sold in Louisiana, found his philosophical doubt. As the sophists of anto examine, implies not a power in them to way back to St. Louis, and there instituted tiquity took a pleasure in showing the versacontrol the body, any more in a religious a suit for his freedom under the ordinance of tility and ingenuity of their spirit, by dethan a civil one.
1787. The Circuit Court having decided fending first one opinion and then the one “Rules are necessary to the support of against him, he took his case to the Supreme exactly opposite to it, so Voltaire wrote one order in religious, as well as civil societies. Court, where although two out of the three book in favour, and another in contradiction There must be some power in the collective Judges were advocates of slavery, the deci. of providence. Yet in so far is he sincere, body, which is not in every particular singly, sion was reversed, and it was unanimously that he cannot help letting us see, very to answer the end of order. This cannot be decided that he was a freeman. This deci- plainly, which of these works is his own faless than a power to accept, or reject, par- sion has produced considerable excitement vourite. Throughout all his writings, whatticular members, according to the suitable in this state, and it is said there have been ever be their subject, he cannot resist any ness, or unsuitableness of their conduct with several suits instituted by the negroes to re- opportunity of introducing his impious wit, its doctrines and rules. The nature of so- cover their liberty-and I cannot for a mo- and showing his aversion for Christianity, ciety, and the fitness of things, require thus ment doubt but what our Supreme Court will and, in part at least, for all religion. In much; and the discipline of the Quakers ex- concur in the decision made in Missouri. If this point of view his spirit operated as a cortends no further: it intrudes not upon the so, this foul blot will be immediately washed rosive and destructive engine for the dissolvcivil rights of its members, affects no secu- out, and the friends of man will have a new ing of all earnest, moral, and religious modes lar authority, either over their persons or cause to felicitate themselves on the progress of thinking. Yet it appears to me that Volproperty, but leaves them in a reasonable of correct principles, and on the restoration taire has done even more harm by the spirit freedom, either to continue in membership, of his long lost rights."- African Observer. and purpose which he has thrown over hisby a conduct agreeable to its principles and
tory, than by his derision of religion. He rules, or to separate from it if they think fit.
felt what was the defect of French litera“ 'The nature of society requires unity and PICTURE OF THE ATHEISM AND REVOLUTION. ture in this department, as well as in that of harmony. A continued infraction of the
poetry. Since the time of the Cardinal terms of its communion, is not only a con
Retz, the abundance of historical memoirs,
Voltaire, Rousseau, Diderot. tinual interruption to the peace of it, but has
In the eighteenth century, the English lively mode of their composition, had in
alike interesting froin their subjects, and the a tendency to its dissolution. Hence it behooves every regular, united body to support were the first people of Europe, in litera.creased to such a degree, that they might the observance of its rules among its mem- ture as in every thing else. The whole of almost be said to be a proper literature by bers, for its own peace and preservation: the modern, French philosophy was produced themselves and certainly to form one of sensible of this, the apostle, in his epistle to by that of Bacon, Locke, and other English. the most brilliant parts of the whole literathe Romans, writes thus: “I beseech you, men; at least, it borrowed all its first prin: ture of France. But in consequence of these brethren, mark them who cause divisions ciples from them. In France, however, it memoirs
, there is no doubt that history deand offences, contrary to the doctrine, which from what it had ever had in England. In became split into particulars, and lost itself church cannot do, but by clearing itself from Germany, on the other hand, the mightyre at last, to the great injury of historical truth, them; which is not persecution, but a neces- / generation of literature in the middle of this in an endless variety of anecdotes. How sary exertion of gospel discipline towards century, received its first impetus and ruling ever delightful the perusal of such works those, who, by their turbulence, might give direction: principally from the poetry and may be, they are, after all, only the harbindisturbance to it, or, by good words and fair speeches, deceive the hearts of the simple.
Voltaire was the first who contributed, in gers and materials of history, not histories a great degree, to bring the philosophy of least there is much space intervening be
in the proper acceptation of the word. At (Rom. 16, 17, 18,)
Locke and Newton into France. It is sin- tween the best possible style of writing such (To be continued.)
gular with what a perversity of genius this anecdotes, and a style of historical composiman makes use of all the marvellous great-tion such as that of the ancients was, or
ness of nature as revealed to him by the IMPORTANT DECISION. science of England, not for the purpose of The French literature possesses many excel
among the moderns, that of Machiavelli. Extract of a letter from a gentleman in Illinois to exalting the character of the Creator, but lent narrators, some well collected, and his friend in Philadelphia, dated August 23, 1827. for lowering that of men;-how fond he is of (even as pieces of writing) praiseworthy tracts
« A late judicial decision of the Supreme dwelling on the insignificance of this earth concerning the older history of the country, Court of Missouri has afforded me infinite worm, amidst the immeasurable splendours but no truly classical, national, and original pleasure, the inore so as I have long had the of stars and planets. As if the spirit
, the work of history. Voltaire was very sensible object very much at heart, and been exceed- thought which can comprehend all this uni of this defect in the literature of his nation, ingly anxious to see it effected.
verse of suns and stars, were not something and with his usual vanity of universal genius, had always been of opinion that the greater than they; as if God were some attempted to supply it himself. That in reordinance of Congress of 1787 had emanci- earthly monarch, who, among the millions gard to art he was not entirely unsuccessful, pated the slaves in the territory North West over which he rules, may well be supposed ihat as a writer of history, even in respect of the Ohio. But as the people of this state never to have seen, and almost to have for to the mode of composition adapted' for have acquiesced in a contrary decision of an gotten the existence of some paltry village works of that kind, he can sustain no cominferior court near 40 years, I had repeatedly on the border of his dominions. The eigh-parison, I do not say with the ancients, but urged on the Legislature to make provision teenth century in general made no use of even with the best English historiansfor the gradual but speedy einancipation of the physical knowledge it inherited from the Hume and Robertson; this is now universalthis remnant of servitude, and had laboured seventeenth, except one extremely hostile ly admitted even in France itself. Neverto convince the masters that it was their into the higher truths of religion. In Voltaire, theless, the spirit in which he viewed history, terest to have such a law adopted, as it would have the effect of lulling the
very soon acquired very great influence even • of this description of negroes there are many over English writers—particularly Gibbon
negroes for a time, and preventing their taking the hlinois, and I am sorry to add that they are now and became almost the ruling historical spiquestion to the highest Courts of Justice, running them off and selling them in the lower rit of the eighteenth century. The essence which must decide in favour of the negroes, country.
of this mode of thinking in respect to history
which proceeded from Voltaire, consists in Our Poetical Correspondent, "W." is a young Nothing of interest had occurred in Greece expressing, on every opportunity, and in man, belonging to the Society of Friends in this since the fall of Athens. The war dragged every possible form, hatred for monks, cler- town, only 17 years of age, an apprentice to a me.
heavily, without much activity on either side. gymen, Christianity, and, in general, for all advantages of education than such as are afforded Lord Cochrane was at Poros with the Hellas, religion. In regard to politics, its prevalent in our common district schools. His effusions indi- and some smaller vessels. A great naval spirit is a partial, and, in the situation of cate, we should say, considering his disadvantages, force was assembled at Smyrna, of French, modern Europe, an absurd predilection for a genius unparalleled among American poets: Such English, Russians and Austrians; about twenthe republican notions of antiquity, accom- richness and sublimity of language, such brilliancy ty sail were in Smyrna, and many in the panied very frequently with an altogether of imagination and delicacy of sentiment, have not
, ty sail were in Smyrna, and many in the false conception, or at least extremely im- tions of the most celebrated modern poets. we believe, distinguished any of the early produc- neighbouring ports. The whole of the Ame
rican squadron was in the Archipelago, desperfect knowledge of the true spirit and es
[Essex Gazette. tined for Smyrna, sence of republicanism. Among the follow
Mr. Washington was shot by the Greeks ers of Voltaire this went so far as to take the
Unfathom'd deep, unfetter'd waste
in a broil at Acripoli, and died on board the appearance of a decided and bigotted hatred
Of never-silent waves,
English line of battle ship Asia, Admiral of all kingly power and nobility, and in ge- Each by its rushing follower chas'd,
Codmington. neral, of all those modes of life and govern- Through unillumin'd caves,
And o'er the rocks, whose turrets rude, ment which have been produced by what is
E'en since the birth of time, called the feudal system; and all this, in
Hath heard amid thy solitude,
Infant School. Those who feel an interest spite of Montesquieu, who characterized and
The billow's ceaseless chime.
in the welfare and moral improvement of the praised with the acuteness and liberality of a
Thro' what recesses, depths unknown,
rising generation of the poorer classes of sotrue philosopher, what these comparatively Dost thou thy waves impel,
ciety, who earn their bread by the sweat of ignorant writers were only capable of re- Where never yet a sunbeam shone,
their brow, will, doubtless learn with pleaviling. How much was set in a false light,
Or gleam of moonlight fell?
sure, that in the Infant School in Chesterhow greatly historical truth was injured, and
For never yet did mortal eyes
street, which was opened on Monday, the
Thy gloom-wrapt deeps behold, the whole of the past unworthily condemned, And naught of thy dread mysteries,
1st inst. with 50 scholars, there where on begins now to be discovered, since historical
The tongue of man hath told.
Saturday upwards of 90, and that there is inquirers have adopted a more profound and What, though proud man presume to hold
every prospect that within a week or two accurate method of research. For after the His course upon thy tide,
the whole number that can be accommodated philosophy of the eighteenth century had en- O'er thy dark billows uncontroll'd
in that school, viz. about 130, will be entertirely accomplished its own destruction, and His fragile bark to guide
ed. About a fifth part of the whole have the religion which it would have overthrown
Yet who, upon thy mountain waves,
paid the little sum required, that is, three had come victorious out of the struggle, While sweeping o'er thy yawning caves,
cents per week. This requisition is made, every thing in history and in the past has
Deep, awful and obscure?
not for the sake of the amount to be received, begun to be seen in a more just and natural But thou art mild and tranquil now
but to save the feelings of such parents, as point of view. Yet there remain many fal- Thy wrathful spirits sleep,
from a pride which springs from a laudable sifications, errors, and prejudices, with re- And gentle billows, calm and slow
motive, are unwillin to have their children gard to past ages, which have still to be Across thy bosom sweep.
taught by charity.--Am. Daily Advertiser.
Yet where the dim horizon's bound amended; for in no department did the phi.
Rests on thy sparkling bed, losophy of the last century so deeply and so The tempest-cloud, in gloom profound, extensively establish its influence as in his
Stockton and Darlington Railway.--The
Prepares its wrath to shed. tory, where its wickedness and falseness are,
proprietors, who belong chiefly to the Society
Thus, mild and calm in youth's bright hour, of course, less observable to those who take The tide of life appears,
of Friends, encountered a good deal of opfacts upon trust, than when their spirit When fancy paints, with magic power,
position in Parliament and elsewhere; but is brought distinctly forward in the shape
The bliss of coming years;
the work promises to remunerate them in But clouds will rise, and darkness bring
the most ample manner. The cost of the of philosophical doctrine and opinion.
O'er life's deceitful way, (To be continued.)
railway, which is twenty-five miles long, And cruel disappointment fling
and is carried over two hills by inclined Its blight on hope's dim ray. Haverhill, (Massachusetts,) 1st mo. 1827.
planes, was less than 200,000l. 120,000 tons RETIREMENT.
of minerals and merchandize have been con
veyed along it in the course of the year exFroin England. The ship Antioch, arriv- pired, generally at the rate of 2d. per ton Far from the world, O Lord, I fee,
ed at New York, from Liverpool, brought a permile, including haulage, and wagons From strife and tumult far; From scenes where Satan wages still
of the 3d ult. "No further ar- found; and the receipts for tonnage have exHis most successful war.
rangements in the new ministry were made ceeded 2,000l. per month. The coaches The calm retreat, the silent shade,
public. It was however said Mr. Herries that ply on it have travelled 45,469 miles, With prayer and praise agree;
had accepted the office of Chancellor of the carrying passengers at the rate of id. per And seem by thy sweet bounty made Exchequer.
mile outside, and 1 d. inside, with a velocity For those who follow thee.
The disturbances in Catalonia had become of eight miles an hour, and without one sinThere if thy Spirit touch my soul,
more serious. Mr. Lamb, the British Min-gle accident occurring to injure man, horse, And grace her mean abode;
ister at the Court of Madrid, had demanded or coach. In consequence of this cheap and Oh with what peace and joy and love, an explanation as to the extent of the distur- easy conveyance the amount of intercourse She communes with her God!
bances, and the measures adopted to prevent between Stockton and Darlington has inThere, like the nightingale, she pours them, and in consequence all the Counsel- creased more than tenfold—the coach forHer solitary lays;
lors of State and Ministers, had been sum- merly having plied only three times a week. Nor asks a witness of her song,
moned to St. Ildefonso, to prepare an an- Government, too, is not without its share of Nor thirsts for human praise.
swer, and regulate the number of troops to be the benefit, for the stage-coach duty bas risen Author and Guardian of my life, sent against Portugal.
from 28l. per annum to 1401.--Liv. Adv. Sweet source of light divine,
The Russians gained a victory on the 17th
of July, over the Persians, on the banks of
Robert A. Parrish has made a trip in his
Thomas Young, of London, has been cho. steamboat up the Delaware to Easton in Shall echo through the realms above,
sen a Foreign Associate of the Paris Acade- 36 hours and 15 minutes; distance between When time shall be no more. my of Sciences.
90 and 100 miles.
Philadelphia, are held in joint tenure by THE BURIAL.
trustees appointed in each monthly meetTENTH MONTH, 13, 1827.
There is scarcely any circumstance con- ing. The trustees are merely the instrunected with the recent separation of the ments by which the title to the property is
followers of Elias Hicks from the religious held, and have no more control over it, As a part of the design of the Editors Society of Friends, that is productive of than the deeds which record the conveyin establishing the Friend, is to circulate more pernicious consequences, than the ance.
A committee of two Friends is information relating to their own peculiar misrepresentations which are circulated, appointed in each of the monthly meetings interests, amongst the members of the So- with the view of producing excitement, to act jointly, to whom is entrusted the ciety of Friends, we have been restrained and awakening prejudices against those per- entire care and control of the burying from the usual practice of advertising our sons who continue their attachment to the grounds. This committee employ the sexplan in the common newspapers.
long established government and princi- ton, and to them only he is accountableProspectus on our first page will explain ples of the Society. In the country, es- it is their business to give him directions at large the course we mean to pursue. - pecially, the mischievous effects of this relative to the duties of his office, and in a In order to give it an extensive circulation, practice are lamentably obvious. Indivi- word, to have the exclusive oversight and and at the same time exhibit a specimen of duals whose sources of information
direction of the grave yards. our paper, we have printed a large edition very few, and who have not the means of
Beside this committee, there is another of this number, which will be widely dis- detecting the impositions practised upon appointed also by each monthly meeting, tributed. Persons out of the city, who them, frequently have their minds preju- to receive applications for interment and are disposed to encourage us, will receive diced by the representations of those on grant the requisite order to the sexton for their papers by mail, or as they may direct, whose veracity they have been accustomed opening the ground-here their duties upon remitting to our publisher a year's to rely with implicit confidence, but who, cease.
The trustees have no right whatsubscription in advance. The second num- under the influence of party feeling, are ever to interfere with the duties of either ber will be printed in two weeks, and induced to give them a colouring which of these committees, and we believe there thenceforth the papers will be regularly the truth will not justisy. To this cause never was an instance in which they atissued once a week. Although we are may be attributed the antipathy to Phila- tempted such interference, except in the assured of having enlisted sufficient ta- delphia Friends which is apparent in some recent transactions. lents, learning and zeal in our cause to places, and which has contributed in no
There were five monthly meetings in support the Journal with credit, we earn- inconsiderable degree to protract the un- this city, all branches of, and subordinate estly solicit original communications for happy dissensions that have so long agi- to the quarterly meeting of Philadelphia. our pages. As “Moderation” is in- tated our once peaceful community. Could Each of them appointed such committees scribed on our door posts and our threshold, those persons whose feelings toward their as we have described. Green street month. we shall always think ourselves bound to brethren have been embittered by false ly meeting, one of the five, declared itself scrutinize closely, whatever may be offer
reports, ascertain correctly the undisguised independent of Philadelphia quarterly ed for our pages relating to Principles and truth, there are few among then who meeting, and, in violation of the discipline, Men. We shall endeavour to render the would not perceive that their prejudices applied to, and was received as a compolighter department of our journal accepta- are unfounded that the pictures of op- nent part of Abington quarter; which meetble to our young readers, without making pression, of persecution and intolerance ing never had, nor can it have, either colit frivolous.
which have been exhibited to their view, lectively, or by its subordinate meetings, -Happily to steer
with such high colouring, are mere phan- any title to, or control over, the property From grave to gay, from lively to severe, toms of an imagination diseased by envy of Friends in Philadelphia. and ill will.
In consequence of the disorderly manner has always been accounted the great secret A circumstance has recently taken place in which Green street monthly meeting of winning the youthful mind to the love in this city, which furnished a favourable had been held; its continued disregard of of virtue.
opportunity for indulging this odious ha- the discipline, and its rejection of the authoWe are desirous of rendering this mis- bit. Our readers will readily perceive that rity of its superior meeting, to which “the cellany a favourite parlour and fireside we allude to the burial of a deceased mem- compact agreed to by both parties,” made companion with Friends throughout Ame-ber of the Northern 'District monthly it accountable, the quarterly meeting of rica. The want of a common medium of meeting, who had lived within the limits Philadelphia was subjected to the painful intellectual intercourse has long been felt of the late monthly meeting of Green street. necessity of dissolving it, and attaching its among us. If we can by means of this The facts respecting this painful event members to the monthly meeting for the paper, direct our young people to elevated have been shamefully, and we may add, Northern District, of which they had forpursuits and studies, assist in guiding their wilfully misrepresented, to the disadvan- merly been a part. The dissolution of the taste, in maturing their judgments, in form- tage of the Society in Philadelphia. Jus- monthly meeting, of consequence, released ing them to habits of manly and serious tice to the injured reputation of the parties from their appointments all those who actthinking-in cultivating in them senti- concerned, demands that the facts should ed under its authority, and among the rest, ments congenial with the doctrines and be impartially and accurately stated. the two committees whose duties we have testimonies of our religious Society-our In attempting this unpleasant duty, it defined. Their existence necessarily ceashighest ambition as to this enterprise will will be proper first to observe, that the ed simultaneously with that of the meeting be satisfied.
burial grounds belonging to Friends of which created them.
Thus circumstanced, it became the ob- cease took place, a consultation was held out to the western burial ground, and was vious duty of the committee entrusted with among some of the leading members of the there informed by the person who resides the care and control of the burying ground, meeting, to decide what was to be done. on the premises, that Gabriel Middleton to inform the sexton that orders for the We should have thought that the sad and and William Stevenson had been there; interment of persons who deceased within subdued feeling which the dissolution of a that Gabriel Middleton had broken open the limits of the late monthly meeting of fellow being was calculated to produce, the gate, by forcing out the staple which Green street, would hereafter be granted would have calmed the tumult of party secured the lock, and that they had adby the committee of the Northern District, feeling, and hushed every unkind and an- mitted a person into the yard, who by of which monthly meeting Green street gry emotion. But not so—the solemn ac- their direction was then employed in digFriends had now become members. A companiments of death were to be employ- ging a grave. Henry Cope went to this desire was generally felt that this businessed as a means of kindling excitement. It man, and inquired his authority for openmight be arranged in the most friendly was determined to force an interment, on ing the ground, and by whom he was emmanner possible, and every facility afford- an order from the committee whose pow- ployed. He replied that one of the persons ed for procuring the requisite orders for ers had become defunct by the dissolution was John Simmons—(who is not a member interment. In accordance with this ami- of Green street monthly meeting.
of the Society of Friends) the names of cable feeling, the monthly meeting of the Previously to learning that such a con- the others he had either forgotten, or was Northern District appointed several Friends clusion had been come to, an order for the not disposed to give. He was then inresident within the former limits of Green interment of the deceased was signed by formed by Henry Cope, that as one of the street meeting to grant orders, and as Leonard Snowden and Edward Randolph, committee appointed to have the care of threats of violence had been repeatedly two of the committee appointed by the the property, it was his duty to forbid his held out, endeavours were used to remove Northern District monthly meeting. - digging the grave. The man replied, that every shadow of excuse for resorting to any Anxious to evince the friendly disposition the persons by whom he was employed, disgraceful or illegal measures.
which was entertained toward the mem- had promised to indemnify him, and intiNotwithstanding the dissolution of Greenbers of Green street, and to afford every mated that he should not desist. Henry street monthly meeting by its superior facility to the bereaved relatives, Edward Cope then withdrew; and neither he nor meeting, a number of individuals, regard- Randolph and Joseph Rakestraw called any other member of the committee visitless of the subordination which they owed upon the father of the deceased, and pre-ed the ground again until some time after to the quarter, continued to assemble at sented him with the order—he declined the interment had taken place. On the the meeting house, under the assumed title receiving it. They then waited upon the following morning, the 31st of 8th month, of a monthly meeting; and although they relative before alluded to, who had charge a forcible entry into the grave yard was declared their connexion with Philadelphia of the funeral arrangements, and tendered again made, and the body interred; but no quarter to be dissolved, and that they had the order to him, he also refused it. Some opposition of any kind was offered to its become members of Abington, yet they mild persuasion was used to convince him accomplishment, except simply forbidding attempted to interfere with, and to act in of the propriety of accepting it, rather than the grave digger to proceed, as has been the management of the concerns of Friends resort to violent measures, but he gave the already related. of Philadelphia, as though they still con- most peremptory refusal, observing that Such are the facts connected with this sidered themselves a monthly meeting he would rather bury the corpse in his own extraordinary proceeding, We have given belonging to their quarter.
yard, than receive the order from them. a plain and impartial narration of them, These preliminary statements will ena- It should be particularly noticed, that and leave every reader to draw his infeble our readers to judge of the position of the reception of the order by any individu- rence. We apprehend, however, that every affairs at the time when the individual de-al, could in no way affect any supposed unprejudiced mind must perceive that the ceased, whose interment has given rise to right which the meeting at Green street dignity and authority of the quarterly so much misrepresentation. We shall re- might claim-no principle would have meeting, the preservation of good order, late the circumstances of the transaction been compromited as regarded it, and the and the support of our christian discipline, minutely; and as our information is from burial might have been peaceably and re- all required that the course adopted should undoubted authority, the statement may be putably solemnized in the regular order of be taken and we can perceive in it noimplicitly relied upon.
society. Friends had now done every thing incompatible with that friendly feelThe individual died on the 29th of the 8th thing that brotherly kindness and a just ing which ought ever to be maintained to month, and immediately on receiving in- sense of propriety could possibly require; ward all our brethren. telligence of the occurrence, a near con- and finding the parties determined to pro
OBSERVER. nexion called upon the family and offered ceed to unlawful violence, they had only his services to procure the interment in the calmly to await the issue.
The Sheffield (English) Courant, says-regular order of Society, by an order from On the morning of the 30th of 8th month, man, is preparing for a second visit to Africa.
Hannah Kilham, our persevering townswothe committee of the Northern District John Chapman informed the committee Her former one was but very short, being monthly meeting. This friendly offer was appointed to the care of the burying ground, undertaken at the express request of the declined, on the ground that another rela- that the death had occurred, and stated his friends who promoted her journey. She retive (who was an officer in the meeting at belief that a forcible entry would be made mained there, however, sufficiently long to Green street) had taken on himself the into the grave yard, in order to inter the observe the wants and to form plans for the
improvement of the poor Africans; and, necessary attention to the obsequies. It is corpse. In the afternoon of the same day, since her return, she has been actively emproper to observe, that soon after the de- Henry Cope, one of the committee, went ployed in acquiring a knowledge of the